A summary of Tuesday's hearing at the close of the second day of the trial of Anders Behring Brevik into the killing of 77 people in twin attacks in Norway last July:
-- Breivik, who was given the opportunity to give his testimony to the court, spent more than an hour outlining his Islamophobic and anti-multicultural ideology.
-- He described his massacre as a "preventive" attack to defend "ethnic Norwegians" and stressed he would not hesitate to do it again. He said spending his life in prison or dying for his people would be "the biggest honour."
-- He again evoked the idea of accomplices, telling the court that two other one-person "cells" existed. He said he was inspired by Al-Qaeda and described himself as a "militant nationalist".
-- The trial is expected to continue for 10 weeks. If found sane, Breivik risks a 21-year jail term, which could then be extended indefinitely if he is still considered a threat to society. If found insane he could be sentenced to closed psychiatric care, possibly for life. LIVE REPORT ENDS.
1403 GMT: SECOND DAY OF BREIVIK TRIAL ENDS.
1400 GMT: The bombing of Serbia by NATO forces in 1999, at a time when Serbia wanted to expel Muslims, also played a key role in his radicalisation, Breivik says.
1355 GMT: Prosecutor Engh probes further into the process of radicalisation. Breivik tells her: "I remember being really against Palestine when I was 15. I don't know why, but I was."
1349 GMT: Engh asks if the people who attacked him may have done so for other reasons than that they are Muslims. Breivik replies: "A majority of criminal acts committed by Muslims in Norway and Europe are directly linked to the fact that they are Muslims."
1344 GMT: Breivik explains again that it was his experience of violence by Muslims, which contributed to his radicalisation. He claims he had his nose broken in one confrontation with a "gang of Muslims".
1337 GMT Session resumes. Breivik returns to the stand, his handcuffs undone.
1332 GMT: Breivik says he is "getting quite tired" and asks how long the prosecutor wants to continue. Court takes a break.
1330 GMT: Breivik says that what influenced him most were the "Muslim gangs" which he claims came to "rape and steal" in the west side of Oslo when he was a teenager. Anyone who tried to protest were called racists, he says.
"It was acceptable that immigrants made gangs", he says, but if Norwegians did the same, "they were called Nazis right away".
1328 GMT: Engh asks when and why Breivik gave up democracy. He replies: "It's a combination of personal experiences.
"I have had around 20 confrontations with Muslims in Norway, combined with the confrontations my friends have had."
1320 GMT: Breivik explains how he became disenchanted with the Progress Party, after the proposals he made were "slaughtered". He claims the party "sold off its principles to get into power".
1316 GMT: Engh points out that from 2002-2003, Breivik had 231 posts on a Progress Party forum. The defendant says he was careful about what he wrote, keeping a "fairly moderate line," because he wanted to move up in the party, which he describes also as "moderate".
1308 GMT: In 1999 Breivik says he went to a "politician school" run by the Progress Party. He says he learned everything from debating, to skills needed to be a local politician. But until about 2001 he was only interested in earning money, he adds.
1303 GMT: Breivik says he had a Muslim friend for many years. But, explaining why he became more right-wing, he adds: "I saw a lot and I experienced a lot. I have been violently attacked by Muslims."
1258 GMT: Prosecutor Engh moves on now to Breivik's political engagement, asking: "Do you remember when you became politically involved?"
Breivik says that from the age of 15 he had political opinions which were "clearly to the right". At 17 he joined the youth wing of Norway's Progress Party.
1252 GMT: He claims he earned his first million when he was 24 and had four million by time he was 26.
1251 GMT: Breivik says he also set up bases for laundering money in seven countries, including the Bahamas and Baltic countries, after meeting other nationalists who objected to paying taxes.
"The intention was that as little as possible would be taxed," he explains.
1246 GMT: Engh asks him about the various companies he set up, outlined in the trial Monday, all of which folded after a matter of months.
Referring to his fake diploma business Breivik claims it was "morally despicable" but not illegal.
1240 GMT: Throughout the questioning, the prosecutor and Breivik have both been speaking in friendly voices, addressing eachother directly, AFP's Nina Larson notes. Engh wrinkles her brow and seems to really be trying to understand the accused.
The style of questioning is much less combative than in cross-examinations in Britain or the United States, for example.
1226 GMT: Returning to the subject of religion, Breivik says: "I have not been a very religious person... but there is a saying that says there are no atheists in the trenches."
