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Publication numberCN1188526 A
Publication typeApplication
Application numberCN 96194908
PCT numberPCT/US1996/004340
Publication dateJul 22, 1998
Filing dateMar 29, 1996
Priority dateMay 30, 1995
Also published asCA2222115A1, CA2222115C, CN1222687C, DE69630218D1, DE69630218T2, EP0830506A1, EP0830506A4, EP0830506B1, US5642984, US6036443, US6155892, US6253700, US6293835, US20010000197, US20010001299, WO1996038667A1
Publication number96194908.2, CN 1188526 A, CN 1188526A, CN 96194908, CN-A-1188526, CN1188526 A, CN1188526A, CN96194908, CN96194908.2, PCT/1996/4340, PCT/US/1996/004340, PCT/US/1996/04340, PCT/US/96/004340, PCT/US/96/04340, PCT/US1996/004340, PCT/US1996/04340, PCT/US1996004340, PCT/US199604340, PCT/US96/004340, PCT/US96/04340, PCT/US96004340, PCT/US9604340
Inventors亚历山大M戈尔洛夫
Applicant东北大学
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Helical turbine for power and propulsion systems
CN 1188526 A
Abstract  translated from Chinese
一种可在多方向、超低水头流体下单向、高速转动的螺旋透平组件。 A multi-direction in ultra-low-head fluid-way, high-speed rotation of the spiral turbine components. 该组件包括水平或垂直布置的螺旋透平(304)件阵列。 The assembly comprises a horizontal or vertical arrangement of the helical turbine (304) element array. 每一透平件包括数个其翼型呈机翼形的螺旋叶片(302)。 Each turbine comprises a number of its wing-shaped airfoil form helical blades (302). 这些模件可装到由轻型结构件(316,324)支撑的转轴(322)上,而轻型结构件用牵索(318,326)固定到地面上。 These modules can be attached to the lightweight structural members (316,324) supporting the shaft (322), while the lightweight structural parts for fixing lanyard (318,326) to the ground. 该螺旋透平(400)还可利用海洋波浪的动力推进海船(406)。 The helical turbine (400) may also take advantage of the power of ocean waves advancing ship (406). 在另一实施例中,在螺旋透平中使用一圆筒形分流器(206)把流体引向透平的叶片。 In another embodiment, the use of a cylindrical helical turbine in the splitter (206) to the fluid toward the turbine blades. 装有分流器的螺旋透平可用来升降一浸没在急流中或在流体中受拖动的物体(504)。 Equipped with shunts spiral turbine can be used to lift a submerged in the rapids or drag the object (504) that is in the fluid. 该透平也可包括两圈或多圈螺旋叶片(220,222)。 The turbine may also include two or more coils spiral blades (220, 222).
Claims(40)  translated from Chinese
1.一种利用多方向流体能量的装置,包括:一转轴;一与所述转轴连接的发电机;以及数个支撑在所述转轴上的螺旋透平模件,每一透平模件包括一可在多方向流体下单向转动的透平,所述透平进一步包括:至少一个固定安装在所述转轴上而可在一与所述转轴垂直的平面内随转轴一起转动的透平叶片支撑件;以及数个呈螺旋形、安装在所述透平叶片支撑件上、可围绕所述转轴转动的透平叶片,每一叶片呈机翼形,该叶片包括一前缘、一后缘和在一与流体的一分量平行的平面内的翼型,每一所述叶片固定安装在所述叶片支撑件上,沿径向与所述转轴相间距,在一与所述转轴垂直的平面内朝所述前缘的方向转动。 A multi-directional fluid energy utilization apparatus, comprising: a shaft; a shaft connected to said generator; and a plurality of support on the screw shaft turbine modules, each module comprises a turbine A unidirectionally rotatable turbine in multi-directional fluid, said turbine further comprising: at least one fixedly mounted on said shaft and rotatable in a plane perpendicular to an axis of said rotary shaft together with the turbine blades a support member; and a plurality of spiral, mounted on said turbine blade support member, rotatable about the axis of rotation of the turbine blades, each blade airfoil-shaped form, the blade comprising a leading edge, a trailing edge and an airfoil component in a plane parallel with the fluid, each of said blades fixedly mounted on said blade support member, said shaft radially spaced, in a plane perpendicular to said axis inside toward the leading edge of direction.
2.如权利要求1所述的装置,其特征在于,进一步包括另外数个与所述数个透平叶片同心地安装在所述透平叶片支撑件上、可围绕所述转轴转动的螺旋形透平叶片。 2. The apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that, further comprising a plurality of said additional plurality of turbine blades mounted concentrically on said turbine blade support member rotatable about the rotation shaft of the spiral turbine blades.
3.如权利要求2所述的装置,其特征在于,所述另外数个透平叶片的螺旋构型与所述数个透平叶片的螺旋构型沿圆周错开。 3. The apparatus according to claim 2, characterized in that said another plurality of turbine blades and the helical conformation of a plurality of turbine blades circumferentially staggered helical conformation.
4.如权利要求1所述的装置,其特征在于,所述数个模件垂直布置。 4. The apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that said plurality of modules are arranged vertically.
5.如权利要求4所述的装置,其特征在于,所述数个模件由一用牵索固定在地面上的轻型结构件支撑。 5. The apparatus according to claim 4, wherein the number of modules used by a lanyard fixed on the ground, lightweight structural parts support.
6.如权利要求1所述的装置,其特征在于,所述数个模件水平布置。 6. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein said plurality of modules are arranged horizontally.
7.如权利要求6所述的装置,其特征在于,所述数个模件的两端由一用牵索固定在地面上的轻型结构件支撑。 7. The apparatus of claim 6, wherein the plurality of modules at both ends of the use by a lanyard fixed on the ground lightweight structural parts support.
8.如权利要求1所述的装置,其特征在于,所述数个叶片件包括两个螺旋叶片。 8. The apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that said plurality of blades comprises two helical blades.
9.如权利要求1所述的装置,其特征在于,所述数个螺旋透平模件布置成利用风力。 9. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein said plurality of helical arrangement to utilize the wind turbine modules.
10.如权利要求1所述的装置,其特征在于,所述数个螺旋透平模件布置成利用水流。 10. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said plurality of helical turbine is arranged to use the flow modules.
11.一种利用多方向流体的能量的装置,包括:一螺旋透平模件阵列,包括:数个转轴,每一所述转轴受一用牵索固定在地面上的结构件的支撑;至少一个与所述数个转轴连接的发电机;其特征在于,每一透平模件支撑在所述数个转轴之一上,每一透平模件包括一可在多方向流体下单向转动的透平,所述透平还包括:至少一个固定安装在所述数个转轴的所述之一上而可在一与所述转轴垂直的平面内随转轴一起转动的透平叶片支撑件;以及数个呈螺旋形、安装在所述透平叶片支撑件上、可围绕所述数个转轴的所述之一转动的透平叶片,每一叶片呈机翼形,该机翼形包括一前缘、一后缘和在一与流体的一分量平行的平面内的翼型,每一所述叶片固定安装在所述叶片支撑件上而沿径向与所述转轴相间距而可在一与所述转轴垂直的平面内以所述前缘的方向转动。 11. A multi-directional flow of energy use, comprising: a helical turbine module array comprising: a plurality of shafts, each of said shaft supported by a lanyard with a fixed structure on the ground; at least a shaft connected to said plurality of generators; wherein each turbine module is supported on a plurality of one of said shafts, each turbine module comprising a unidirectionally rotatable in multiple directions fluid a turbine, said turbine further comprising: at least one fixedly mounted on one of said plurality of said rotary shaft and may be in a plane perpendicular to an axis of rotation of said turbine blade support together with the shaft member; and several spiral, mounted on the turbine blade support member is rotatable about the axis of rotation number one rotation of the turbine blades, each blade was wing-shaped aircraft wing including a a leading edge, a trailing edge and an airfoil component in a plane parallel with the fluid, each of said blades fixedly mounted on said blade support member and spaced radially of the rotary shaft and in a the leading edge is rotated in the direction of the axis perpendicular to the plane.
12.如权利要求11所述的装置,其特征在于,所述数个转轴垂直布置。 12. The apparatus as recited in claim 11, wherein said plurality of shafts are arranged vertically.
13.如权利要求11所述的装置,其特征在于,所述结构件包括一框架或一桁架。 13. The apparatus according to claim 11, wherein said structural member comprises a frame or a truss.
14.如权利要求11所述的装置,其特征在于,所述结构件用牵索固定在地面上。 14. The apparatus according to claim 11, wherein said structural member lanyard fixed to the ground with.
15.如权利要求11所述的装置,其特征在于,所述数个转轴水平布置。 15. The apparatus according to claim 11, wherein said plurality of shafts are arranged horizontally.
16.如权利要求15所述的装置,其特征在于,所述数个转轴的两端受所述结构件的支撑。 16. The apparatus according to claim 15, wherein both ends of the shaft by a plurality of said structural support member.
17.如权利要求11所述的装置,其特征在于,所述透平模件阵列布置成利用风力。 17. The apparatus according to claim 11, wherein said array of turbine modules is arranged to take advantage of the wind.
18.一种推进一海船的装置,包括:一海船;一可在多方向波浪振动下单向转动、装在所述海船一边而与一螺旋桨连接的螺旋透平,所述螺旋透平包括:与所述海船的该边平行地安装在所述海船上的一转轴;至少一个固定安装在所述转轴上而可在一与所述转轴垂直的平面内随转轴一起转动的透平叶片支撑件;以及数个呈螺旋形、安装在所述透平叶片支撑件上、可围绕所述转轴转动的透平叶片,每一叶片呈机翼形,该机翼形包括一前缘、一后缘和在一与流体的一分量平行的平面内的翼型,每一所述叶片固定安装在所述叶片支撑件上而沿径向与所述转轴相间距而可在一与所述转轴垂直的平面内以所述前缘的方向转动。 18. A method of a marine vessel propulsion device, comprising: a ship; unidirectionally rotatable in a multi-directional vibration waves, mounted on the side of the ship and connected to a screw propeller turbine, through the spiral Flat comprising: the side of the ship on the sea installed parallel to an axis of the ship; at least one fixedly mounted on said shaft and may be in a plane perpendicular to said shaft to rotate with the shaft through Flat blade support member; and a plurality of spiral-shaped, mounted on the turbine blade support member rotatable about the axis of rotation of the turbine blades, each blade was wing-shaped aircraft wing comprising a leading edge , a trailing edge and an airfoil component in a plane parallel with the fluid, each of said blades fixedly mounted on said blade support member along the radial direction of the rotary shaft and in a spaced with the to the leading edge in the direction of said rotation axis perpendicular to the plane.
19.如权利要求18所述的装置,其特征在于,所述透平包括所述海船的一辅助推进器。 19. The apparatus according to claim 18, characterized in that the said turbine comprises an auxiliary ship propeller.
