Fresenius Medical Care AG & Co KGaA is a Germany-based kidney dialysis company that operates in the fields of dialysis care and dialysis products for the treatment of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Its dialysis business is vertically integrated and offers products and services for the entire dialysis value chain, providing dialysis treatment at dialysis clinics it owns or operates and supplying these clinics with a range of products. The Company offers two types of dialysis treatment: Hemodialysis (HD), where the machine controls the blood from the patient through a special filter, the dialyzer, and Peritoneal Dialysis (PD), where the patient’s peritoneum is used as a dialyzing membrane. Its dialysis product portfolio includes chronic hemodialysis, home dialysis, renal pharmaceuticals, acute therapy, liver support, therapeutic apheresis, therapy support and water technology, among others. In addition, the Company sells dialysis products to other dialysis service providers.