He says he is a member of the Norwegian Lutheran State church, but that he is more attracted to Catholicism.
1232 GMT: Attempting a joke, Breivik quips: "I could of course have just printed out a diploma for myself." He's referring to a company he set up selling fake diplomas. He laughs, pleased with himself.
1228 GMT: One subject of particular interest was religious history, Breivik explains. "I have probably used Wikipedia the most," he adds, when asked about his sources.
"It would be correct to look at me as a salesman," he continues. "I am selling a message... and ideology."
1224 GMT: Breivik says he does not have a formal education but stresses he has studied a lot. He has calculated that he completed 15,000 study hours in informal education from 1998-2010.
"Why make such a calculation?" the prosecutor asks. Breivik replies: It's important to show that you have a certain level of knowledge."
1219 GMT: He says he dropped out of school because he had set up his own company (telecom services).
1217 GMT: Engh, who has passed Breivik a list of events in his life she wants to look at, starts by asking what happened to his high school career. He dropped out in the final year.
Breivik says "That is not really relevant, going so far back. There is a lot here that you want to talk about that I think is not relevant.
"I have also seen that the media has made a big deal out of my childhood. That's not relevant at all. I HAD A GOOD CHILDHOOD."
1212 GMT: Court back in session. Prosecutor Inga Bejer Engh to question Breivik about his background. She says it will take the rest of today and probably most of tomorrow.
1209 GMT: Court is taking a short break. AFP's Nina Larson, who has been in the courtroom, says: "Breivik has not displayed an ounce of self-doubt throughout the hearing, beyond criticising himself for his earlier presentation of himself in a 'pompous' way, which he says made it easier for the first experts to declare him insane."
1208 GMT: Earlier Breivik said his attacks on July 22 last year were "gruesome, but necessary". Now he adds: "July 22 is not about me at all. July 22 was a so-called suicide attack. I didn't expect to survive it at all."
1202 GMT: Breivik reiterates that the Knights Templar, an organisation police have never proved exists, was created after a meeting in London in 2001 with three other people.
1152 GMT: Breivik says he cried in Monday's proceedings "because my country is in the process of dying? It was the sorrow over seeing my country ... deconstructed."
He says it was "especially the songs, combined with the message" of his own video which triggered the emotion, adding: "It was my first YouTube video".
1147 GMT: Prosecutor asks why Breivik presented himself as a commander in his call to police from Utoeya island. Breivik replies: "I am CONNECTED TO TWO OTHERS in Norway," adding that this gives him the right to call himself a commander of his Knights Templar organisation.
He suggests that his organisation consists of three one-man cells: "I am a self-run and independent cell, and I am committed to two others who are also."
1140 GMT: "I am not a nationalist. I am an ultra-nationalist," Breivik declares. "The motives of a nationalist are totally different from those of an ultra-nationalist."
He says his attacks started "a witch hunt" for moderate nationalists -- "exactly what I hoped for". He says this will lead to more censorship which in turn will lead to radicalisation.
1135 GMT: Now he's talking about the September 11 attacks. At first most Muslims were shocked, he says, but claims that over time attitudes have shifted.
Referring to his own attacks: "If you look at July 22, everyone was shocked in the beginning ... but you can see that after a while there has been a mentality change."
1130 GMT: He then moves from Japan to... Luton, a British town known for its multi-ethnic population: "If you look at Luton ... and the more than 1,000 Islamic no-go zones ? where police do not dare pass through" he says, it is close to "war-like conditions".
1124 GMT: Breivik continues to stress that it was his choice to act in the way he did: "I am a militant nationalist. I chose to act."
He again compares his actions to the decision to drop the nuclear bombs on Japan -- "to avoid a continued escalation of the war." He continues: "We do not act to be evil? We act to save... our ethnic groups and our culture."
1115 GMT: Breivik insists that the network he claims to belong to, The Knights Templar, is small but does exist. (No evidence has been found to prove this). But he reflects that the way he presented it was too "pompous", saying he exaggerated its reach.
1110 GMT: "I and others have tried to introduce new traditions for militant nationalists in Europe,"Breivik tells the court. "We have drawn from Al Qaida and militant Islamists."
He says the "others" he is talking about is the Knights Templar organisation.
"You can see Al Qaeda as the most successful militant group in the world," he adds. "Militant nationalists have a lot to learn from them."
