VATICAN CITY — Pope Benedict XVI's former butler and another Vatican employee must stand trial for leaking confidential papers in a scandal that exposed feuds within the Church, a magistrate said Monday.
Paolo Gabriele, who was arrested in May on suspicion of stealing secret documents from the pope's office and leaking them to journalists, is accused of "aggravated theft," a statement said.
Judge Piero Bonnet also charged Claudio Sciarpelletti, an analyst and computer programmer in the Vatican state secretariat -- whose name had not been disclosed before -- with complicity.
Vatican spokesman Federico Lombardi told journalists the investigation into a "wide and complex case" was not yet over and would continue to target others believed to be implicated.
Gabriele, 46, risks up to six years in prison. The Vatican has said the trial will not take place until October at the earliest.
Lombardi said that Sciarpelletti had played a "marginal role" and could not really be considered an accomplice.
Sciarpelletti was arrested in May but released the next day. He has now been suspended from his post "as a precaution" said Lombardi, but continues to draw his salary.
Gabriele was arrested during an investigation into the leak of private papal documents to the media. He was held for 53 days in a Vatican cell before being put under house arrest in July to await the judge's decision.
The Vatican said after his arrest it had found documents and copying equipment in Gabriele's home, revelations which shocked the close-knit Holy See community and saddened the 85-year-old German pontiff.
The father-of-three is alleged to have photocopied and leaked top-secret emails and letters, taken from the desk of Georg Gaenswein, the pope's private secretary. He has readily admitted to the leaks.
Gabriele's lawyers have denied media reports that their client was part of a wider whistleblowing operation aimed at shaking up the Vatican hierarchy.
But while the butler insists he worked alone, many believe he is covering up for other whistleblowers still in action -- particularly considering several documents were leaked to newspapers even after Gabriele was arrested.
There is a suspicion that he acted sincerely but was then manipulated as part of long-standing rivalries within the secretive Vatican administration.
"We don't think we have finished our work .... The inquiry is still open with regard to other people who appear to be implicated," spokesman Lombardi quoted prosecutor Nicola Picardi as saying Monday.
Picardi's statement said two other people, referred to only as "X" and "Y", were suspected of aiding the butler in smuggling the documents out.
Gabriele, known as Paoletto, began working for the pope in 2006 and was one of a select few with access to Benedict's private chambers.
A psychologist's report on the butler showed he had a normal but "fragile" state of mind but highlighted a "tragic contradiction" between his intentions to help the pope and his later acts.
Amongst the pope's affairs taken by Gabriele was a 100,000 euro cheque made out to the pontiff, a nugget of gold and a rare edition of Virgil's Aeneid dating from 1581, said the judge.
Under Vatican laws, a reprieve from the pope could come at any moment during the investigation or trial, but religious observers say that while Benedict may offer his spiritual pardon, he is unlikely to interfere in the legal process.
The Vatican has been shaken by the scandal, which has drawn attention to divisions between senior clergymen in the Vatican and in particular growing criticism of the powerful Secretary of State Tarcisio Bertone.
So far around 30 religious and lay people have been questioned in connection with the case by a special commission of cardinals set up for the job.
While the Vatican has officially reassured Bertone of its support and denied media reports of an internal power struggle, the embarrassment to the Church has been widespread and has taken a physical toll on the pontiff.
It is just the latest in a string of scandals which have plagued the Vatican in recent years, from allegations of money-laundering to clerical sex abuse.
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