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Publication numberUS1008862 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 14, 1911
Filing dateJul 17, 1909
Priority dateJul 17, 1909
Publication numberUS 1008862 A, US 1008862A, US-A-1008862, US1008862 A, US1008862A
InventorsEtienne Poyet
Original AssigneeEtienne Poyet
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Automatic centralizing totalizer apparatus.
US 1008862 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


1,008,862, Y Patented Nov.'14, 1911.




Patented Nov. 14, 1911.




Specification of Letters Patent. Patented NOV. 14., 1911.

Applicatipii led July 17, 19i9. Serial No. 508,109.

T o all aihom 'it may concern.'

Be it known that I, ETIENNE P,orrir, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Ybor City, in the county of Hillsboro and State of, Florida, have invented a new and Improved Automatic Centralizing Totalizer Apparatus, of which the following is a full, clear, and exactdescription. v,

Among the principal objects which the presentinveiition has in view are: 'to 'provide a mechanism adapted to be operated eleitrically from removed stations to total the results of a plurality of cash registers; to proyide a mechanism continuously operated and having a plurality of selective devices arranged in gioups corresponding to theI series of the various monetary denominations to operate in said series; and to provide a mechanism, the construct-ionand arrangement of the parts of which are durable, accurate and efficient.

One embodiment of the present invention is disclosed in the structure 'illustra-ted in the accompanying drawings, in which like characters of reference denote corresponding parts in all the views, and iii which- Figure 1 is a front elevation ot the apparatus, the casing having been removed; Fig. 2 is a' vertical "cross section of4 the same; Fig. Bis a'detailed. view in vertical section, showing` the construction and arrangement of the totalizing mechanism in conjunction with the selective mechanism; Fig. fi is a detailed view in vertical section showing the j the said trays; andv Fig. g

Y y necessil-'-I'li'iginventive gfenfiiis,v

iemand-,when used ii'i''oni'un'tion with, votation; Fig` oustrays and chutes comprising parts of the I ftotalizing mechanism;

.. ."llic present invent f may be useoalso, with'l .slight coin'ptometer wheel of the second series in conjunction' with the lifting arm of the totalizing mechanism at the beginning of its operation; Fig. 5 is the same view as Fig. 4.

showing the operating mechanism for the;

coiuptometer wheel at the end'of its'opcr- 6 is a side elevation of the vari- Fig. 7 is it top View ot the trays utilized iii the totalizing mechanisni, showingr the delivery chute connected with the Selective mechanism disposed about view, sliowingone of thel electro selective tion therewith.

ion may be used in various lines of commercial pursuits. It variations not 'as' a totaliaer livered to a mechanical ing machines. The use which I prefer to devote it to, and in its application to which it is shown in the accompanying drawings, is that of a totalizer for a series of cash* will be understood that in an establishment, either contained under one roof or several roofs, the various cash registers are provided with electric adjustment to the key board whereby each key is arranged and disposed to'depress the necessary contacts to complete the individual electric circuit.

Referring to Fig. 8 is illustrated in diagrammatic. manner,I wherein the keys A and B are shown as having depending stems C and D, mounted in keys to impinge upon and depress the een@ tain contacts E and ,E to vcause the saine form metallic contact with the studs'G and H, thereby completingrespectively the circuit over thewires I, I or K, K. The circuit of which the wires K, K are components is not shown as completed in the ii ure of drawings, but like the circuit of'w ich the wires I, I form components,'it leads t0 a distinct and separate electronia'gnet formed I 9 in one of the groups of said magnets shown. Vhaflevcr the number in money represented b the key A on the various cash registers, tlie amount is indicated by the delivery of a series of balls 10, l0 from certain receptacles and delivered to be registered 'by a feeding mechanism hereinafter described.

by spools 9,

The totalizer is provided with aseries I f and arranged to devices to be' deregistering mechanism, and in such disposition therein as to cause the said register to move in conformity witli the denomination of the magazine from which the counting device was delivinagazines each designed hold separable counting i ered. Each of the magazines isprovided is a diagrammatic i magnets andan electro circuit in conjiincwith a series of groups of operative devices arranged ininterdependent relation, `as

hereinafter set forth, forarithmetically increasing the total result of the operating of each key of th'e cash register to which each groi:pms/independently assigned.

vIn the drawings there is shown a totalizer l constructed and arranged in accordance with the pre1-.enr invention, employing fiveidistinct-anagazines, each to hold counters to be delivered to a single. station in c,.`iiri'iii` ii. irrespective of the cash register or other dcregisters. In this preferred 'form ofiise it ,60

of the drawings, this ually effected.

operating devices as erated re istering machines.

manually operated registering in operative groups ot third magazine wherein the 15 zines.

registers may totalizer. r

sion of the key ture -12 is mounted upon a which, the said spring is coiled.

