Ephraim Resources Limited is an Australian-based company, which is engaged in the business of agricultural biogenetics research and experimentation, licensing and consultancy through its subsidiary, PT First Flower (PTFF). The Company focuses on Nipah Palm breeding, tissue culture, cultivation and plantation, and producing sugar and ethanol from the sap of the Nipah Palm. It has developed a methodology to develop Nipah palm fit for cropping on an industrial scale and optimize the use of degraded land for Nipah palm plantations in Indonesia, and to produce sugar. PTFF has completed plantation trials and has rights over 11,800 hectares of land for Nipah palm cultivation. PTFF has land use rights in the Meranti District, Riau province for over 8,000 hectares for non-wood products, such as purposes other than extracting timber; in the Tanah Laut District, South Kalimantan province for over 1,200 hectares, and in the Kota Baru District, South Kalimantan province for over 2,600 hectares.