The Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs covers a lot of islands. The agency advises the Secretary of State on issues related to China, Australia, Japan, South and North Korea, Indonesia, and about 25 other island and non-island nations in the region. The bureau formulates and manages US policy on such issues as maritime security, science and technology cooperation, human rights, and disaster relief. It also fights human trafficking, international crime, the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, and regional instability. The Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs is part of the State Department.