US 1006468 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
LH; DBS ISLBS.A LEASTENER FQR RAILWAY RAILS.
APB IIIIII 0N ssssssssssss 1.
'.15006468, Patented Ot. 24, 1.911.
LEONARD H. DES IS'LES,- VOF- CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
specification of ngttersratent. Application filed January 9, 1911.
,Patented oct. 24, `1911. Serial No. 601,659.
To all whom 'it may concern:
Be it. known that. I, LEONARD H. DES IsLEs, a citizen of the United States, 'and a resident of Chicago, county of Cook, and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Fasteners 'for Railway-Rails, `of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
The invention vrelates to rail fasteners and seeks to provide a simple and effective construction which can be securely interlocked withthe wooden tie to secure the rail thereto, and which .can be effectively employed to replace spikes which have become loosened because of the enlargement of the spike holes caused by the wearing or rotting away of the wood about the spike.
Therinvention consists in the features of.
improvement hereinafter set forth, illustrated in the preferred form mtheaccompanying drawing and more particularly lpointed out in the appended claims.
In the drawing, lFigure l is a view illus.- trating the spike of the improved fastener in elevation and showing the sleeve portion thereof and portions of the tie and rail base in section. In this view the parts are shown in the position assumed before the spike is driven. Fig. 2 is a similar view lshowing the parts in the position assumed when the spike is driven home. Fig. 3 is a view of the lower end of the fastener.- Fig. 4 isa cross section on the line 4-4 of Fig. 1. Figo` is a plan view with parts shown in section on the line 5`5 of Fig. 2.
The drawing illustrates portions of the wooden tie 6 and of the rail base 7 resting thereon. The improved fastener comprisesa sleeve 8 which is preferably cylindrical inform and is adapted to be inserted in a hole bored in the tie,adjacent the base of the rail. The bore of the sleeve extends throughout thegreater portion of its length, but its -lowerend is closed and is preferably fiat, so that it will firmly seat upon the botgtom of the hole formed in the tie. The solid bottom portion of the sleeve is formed into an upwardly facing wedge 9 having slightly curved, concave side faces; The walls of .the sleeve opposite the faces of the wedge 9 are cut away to form openings 10, so that the wedge is connected to the sleeve by portions 11. At its upper end the sleeve 8 is provided with aesupporting flange 12 which is adaptedV to rest upon the upper facex Vof i This flange is preferably cut away on one 'si-de at 13-to clear the base of the rail and permit theinsertion of the sleeve into thetie at a point closely adjacent thebase of the rail. This cut-away portion of t-he fiange also serves to properly position the sleeve and wedge 9 thereof with reference to the rail base.
The sleeve is eXpansible and for this purpose is provided with a numberk of longitudinal slots 14 extending throughout the kgreater portion of the length of the sleeve and through the flange 12 at its upper end. In the form shown, there are two of these slots, but it will be understood that more may be provided if desired. These slots preferably terminate short of the openings 10 so that bridge portions 15 are left which extend across the upper edges of the openings 10 and the lower edges of these portions are preferably square, as shown,`and are located slightly above the edge of the wedge 9. f
The spike 16 is adapted to be driven into the sleeve 8 to expandY the same. It is preferably of general cylindrical form, as shown, but tapers from its upper headed end toits lower end. At its upper end, thespike is provided with a suitable-driving head 17 having a portion adapted to 4overlap and bear upon the base flange 7 of the rail. Bef neath the head, the spike is provided on one side with anabutment 18 which, whenthe spike is driven home, is adapted to snugly engagethe edge of the rail base 7. The upper portion of the sleeve is provided with a notch 19 to receive the abutment 18 on the spike. The lower end of the spike is split to form portions or members 20 having separated lower ends or lips 21 which are adapted to engage the faces of the wedge 9, so that the members 2() will be defiected in opposite directions through the openings 10 of the sleeve and into the Wooden body of the tie as the spike is driven. A
In applying the fastening device, a h ole of proper depth is formed in the tie adjacent the base flange and the sleeve is placed therein with its 4lowerend upon the bottom of the hole and with the flange 12 at its upper end arranged to engage the upper face ofthe tie. The bolt is then inserted, as shown in Fig. 1. As stated, this bolt tapers from its head end to its lowerfend and it is of such size that its mid-portion will snugly 110 driven home to lis u of the wedge driven home, are preferably a series of beveled teeth 22 which are ar ranged to pass over-the loweredges of thevv ufit within the upper end of the sleeve, as indicated in Fig. 1. Then, as'the spike is the'positionshown in Fig. 2, it will expand the split sleeve 8 and lforce 'the portions thereof outwardly into firm binding contact with the wooden body of the tie.
At the same ltime the engagement 9 with the split lower end of the bolt will deflect the portions 2O thereof in opposite directions so thatthe latter are bent into curved form and forced outwardly through the holes 10 into the body of the tie.
