Before they can cure Europeans' ills, medicine makers must first get past the European Medicines Agency (EMA). Like the FDA, EMA is responsible for approving applications submitted by pharmaceutical and other drug makers that are seeking to have their products approved for sale in Europe. Its key functions include the evaluation and supervision of over-the-counter medicines, pharmaceuticals, herbal treatments, and other medicines intended for human or animal use. The agency is part of the European Union and represents all of its nearly 30 member countries. Founded in 1995, EMA is a decentralized agency composed of members of the scientific and other communities; it is not a regulatory body.