adapted to normally rest upon side of the channel 11 is formed by hingedly mounted at 17 upon the channel 11.

now by the depression spools drawn towardthe plunger 15 across said spools,


tary denomination in each I disposed transversely shown particularly at shown five such series disposed in parallel being shown in five are Each series is ixedly secured to, .and held in open .communication with'hoppers19, 19. These structural barsA 20, 20. The said channels are mounted upon chutes 21, 21, which extend downward.

arrangement, three series Fig. 1 of the drawings, while the 60 shown yin Fig. 2 of the drawings.

are supported upon transverse It will e understood that the keys of cach machine are separably and electrically connected with 1 one member of a single group, be that group on the magazine indicating unit-s from one to ive, or upon the next succeeding magazine indicating denominations 'pf tens arranged one to five, or the counters indicate denominations of one hundred, also are... ranged in operative groups ot one toi five, and so on for the next^ ,succeeding maga- It'will be understood from the toregoing that as each individual manually op erated register is connected with distinct operating devices on the ive magazines, the be operated simultaneously without interference Vin their eiieet upon the It will be observed that with the depres- A. to close the contact key upon the studG, the-.electric circuit energizing the lspools 9, 9 is completed. lVhen the said electric circuit is completed the armature 12'is drawn tothe spools against the expansion of a coiled spring 13. The armastem 14, upon At the end of the stem la 1s provided a plunger 15, the inside of the bottom of the channel 11. The opposite a gate 16 the frame of The gate 16 is held normally closed by aleaf spring 1S. lVhen of the'key A the Icontact E is depressed on the stud Gr, and the 9, 9 are energized, the armature 12 is extending the the channel 11 and beyond. the opening closed by the gate 1 6. It a ball 10 be interposed between the 4said gate and this will be delivered -froin the channel 11, indicating thereby the operation offthe key A representing a certain moneof theseries of cash registers connected with this totalizer.

The channels 11 are mounted in series and in the apparatus, as Fig. 1 of the draw ings. In the present appara-tus there are to deliver the balls as received into a lower hopper 22. Operating across the hopper-s 19,' 19 are small shafts 23, 23, having extended thereon projections 24, 24, whereby' the balls 10 are continuously agitated and ted into the channels 11. At the lower ends of the chutes 21, 21 they are directed within the hopper 22 and between the various partitions 25, 25 vtherein provided. Extended transversely across this hopper 22 is the shaft 23 having projections 24. as above mentioned with reference to the no'ppers 19. Thevarious shafts 23 are' rotated by a chain of gears 26, 26. These gears are rotated tronra driving gear 27, which is mounted upon a shaft 2S, which constitutes the operatorfshat of the apparatus and is connected of the machine. ing the shaft 28 is not h'erein shown or described. Upon this shatt 28 is mounted a series of eccentric'cams 29, 29.

The partitions 25, 25 divide the hopper 22 into as many compartments as .there are series of channels 11 superii'nposed above the said hopper 22; From each of the coinpartnicnts there is extended a channel 30, corresponding in all respects to the channels 11. The channels 30 are closed by the gate 16 being held in closed position by the leaf spring 18, similar in construction and arrangement to the gate and spring closing the channels 11. The channels 30 are mounted upon a bed plate 31, having on the end renioved from the channels 30, an upturned flange 32, through which is extended as many short pistons 33 as there are channels 30. Each of the pistons 33 is provided with a plunger 34 and a shoe The operation of the pistons 33 is in all respects similar to the operation of the stem 14 and plunger' 15, They are inipelled. by the Aeceentrics 29, 29 against the periphery ofwhich the shoes 35, 35 bear. 'The slices 35 are held in pressure Contact with the eccentrics by, springs B6` 36. lVhen the gate 16 is opened bythe balls 10 being thrust against theA same by the plunger 34, the said balls, when released, are dropped into a hopper 37, from which they ,are delivered by a pipe 38 into a common receptacle, to be therefrom transferred and distributed into' the various hoppers, 19, 19 in the apparatus.

-The channels 11, 11 are preferably. arranged in groups of ve. lll/There, however, the cash. registers with which this apparatus is coperating are arranged in a larger series, this arrangement is followed -in the groupingl of the channels 11 in the present rangement of the armature 12 is that shown 'in Fig. 1 of the drawings, where each of the armatures succeeding the first of .the series is -provided with a lateral extension 39, 39, whichy extend from and rest upon the arma to the main or driving shaft X at the top The mechanism for drivapparatus. wWhatever this grouping the ar- 'E each pair may operate 'seriesly preceding the ture connected with the stemif14 operating in the channel precedingly disposed 1n the' p series arrangement of the group. v

