Papa John�s International, Inc. operates and franchises pizza delivery and carryout restaurants and, in certain international markets, dine-in and restaurant-based delivery restaurants under the trademark Papa John�s. As of December 29, 2013, there were 4,428 Papa John�s restaurants in operation, consisting of 723 Company-owned and 3,705 franchised restaurants operating domestically in all 50 states and in 34 countries. Its Company-owned restaurants include 191 restaurants operated under four joint venture arrangements and 58 units in Beijing and North China. It has defined five reportable segments: domestic Company-owned restaurants, domestic commissaries (Quality Control Centers), North America franchising, international operations, and all other business units. North America is defined as the United States and Canada. Domestic is defined as the contiguous United States.