ASM International NV (ASMI) is the Netherlands-based supplier of semiconductor equipment, materials and process solutions addressing the wafer processing, assembly and packaging, and surface mount technology markets. The Company organizes its activities in two segments. The Front-end segment manufactures and sells equipment used in wafer processing, when silicon wafers are layered with semiconductor devices. The Back-end segment manufactures and sells equipment and materials used in assembly and packaging steps, to separate silicon wafers into individual circuits, as well as for assembly, packaging and testing. The product portfolio of ASMI comprises Epsilon, a single wafer epitaxy tool; Pulsar, an atomic layer deposition (ALD) high-k tool; and EmerALD, a process module designed to deposit thin conformal metal layers by ALD, among others. The Company has over 40 subsidiaries, active in the Netherlands, France, Belgium, Italy, Finland, the United States, Taiwan and China, among others.