The spools 9, 9 are constructed in a mani ner to render them suiiiciently powerful that the armatures and stems connected therewith in the channels spools energized;

, that is to say, when the magnet operating the stem and lunger of the channel numbers four of the series is energized, it will operate to advance the plunger 34 in the fourth channel of the series, and also by the superimposition of the extensions 39,

39, it.will operate to advance the stems and.

plungers throughf the channels 11, being numbers one, two and three of the series. It is by means of this arrangement that when i' he cash register with which this totalizer is electrically connected/is operated to indicate a purchase of four" cents, then the fourth magnet in the series operating the tubes oor- 1' cents column is enerresponoinof to the gized. 1With the advance of the stem and vball 10 from the plunger to extract the fourth channel 11, the stems and plungers in each of the three preceding channels are advanced, thereby delivering to the hopper' 22 four of the balls, which represent the number of cents indicated on the cash re'gister. .-If the cash register be arranged for indicating by separate instrumentalities the nine numerals preceding ten, then the ar' rangement herein illustrated as grouping in tives is extended to groups in tens, an the strength of the magnets constituted by the spools 9, 9 is augmented to permit -the operation of the nine instrumentalities for delivering the balls l0, which is herein shown as five.

In the present apparatus, the upper bank of the channels 1l, ll is devoted to the combinations of the unit denomination of the cents ot'nthe monetary system of theivariousl cash registers. The second bank is arranged for combinations of the denomination of tens of the 'cents of the monetary system of the various cash registers. The third bank is arranged for combinations of the unitsof the dollars of the monetary system of Athe- The 'fourth bankris' various cash registers. arranged for combinations of the tens of dollarsV of the monetary system of the vari-Y ous cash registers.

rlhe fifth bank is arranged for combinations of hundreds of dollars of the monetary system of the various cash registers. 1 1 y For the purpose of ,simplification I have shown in` F ig. 6 of the drawings, by dotted lines, the variiiis chutes 21 as comprising a wide/spread receiving end o carr the total product from the entire banks, ceived. the balls 10, 1.0 are delivered in the channels in the path of the reciprocating plunger 34 to be thrust instead olf that- 'tioned pawl 45"'with s thus re.

' nation .endeavoring simultaneously. The

thereby against the v gate 16, and thence delivered into the hop- Attached to-each gate 16 connected with the channels 30, is a lifting arm 40, 40. These arms are provided with a series of opl-turned extensions 4l, 4l arranged to impinge upon arms 42, 42 extended from collars 43, 43, upon the outer end of which is pivoted, on shafts 44, 44, pawls 45, 45. The awls 45, 45 are arranged to engage rigid Wheels 46, 46, these being fixedly attached to disks 47, 47. The disks 47, 47 are properly` engraved upon their periphery with numerals ranging from one to nine. The. disks 47 are of the usual comptometer construction and arrangement. In the present instance the apparatus 1s arrangedjto voperate eight of. these disks, showing a possibllity of'm'onetary designation of any sum up to, but not including, one million dollars. The disks are rotated by the Apawls 45, which are mounted upon a shaft 48. The lifting arms and the gate 16 mounted upon the channels 30, operate the said pawls.

The pawls 45, are arranged in pairs.V One of each pair is in engagement to con,- stantly operate the that particular pawl 45. The opposite pawl 45, connected /with the first mentionedpawl, is held out of engagement but just above the wheel 46 connected to the disk 47 marking the numbers for the next upper denominawheel 46 belonging to tion. The shaft 44, upon which the second pawl 45 is mounted, is arranged to hold the second pawl out pf engagement yuntil the first mentionedpawl strikes in the deepened ratchet tooth 49. The tooth 49 is deepened to permit the shaft 44 to rock sulilciently to permit the second pawl .45 to engage the wheel 46 belonging to the disk 47 of the next superior denomination. When the first mentioned pawl thus engages the deepened tooth 49, the second mentioned pawl engages one of the `teeth in the wheel 46 of the next denomination. When now' the arm 42 is raisedA to shift the pawls 45, both of the wheels 46 are rotated vthe space of one ratchet tooth. The ratchet tooth next succeeding 49 is not deepened, -and the strokes of the first. mentioned pawl 45fsucceedingV that which operated on the tooth 49 does not permit the engagement of the second menthe Wheel 48 ofthe next superior denomination.

It will be understood that .the eccentric wheels 29, 29V by which the arms 40 are operated are mounted alternately out of time with each other, or in other words, the arms 40 "operating the pawls 45 of adjacent de` nominations balternately thus avoid any con? flict of the pawl mechanism of a lower denomination with that of a superior denomito`- operate the disk pawls of the two de nominations are operated successively. Each wheel, however, has its independent pawl mechanism, having its accompanying pawl adapted to engage the wheelv of the next higher denomination at one point in the op 5 eration of the wheel to which it is attached,

is by the usual pawl engagement and escapement.

