Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS1 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 13, 1836
Publication numberUS 1 A, US 1A, US-A-1, US1 A, US1A
InventorsJohn Ruggles
Original AssigneeJohn Ruggles
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Locomotive steam-engine for rail and other roads
US 1 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

UNITED STATES PATENT UFFICE.

JOHN miennes, or Tnomnmit. imma.

LOGOMQTIVE BTEAM-ENGINE FOR BAIL .AINE OTHER ROADS.

To alt ltvmm it muy confirm `13e tt. known that I, Joni: Hochmut, of 'lhomnstoin in the Stute of Moine, have n vented n new sind useful improvement or tltprovcments on locomotive-engines used on railroads and common roads by which inclined planes and hills muy he ascended and heavy loads drawn up the suine with more facility and eeonomv than heretofore, ncl hywhich the evil eflects of frost. ice, snows.. and nnn'l yon the ruil causing the wheels to slide nre obVinted.

The ohstucles met with in ascending inclined planes jtvith locomotives drawing heavy loads after them, are 'the want of power in the engine; and the deficiency of adhesion to the railsgmy improvements arel desi ned to give n multiplied ttnctive power to l 1e locomotive and to prevent the evilof the sliding of the wheels., and for these. improvements I havemnde application for e potent to be issued according to the ypro visions of law. The 'followin is1afull and exa'ct description of sai improvementa To werent. `the Awheelsgfroni sliding on the rails make use of n check rnil,and retreating regs, the cogs are applied in the following manner, the wheels are. made in the common forni except, that the rim is somewhat wider from the flange to the nutside of the trend it should be no wider than to pass the rail sufficiently, and its width must. he further extended 12 inches. This extended part of the rim at the periphery thereof is li inches 'less in diameter than the hearing periphery.

v The accompanying drawings are mntle a port of and are referred to in this desription for the better understanding thereof.

A transverse section of the rim is seen at n. in Figure 2, Mnl it is more fully shown l in Fig. 3. 'This extended rim is pierced. with tearing 24 holes. or square sockets, where the wheel hats l2 spokes. for thc reception of the retreatin" (lugs, they are l-l inches square :it equal. tliel'uncea;v apart, and 1ll inch from the part. of the run, the rugs nuove freely tn these .sockets in the direction of the radii they :tre vshown nl, Ii, b. b. (i, in Fig. l,

'they have shoulders on their inner ends to stop their outward motion :intl the)l project -hrungsh the rim i* of an inch, leaving their outwnrtl omis. chntnferctl, unti rurvcll :is Shown in the drawings. the coge nre kept in their places by spn'nl'sptmgs pressing npc-n their heads with sutiioient force to project lhom outward easily when pressed up into their sockets, the spriugol react, uguinst the top of :i cup, or ruse mudo. to incluse, und protect them from muil or other impediments to their easy action, the case is in form of the section ot" n cone, nml muy he seen nt Vt', lV, lfig. l, it is fitted, und screwed firmly to the rim, the upper cnil being supported by hruces rl, (l, which :tro fastened to the spokes, nttachctl to the cogs is a' rod about half an inch diameter pusaing up through the spit-nl spring und freely through the top of thel ense, und bruce projecting hnlf nu vinch above. This rod guides vthe n'iotion of the cors. lthe case may he about 2 inches high, mul inches broad at its hase.