20.如权利要求18所述的装置,其特征在于,进一步包括可在多方向波浪振动下单向转动、装在所述海船另一边而与第二螺旋桨连接的第二透平。 20. The apparatus according to claim 18, characterized in that it further comprises a one-way rotation in a multi-directional vibration waves, mounted on the other side of the ship while the second propeller connected to a second turbine.
21.如权利要求18所述的装置,其特征在于,进一步包括数个可在多方向波浪振动下单向转动、装在所述海船上的透平。 21. The apparatus according to claim 18, characterized in that it further comprises a plurality of unidirectionally rotatable in a multi-wave vibration direction, mounted on the turbine of the sea on board.
22.一种利用多方向流体的能量的装置,包括:一位于流体的流路中的透平支架;一可在多方向流体下单向转动、装在所述透平支架上的透平,所述透平包括:一与流体的流向垂直地装在所述透平支架上的转轴;至少一个固定安装在所述转轴上而可在一与所述转轴垂直的平面内随转轴一起转动的透平叶片支撑件;以及数个安装在所述透平叶片支撑件上、可围绕所述转轴转动的透平叶片,每一叶片呈机翼形,该机翼形包括一前缘、一后缘和在一与流体的一分量平行的平面内的翼型,每一所述叶片固定安装在所述叶片支撑件上而沿径向与所述转轴相间距而可在一与所述转轴垂直的平面内以所述前缘的方向转动;以及一位于所述透平叶片与所述转轴之间、把流体引向所述透平叶片的分流器。 22. A multi-directional fluid energy utilizing apparatus, comprising: a fluid flow path is located in the turbine cradle; a fluid can be unidirectional rotation under multidirectional, said turbine turbine mounted on the bracket, said turbine comprising: a fluid flowing vertically mounted on the turbine shaft mount; at least one fixedly mounted on the rotary shaft and the inner shaft in a plane perpendicular to the axis of rotation together with the Turbine blade support member; and a plurality of turbine blades mounted on said support member, rotatable about the axis of rotation of the turbine blades, each blade was shaped wing, the aircraft wing comprising a leading edge, a rear edge and an airfoil component in a fluid in a plane parallel to each of said blades fixedly mounted on said blade support member and radially spaced from said shaft with said shaft and may be perpendicular to the within the plane of the leading edge in the direction of rotation; and a located between the turbine blades and the shaft, the fluid toward the turbine blades shunt.
23.如权利要求22所述的装置,其特征在于,所述透平叶片都呈螺旋形。 23. The apparatus according to claim 22, characterized in that said helical turbine blades were tested.
24.如权利要求22所述的装置,其特征在于,所述透平叶片都呈直线形。 24. The apparatus according to claim 22, wherein said turbine blades were tested rectilinear.
25.如权利要求22所述的装置,其特征在于,所述分流器包括一同心地套在所述转轴上的圆筒件。 25. The apparatus according to claim 22, characterized in that said splitter comprises a sleeve with carefully on the cylindrical shaft member.
26.如权利要求22所述的装置,其特征在于,所述分流器包括一装在所述转轴上、以与转轴相同的角速度转动的圆筒件。 26. The apparatus according to claim 22, characterized in that said diverter includes a mounted on said shaft, with the same angular velocity of the shaft cylindrical member.
27.如权利要求22所述的装置,其特征在于,所述分流器包括一装在所述转轴上、以与转轴不同的角速度转动的圆筒件。 27. The apparatus according to claim 22, characterized in that said diverter includes a mounted on said shaft, with the shaft in different angular velocity of rotation of the cylindrical member.
28.一种利用多方向流体的能量的装置,包括:一位于流体的流路中的透平支架;一可在多方向流体下单向转动、装在所述透平支架上的透平,所述透平包括:一与流体的流向垂直地装在所述透平支架上的转轴;至少一个固定安装在所述转轴上而可在一与所述转轴垂直的平面内随转轴一起转动的透平叶片支撑件;以及数个安装在所述透平叶片支撑件上、可围绕所述转轴转动的螺旋形透平叶片,每一叶片呈机翼形,该机翼形包括一前缘、一后缘和在一与流体的一分量平行的平面内的翼型,每一所述叶片固定安装在所述叶片支撑件上而沿径向与所述转轴相间距而可在一与所述转轴垂直的平面内以所述前缘的方向转动。 28. A multi-directional fluid energy utilizing apparatus, comprising: a fluid flow path is located in the turbine cradle; a fluid can be unidirectional rotation under multidirectional, said turbine turbine mounted on the bracket, said turbine comprising: a fluid flowing vertically mounted on the turbine shaft mount; at least one fixedly mounted on the rotary shaft and the inner shaft in a plane perpendicular to the axis of rotation together with the Turbine blade support member; and a plurality of turbine blades mounted on said support member, rotatable about the rotation shaft of the spiral turbine blades, each blade was shaped wing, the aircraft wing comprising a leading edge, a trailing edge and an airfoil component in a plane parallel with the fluid, each of said blades fixedly mounted on said blade support member and said shaft radially spaced and may be the one with to the leading edge in the direction perpendicular to the plane of rotation of the shaft.
29.如权利要求28所述的装置,其特征在于,所述透平叶片包括至少两个叶片,所述叶片中的至少一个为左旋,所述叶片中的至少另一个为右旋。 29. The apparatus according to claim 28, wherein said turbine blade comprises at least two blades, the blades at least one left-handed, at least another of said blades is right-handed.
30.如权利要求28所述的装置,其特征在于,进一步包括一装在所述透平支架上、与所述透平连接的发电机。 30. The apparatus according to claim 28, characterized in that, further comprising a bracket mounted on the turbine, and a generator connected to the turbine.
31.如权利要求28所述的装置,其特征在于,进一步包括另外数个与所述数个透平叶片同心地装在所述透平叶片支撑件上、可围绕所述转轴转动的螺旋形透平叶片。 31. The apparatus according to claim 28, characterized in that, further comprising a plurality of said additional plurality of turbine blades mounted concentrically on said turbine blade support member rotatable about the rotation shaft of the spiral turbine blades.
32.如权利要求28所述的装置,其特征在于,所述另外数个透平叶片的螺旋构型与所述数个透平叶片的螺旋构型沿圆周错开。 32. The apparatus according to claim 28, characterized in that said another plurality of turbine blades and the helical conformation of a plurality of turbine blades circumferentially staggered helical conformation.
33.一种保持一物体在水中浮动的方法,包括:提供一可在多方向流体下单向转动、装在所述透平支架上的透平,所述透平包括:一转轴;至少一个固定安装在所述转轴上而可在一与所述转轴垂直的平面内随转轴一起转动的透平叶片支撑件;数个呈螺旋形、安装在所述透平叶片支撑件上、可围绕所述转轴转动的透平叶片,每一叶片呈机翼形,该机翼形包括一前缘、一后缘和在一与流体的一分量平行的平面内的翼型,每一所述叶片固定安装在所述叶片支撑件上而沿径向与所述转轴相间距而可在一与所述转轴垂直的平面内以所述前缘的方向转动;以及一位于所述透平叶片与所述转轴之间、把流体引向所述透平叶片的分流器;把所述透平装到一水下物体上;以及使流体在所述透平周围流动。 33. A method of an object floating in the water holding method, comprising: providing a unidirectionally rotatable in multiple directions of fluid, mounted on the bracket turbine turbine, said turbine comprising: a shaft; at least one fixedly mounted on said shaft and may be in a plane perpendicular to an axis of said rotary shaft rotates together with the turbine blade support member; a plurality of spirally mounted on said turbine blade support member, rotatable about the said shaft rotating turbine blades, each blade was shaped wing, the aircraft wing comprising a leading edge, a trailing edge and an airfoil component in a plane parallel with the fluid, each of said fixed blade The radially inner mounting said shaft and spaced vertically in a plane of rotation of said shaft in a direction of the leading edge of the blade on the support member; and a blade of the turbine located in the between the shaft, the fluid toward the turbine blade shunt; said through paperback to a submerged objects; and allowing fluid flow around the turbine.
34.如权利要求33所述的方法,其特征在于,所述提供步骤包括把所述透平置于流动水流中。 34. The method according to claim 33, characterized in that said providing step includes the water stream flowing into the turbine.
35.如权利要求33所述的方法,其特征在于,所述提供步骤包括在水下拖动所述透平。 35. The method according to claim 33, characterized in that said providing step includes the turbine drag underwater.
36.如权利要求33所述的方法,其特征在于,所述水下物体为一水下驳船。 36. The method according to claim 33, characterized in that said submerged underwater object is a barge.
37.如权利要求33所述的方法,其特征在于,所述水下物体包括一浸没在水中的物体。 37. The method according to claim 33, characterized in that the underwater object comprises a submerged object.
38.一种用风力推进一海船的装置,包括:一具有一螺旋桨的海船;以及一可在多方向流体下单向转动、装到所述海船的甲板上、与一螺旋桨连接的螺旋透平,所述螺旋透平包括:一装在所述海船上而从所述海船的甲板上向上伸展的转轴;至少一个固定安装在所述转轴上而可在一与所述转轴垂直的平面内随转轴一起转动的透平叶片支撑件;数个呈螺旋形、安装在所述透平叶片支撑件上、可围绕所述转轴转动的透平叶片,每一叶片呈机翼形,该机翼形包括一前缘、一后缘和在一与流体的一分量平行的平面内的翼型,每一所述叶片固定安装在所述叶片支撑件上而沿径向与所述转轴相间距而可在一与所述转轴垂直的平面内以所述前缘的方向转动;以及一把所述螺旋透平连接到所述螺旋桨上而转动所述螺旋桨的传动装置。 38. A wind propulsion of a marine vessel using apparatus, comprising: a ship having a propeller; and a unidirectionally rotatable in multiple directions fluid, mounted on the ship's deck, is connected to a propeller spiral turbine, the screw turbine comprising: a board mounted on the sea and extending from said ship deck up shaft; at least one fixedly mounted on the shaft and the shaft may be a perpendicular within the plane of rotation together with the shaft of the turbine blade support member; a plurality of spiral-shaped, mounted on the turbine blade support member rotatable about the axis of rotation of the turbine blades, each blade airfoil-shaped form, The aircraft wing comprising a leading edge, a trailing edge and an airfoil component in a plane parallel with the fluid, each of said blades fixedly mounted on said blade support member along the radial direction of the rotary shaft spaced and may be rotated in the direction of the leading edge in a plane perpendicular to said rotary shaft; and a drive means connected to said helical turbine to rotate the propeller of the propeller.
39.如权利要求38所述的装置,其特征在于,所述螺旋透平包括数个螺旋透平模件。 39. The apparatus according to claim 38, characterized in that said helical turbine comprises a plurality of helical turbine modules.
40.如权利要求38所述的装置,其特征在于,所述螺旋透平受一用牵索固定在地面上的轻型结构件的支撑。 40. The apparatus of claim 38, wherein said helical turbine by a lanyard with a light fixed on the ground support structure.
Description  translated from Chinese
发电和推进装置的螺旋透平 Spiral turbine power generation and propulsion device