The comptometer wheels 47 are arranged in front of a .transparent slide., or door 50, which is suitably mounted in the frame X of the apparatus, whereby the proprietor, or

' ejecting mechanisms lembod other person authorized, may view the arrangement of the wheels 47 and read oli lfrom the same the total additions of the register on this apparatus. Y.

A's above mentioned, the hoppers 19, 1'9

are re-flled from time to A.time with theI balls 10, 10v delivered from' the common hoppYerT For this purposevv are provided doors Having an apparatus of the .construction such as above described and shown, the' operation is as fbllows: As stat d, the various yling the plungers 15 and the magnets 9, 9 are electrically connected'to the various cash receiving registers located at various stations, and adapted to close the electric circuit operating' the particular magnet corresponding in monetary denomination to the particular key on the lvarious registers. Vith each operation of the particular key the one of the balls 10 is ejectedfrom the channel 11. vThus for every different station-five operations 'occur in rapid succession, indicating the same cash purchase from eachby a rapid succession of ejectments from the same channel of the balls 10. For illustration, should live purchases of five cents each be registered on five differently positioned cash receiving registers, the operation of the nive cent key in each register would operate the Amagnet connected with the armature l2 plunger 15, operating to eject bhlls from the fifth-of the4 upper bank ofthe channels 11, and there would be twenty -live of such balls ejected and conveyed through the chute 2l V,connectednwith the upper bank of channels and delivered to the hopper 22 into the lirst compartment thereot. Theballs would be conveyed thence tothe channel 30 and presented successively in front of the plunger 34 to be ejected thereby and delivered to the hopper 37. In being thus ejected from the channel 30, however, it will be seen that the gate 16 connected lwith the said channehhas, through the lifting varm 40 connected therewith, operated the arms 42 to cause the pawl y 45 to rotate the rigid wheel 46 and engraved disk 47 connected therewith. It will also be observed that the disk 47 "has been advanced What has been stated isl stem 14 and twenty ve times, which represents two and one half complete revolutions, whiclniiil the wheel started at zero, would leave the wheel standing at a position showing the figure 5'; Having been rotated two complete lrevolutions it will have advanced the next succeeding wheel-of a higher denomination, which is the denomination of tens, two of its serial movements, presenting thereby on that wheel the ligure 2. The two wheels indicate, for the transaction received from the tive cash receiving registers, whereon each recorded a' purchase of five. cents, in this totalizer there has been recorded-a total purchase of twenty live cents.

l/Vhat has been said here of the small amounts it will be understood can 'be amplilied to purchases of any amount. The present apparatus is designed so that purchases ranging from one cent to multiples ofone hundred dollars may be recorded.

It will be understood that theoperations on lthe various cash receiving'registers cause accurate -duplication on the ball ejecting mechanism used' in this apparatus.

receiving register being duplicated as above described, they may be, for various and different reasons, recorded on the totalizer,

-, claim 4for thisinvention.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is A centralizing totalizer apparatus, comorising a mechanical register embodying interconnected progressively operated ldis- Thus,- instead of the purchases recorded on the cash said devices being operatively connected with the members of said register; an operating mechanism 'for-.removing said closure devices from said openings at regular intervals and when said compartments contain counting devices; a group of five magazines adapted to contain separable movable count- ,ing devices; a lurality of guide chutes connecting each o said magazines with one only in .groups of five for extracting the countciprocating devices disposed in each 'of said groups and in order preceding the device. actuated.

ln testimony whereof have sivnedmy name to this specification in the presence of 15 two subscribing Witnesses.


of the said compartments in said hopper;l a plurality of reciprocating devices arranged ing devices successively from said magazines for .delivery to said hopper; electro-actuated means for moving each of said reciprocating devices; and a plurality of connecting members fixedly mounted on each reciproeating device, said members being adapted to impinge upon and advance all of said re.


C. JUMEAU, JOHN P. YVALM ve cents each, by addressing` the Commissioner of Patents,

Copies of this patent may be obtained for Washington, D. C.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2694311 *Jun 5, 1951Nov 16, 1954Celanese CorpSlub counting device
US2948881 *Dec 13, 1954Aug 9, 1960Roland J BertiDisplay switching systems and apparatus therefor
US7025258 *Mar 11, 2004Apr 11, 2006Kil Jae ChangBall bearing actuation mechanism
US20030172205 *Jan 11, 2002Sep 11, 2003Bastian Richard HenryMethods and components for mechanical computer
US20040206770 *Mar 11, 2004Oct 21, 2004Chang Kil JaeBall bearing actuation mechanism
U.S. Classification235/6, 235/11, 235/18, 235/91.00G, 235/91.00K
Cooperative ClassificationG06C7/10