lhe check ruil il, is placed on the outside of the bearing rails so for distance that the hearing part of the, rim of the wheel cannot reach itfwhen runningrios'e to its flange, the teeth are 3 of an inch in depth, nml such kdistances apart that the cogs will take against every 3d, 4th, or'th tooth according as there may be a greater Oriess distance between the gs. The check ruil is fastened by nails, or otherwise to the sills at such lt-.cation that; the bottom of thc teeth shall he level with the top of the bcarinf ruil, the nach part of the teeth are slope( :unl curved, nml their front` or flange is made to slope. batch about l; of :in inch. the ruil muy he it inches squarcmcnsuring from top of the teeth. lThe periphery of the extended rim should run close to the teeth of the rail, hut not so n'cur its to touch them. Ourthe locomotives arriving nt the foot. of an inclined pinne where the check rnil is laid if the cogs do not happen to come in geur with the teeth oi the rail, lint touch upon them the)r readily retreat ont of the we v its the. wheel rolls along oll'ering no nmtetiul resistance to its motion, n'hle'the wheels adhere to the hearing milf: the nid ot' the hogs is not wnutetl. :is soon :is the increase of truction occasions them to Slide the cogs instnutly slip into geur, and hohl the wheel again in the sunt@ nntnner relieved from their pressure u uitlst the think of tlv teeth as they ruin: hehinil the wheel. 'ihctr nction is uttentirtl with rcry little frictione acting only when necessary to supply the deficiency of adhesion and their pressure against the tlnnlr of the teeth is only the balance of leverage which is not sustained by the sdhesion at the treed. They are not subject to the evils attending the use aliixed coge which must almost necessaril be broken in their first contact with s rocrr leid st the foot, or top' of an inclined plane if they do not chance to enter into geur, and whose stubbornness subjects them to frequent accidents, and injury, besides the great friction which attends their action under all circumstances. The retreating coge are endowed with the fncuity of getting out of the way when not wanted, and of instantly being in service without prompting, when their need is necessary. For planes much inclined the distance between the teeth should be such that the coge shall over lay them about 1l, of an inch. The coge should be applied to each of the workin wheels.

To enab e locomotives to ascend inclined planes with heavy loads it is necessary also to give them sn increased trsctive power; I effect thlt object in the following manner, which in described es sp lieeble to geared locomotive engines, but a locomotives may be geared for this purpose. There are the driving shaft takin its motion from the connecting rod and t e followingshsft communicating the motion to the msm werking wheels by cranks, and shackle-bars. On the drivin shaft are oog wheels A., C, Fig. 4, fixed t0 the shaft, on the following shaft are ccrresponding wheels B, and. ke t eontantly in gear with A, and C. B, and are loose on the shaft, and revolve freely around it excet when the are alternately fixed, and heldptirmlv by e spears E and F, on either side of B, and D, are the supports G, and H, fixed to the shaft, they are perforated for the blades of the spears to pass throu h and enter between the urmsof the oog weels. The gs har l hss two forks whose rongsliein e ooves around the w ich are moved s together laterally y means of l. lever applied bo the gege'- bar, conveniently laced under the commend of the engineer, e spears have the aid of s feather on the shaft, as well es of the su rta G and H. By this means the whee s 1nd D are alternately held fest to the shaft as occasion may nire, when one is fast, the other revolves reely around the shaft without impediment to the one in service.

It is readily ived that by increasing the diameter o the wheel D, and diminishing C, the tractive wer of the engine may be increased four old if desired in chan ing the running gear as above described. and B, are the common moving gear combin ing in due proportion speed, und power for the level, and moderately undulating part ofthe rond. On enterin upon the ascent of un inclined plane, or hi as the momentum acquired on the level is spent, and the power of the engine begins to fai, the engineer, cutting o the steam for nn instant, removes the spear E, and brings the other into gear by a single motion of the lever, without stopping the progress of the locomotive. lt is t us enabled to move on up the lane with less speed than un a level but wit u redonbled power. When arrived at the summit the other wheels are brought into action again in like manner, and the locomotive proceeds with its accustomed speed. 'lhc trsctive power of the engine may be thus doubled, trebled, or quadrupled to adapt it to the rading of the road on which ii. ig L0 be Another mode of changing tho gearing b holding fast the two wheels B, and D, a ternately is by means of levcrs placed in a. groovelengthwise the shalt, one srm of which being raised operates like s feather entering s notch or groove in the bush of the wheel, the xrms of the levers nre raised, and depressed by n slide, and gage bar ss shown in Fi 5.