发明领域本发明涉及透平,特别是涉及在多方向流体作用下可单方向转动、用于水气并动、液动、风力或波动动力装置的透平。 Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a turbine, in particular, relates to unidirectional rotation direction of the fluid in the multi-role, for water, gas and moving, hydraulic turbine, wind or fluctuations in the power unit.

发明背景单向透平是一种可用潮汐之类双向或反向流体或方向变动的风生成单向转动的透平。 Background of the Invention way is one of the available wind turbine generating tidal movements like bidirectional or unidirectional rotation direction of the reverse flow or turbine. 一般来说,公知有三种单向反动式透平,即Wells透平、McCormick透平和Darrieus透平。 In general, there are three known way reactionary type turbine, namely Wells turbine, McCormick Darrieus turbine and turbine.

如图1所示,Wells反动式透平是一种螺旋桨型透平,包括从一转轴伸出的一连串同心分布的长方形机翼形叶片。 1, Wells reactionary type propeller type turbine is a turbine, including the wing-shaped leaves oblong shaft extending from a series of concentric distribution. 一般来说,该透平装在一使流体与该转轴的轴线平行地流动的导管中。 In general, the paperback in a fluid through the flow parallel to the axis of the shaft of the catheter. 这些叶片从该转轴上沿径向伸出而在与流体流向垂直的一平面内转动。 The blades on the shaft from the radially extending fluid to rotate in a plane perpendicular to the flow direction. 不管流体的流动方向如何,这些叶片总以机翼前缘的方向、在图1中即为逆时针方向转动。 Regardless of the flow direction of the fluid, which leaves the overall direction of the wing leading edge, in FIG. 1 is rotated counterclockwise.

