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Publication numberUS1005988 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 17, 1911
Filing dateJul 24, 1911
Priority dateJul 24, 1911
Publication numberUS 1005988 A, US 1005988A, US-A-1005988, US1005988 A, US1005988A
InventorsJoseph G Maris
Original AssigneeJoseph G Maris
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1005988 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



Patented Oct. 17, 1 911.




Patented 006. 17,1911.


. DI 770' f 'l l 10551311 @MAR/.5 f E. 1H. Slam@ v ATTORNEK used with other types of air ships. In the -forni exemplified by the figures of y 'JcsErn G. MARIS, or COLUMBUS, onio.


vSl'ieeificatidoii tif Letters Patent. Application mei iruiy 24;' i911. seriai No. 640,067.

i 1 citizen of the' United States, residing "at 591 Town street, Columbus, in the county? f a specification...

`'of.lFraiikli n and State of' Ohio, have in 'vented Certain new and useful. Improvef ments in Air'ships of whichl the'following is ments infair ships Vand is' designedv to iml prove the structure and operation ofcrafti ``of this character iii-certain particulars asi will be' pointed out.

' l Theinvention `consists in certain l'novel combinations and arrangements of lifting g devices, buoyant supports, and emergency safety appliances, and certain details .of construction thereof as are illustrated in the v:za


'"diawings and specified in the'claims here-- ".,aq

unto appended.

In the accompanying drawings II. havel illustrated one example of the physical ein- -bfdiment of my invention constructed ac- 5 is a sectional view on line B-B Fig.

H3. Fig. 6 is a plan view with the top plane removed. Fig. 7 is a horizontal sectional view with parts' broken away for convenience in illustration.. Fig. 8 is an enlarged i cross section, showing the emergency' safety curtain in operative position. Fig. 9 is a a side elevation ofan" air ship fof the biplane type equipped with the f ea'- 'VA tures of my invention.V Fig. 2 is a plan view 30 M;.Fig.f1 as seen from the rear.

" vent-ical sectional view on line A-A Fig. 3..

diagram of the arrangement of the two propeiling and three lifting or equilibrium fans.

A s illustrated herein thepreferredl embodiment of the invention utilizesa biplane, but it. will be understood that so far as the features are adaptable theinventionifiay be teiided o be driven or propelled by the two Patented Oct. 1'?, 1911.'

y i propelling wheels 4 driven from the motor .Be it known that. Ldosnrn `(in-Mania, a Y

5, connected thereto by either a belt or oliaiii asindicated by dotted llinesa't 6.

The `lateral steering rudder is pivoted vertically in the rearwardly extendn frame 8 and may be maniulated-b'y suittibly arranged cords as indicated in dotted lines9.

wheels 13, `13, journaled under the lower plane, `and located one at each side of the center of'the ship, and the bracket 14 at the 4extreme rear end of the frame 8 provide supports for the machine while resting upon the ground.`

y y n g And the vertical steering rudder-or elevatf The presentj'invention relates' to improves any` convenient.- manner. The supporting To assist in maintaining the equilibrium Vof the ship I provide a pair of gas receptacles or bags 15, l5, located equidistant from the center of the ship and disposed between -all times, the pressure is equalized, and free` lto travelfrom one 'receptacle to theother, thus preserving a constant equalized lifting power, and a uniform equilibrium. These receptacles are to be at all timesfilled with a gas lighter than the atmosphere, as will of course be understood, and arepointed, as indicated at 17 to provide a minimum resistance.

Y. As clearly seen in Fig. 3 each gas receptacle is supported u'pon an elevated platform 18. These plat-forms, lone at each side of the lower plane 2, are elevated a sufficient distance above the main'portion of the plane 2 to permit the rotation of the lifting or equilibrating fans 19. These fans are journaled the upper and "lower planes of the aeroplane. y

in the cross bars 2O of the frame 1 and are I suitably driven from the motor 5. A vertil cal wall 21 connecting the platform 18 with the plane 2, completes a pocket in which the fan 19 rotates. The direction of rotation of these fans is indicated by arrow in Fig. 3,

fand their function is to elevate, aswell -as equilibrate the machine. y fan 22, is located centrally of the lower plane at its under side and driven by the motor.

A third elevating- This fan is, inc'l'osed by a casing 23 to "pre- 'an efficient and"easily manipulated conf Ventside'thrust'of tbe machine, and maybe operated jointly with' the fans 19A orr'inde.

vpendent thereof.

As an'emergeney safety device 1-provide.'

trivance, to be brought into s'ervlce when re-` quired, but' when not in use,'ladapted to belower plane 2. In Fig. 8 l the curtain is illustrated in, position 4for use,vand is drawn to thatpositlon by means of the cords or ropes 26 manipulated bythe .operator who may be seated-inthe seat or chair 27.' The 'cords vpass over guidd wheels or pulleys 28 and draw the-,curtain from l the bottom plane' to entirely close the space at the front'of the 'machine between the upper and lower planes. In. an emergency, should the ma-V chine dip or descendwith the rear. elev at'ed, the'curtain .i's 'pulled up to provide a resista-nce surface l'against the atmosphere.

Should the ship descend with the rear de'- pressed, the upper and lower planes and the .drawn curtain will forma parachute witli' 'lower planes,

l,in presence of twowitnesses..

#besteding fadderg'beim eine femmina@ r the'sh'ip to deseendfin comparative safety." Having thus fully described' my invention,

. Wha/ -IClaim as new and esire to .secure by .Letters'Patentiszf-f .1: An air yship comprising Aupper.' and.

'.gas receptacles between -said '^ling.devices, al platform formed -writll's'ide pockets `and rotary .elevating fans'in said pockets, and a. central rotaryelevati'ng fan vwith an open bottom inclos'ure.. I 2. The combination in angalr'ship having.`

upper and lower planes, gas'receptacless-bef tween said planes, propelling devices, a plat# form formed with side pockets and 'rotary Y elevating fans in said.pock ets', ,a .cent-ral ele# vating fan, a curtainwound at the front of thejlowef pl'ane, and means for. unwi'ndin'g s'aid ,curtain to close Athe space at ."re front; of the machine between saldplane In testimony whereof I afii JOSEPH G.. MARIS.


' M'. SHIGLEY, K..V1NCEN'TL l Llatllr

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6860449Jul 16, 2002Mar 1, 2005Zhuo ChenHybrid flying wing
US8061647 *Nov 22, 2011John PowellHigh altitude two balloon airship
U.S. Classification244/5, 244/113, 244/144
Cooperative ClassificationB64C2201/00