Randstad Holding NV is a Netherlands-based staffing services provider. It has three main service concepts. The Staffing concept recruits workers with secondary education through temporary or permanent placement, as well as offers human resources (HR) solutions, including payroll services, outplacement, outsourcing and consultancy, among others. The Inhouse services concept provides on-site workforce solutions, primarily in the manufacturing and logistics segments. The Professionals concept covers the recruitment of supervisors, managers, professionals, interim specialists and consultants with professional qualifications. These specialists can be engineers, information technology (IT) or finance specialists and professionals from a growing number of other disciplines such as HR, legal, and marketing and communication. As of December 31, 2011, the Company operated in 40 countries, including the Netherlands, Belgium, Denmark, Germany and Italy, among others.