Wells透平可快速转动。 Wells turbine can be quickly rotated. 其叶片的外端的速度大于流动空气的速度,从而噪声很大。 Its outer end of the blade is greater than the speed of the air flow velocity, and thus a lot of noise. 此外,由于机翼形叶片的有效面积限制在线速度最大的外端,因此其效率较低。 Further, since the effective area of the wing-shaped blades to limit the maximum line speed of the outer end, and therefore the efficiency is low. 叶片无法充分利用转轴周围流体中的大量可用能量。 Leaves can not take full advantage of the fluid surrounding the shaft in a large number of available energy.

如图2所示,McCormick透平包括一连串同心地装在两串定子叶片之间的V形转子叶片。 As shown in Figure 2, McCormick turbine comprises a series of concentrically mounted between two strings of the stator vanes V-shaped rotor blades. 这些叶片安装成可在一与流体流向垂直的平面内转动。 These blades are mounted so as to be rotatable in a plane perpendicular to a flow direction of the fluid. 定子叶片把流体引向转子叶片。 The fluid toward stator blades rotor blade. 为用双向流体实现单向转动,外部定子叶片面向从一个方向流来的流体,而内部定子叶片面向从相反方向流来的流体。 To achieve unidirectional rotation, external to the stator blades for flow of fluid from one direction, while the inner stator blades oriented in the opposite direction to the flow of fluid from the two-way fluid.

McCormick透平比Wells透平的噪声小而效率高。 McCormick turbine than the Wells turbine noise and high efficiency. 但是,其转速太低而无法直接带动发电机。 However, the speed is too low and can not be directly driven generator. 此外其构造复杂、制造成本高。 In addition its complex structure, high manufacturing costs.

如图3所示,Darrieus透平是一种具有方向与流体流向横交、与转动轴线平行的笔直机翼形叶片的反动式透平。 As shown in Figure 3, Darrieus turbine is a kind of a direction transverse to the flow direction, parallel to the axis of rotation of the wing-shaped blade straight reactionary type turbine. 叶片可用圆周向端板、支杆或其他现有装置装到转轴上。 Available circumferential blade end plates, rods, or other conventional means mounted on the shaft. 在某些情况下,叶片呈弧形而装到转轴的两端上。 In some cases, the blades are curved and mounted on the shaft ends. 具有笔直长方形叶片、垂直或水平装在一长方形导管中的一种Darrieus反动式透平直接放置在水流中而利用水力。 Mounted in a rectangular duct in a reactionary style Darrieus turbine blade has a straight rectangular, vertically or horizontally placed directly in the water flow and the use of water. Darrieus透平转动时由于其叶片通过流体中的高压区时加速而发生强烈脉动,从而透平的效率降低。 Darrieus turbine blades due to its acceleration through the fluid in the high pressure zone and where a strong pulsating rotation, thereby reducing the efficiency of the turbine.

因此仍需要一种可高速运转的小噪声、高效率、转速恒定、简单的单向透平。 So still a need for a high-speed operation of small noise, high efficiency, constant speed, simple unidirectional turbine.

发明概述本发明提供了一种可满足工业发电机的高速运转要求的单向螺旋透平。 Summary of the Invention The present invention provides a one-way screw turbine generators can meet the industrial requirements of high-speed operation. 该透平包括一工作轮,其上装有数个与流体流向横交、可在一与流体流向垂直的平面内转动的机翼形螺旋叶片。 The turbine comprises a working wheel, its coat several transverse flow of fluid, the fluid can flow in a plane perpendicular to the rotation of the wing-shaped spiral blade. 这些叶片伸展在装在一转轴上的一对平行圆盘之类的两支撑件之间。 These blades extending between a shaft mounted on a pair of parallel disk-like support members. 不管流体流向如何,这些叶片以机翼的前缘的方向转动。 Regardless of flow direction, the blades in the direction of rotation of the wing leading edge.

由于叶片呈螺旋形,因此可确保总有一部分叶片相对流体流向处于最佳位置上,从而生成最大推力而转动透平。 Since the spiral blade, thus ensuring there is always a part of the blade opposite the fluid flow in the best position to generate maximum thrust and rotate the turbine. 与Darrieus透平随着叶片通过效率最低和最高推力区而加速和减速从而转速不稳定不同,连续的螺旋叶片可保持转速恒定。 And Darrieus turbine blade passing efficiency with a minimum and maximum thrust zone so different acceleration and deceleration speed instability, continuous helical blade speed can be kept constant. 螺旋叶片的歪斜的前缘还降低了透平转动的阻力。 The leading edge of the helical skew blades also reduces the resistance to rotation of the turbine. 螺旋叶片可工作在引导流体的导管中,也可不使用导管。 Helical blades can work in direct fluid conduit, without using the catheter.

在另一实施例中,在螺旋叶片内部设置一分流圆筒把流体导向透平的叶片,从而提高叶片周围的流速和螺旋透平的输出功率。 In another embodiment, provided to a shunt cylindrical fluid guide vanes in the turbine spiral blade inside, thereby increasing the flow rate and the spiral blade around the turbine output power. 装有分流圆筒的螺旋透平也可用作升降潜水艇或可浸入水中的驳船之类物体的装置。 Equipped with split cylindrical spiral turbine lifting device can be used as a submarine or submersible barge like objects.

螺旋透平也可装有多层或多圈同心布置的螺旋叶片。 Helical turbine may also be equipped with a multi-layer or multi-ring concentrically arranged helical blades. 相邻各圈的叶片沿圆周错开,从而它们在流体中不相重叠。 Adjacent turns of the blade circumferentially staggered so that they do not overlap in the fluid. 即,内部叶片位于外部叶片之间的空间中。 That is, the inside of the blade is located in the space between the outer blade. 这种多层结构可提高转矩和输出功率。 This multi-layer structure can increase the torque and power output.

在螺旋透平与一水-气能量转换器一起使用时,一管道互连一对室,该对室中的空气由于用水交替充满和排空两室而交替压缩和膨胀。 In the spiral turbine and a water - gas energy converter when used in conjunction with a pair of pipeline interconnections room, the air in the chamber due to water two chambers alternately filled and emptied alternately compressed and expanded. 这一交替压缩和膨胀使得气流以正反两个方向交替流过该连接管道。 This alternately compressed and expanded in both directions so that the airflow flows through the connecting pipe alternately. 从而装在该管道中的螺旋透平可利用气流中的能量而把它转换成转动机械能。 Mounted in the duct whereby helical turbine can be used in the gas stream and convert it into energy rotational mechanical energy. 该透平与一发电机连接而发电。 The turbine and a generator connected to electricity. 由于该透平的转速高到足以满足常见发电机的要求,因此无需使用提高转速的传动装置。 Since the turbine speed is high enough to meet the requirements of the common generator, so no use to improve speed transmission.

在使用水力时,该螺旋透平可装在一位于潮汐之类流速在每秒5英尺以上的水流中的船中。 When using water, the helical turbine can be installed in one area of the tidal flow rates like 5 feet per second of water in the boat. 螺旋透平位于流速最大的水面下而依靠该船随着水的升降而保持在该位置上。 Spiral flow rate of the turbine located in the largest underwater vessel with water and rely on the lift is held in this position. 该螺旋透平实施例特别适用于这一应用。 The helical turbine embodiment is particularly suitable for this application. 需要时可用一壳体把水流引向透平,但若流速足够高,则无需使用该壳体。 A case can be used to flow toward the turbine when necessary, but if the flow rate is high enough, you do not need to use the housing. 该透平与一可装在船上的一水密封室中的合适发电机连接。 The turbine is connected to a water seal can be installed in a room on board the appropriate generator. 该透平也可用于一般场合,例如大坝中。 The turbine can also be used for general applications, such as dams.

