The Supreme Court of Virginia is the state's highest court and one of the country's oldest judicial bodies. Established in 1779, the court is made up of seven justices elected to 12-year terms by the General Assembly. A chief justice is chosen among the justices. The court's primary function is reviewing lower court decisions, including those of the Virginia Court of Appeals. Only cases involving the State Corporation Commission, attorney disbarment, and death penalty reviews are appealed to the court as a matter of right. It also reviews matters relating to judicial censure, retirement, and judge removal.