1105 GMT: Breivik refers to Norwegian "nationalists" who he says have fought for Norway, including Jonny Olsen and Arne Myrdahl. He says he has been affected by nationalist groups since a meeting in 2001.
"You could say they have been implicated in the radicalisation process for me? to a small extent," he says. "It was my first meeting with militant nationalists."
1100 GMT: Breivik is turned towards the prosecutor, hands gripping his thighs, as he speaks calmly and clearly, reports AFP's Nina Larson, covering the trial.
1057 GMT: Prosecutor asks: "In your mandate, can you kill?"
Breivik responds: "In the mandate we have given ourselves? that is in there. To remove terror in Europe .. you have to remove that unlivable unfairness."
1053 GMT: Breivik says he got the mandate for his actions from "universal human rights" but adds: "I decided myself. It was my own choice."
He again refers to a fight against "destruction of his culture" and says: "People who decide to become militant nationalists support armed battle."
1047 GMT: "All unique people have the right to fight ... against their own destruction," says Breivik, responding to a question from the prosecutor. When asked if he believed he was given his right through the human rights charter, he replies: "It might sound a bit absurd, but yes, that's it."
1041 GMT: "We want to hear about your planning," Engh says, in a steady, friendly voice.
1040 GMT: COURT RESUMES.
Prosecutor Inga Bejer Engh addresses Breivik saying: "You have been given quite a few days for your explanation. What we want to know is how you became the person you are today."
1035 GMT: Christian Lundin, a lawyer for victims' families, says: "It was not necessary to listen to him for so long. As expected, he set out his message and tried to establish a political platform. It was difficult to find a balance."
He said Breivik had threatened to refuse to explain his actions if he could not finish his statement, perhaps explaining why judges allowed him to carry on for so long.
1032 GMT: Some are unimpressed that Breivik was allowed to speak for so long and given a platform for his extremist views.
Another Utoeya survivor, Tore Sinding Bekkedal, tells journalists: "A large part of what he said has nothing to do with the case."
1025 GMT: Outside the courtroom, victims' families and survivors are reacting to Breivik's lengthy testimony, which focussed on his Islamophobic and anti-multicultural ideology.
Bjoern Magnus Jacobsen, a survivor of the Utoeya shootings tells journalists: "It's important that he was able to express himself defend himself, even at such length, because it's an important case."
0942 GMT: "I demand that I be freed," Breivik concludes, after speaking for more than an hour. The court breaks for lunch.
0941 GMT: BREIVIK SAYS ATTACKS WERE PREVENTATIVE.
"We do not accept ... that we are made to be a minority in our own country," he says. "The attacks on July 22 were preventive attacks, and I can therefore not acknowledge criminal guilt."
0938 GMT: Apparently alluding to questions over his own sanity, he says the real craziness is that Norwegians are becoming a minority in their capital city.
He insists that it is not he who should undergo a psychiatric evaluation, but the Labour Party's parliamentary group, adding: "It is not rational to overflow your own country with Muslims."
0935 GMT: Breivik says other Europeans must "take responsibility".
"Multiculturalism is an anti-Norwegian and anti-European hate ideology," he adds."It is an evil ideology."
0933 GMT: He says there will be "war between internationalists and nationalists in Europe" and predicts it will happen within a decade. Internationalists will be forced to fight on two fronts: against militant nationalists on one side, and militant Islamists on the other side, he believes.
0932 GMT: He claims the leaders of France, Britain and Germany have acknowledged that multiculturalism doesn't work, adding: "In Norway, the opposite is happening ... We are getting more immigration."
0930 GMT: Judge asks if he is almost finished. Breivik says he has one page to go.
0929 GMT: He says "rivers of blood caused by Muslims" flow through European cities, such as Madrid, London.
"European multiculturalists are so arrogant that they don't want dialogue with us (militant nationalists) ... instead they have chosen censorship, ridicule," he adds.
0924 GMT: He continues: "It is extremely unfair and it is unacceptable? We as Norway's indigenous population ? have special rights to this country and this is something we will fight for."
0923 GMT: He compares himself to the Crazy Bull and other Indians who fought for their people. He then likens his cause to Tibetans fighting for autonomy.
"Does Norway have a indigenous population?" he asks. "Yes, ethnic Norwegians."
