ASM International N.V. (ASM) is a global supplier of wafer processing equipment, primarily for semiconductor manufacturing. The Company designs, manufactures and sells equipment and services to its customers for the production of semiconductor devices, or integrated circuits (IC's). The Company operates in two segments: Front-end and Back-end. The Front-end segment manufactures and sells equipment used in wafer processing, encompassing the fabrication steps in which silicon wafers are layered with semiconductor devices. The segment is a product driven organizational unit consisting of manufacturing, service, and sales operations in Europe, the United States, Japan and South East Asia. The Back-end segment manufactures and sells equipment and materials used in assembly and packaging, encompassing the processes in which silicon wafers are separated into individual circuits and subsequently assembled, packaged and tested.