US 1006415 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Wifnesses A, 0. STUBLING 6; P. 0. GIBSON.
ELECTRIC GARMENT. APPLICATION FILED JAN. 30, 1911.
1,006,415, Patented 0ct.17,1911.
UNITED STATES ARTHUR cJs'rUBLINe AND PATENT OFFICE.
FOSTER C. GIBSON, OF PORTLAND, OREGON.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that we, ARTHUR C. STUB- LING and FOSTER C. GmsoN, citizens of the United States, residing in the city of Portland, county of Multnomah, and State of Oregon, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Electric Garments, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to electric garments, and more particularly to certain improvements in the manufacture thereof, whereby to greatly increase the eificiency and usefulness of the garment, and also to extend the life thereof. To this end we provide a gar ment with a plurality of heating coils or circuits, one or all of which may be automatically out out of use, in case the garment gets too hot. We provide a garment in which the electric wiring is placed circumferentially around the garment and so as to encircle the body of the wearer, rather than up and down or lengthwise thereof, thereby producing an electrical effect upon the body of the wearer occupying the electric field created within the coils. o also provide in connection with such coils or circuits, means for automatically cutting out one or more of said coils or circuits when the temperature of the garment gets too high. lVe have also provided, as a part of said garment, a hood or cap, by means of which the head can be treated for aches and pains therein; also mittens and insoles, all connected -or adapted to be connected in circuit with the wiring of the garment proper, whereby the entire body can be treated from one connection.
The invention Wlll bereadily understood from the following description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, in which,
Figure 1 is aview showing a. garment embodying our invention, the wiring being indicated in dotted lines; Fig. 2 is an enlarged detail-view, showing a form of thermostat for automatically cutting out the different circuits when the garment gets too hot; and Fig. 8 is a detail view of the operating member of the thermostat.
Referring to the drawings, the garment which I have shown for illustrating the invention, is provided with a triplicate winding, that is, three circuits or coils running around'the garment as indicated by the dotted lines, parallel with each other, and so distributed throughout the fabric of the Specification of Letters Patent. Patented Oct, 17, 1911, Application filed January 80, 1911.
Serial No. 605,658.
garment that all parts of the garment are heated by all three circuits, when all three are connected up. These three circuits or I windings are arranged to terminate at one end in contact members, as 1, 2 and 3, having cont-act points at4, 5 and 6, with their ends rojected, as shown, and extended throng different sized openings in a breaking member 7, mounted upon the end of a coil orthermostat member 8, adapted to expand under l eat. The contact member 1 projects through the top or smaller opening in 1 the member 7, which said member 7 is made of any suitable non-conducting material. The contact member 2 projects through the middle opening in said member 7, which said opening is somewhat longer than the top opening; while contact member 3 projects through the lower opening in said memher 7, which lower opening is longer than either ofthe others. 5 and 6 engage each otherand contact with a contact screw 9, which is connected with the main circuit of the garment, as indicated. All of said thermostat mechanism may be inclosed in a suitable casing and placed in the garment where the temperature of the garment will cause it to operate. As the temperature of the garment rises, the thermostat member 8 tends to expand or straighten out, and in' so doing di'awsthe' breaking member 7, and thereby drawing the contact bar 1 away from contact bar 2, and thereby cutting out its circuit. Further expansion of the thermostat member 8 operates to move the contact bar 2 away from contact point at 5 and thereby cut-s out its circuit. If the temperature of the garment continues to increase and to cause further expansion of the member 8, it will operate to move the contact member 3 away from the contact point 6, thereby cutting the last circuit and causing the temperature of the garment to lower, and again permitting the circuits to be connected. By this means, the temperature of the garment is automatically regulated. By providing a plurality of circuits, all capable of being cut out, should one circuit become broken in any manner, the other two are not thereby affected. Two of the circuits can be broken and disabled without interfering with the third, although the efiiciency is reduced and the one circuit is required to do what all three did.
An important feature of the invention is the manner in which the winding is placed The contact points 4:,
5 a certain electric also provided as ment to the head.
regular shoes 0 to be connected with the usual.
' electric light' circuit, now common in homes climates.
in the garment; that is, we so wrap the winding in the fabric of the garment that the coils or circuits encircle the body of the wearer and each coil when charged develops field around the body of the wearer, which electric efiect is an improvement over other garments we have I made in which the winding is up and down,
and oiiices, by means of any suitable and convenient attaching m or means, which is preferably mounte 1 tion of the garment, as at 13. It will be unupon the belt porderstood, of course, that the garment may be connected up to a storage battery, if desired, and thus be made useful for drivers of automobiles, cars, or other vehicles in very cold Our invention, however, is to provide a windin for a garment which encircles the body 0 the wearer and thereby creates an 5 electric field about the body of the wearer when the current of electricity is turned on. Also, we are the first, so far as weare aware, to provide a plurality winding, whereby parallel circuits may be used together, or
can be made without treatseparately, and one can be used though the others may be out of commission. This extends the lifelof the garment without repair and though one or two circuits may be broken, the other will heat the garment. We
have provided a complete garment, so conthat the best results in treatments structed may be secured.
We are aware. that slight modifications departing from the spirit of our invention, and we do i not, therefore, limit the invention to the embodiment shown, but refer to the claim hereunto attached as setting forth broadly our invention.
We claim In an electric coat having a body andsleeves, means for heating said garment and creating therein an electric field, said means comprising a series of heating coils of insulated wire woven in the fabrlc so as to extend around the body of the garment in horizontal planes and around the sleeves in the same manner, source of electricity means for connecting a thereto whereby to create within said series of coils an electric field for treatment of the body withinthe coat, and means for cutting off the supply of electricity from a portion of said coils whereby to decrease the electric efi'ect, substantially as and forthe purpose described.
Signed at Portland, Oregon, this 19th day of January, 1911.
ARTHUR C. STUBLING. FOSTER G. GIBSON.
W. A. BURKE, F. A. Bnmime'ron.