Another mode isiy moving the wheels E, and D, into, und out of ar ulternstel by s lst/eral motion on the s aft, effected y s gege bar with arms, es shown in Fig. tl, us also another mode as at Fig. 7. I have also s method of drewin the retreating cogs within their sockets. ut I do not consider this as neeessa to their successful ap liestion and use. t is however describe here as there may be circumstances undermhich its adoption may be useful. It is thus: the rod attached to the cog is continued of n. diminished size, not exceeding 11 of an inch, to within 1i inches of the nave where'it psssen freely through the end of a lever which lifts against n. nut on the ond of the rod. This lever seen nt in Figs. 2 and 3, passes in the direction of the axle inward, moves on s ivot in the projecting part of the nave nt and the other arm inclines toward the a as shown in Fi'f's. 2 and 3. Encirclin the axle at l, is a. circular slide through olea in which the arms of the levera pesa, und when moved on the axle from thensve it raises the arms from the axle, and thus draws the coge within their sockets. This slide is moved by the gage bar M, havin prongs which rest in the groove aroun the outer ed e of the slide This like the other gage are, are moved endwise in fixtures by means of l lever placed in any convenient manner to be within reach of the engineer. By this means whether the engine be nt rest or in motion, all the coge are drawn into their sockets at once by s single motion of the engineer. There is one lever between each two spokes, each raising two cogs. The principal advantage of this is the withdrawing the cogs from uction in not claim the aaid descending a plane, where a check ruil in laid when eir use is not neeeary, and thus avoiding the=wear of them. It may be found useful too on curves in an ascending plane to withdraw the cop of the inside wheels from action, facilitating the adjudment of the wheels to the curved rails.

Now what I a my invention arr- 1. The retreating ooge operated u by a spring, and the manner by which oy are made to operate with trilli frictionl and the combination therewith o the machinery by which they are drawn into their sockets, and their application in connection with a check rail to prevent the sliding of the whelelaofa looomotiveonthorailnofi'nrnil` roa 2. Abo the application and combination with the movi gear o locomotive engifncs, edf tthe aggtional wheel, and the a oresal cscri lpeara, an su ports, and gage bara, so arranged aa to proiuce nt pleasure a multiplied tractive power, as well mi railroads al on common roads: But I do rl, l ne, 21E har, and wheels of lferent y which power' and velocity are increased, and diminished or ordinary mechanical pm'- lwses, but their a licatiomand combination onlyaaaforesai nordolclaimtobethe inventor of the check rail; I contemplato the further application of the principle of this invention by making une of a flat sprir in stead of a spiral a plied either to the cad oftheco ,ortotlietopofarodattached thereto; le spiral spring may also be placed at the nave., and I contemplate the application of the retreating ooge to a single wheel placed in the center between the nuls, and nlsotoarixntobemadeontbeinsideofthn Mns@ 8. I also propone the application of this improvement to all parte of a railroad in seasons, and regions of fronte, ice, and anowa, and whenever the inclination ia no great al to require the reversed wer of the`engine tochecktliedesoent,an whenethendhesion o! the wheel is insullicient for that purpose, thecogsmaybeaoformedastotakeagainnt the check rail in descending as well as ascendin; another mode of working the leversw lchraisethecogsisbymeansofa hollow oone surrounding the axle neon at p, in 3; as it is moved forward by the gage bar eendaoftliearmaalidenpmshnllow groovee on ita surface.

w JOHN BUGGLES.

tnenea:

Cnaaxxs W. Hmm, Jlro. Faxnxa

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3384031 *Feb 15, 1965May 21, 1968Dashaveyor CoRailway transporation system
US6725751 *Nov 6, 2000Apr 27, 2004Formtek, Inc.Rotary punching apparatus
US7928424 *Nov 13, 2008Apr 19, 2011Epistar CorporationNitride-based light-emitting device
US7951236Apr 17, 2006May 31, 2011Jakks Pacific, Inc.Liquid graphite
US8181226 *May 15, 2012Sony Mobile Communications AbMethod and apparatus for multimedia session transfer
US8536565Mar 11, 2011Sep 17, 2013Epistar CorporationNitride-based light-emitting device
US8562738Feb 25, 2013Oct 22, 2013Epistar CorporationNitride-based light-emitting device
US20020050746 *Jun 28, 2001May 2, 2002Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki KaishaElectromagnetic device
US20020062481 *Feb 20, 2001May 23, 2002Malcolm SlaneyMethod and system for selecting advertisements
US20020078053 *Dec 18, 2000Jun 20, 2002Alejandro WiechersNetwork assembly and method for inserting an identification code
US20020112479 *Jan 8, 2002Aug 22, 2002Keefer Bowie G.Power plant with energy recovery from fuel storage
US20020182208 *May 16, 2002Dec 5, 2002Glaxo Wellcome, Inc.Glycosylated antibody
US20030080431 *Oct 28, 2002May 1, 2003Cyprian UzohMethod and structure for thru-mask contact electrodeposition
US20030226879 *Apr 11, 2003Dec 11, 2003Jean-Michel AuclairCarton and carton blank
US20040022091 *Aug 1, 2003Feb 5, 2004Fujitsu LimitedSemiconductor device
US20040027501 *Apr 24, 2003Feb 12, 2004Blum Ronald D.Electro-active multi-focal spectacle lens
US20040029829 *Dec 6, 2001Feb 12, 2004Kouji MiyazakiExternal skin preparations and process for producing the same
US20040059939 *Sep 22, 2003Mar 25, 2004Sun Microsystems, Inc., A Delaware CorporationControlled delivery of digital content in a system for digital content access control
US20040077248 *Dec 14, 2001Apr 22, 2004Akihiko KurahashiLaminate for packaging and package
US20040096625 *Mar 7, 2002May 20, 2004Toshihiko HijikataHoneycomb structure and assembly thereof
US20040105673 *Sep 26, 2003Jun 3, 2004Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd.Rangefinder apparatus and camera equipped therewith
US20040146637 *Jan 15, 2004Jul 29, 2004Canon Kabushiki KaishaElectron-emitting device, electron source substrate, electron source, display panel and image-forming apparatus, and production method thereof
US20040156269 *Oct 21, 2003Aug 12, 2004Richemont International SaMechanism for displaying the moon phases
US20040197468 *Dec 18, 2003Oct 7, 2004Paul GeelMethods of forming flexible decorative veils
US20040206566 *Mar 26, 2004Oct 21, 2004Yamaha Hatsudoki Kabushiki KaishaBody frame for motorcycle
US20040226984 *Mar 18, 2004Nov 18, 2004Smith Philip Russel JamesTube for storing fluid
US20040238073 *Jul 22, 2002Dec 2, 2004Kazuo IshiiMethod for producing nitriding steel
US20040241402 *Aug 6, 2002Dec 2, 2004Kohichiro KawateBatch electrically connecting sheet
US20040254418 *Feb 2, 2004Dec 16, 2004Munro John J.X-ray and gamma ray emitting temporary high dose rate brachytherapy source
US20050208694 *Aug 10, 2004Sep 22, 2005Honeywell International Inc.Bonded thin-film structures for optical modulators and methods of manufacture
US20050284593 *Jul 4, 2002Dec 29, 2005Kari SundmanMethod for treatment of spent liquor
US20060032171 *Jul 27, 2004Feb 16, 2006Weir Charles RWall insulation system providing improved moisture control
US20060042102 *Jan 18, 2005Mar 2, 2006Lukens Charles RTrim attachment for portable circular saw
US20060147252 *Jan 3, 2005Jul 6, 2006Kathleen TorrellLiquid graphite pencil
US20060205793 *Dec 21, 2005Sep 14, 2006Karl-Georg SchmidtFlupirtine preparation for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases of the visual apparatus and diabetes mellitus