The inner-faces of the separated lips 21,' 'whichlirst co'ntact' with the -faces of the wedge 9, are outwardly inclined and preferably curved and the metal on the outer facesl of the lips is cut away or reduced so that the lips are relatively thin. This arrangement insures that the lips 21 will start. in such a proper direc rion that, when the spike is driven. home, the members V2O will be outwaifdlyand upwardly curved as shown in Fig: 2`to\elfectually clench the spike into the tie. The flat /lower end ofthe. sleeve land ythe flange 12 at its upper end assist in holdin the sleeve in position .as the spike is driven, i
expand or deflect the por- .The portions 15 of the sleeve are so disposed with reference Ato the wedge 9 that their lower edges will'engage the outer faces of the spike members 2O and coperate with the wedge to bend them into vproper clenching curve form. Moreover, the deflected p0rtions 2O of the spike will bind between the lower square edges of these portions and the 'faces of the wedge 9 so that the spike cannot be readily withdrawn. To assist this binding action, the side portions of the spike which engage these edges when the spike is portions 15 as the spike is driven, but engage the same and resist thewithdrawal of K the spike from the sleeve.
The spike is firmly gripped by the sleeve 'as it is driven into the sleeve to expand the same.` The deflected portions 20. of the spike and the walls ofthe sleeve 8 engage the tie to securely hold the fastening device in position with the head 17 and abutment 18 of l the spike engaging the upper and edge faces forced with .60
of the base flange 7 of the rail. The sleeve 8 is of considerable size and has, therefore,- a comparatively large area which, as the spike is driven into the sleeve toy expand it, is
` considerable pressure into firm binding contact with the body of the tie. As the sleeve is larger than the ordinary spike, the improved fastenercan be advantageously employed to replace loose spikes where the spike holes havebecome enlarged. Moreover',-the sleeve affords a bearing of and the wedge 9 is thu/s' held in po' sition toA properly `tions 20 of the lower split end of the spike.
provided with the same, said spike into clenching curve large area for the fastening device in the tie and enablesit to more readily resist they thrust and pounding of the rail thereon.
It is obvious that changes could be made in the details set forth without departure from the essentials of the invention, as defined in the claims.
j I claim as my invention 1. A rail fastener comprisingan expansible split slee-ve and a split spike adapted t0 be driven into said split sleeve to expand the same, said spike having a driving head arranged to overlap the base of the rail, and
4said sleeve having openings in the side walls and means for deflecting the members of said spike outwardly and upwardly through said openings into clenching curve form, substantially as described.
2. 'A rail fastener comprising an expansible sleeve and a split spike adapted to be driven yinto said sleeve to expand the same,l
said spike having a driving head arranged to overlap the base of the rail, and said sleeve having a supporting flange at Aits upper end, openings in its walls at its lower end and a wedge between said openings' for deflecting the members of said vspike in opposite directionsthrough'said openings, substantially as described.
3; A rail fastener comprising a split expansible sleeve adapted to be inserted in the tie adjacent the rail base and a tapered split spike adapted to be driven into said sleeve to expand the same, driving head arranged to overlap the rail base, and said sleeve having openings in its walls and a wedge between openings arranged to deflect the members of said spike outwardly through said openings, substantially as described.
4. A rail fastener comprising a split expansible sleeve having a supporting flange at its upper end, a tapered, split spike adapt-` ed to be driven into said sleeve to expand having a driving head arranged tooverlap the rail base, the members of said spike having outwardly flaring tapered lower ends, and said sleeve having openings at it-s lower end'with a wedge between said openings for engaging the inner faces of said openings and portions above said openings and adjacent said edge for engaging and binding on the' outer faces. of said spike members, whereby said spike members are bent outwardly and upwardly form as the spike, is driven, substantially as described.
5. A rail fastener comprisin a sleeve adapted to be inserted in the tie adjacent driven into said sleeve and having a driving head arranged to'overlap the rail base, t -the members of said spike having outwardly flaring, ltapered lower ends, and said sleeve having openings in its walls at its lower end' nooegiea @with apwedge bet-Ween said openings for engagmg the inner faces of sald spike member and portions above said openings having edges arranged to engage and bind upon the outer faces of said spike members, substantially as described.
6i. A rail fastener comprising an expansible sleeve, and a split spike adapted to be driven into said sleeve 'to expand the same, said spike having a driving head arranged to overlap the rail base and an abutment beneath said hea-d for engaging the edge of the rail. base, s'aid sleeve having a' Wedge at its lower end with openings in its Walls on opposite sides of said Wedge through which the members of said spike are oppositely ,deected by said wedge, substantially as described.
7. A rail fastener comprising a'sleeve,` a s Vlit spike adapted to be driven into said eeve and having a driving head arranged' to loverlap the rail base, said'sleeve having' a wedge between side openings therein arranged to deflect the members of the split spike throu 'h said openings, and said spike having teeti on its outer face arranged to interlock with the edges of said openings, substantially as described.
8. A rail fastener comprising a. cylindrical split sleeve having a supporting iange at its upper end, a tapered spike adapted to be driven Within said sleeve to expand the same, said spike having a driving head arvranged to overla the. rail base said sleeve having side openings With a deiiecting Wedge between said openings to engage the innery faces of the members of said split spike and portions above said openings to engage the outer faces of said spike members, substantially as described.
' LEONARD H. DES ISLES.
HARRY L. CLAPP,1 @TTILIE C. FREIBERG.