US 1009251 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
F. T. LIPPINCGTT.
APPLICATION FILED AUG. 5, 1910. v 1,009,25 1 Patented Nov. 21, `1911.
2 a y 2i mf VENTO R WITNESSES.- ,Waan/ TLy/yinca 0MM# N BY www FRANK T. LIPPINCOTT, F NEWARK, OHIO.
Specication of Letters Patent.
Patented Nov. 21, 1911.
Original application filed October 22, 1909, Serial N o. 524,073. Divided and this application filed August 5, 1910. Serial No. 575,624.
. which the following is a specification.
My invent-ion is an improved hinge particularly designed for use in window construction having hinged sash carrying sections, although the invention is capable of use in other relations, and the application is a divisional part ofmy original application filed Oct. 22/09 Serial No. 524,073.
Generically the hinge comprises two mem# bers pivoted together and having wing plates continuously in contact with one another to limit the movement on the hinge pin, as well as to brace the joint.
More specilically the invention also resides in those novel details of construction, combination and arrangement of parts, all of which will be first fully described, then be specifically pointed' out in the appended claims, and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which Figure l, is a central vertical cross sect-ion of a window embodying my invention. Fig. 2, is an enlarged detail perspective View of one corner of the same, showing the hinge connection between the swinging section of the window and the frame casing.
In the accompanying drawing I have disclosed my invention as applied to a window for which it is particularly adapted, the window casing l having the fixed grooved frame sections 2 whose grooves 212b receive the sashes l5 and 16 respectively; the swinging frame sections 4 having the window grooves 41-4b and having their upper ends 4c normally contacting the ends 2c of the sections 2.
In order to hold the sections 4 and 2 in proper alinement to make a continuous uninterrupted groove 2a-4a, or 2b-4b, as the case may be, from the top to the bottom of the window, when the parts are in their normal position, I have provided a specialhinge composed of a plate 5 secured in the countersunk portion 41 of the frame sections 4, which plate enters the cut-away portions 2d of the sides 2 when the sash is in its normal position and a latch 3 has its head to engage the plate 5 and lock the sections 2 and 4 together with the sections 2 and 4 in alinement.
The lower edges of the sections 4 are square cut to leave a space between said lower edges and the sill 17, as shown by dotted lines 18 in Fig. l, to prevent water and moisture rotting said lower edges.
The casing l, where it joins the sill is countersunk to receive the hinge plate 6@L and it is further countersunk at la to permit movement of the clip 7d of the hinge plate 7a hereinafter again referred to. The hinge plate 6a is of circular arc form having a vertical edge 6d and a front portion 6b held in a plane at right angles to the plate 6a, the portion 6b having curled hinge ears 6, through which and through similar ears 7c of the front plate 7e of the hinge section 7, the hinge pin 8 passes. The hinge section 6 has its plate 6a secured in the countersunk portion of the casing l by screws that pass through apertures Gf in the plate. The plate 6'C1 at its upper end has a stop 6g and near its lower end has a second stop 6h to limit the movement of the hinge section 7 by having its clip 7d engage said stops at the limit of movement of the hinge sect-ion in either direction.
The hinge section 7 comprises the side plate 7a which is secured to the sides of the window sash by screws 7f that pass through the plate 7a, as shown in Fig. 2, the platev 7C abutting the plate 6 of the other hinge section 6 and having a part cut away and bent away to form a clip 7d to securely hold the sections 6aa in contact. The hinge section 7 also includes a front plate 7b that is secured in a countersunk portion of the window sash at the front and held in place by screws 7e, as shown in Fig. 2, of the draw ings. Ihus it will be seen a very rigid hinge connection is provided for the windows between the window' and frame to prevent lateral movement or separation of the window and by projecting the plates 7a-6a in contact with one another and holding them in contact by the clip 7d the strain is largely removed from the hinge connection 6?- From the foregoing description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings it is thought the complete construction, operation and advantages of my invention will be readily understood by those skilled in the art to which the invention appertains.
What I claim is:
l. A fixed and a movable body, means for hinging said movable body to said fixed body, said means comprising a. pair of hinge members, one of said hinge members consisting of a main arc plate 6a, having its edge 6d curved in the arc of a circle, said plate 6a at its upper end having a stop 6g, said plate 6a near its lower end having a stop 6h, means for securing said plate 6n to one of said bodies, said plate 6EL including a plate section 6b extending in a plane at right angles to the plane containing the plate 6a, said section 6b forming one element of a hinge joint; the other hinge member comprising a second main plate 7a secured to the other of said bodies and contacting said arc plate 6a, said plate 7a having a finger member 7d to project over the plate 6a at its curved edge and operate between the stops 6g and 6h of said plate 6a, said second main plate 7av having a plate section 7b formed with the plate 7a and held in a plane at right angles thereto, said plate section 7 forming the second element of a hinge joint, and a hinge 'pin passing through said elements of said hinge jointl substantially as shown and described.
2. A fixed and a movable body, means for hinging said movable body to said fixed body, said means comprising a pair of members the first of said members consisting of a main arc plate 6a held in one plane and having a second plate section 6b held in a plane at right angles to that containing the arc plate Ga, said second plate section 6b having eye portions to form one element of a hinge joint, means for securing said arc plate to one of said bodies, said arc plate having a peripheral stop 6g at one end 'and having a stop 6h near the other end, a second main plate 7a held in contact With the arc plate 6@ and secured to the other of' said bodies, said second main plate 7a having a projecting nger 7d to embrace the curved edge oi. said are plate 6a and move between the stops thereof, said second main plate 7a having a plate 7b formed With said second main plate 7EL and held in a plane at right angles thereto, said plate 7b having eyes to form a second element of a hinge joint, and a hinge pin passing through all of said eyes to hingedly connect said pair of members together.
FRANK T. LIPPINCOTT. Witnesses:
J. A. FLORY, CHARLES L. FLoRY.
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Washington, D. G.