Located about five miles west of Manhattan and two miles north of Staten Island, the City of Newark, New Jersey, serves as a major gateway into New York City. Newark has a mayor-council form of government. The council is composed of nine members (one council member from each of the city's five wards and four at-large members) and exercises the legislative power of city government. It enacts local laws governing Newark's citizens by passing ordinances, resolutions, and motions. The mayor acts as chief executive of the city. Newark is the largest city in New Jersey with more than 280,000 residents. It was founded in 1666, making it the third-oldest major city in the US behind Boston and New York.