US20060219276 *May 31, 2006Oct 5, 2006Bohnert George WImproved method to separate and recover oil and plastic from plastic contaminated with oil
US20060223980 *Apr 1, 2005Oct 5, 2006Bohnert George WMethod to separate and recover oil and plastic from plastic contaminated with oil
US20060223981 *Mar 27, 2006Oct 5, 2006Bohnert George WMethod for removing contaminants from plastic resin
US20060237739 *Jun 27, 2006Oct 26, 2006Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd.Light-emitting device and illuminator
US20060246917 *Aug 16, 2005Nov 2, 2006Navini Networks, Inc.Frequency reuse for wireless communication system
US20060253198 *Nov 8, 2005Nov 9, 2006Disc Dynamics, Inc.Multi-lumen mold for intervertebral prosthesis and method of using same
US20070038436 *Aug 10, 2005Feb 15, 2007Voicebox Technologies, Inc.System and method of supporting adaptive misrecognition in conversational speech
US20070045748 *Aug 25, 2005Mar 1, 2007International Business Machines CorporationSemiconductor structures integrating damascene-body FinFET's and planar devices on a common substrate and methods for forming such semiconductor structures
US20070066837 *Feb 13, 2004Mar 22, 2007Ahmed KamalPodophyllotoxin derivatives as antitumor agents
US20070072640 *Sep 29, 2005Mar 29, 2007Leininger Kristen MElectrically adaptive mechanical connection for electronic devices
US20070094490 *Oct 26, 2005Apr 26, 2007Sony Ericsson Mobile Communications AbMethod and apparatus for multimedia session transfer
US20070116815 *May 18, 2006May 24, 2007Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.Cooking apparatus and method of the same
US20070178435 *Mar 22, 2007Aug 2, 2007Lifeblood Medical, Inc.Composition for maintaining organ and cell viability
US20070259881 *Jun 17, 2005Nov 8, 2007Dellaria Joseph F JrSubstituted Imidazo Ring Systems and Methods
US20070291694 *Sep 3, 2004Dec 20, 2007Junbiao ZhangSeamless Multimedia Session Handoff Across Multiple Devices in a Mobile Networking Environment
US20080061311 *Nov 9, 2007Mar 13, 2008Cree, Inc.Led with current confinement structure and surface roughening
US20080147168 *Dec 4, 2007Jun 19, 2008Terrance RansburyIntravascular implantable device having detachable tether arrangement
US20080198859 *Feb 21, 2007Aug 21, 2008At&T Knowledge Ventures, LpSystem for advertising routing updates
US20080258856 *Jun 24, 2008Oct 23, 2008Littelfuse, Inc.Multiple conductor indicator
US20090011229 *Mar 17, 2006Jan 8, 2009Dai Nippon Printing Co., Ltd.Optical multilayer body
US20090011354 *Apr 10, 2008Jan 8, 2009Fuji Xerox Co., Ltd.Electrostatic image developing toner, invisible information toner, electrostatic image developer, process cartridge and image formation apparatus
US20090035263 *Sep 26, 2008Feb 5, 2009Nora Therapeutics, Inc.Compositions and methods for healthy pregnancy
US20090050822 *Jun 25, 2007Feb 26, 2009Ebara CorporationElectron beam apparatus and method of manufacturing semiconductor device using the apparatus
US20090054765 *Oct 9, 2008Feb 26, 2009Yasushi NamiiThree-dimensional medical imaging apparatus
US20090073704 *Sep 12, 2008Mar 19, 2009Honda Motor Co., Ltd.Blinker integrated rear-view mirror of saddle-ride type vehicle
US20090096254 *Oct 11, 2007Apr 16, 2009Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America, Inc.Vehicle Headliner And Method Of Manufacture
US20090098206 *Dec 21, 2006Apr 16, 2009Croda International PlcParticulate Metal Oxide
US20090123775 *Oct 10, 2008May 14, 2009Manabu KanzakiMethod for producing Cr containing nickel-base alloy tube and Cr containing nickel-base alloy tube