0919 GMT: Breivik insists he has three pages to go, containing "essential information."
He describes neighbourhoods in Oslo, like Groruddalen, as a "no go zone for anyone but Muslims".
"I am born and raised in a conflict zone," he adds. "Many Muslims do not wish to be included ... they despise Norway. Many Muslims in Norway and Europe want autonomy. Sharia self-rule."
0915 GMT: A lawyer for survivors and family members interrupts, and says she has received numerous messages from her clients reacting to Breivik being allowed to continue his ideological rant. Judge tells Breivik to get to his conclusion.
0912 GMT: "Christians are a persecuted minority," says Breivik. He then moves on to talk about Islam, saying: "There are no secular or liberal Muslims. There is just Islam. There are only Muslims and the 'fallen' ? who have no influence over Islam".
He claims thousands of his "Norwegian sisters and brothers" have been raped by Muslims.
0907 GMT: Judge is getting impatient, as are family members in the room. Breivik tells judge: "There has been a lot of talk about the five days I have been given, but I never asked for five days. Just this one hour. It is of critical importance,"
0905 GMT: Evoking the destruction of Norwegian society he says: "All that remains is sushi and flat screens".
"Aggressive cultures ... like Islam will grow ... as aggressively as cancer", he adds.
0900 GMT: Breivik says he supports "the Japanese and South Korean model", adding that these are "such terrible regimes". "They are living proof that nations can be successful, even more successful if they say no to mass immigration".
Judge asks Breivik to keep it short. Breivik says he has reached halfway. He says he can't shorten his speech but agrees to limit discussion of Japan and South Korea. He skips several pages.
0856 GMT: He says being "demonised" is part of the price to be paid to "die as a martyr", but that this is "the biggest honour a man or woman could experience in their life."
"The knowledge that I will be imprisoned does not scare me ... I was born into a prison ... forced to watch my own people be degraded ? In this prison you are not allowed to protest ... this prison is called Norway."
0851 GMT: He continues: "Most AUFs (labour youth) are naive and indoctrinated. These were not innocent children, but political activists. AUF is like Hitler Jugend."
Judge Wenche reminds Breivik that he had promised to modify his rhetoric."Please do that," she tells him.
0848 GMT: Life in prison or dying for his people is "THE BIGGEST HONOUR", says Breivik. Details to follow.
0846 GMT: "The only thing that should surprise Norway is that such a large action has not happened previously. And yes, I WOULD HAVE DONE IT AGAIN." Crimes against "his people" are much more brutal, he adds.
0843 GMT: He asserts that some forms of violence can prevent greater violence, adding that killing 70 people will stop a civil war in Europe.
"A large civil war will be avoided ? We unfortunately don't have the luxury to wait longer", he says, claiming that ethnic Norwegians in a few decades will be in a minority.
0839 GMT: He continues: "People who call me evil have misunderstood the difference between evil and brutal."
He compares himself to the Americans who decided to drop nuclear bombs on Japan, saying they had "good intentions and motives ... even though the methods they used were brutal."
0836 GMT: "When peaceful revolution is made impossible, the only option is violent revolution," Breivik says.
0835 GMT: Breivik sounds as if he is reading an academic paper, listing studies and statistics to show that Europe and Norway are "dysfunctional" due to their multiculturalism, reports AFP's Larson. He has one hand resting on his thigh, one on his document on the table in front of him.
The judge asks him if he is reading his manifesto. "No" he replies. "These are my prepared remarks."
0830 GMT: He bemoans what he sees as rampant media censorship in Norway, pointing to negative coverage of the Progress Party.
0829 GMT: "Is it democratic that the people of Norway have never been consulted by referendum on whether more foreigners should be accepted ... to the point of becoming a minority in their own country," Breivik asks the court.
0826 GMT: The defendant is reading steadily from his script, lamenting that the growth of a multicultural society after WWII has led to "cultural self-hatred".
0823 GMT: "I have conducted the MOST SPECTACULAR OPERATION carried out by a nationalist militant this century," boasts Breivik.
0821 GMT: He claims European regimes are not democratic and declares his cause as: "CULTURAL MARXISM".
0819 GMT: Breivik claims Norway's media has painted him as a loser and gives a long list of less than flattering terms they've apparently used.
0817 GMT: Breivik says he has "toned down his rhetoric" for the sake of survivors and victims' families and hopes it will be within an "acceptable framework".