该螺旋透平也可有效地构作成模件,该模件最好包括从一端伸展到另一端的一个或多个螺旋叶片。 The helical turbine can be effectively made modular structure, which preferably comprises a module extending from one end to the other end of one or a plurality of helical blades. 在使用风力时,数个模件垂直或水平排列在转轴上,这些转轴由用牵索固定在地面上的轻型结构件支撑。 When using wind power, a number of modules vertically or horizontally on the shaft, the shaft by the support by pulling a rope fixed to the floor of the light structure. 最佳设计的模件只要透平转轴与风向之间的夹角不为零都能以单向、恒定、不波动的转速转动。 As long as the angle between the shaft and the wind turbine optimal design of the module can not zero in one way, a constant, non-fluctuating rotation speed.

该螺旋透平也可使用海洋波浪的动力推进海船或用作引擎驱动的海船的辅助推进装置。 The helical turbine can also use the power of ocean waves or as ship propulsion engine-driven ships auxiliary propulsion plant. 该螺旋透平可利用振动方向变动的海洋波浪而产生可用来推进海船的很大转矩。 The helical turbine can be used to generate a large ship propulsion torque utilization of ocean waves changes the direction of vibration.

附图说明 Brief Description

从结合附图的下述详细说明中可更充分理解本发明,附图中:图1为现有Wells透平的示意图;图2为现有McCormick透平的示意图;图3为现有Darrieus透平的示意图;图4为本发明螺旋透平的侧视剖面图;图5为本发明螺旋透平的正视图;图6为沿图5中VI-VI线剖取的剖面图;图7为沿图5中VII-VII线剖取的剖面图;图8为本发明透平的侧视剖面图,示出有效推力区;图9为图5实施例的单个透平叶片的局部视图,示出叶片上的推力的分解图;图10为本发明透平在一水-气动力装置中工作时的示意图;图11为按照本发明装在一双体船上、利用水能的一装置的立体图;图12为图11装置的正视图;图13为图11装置的侧视图;图14为本发明另一实施例的螺旋透平模件的示意图;图15为图14透平模件垂直布置的一阵列的示意图;图16为图14透平模件水平布置的一阵列的示意图; From the accompanying drawings of the following detailed description of the present invention can be more fully understood, the accompanying drawings: Figure 1 is a schematic view of a conventional Wells turbine; FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the prior McCormick turbine; Figure 3 is a conventional Darrieus transparent schematic level; Figure 4 is a side sectional view of the invention of the spiral turbine; Figure 5 is a front view of the turbine spiral invention; FIG. 6 is a sectional view taken along VI-VI in FIG. 5 taken along the line taken; FIG. 7 is 5 in a sectional view taken along line VII-VII sectional taken; FIG. 8 is a side sectional view of the turbine invention, illustrating the effective force area; FIG. 9 is a partial view of a single turbine blade 5 embodiment, illustrating an exploded view of the thrust of the blade; Fig. 10 of the present invention in a water turbine - Drawing work when a gas power plant; Fig. 11 is a perspective view in accordance with the present invention mounted on a pair of body board, use of water of a device; Figure 12 is a front view of FIG. 11; FIG. 13 is a side view of the apparatus of FIG. 11; FIG. 14 is a schematic view of the invention of helical turbine module according to another embodiment; FIG. 15 is a turbine module 14 vertically disposed Figure 16 is a turbine module of a horizontally arranged array of FIG. 14 schematic; a schematic diagram of an array;

图17为本发明装有一分流圆筒的螺旋透平的另一实施例的正视图;图18为图17螺旋透平的侧视剖面图;图19为本发明海船推进装置的侧视图;图20为图19推进装置的正视图;图21为一透平阵列经一传动装置与一台发电机连接的示意图;图22为本发明一多层螺旋透平的侧视剖面图;图23为本发明一多层螺旋透平的正视图;图24为一螺旋透平和产生一升力而用来保持一水下物体的浮动的分流圆筒的示意图;图25为图24螺旋透平和水下物体的端视图;图26为用作一海船的风帆的螺旋透平的示意图。 Figure 17 of the present invention further provided with a shunt cylindrical helical turbine elevational view of the embodiment; FIG. 18 FIG. 17 is a side cross-sectional view of the spiral turbine; Figure 19 a side view of the present invention Ship propulsion means; Figure 20 is a front view of the propulsion device 19; FIG. 21 is a schematic view of an array of the turbine via a transmission means connected to a generator; Fig. 22 is a side sectional view of the invention of a multilayer helical turbine; FIG. 23 the present invention is a front view of a multilayer spiral turbine; Figure 24 is a spiral turbine and generate a lift and keep the schematic for a floating split cylindrical underwater objects; FIG. 25 is a spiral turbine 24 and underwater FIG. 26 is used as a ship's sail schematic view of a helical turbine; an end view of the object.

对本发明的详细说明图4、5和14示出本发明一螺旋透平。 A detailed description of the invention Fig. 4, 5 and 14 show a helical turbine of the present invention. 该透平10包括数个用一个或多个透平叶片支撑件16可转动地支撑在一转轴14上的机翼形螺旋叶片12。 The turbine 10 includes a number with one or more turbine blade support member 16 is rotatably supported on a shaft 14 of the wing-shaped spiral blade 12. 机翼形叶片12可用钢或塑料之类合适材料制成。 Airfoil-shaped blade 12 can be steel or plastic suitable material. 在所示实施例中作为叶片支撑件的两平行圆盘16相间距地固定安装在转轴14上,从而叶片12和圆盘16的转动造成轴14跟着转动。 In the illustrated embodiment, the disc 16 as two parallel spaced blade support member fixedly mounted to the shaft 14, thereby rotating the blades 12 and the disc 16 causes the shaft 14 is rotated along. 叶片12固定安装成以螺旋形从一圆盘伸展到另一圆盘16而沿径向与转轴14相间距。 Fixed blade 12 mounted to extend helically from one disc to another disc 16 and 14 spaced radially and the rotary shaft. 叶片支撑件也可做成其他形状,例如单个中部圆盘、径向支杆等等。 Blade support member may be formed of other shapes, such as a single central disc, radial struts and the like.

透平10可直接放置在流体中,也可装在一导管20中。 Turbine 10 may be placed directly in the fluid, it can also be installed in a conduit 20. 若使用导管,则该导管一般包括相对两侧壁22,24、一顶壁26和一底壁28,从而构成把流体引向透平的管道30。 If the use of the catheter, the catheter typically includes opposing side walls 22, 24, a wall 26 and a bottom wall 28, thereby forming a fluid conduit 30 toward the turbine. 轴14与流过管道的流体横交而比方说用该管道侧壁上的轴承安装成可转动。 Shaft 14 and the fluid flowing through the pipeline and say transversely mounted rotatably bearing on the side wall of the pipe. 此外、如照螺旋形状,需要时可根本不使用导管。 Furthermore, as according to the spiral shape, when necessary, do not use the catheter.

每一螺旋叶片12呈具有一前缘36和一后缘38、与流体横交的机翼形。 Each has a helical blade 12 has a leading edge 36 and a trailing edge 38, and the wing-shaped transverse fluid. 叶片最好制成为公知的机翼形。 Leaves become the best known of the wing system type. 叶片12装在圆盘16的最大直径上而一般沿由圆盘外径所界定的一圆展开,从而每一机翼的弦一般但并非非得构成该圆的一弧的弦。 Blade 12 is mounted on the maximum diameter of the disk 16 and the general direction of a circle defined by the outer diameter of the disc to start, so that each of the wing chord generally, but not necessarily constitute an arc of the circle of chord. 叶片的数量可任意。 The number of blades can be arbitrary.