US20090198092 *Oct 11, 2007Aug 6, 2009Singh Krishna PMethod and apparatus for transporting and/or storing radioactive materials having a jacket adapted to facilitate thermosiphon fluid flow
US20090229716 *Apr 9, 2009Sep 17, 2009Junsuke NakanoCopper alloy material for electric/electronic parts and method of producing the same
US20090292309 *Nov 26, 2009Michael MaschkeSystem and workflow for diagnosing and treating septum defects
US20100005207 *Sep 25, 2009Jan 7, 2010Zang-Hee ChoIntegrated circuit device with multiple communication modes and operating method thereof
US20100074568 *Mar 25, 2010Ntn CorporationWheel Bearing Apparatus For A Vehicle
US20100115404 *Apr 2, 2009May 6, 2010Avermedia Information, Inc.Automatic word string arranging apparatus and method thereof
US20100146858 *Dec 18, 2008Jun 17, 2010General Electric CompanyMethod of retrofitting a coal gasifier
US20100162124 *Dec 19, 2008Jun 24, 2010Morris Robert PMethods, Systems, And Computer Program Products For Presenting A Map In Correspondence With A Presented Resource
US20100184708 *Sep 9, 2008Jul 22, 2010Dorian BevecUse of gly-pro-glu-oh (gpe) as a therapeutic agent
US20100189097 *Apr 30, 2009Jul 29, 2010Avaya, Inc.Seamless switch over from centralized to decentralized media streaming
US20100226674 *Feb 17, 2010Sep 9, 2010Seiko Epson CorporationImage forming apparatus and image forming method
US20100253997 *Apr 2, 2009Oct 7, 2010Jingjing LiElectronically reconfigurable planar crossbar array optical elements
US20100323307 *Aug 26, 2010Dec 23, 2010Tokyo Electron LimitedDeveloping apparatus and method
US20110028045 *May 24, 2010Feb 3, 2011Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.Electrical connector with a positioning spacer engagaineg with terminals thereon
US20110068701 *Feb 12, 2010Mar 24, 2011Cree Led Lighting Solutions, Inc.Solid state lighting apparatus with compensation bypass circuits and methods of operation thereof
US20130323913 *Feb 3, 2012Dec 5, 2013Sumitomo Chemical Company, LimitedDichalcogenobenzodipyrrole compound
US20140011971 *Feb 8, 2012Jan 9, 2014President And Fellows Of Harvard CollegeIron complexes and methods for polymerization
US20140100043 *Dec 9, 2013Apr 10, 2014Microsoft CorporationExtended and editable gamer profile
US20150017834 *Jul 15, 2013Jan 15, 2015Aaron GrunbergerOutlet faceplate extension
EP1343249A2Mar 3, 2003Sep 10, 2003Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.Device having inductors and capacitors and a fabrication method thereof
EP2246284A1Apr 21, 2010Nov 3, 2010Xerox CorporationPressure Reducing Folding System
EP2355042A1Nov 2, 2010Aug 10, 2011Vestel Elektronik Sanayi ve Ticaret A.S.A method for foreground - background discrimination
EP2425901A1Jun 24, 2011Mar 7, 2012Kohlhoff Hygiene GmbHChain link glove/ apron cleaning device
WO2007059483A2Nov 14, 2006May 24, 2007Ev3, Inc.Stent and stent delivery system for ostial locations in a conduit
WO2007098372A2Feb 15, 2007Aug 30, 2007Dell Products L.P.Local transmission for content sharing
WO2009015037A2Jul 18, 2008Jan 29, 2009Albany Molecular Research, Inc.5-pyridinone substituted indazoles
WO2009118433A1Mar 6, 2009Oct 1, 2009Ingeteam Energy, S.A.Wind turbine operation method and system
WO2010100437A2Mar 5, 2010Sep 10, 2010University Of SheffieldProduction of protein
WO2011076535A1Dec 1, 2010Jun 30, 2011Robert Bosch GmbhPole core for magnetic valves produced by means of multi-material mim
WO2011160708A1Nov 8, 2010Dec 29, 2011International Business Machines CorporationMultiple address spaces per adapter
WO2014066435A1 *Oct 22, 2013May 1, 2014City Of HopeEtp derivatives
Classifications
International ClassificationB61C11/04
Cooperative ClassificationB61C11/04
European ClassificationB61C11/04