0815 GMT: Five and a half days have been allotted to Breivik's testimony, and many fear he will try to promote his Islamophobic ideology.
0814 GMT BREIVIK STARTS TESTIFYING.
0813 JUDGE RULES BREIVIK CAN TESTIFY.
0812 GMT: Indreboe will be replaced by substitute judge Anne Elisabeth Wisloeff.
0810 GMT: Lead judge Wenche Elizabeth Arntzen says calls by lay judge Indreboe for Breivik to face death penalty have "weakened confidence".
0807 GMT: JUDGE IN BREIVIK TRIAL DEEMED UNFIT BY COURT
0806 GMT: COURT BACK IN SESSION.
0758 GMT: It is worth remembering that the death penalty does not exist in Norway, says AFP's Pierre-Henry Deshayes. The maximum penalty Breivik faces, if found criminally responsible, is 21 years in prison, but this could be extended indefinitely if he is still considered a danger to society after that period.
0750 GMT: Freddy Lie, the father of a girl killed by Breivik, tells Dagbladet newspaper: "It's strange that the court didn't check the impartiality of the lay judges before the trial."
0744 GMT: Indreboe's controversial comments appeared on the Verdens Gang newspaper website on the day after the July 22 attacks when he reportedly wrote: "The death penalty is the only fair outcome in this case!!!!" The citizen judge is said to have used a Facebook account to connect to the newspaper's website.
Three citizens were selected at random to sit with two professional judges on the panel trying Breivik.
0728 GMT: There are substitute judges present, so if Indreboe is deemed unfit, he will likely be immediately replaced and the trial should continue as scheduled, reports AFP's Nina Larson.
0726 GMT: Lead judge Wenche Elizabeth Arntzen addresses the question of alleged remarks by one of the judges, Thomas Indreboe, calling for Breivik to face the death penalty. "The lay judge himself has acknowledged that he made these comments on July 23," she says.
The judge says the court will retire for 30 minutes to make a decision over the matter after both prosecution and defence said they considered Indreboe unfit.
0710 GMT: The defendant is again wearing a black suit and gold tie. He whispers something to his lawyer, his fists clenched at his side, Larson reports.
The official translator has issued a correction in relation to Monday's proceedings, reports Deshayes. When Breivik pleaded not guilty he invoked "legitimate defence", translated by some media as "self defence". Official interpreters say the judicial term is "on grounds of necessity".
0704 GMT: Breivik stands, glances slowly around the courtroom at everyone seated there, reports Nina Larson. He has a pile of papers in front of him -- presumably the 30-minute speech he has asked to deliver to the court.
0659 GMT: Members of the defence team arrive in court, wearing long black robes, along with prosecutors Inga Bejer Engh and Svein Holden. All psychiatric experts have taken their seats.
Questions have arisen over the impartiality of one of the judges, my colleague Pierre-Henry Deshayes reports. After the attacks, a judge allegedly demanded the death penalty for Breivik. "The death penalty is the only justice for this case," Norway's media cited him as saying.
0652 GMT: "The courtroom is teeming with journalists, and some family members of victims have also taken their seats," says AFP's Nina Larson from the courthouse. Once the trial opens, a limited number of camera crews will be allowed to shoot for the first five minutes. They are banned from broadcasting Breivik's testimony.
0646 GMT: Three of the four psychiatric experts enter the court, where they will continue to observe Breivik.
The accused pleaded not guilty on Monday to charges of acts of terror but he did acknowledge carrying out the attacks. The trial will therefore focus not on his guilt but on the question of whether he can be held responsible for his actions. It will essentially determine whether Breivik is sent to prison or a psychiatric ward.
0640 GMT: "Today's proceedings will be focussed on one problem: the opportunity for Breivik to expose his ideology in order to explain his acts, and therefore the risk that the trial could turn into a platform for his extremist views," explains AFP's Pierre-Henry Deshayes from outside the Oslo district court.
To recap, Breivik's lawyer Geir Lippestad on Monday asked permission for his client to read a text on the second day of the trial which would last around 30 minutes. He believes the defendant must be heard in an effort to establish his mental state.
WELCOME TO AFP'S LIVE REPORT on the trial of Anders Behring Breivik over the killing of 77 people in twin attacks in Norway last July. As the trial enters its second day in Oslo, Breivik will be given the opportunity to give his own account of the massacre.
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