从图4可见,沿导管20以箭头40的方向流动的流体使得透平10以箭头42所示叶片的前缘36的方向转动。 Figure 4 shows, along the conduit 40 in the direction of arrow 20 so that the fluid flows in the direction of the turbine blade 10 shown in the leading edge 36 of the arrow 42 is rotated. 同样,沿导管20反向流动的流体也使透平以同一方向即叶片12的前缘36的方向转动。 Similarly, the reverse flow of the fluid along the conduit 20 also allows the turbine in the same direction, i.e. the direction of the leading edge 36 of the blade 12 is rotated. 显然可看出,透平在一与流体平行的平面内转动。 As apparent, the turbine rotates in a plane parallel with the fluid. 叶片12与转轴14之间的径向距离应大到能获取流体中的最大量能量。 The radial distance between the blade 14 and the shaft 12 should be large enough to obtain the maximum amount of energy in the fluid. 歪斜的前缘36还减小了对透平转动的阻力。 Skew of the leading edge 36 also reduces the resistance to rotation of the turbine.

螺旋叶片如图5所示可分成两个半部102a,102b,其中的一个半部为左旋螺旋,另一半部为右旋螺旋。 Spiral blade shown in FIG. 5 can be divided into two halves 102a, 102b, one for the left-handed helix halves, the other half is right-handed helix. 这样,如下文所述,推力的与轴14平行的分量互相抵销。 Thus, as described below, thrust component parallel to the axis 14 offset each other. 但是,需要时也可都为左旋或右旋或任何其他合适的螺旋形状。 However, if desired you can have a left or right or any other suitable spiral shape. 各叶片的两端固定安装而从一圆盘横向伸展到另一圆盘,从而生成一不连续、传播流体的圆筒。 Both ends of each blade fixed installation and extend laterally from one disk to another disk, thereby generating a discontinuous propagation of the fluid cylinder. 此外,可用任何合适数量的支杆从转轴垂直伸展到各叶片。 In addition, any suitable number of struts extending from the axis perpendicular to the blades. 这类支杆提高了该装置的整体性和结构强度。 Such struts improve the integrity and structural strength of the device. 叶片支撑件也可采取其他形状,例如单个中部圆盘、只用径向支杆,等等。 Blade support may also take other shapes, such as a single central disc, only radial struts, and so on.

此外,总有一部分叶片12位于流体压力的最有效区,从而产生最大推力转动透平。 In addition, there is always a part of the blade 12 is located in the most effective fluid pressure area, resulting in maximum thrust rotating turbine. 图8示出了顶壁和底壁旁的两推力最小区和中心处的推力最大区。 Figure 8 shows a thrust at the center of the cell and two thrust biggest area top and bottom walls next. 可以看出,实际上推力从顶部最小到中部最大再到底部最小是连续变化而不是突变。 As can be seen, in fact, the thrust from the top of the bottom of the central minimum to the maximum and then to the minimum varies continuously rather than mutation. 这样,叶片以不变转速连续转动,而不象其叶片不连续地通过推力最大和最小区的透平那样发生加速和减速。 Thus, the blade is continuously rotated at a constant speed, rather than as its blade does not occur continuously as acceleration and deceleration by the thrust of the largest and most cell turbine.

图9示出作用在每一叶片上的推力的分解图。 Figure 9 shows the effect on each blade thrust exploded view. 作用在一叶片12上的推力A与该叶片的前缘36垂直。 Acting on a thrust blade 12 A and the leading edge of the blade 36 vertically. 与转轴14垂直的分量B为推力A的工作分量即相对该转轴推动该叶片的分量。 And the shaft 14 is thrust component perpendicular to B A work component that is relative to the shaft driven component of the blade. 与转轴14平行的分量C在转轴轴承上作用一与转轴平行的力。 And C axis component parallel to the shaft 14 on the role of bearing and shaft in a parallel force. 由于如图5所示使用螺旋方向相反的两个半部,因此这些分量相互抵销,从而减小轴承的磨损。 Since the spiral direction as shown in the two opposite halves 5, these components cancel each other, thereby reducing bearing wear. 叶片的前缘与转轴之间的夹角γ视具体应用场合而定。 The leading edge of the blade angle γ between shaft depending on application availability.

该螺旋透平特别适用于具有强大水流的液力场合,如下文详述,可装在船上或一河流的低水头坝中。 The helical turbine is particularly suitable for hydraulic occasions with strong currents, as detailed below, it can be installed in low-head dam or a river in the boat. 如下所述,该螺旋透平也可利用风能和波浪能。 As described below, the spiral turbine can also use wind and wave energy.

在图17和18所示本发明的另一实施例中,该透平中在螺旋叶片202与转轴214之间设置一般由一圆筒件构成、伸展在该透平的透平支撑件208之间的长度上的一分流器206。 In another shown in FIG. 17 and 18 of the present embodiment of the invention, the turbine blade 202 and the shaft 214 is provided between the cylindrical member is generally constituted by a spiral, extends the turbine 208 of the turbine support a shunt between the length 206 该分流器206与螺旋叶片202同心地套在转轴214上。 The shunt 206 and 202 concentric helical blade set on the shaft 214. 该分流器206改变透平中流体的流向而如箭头210所示使其流向外部的转动叶片,从而增加叶片旁的流体而提高螺旋透平的效率和输出功率。 The splitter 206 changes in the fluid flow and the turbine as indicated by arrows so that the rotor blade 210 flows to the outside, thereby increasing the fluid side of the blade and the spiral turbine to improve the efficiency and output power. 该分流器可固定在转轴上而与叶片一起转动(见下文),也可比方说使用该分流器与支撑圆盘之间的合适轴承而相对叶片保持不动。 The splitter can be fixed on the shaft and rotating together with the blade (see below), but also for example using a suitable bearing the shunt between the disc and the support remains stationary relative to the blade. 若安装成可转动,则如公知的那样,该圆筒形分流器可以安装成以与叶片相同或不同的角速度转动。 If rotatably mounted, as is well known, the cylindrical splitter vane may be mounted in the same or different rotational angular velocity.

在水中和风洞中对使用和不使用分流器的一小型螺旋透平进行了试验。 Water and wind tunnel use and do not use a small screw shunts turbine was tested. 该透平用环氧树脂制成。 The turbine is made of epoxy resin. 试验结果表明,使用分流器可大大提高透平转速和输出功率。 The results showed that using a shunt can greatly improve the turbine speed and output power. 在某些场合下,与不使用分流器的透平比较,效率可提高一倍以上。 In some cases, the turbine is less use of shunts, efficiency can be increased more than doubled. 尽管图17示出圆筒形分流器使用在本发明螺旋透平中,但它也可使用在Darrieus透平中。 Although Figure 17 shows a cylindrical spiral turbine shunts used in the present invention, but it can also be used in the Darrieus turbine.

如图22和23所示,螺旋透平也可装有数个层或数个圈同心布置的螺旋叶片220,222。 22 and 11, 23 can also be equipped with a spiral turbine several layers or several concentric circles arranged in a spiral vane 220, 222. 图22示出两圈叶片,每圈三个螺旋叶片。 Figure 22 shows the blade twice per lap three helical blades. 图23示出两圈叶片,每圈两个螺旋叶片。 Figure 23 shows the blade twice per lap two helical blades. 尽管示出两圈,但可采取任何合适的圈数。 Although it is shown twice, but may take any suitable number of turns. 同样,每圈可包括任何合适数量的叶片。 Similarly, each ring may comprise any suitable number of blades. 相邻两圈的叶片的螺旋可以、但并非非得互相错开,以便防止外部叶片遮住内部叶片。 Adjacent two turns of the spiral blade can be, but are not necessarily mutually staggered, so as to prevent the external cover internal vane blade. 多层结构可提高转矩和功率。 Multi-layer structure can improve the torque and power. 多层螺旋透平可在现有发电厂的高水头下运行,因为多层透平提高了对高压水流的阻力。 Multislice helical turbine can operate at high head existing power plants because of improved multi-turbine high pressure water resistance.

