Royal Dutch Shell plc (Shell) is an independent oil and gas company. The Company explores for crude oil and natural gas across the world, both in conventional fields and from sources, such as tight rock, shale and coal formations. The Company’s segments include Integrated Gas, Upstream and Downstream and Corporate. Within Integrated Gas segment, the Company focuses on liquefying natural gas so that it can be shipped to markets around the world. Its Upstream segment is engaged in the exploration for and extraction of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids, the transportation of oil and wind energy, and Oil Sands, which is engaged in the extraction of bitumen from oil sands that is converted into synthetic crude oil. Its Downstream segment includes various Oil Products and Chemicals business activities that collectively turn crude oil into a range of refined products which are moved and marketed around the world for domestic, industrial and transport use.