The Joint Forces Staff College (JFSC) educates military officers and other national security leaders to plan and fight wars on a global battlefield. The college operates the Joint Advanced Warfighting School, from which graduates earn a Master's of Science degree in Joint Campaign Planning and Strategy. It also offers courses and seminars through the Joint and Combined Warfighting School; the Joint Continuing and Distance Education School; and the Joint Command, Control, and Information Operations School. Joint Forces Staff College has operated its campus in Norfolk, Virginia, since 1946. JFSC was assigned to the National Defense University in 1981.