图10示出本发明螺旋透平用于比方说美国专利Nos.5,074,710或5,222,833所公开的水气并用发电装置。 For example, Figure 10 shows that the United States Patent 5,222,833 disclosed Nos.5,074,710 or water vapor present invention spiral turbine for power generation equipment and use. 如上所述,该装置包括由共同轴上的进口和出口73,74,75,76互连的两水室71,72。 As described above, the apparatus comprises a common inlet and outlet shafts 73,74,75,76 two interconnected water chambers 71 and 72. 随着该两室中的水面交替升降,水面上方空间中的空气交替压缩和膨胀。 As the water level in the two chambers alternately lifting, the air space above the water alternately compressed and expanded. 空气与水面升降同步地以正反两个方向流过互连该两室的导管20。 Air and water lift in both directions in synchronization flows through conduit 20 interconnecting the two chambers.

本发明透平10装在该导管中。 Turbine 10 of the invention mounted in the duct. 流动空气如上所述使透平转动。 Air flow described above, the turbine rotates. 当两室中的水流反向时,导管中的空气也反向。 When the two chambers of the flow is reversed, the air duct in reverse. 但透平的转动方向不变。 However, changing the direction of rotation of the turbine. 在空气流动周期中,空气以第一方向流动,空气的流速提高到最大值。 Air flow cycle, the air flow in a first direction, the air flow rate is increased to the maximum.

该透平以任何合适方式与一发电机79连接而发电。 The turbine in any suitable manner connected to a power generator 79. 该透平在1英尺或2英尺的低水头下也能达到1800或3600rmp的转速。 The turbine at one foot or two feet of low-head speed can reach 1800 or 3600rmp of. 因此,该装置可用于无法建造高坝的小型河流上发电。 Thus, the device can be used to generate electricity can not build high dams on small rivers.

如图11-13所示,本发明螺旋透平可装在一船120上。 11-13, the helical turbine of the present invention can be mounted on a boat 120. 船120随着波动的水面升降,从而确保透平始终位于最大流速区。 120 boat movements fluctuate with water, ensuring turbine always at the maximum flow rate zones. 图11-13示出一双体船,尽管也可使用其他类型的船或筏。 Figure 11-13 shows one pair of catamaran, although you can use other types of boats or rafts. 按本发明上述任一实施例所述的一螺旋透平124安装成伸展在该双体船的两浮筒或船壳126,128之间而与箭头130所述水流垂直。 According to the present invention, any of the above embodiments described a spiral turbine 124 is mounted to extend between the two pontoon catamaran hull 126, 128 or 130 and the flow perpendicular to the arrow. 该透平124安装在水面下而全部浸没在水中。 The turbine 124 is mounted below the water surface while fully immersed in water. 流过透平叶片132的水流如上所述使得叶片132和转轴134转动。 The flow of water through the turbine blades 132 as described above so that the blades 132 and the shaft 134 is rotated.

一般来说,透平或是装在一形成上述透平室的一壳体中,或不使用壳体。 Generally, turbine or turbine mounted in a chamber formed above a housing, with or without housing. 若使用壳体,该壳体136可有前后开口138供水流130穿过壳体136而流过透平叶片132。 If you are using a housing 136 around opening 138 can have water flow through the housing 130 136 132 flow through the turbine blades. 该壳体可以任何合适方式装到两浮筒126,128上。 The housing can be installed in any suitable manner to the two pontoons 126,128. 但在比方说流速足够大的某些场合,则无需使用壳体。 However, the flow rate is large enough, say some cases, you do not need to use the housing. 转轴134可以皮带传动之类合适方式与一发电机140连接。 Belt drive shaft 134 and the like can be connected to a suitable power generator 140. 如图所示,需要时可把该发电机装在船上一合适的水密封室144中。 As shown, when necessary, to the generator mounted on board in a suitable water seal chamber 144.

在另一实施例中,该螺旋透平可构作成有效利用水力或风力的一模件或组合成模件阵列。 In another embodiment, the helical turbine can be constructed so that the effective use of water or wind of a module or combination of modules into an array. 现有螺旋桨透平的可用功率与叶片的圆周速度成正比,该圆周速度随着离开透平转轴的距离的增加而增加。 Available power and the peripheral speed of the propeller blades of the turbine is proportional to current, the peripheral speed of the turbine shaft increases as the departure distance increases. 因此,现有透平的设计通常有一最大直径。 Therefore, the existing turbine designs usually have a maximum diameter. 但是这类现有透平的大小受制于其强度以及在该直径太大时可能由离心力和转动造成的散架。 But the size of this type of turbine is limited by its existing strength and when the diameter is too large may be provided by a centrifugal force caused by rotation and fall apart. 螺旋透平在这方面具有很大优点,因为其可用功率与等于其长度和其直径的乘积的前面的长方形面积成正比,而该长度与角速度或离心力无关。 Helical turbine having a great advantage in this regard, since its available power is proportional to the length of the rectangle is equal to the diameter of the product and its front area, which is independent of the length of the angular velocity or centrifugal forces. 一较小的螺旋透平便能获得最佳机翼形状、角速度、直径和长度,而整个动力装置可用这种模件组装而成。 A small helical turbine will be able to obtain the optimum airfoil shape, angular velocity, diameter and length, and the entire power unit can be used such modules are assembled. 这种动力装置的若干模件可使用同一转轴和发电机且容易建造和维修。 Several modules of such a power plant can use the same shaft and the generator, and easy to build and repair.

图14示出一合适的螺旋透平模件304。 Figure 14 shows a suitable helical turbine module 304. 该模件302包括一个或多个围绕一中心轴314的螺旋叶片302。 The module 302 includes one or more helical blade around a central axis 314 302. 一般至少使用两个螺旋叶片。 Usually at least two helical blade. 这些叶片装在一透平支撑件上,例如如上所述的与转轴314连接的一个或多个圆盘308或径向支杆上。 The turbine blades mounted on a support member, such as one or more discs 308 or radial struts connected with the rotary shaft 314 as described above on. 叶片最好用铝或纤维玻璃之类又轻又紧固的材料制成,需要时可做成空心。 Blade is preferably aluminum or fiberglass or the like light and the fastening material can be made hollow when needed.

图15示出用图14所示透平模件304组合成一阵列而利用方向变动的风力。 Figure 15 shows a wind combined into arrays 304 using the direction change as shown in FIG. 14 with the turbine module. 这些模件沿垂直方向头尾相接。 These modules end to end in the vertical direction. 这些模件的螺旋方向最好布置成互相交替,从而一模件为左旋,而相邻一模件为右旋。 These modules are spiral direction is preferably arranged alternately with each other, so that one module is left-handed, and a mold member adjacent to the right-handed. 数个垂直相叠的模件互相邻接而形成一透平模件壁体312。 Number of modules vertically stacked adjacent to each other and a turbine module wall 312 is formed. 每一垂直堆可用任何合适方式支撑。 Each vertical stack supported by any suitable manner. 例如。 For example. 可用结构件形成一围住该垂直堆的轻型长方形框架或天线型结构之类的桁架216后用牵索318固定在地面上。 Available after the truss structure 216 to form a light rectangular frame enclosing the vertical stack or antenna structure of the class with the lanyard 318 fixed on the ground. 垂直堆的数量可任意,每一垂直堆中的模件数量也任意。 Vertical stack can be any number, the number of modules each vertical stack is also arbitrary. 这些垂直转轴可与一台或多台发电机320连接。 These vertical shafts can be connected to one or more generators 320. 可每一转轴连接一发电机,也可如图21所示多根转轴用一合适的传动装置与一台发电机连接。 Each shaft connected to a generator can also be the root of the shaft as shown in Figure 21 more by a suitable transmission apparatus connected to a generator. 该模件透平阵列可如所公知的设置在任何合适的多风地点,例如风车型多风农庄。 The modular turbine arrays can be set as well known in any suitable windy location, such as wind farm models windy.

图16示出另一模件实施例,其中,图14所示模件304水平布置。 Figure 16 shows another embodiment module, wherein, the module 304 shown in FIG. 14 arranged horizontally. 数个水平转轴322垂直布置在一平面内而其两端受合适桁架件的支撑,这些桁架件形成一轻型框架324。 A plurality of horizontal shafts 322 are arranged in a vertical plane and its ends by suitable support truss member, which is formed of a lightweight truss frame member 324. 该框架用牵索326固定在地面上。 The frame 326 with lanyard fixed on the ground. 数个发电机受该框架的支撑而与各转轴连接。 Number generator that is supporting the frame is connected with the shaft. 排数可任意,每排的模件数也任意。 Rows can be any number of modules per row is also arbitrary. 各排的长度可任意,可用任何合适数量的框架支撑所需长度的模件。 The length of each row can be any, any suitable number of desired length frame support module.

螺旋透平模件阵列的优点在于可利用风的100%的长方形扫动横截面,而且可自动起动。 Advantages spiral turbine module array is available 100% of the wind sweeping rectangular cross section, and can automatically start. 相较之下,现有螺旋桨型风力透平必须转动到正对风向而扫动圆形横截面。 In contrast, existing wind turbine propeller must turn to a positive wind direction and sweep a circular cross-section. 与现有Darrieus透平比较,螺旋透平的转动稳定而不发生振动。 Compared with the existing Darrieus turbine, the turbine rotation spiral stable without vibration occurring. 只要风向不与转轴平行或接近平行(此时没有功率输出或输出功率极小),任何风向都能使透平单向转动。 As long as the wind does not parallel or nearly parallel to the axis (in this case there is no minimum output power or output power), can make any wind turbine unidirectional rotation. 此外,飞鸟容易看到状如一堵墙壁的转动的螺旋透平阵列从而不会与之碰撞,或者,透平模件也可用网罩住,以防止与飞鸟碰撞。 In addition, the birds easier to see walls are shaped like a rotating array of helical turbine so as not to collide, or turbine module can also be net over, in order to prevent collisions with birds. 该模件系统和轻型框架结构强度高、装配和维修简单。 The modular system and high light intensity frame structure, easy assembly and maintenance.

该模件式螺旋透平还可用于其他场合,例如用于不建水坝的潮汐或可倒流的水流中,或者河流、水渠或有潮河口上的超低水头(不足10英尺)水力发电厂中。 The modular helical turbine may also be used for other occasions, for example do not build dams or tidal flow back, or rivers, canals or low head on a tidal estuary (less than 10 feet) hydropower plants . 这些模件可在海流中用作海船上照明或其他电器装置的小功率电源。 These modules can be used as a seagoing ship lighting or other electrical devices in the ocean currents as small power supply. 在现有发电厂中,可把螺旋透平模件组合成长链或阵列,而用现有螺旋桨透平是无法做到这一点的。 In existing plants, you can put spiral turbine module unit into long chains or arrays, but with existing propeller turbine is unable to do this.

本发明螺旋透平还可利用海洋波浪的能量推进海船或用作引擎驱动的海船的辅助推进器。 The present invention may also be used spiral turbine propulsion ship ocean wave energy or used as an auxiliary engine-driven ship propeller. 螺旋透平可在振动方向变动的海洋波浪中工作。 Helical turbine can operate in ocean wave vibration direction changes. 因此螺旋透平可生成用来推进海船的转矩。 So screw turbine can generate for ship's propulsion torque.

如图19和20所示,一船406两边402,404的水面下各装一螺旋透平400。 As shown in Figures 19 and 20, on both sides of the boat below the water surface 406 of the tube 402, a spiral turbine 400. 每一透平的转轴上以任何合适方式装一螺旋桨410。 On each turbine shaft in any suitable manner be equipped with a propeller 410. 尽管示出两个透平,但可使用任何数量的透平,包括一个透平。 Although two turbines illustrated, but any number of turbine, comprising a turbine. 这些透平不管波浪的振动方向如何,都以同一方向转动。 These turbines regardless of the direction of vibration waves, are rotated in the same direction. 这些透平布置成与船406平行而向前推进该船。 These turbines are arranged parallel with the ship 406 ship forward. 透平的长度越长,所利用的水力越大。 The longer the length of the turbine, the greater the use of water. 透平的长度只受船的长度的限制。 The length of the turbine is limited only by the length of the ship.

螺旋透平400用作推进器或辅助推进器具有很大优点,因为它们不造成污染、没有噪声,可节约船的引擎所需的燃料。 Helical turbine 400 as the pusher or auxiliary pusher has great advantages, because they do not cause pollution, no noise, you can save fuel required for the ship's engines. 此外,该透平因使用波能而可减小船的摇晃。 In addition, the use of the turbine can reduce wave energy and rocking the boat.

垂直布置的螺旋透平也可用作船的风帆。 Vertically arranged spiral turbine is also used as the ship sails. 如图26所示,合适数量的螺旋透平模件601用由牵索604固定的轻型框架603装在船602的甲板上。 As shown in Figure 26, an appropriate amount of helical turbine modules with the lanyard 601 604 603 fixed light frame 602 is mounted on the deck of the ship. 此时使用与一水平转轴连接的合适传动装置605和螺旋桨606。 This time using a horizontal shaft connected to a suitable drive means 605 and the propeller 606.

还可组合使用该螺旋透平和安装成可随转轴转动的分流圆筒升降水中的一物体。 The helical turbine may also be used in combination and mounted for rotation with the shaft of the water diversion cylinder lift an object. 该转动圆筒按照转动方向而产生升力或降力。 In accordance with the rotational direction of the rotating cylinder and generates lift or down force. 例如,若该圆筒的转动使得其顶面的转动方向与水流方向相同,则该顶面与水流之间的相对速度提高从而其上的压力下降,同时底面的相对速度下降从而其上的压力提高。 For example, if the rotation of the rotational direction of the cylinder such that the top surface of the flow in the same direction, the relative velocity between the top surface and the water and thus increase its pressure on the drop, while the relative velocity of the downward pressure on the bottom surface thereof so that on increase. 这样就在该圆筒上生成一升力。 This will generate a lift on the cylinder. 同样,若水流方向不变而圆筒转动方向反转,则在圆筒上生成一降力。 Similarly, if the direction of flow constant and reversing the direction of rotation of the cylinder, a down force is generated in the cylinder.

因此,根据水流方向,由螺旋透平驱动的转动圆筒可用来升降水中的一物体。 Thus, according to the flow direction, the turbine driven by the rotation of the spiral drum may be used to lift a body of water. 无需另用电动机转动该圆筒。 Without a separate motor to rotate the cylinder. 例如,如图24和25所示,拖着数个装在一货驳504之类水下物体两边的螺旋透平502和圆筒503的一拖船501可用来保持该水下驳船的浮动或拖动该水下驳船而无需引擎驱动这些透平。 For example, as shown in Figure 24 and 25, dragging a number contained in a cargo barge 504 underwater objects like the sides of the helical turbine 502 and a cylinder 503 501 may be used to hold the tug barge floating or underwater drag The submerged barge move without the engine driving these turbines. 驳船可较长较大而运载大量货物并可比拖船大。 Long barge can carry large quantities of goods and larger and larger than the tug.

本发明不限于以上所述的内容,而只受所附权利要求的限定。 The present invention is not limited to the contents of the above, but only limited by the appended claims.

Referenced by
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Classifications
International ClassificationF03B17/06, F03D3/04, F03B3/00, F03D3/02, F03B13/22, F03D3/06
Cooperative ClassificationY10S416/06, F05B2210/16, F05B2240/2212, F05B2250/25, F03B17/061, F03D3/065, F03D3/04, Y02E10/74, Y02E10/38, F03D3/061, Y02E10/28, Y02E10/223, F05B2240/33, F05B2240/215, F03B3/00, F05B2240/40
European ClassificationF03B3/00, F03D3/06E4, F03D3/04, F03B17/06B, F03D3/06D
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jul 22, 1998C06Publication
Jul 29, 1998C10Request of examination as to substance
Oct 12, 2005C14Granted
May 20, 2015C17Cessation of patent right