|Publication number||US1011990 A|
|Publication date||Dec 19, 1911|
|Filing date||Aug 9, 1909|
|Priority date||Aug 9, 1909|
|Publication number||US 1011990 A, US 1011990A, US-A-1011990, US1011990 A, US1011990A|
|Original Assignee||Einar Molmark|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (2), Classifications (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
h. MOLMARK. SPACING TABLE.. APPLIOATIDN FILED AUG. s. was4 Patented Dec. 19, 1911.
3 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
APPLIUATION FILED 1111119.19119,
1,01 1,990, Patemed Def. 19,.1911.
3 SHEETSfSHEE'I 2.
E. MLMARK Snam@ TABLE.
APPLIGATN FILED AUG.9, 1909 1,01 1,990. Patented Dec. 19,1911
EINAR -MOLMRIL 0F AMBBIDGE, PENNSYLVANIA.
Specification of Letters latent.
Patented Dec. 19, 1911.
Application and meest 9, 1909. smal no. 511,915.
y i f To all whom it may concern:
Bc it known that l, Enma MonMamc, a citizen of Norway, resxdlng 1n Ambrldge,
in the county of Beaver and State of Penn- 5 Sylvania, haie invented certain new and use ful lmprovements'in Spacing-Tables.
This invention relates to that class of spacing tables or parallel movers which are adapted to slipport aud move or permit and guide the movement of templcts and plates,
patterns and tools or other articles to be openated or operated upon in parallel relation to eachother.
The principal object of the invention is to provide. asimple, economical and eiiicient spacing table or machine for moving templets and plates or other articles in parallel relation to each other and adapted to be used in connection with or form a part of punching;` forming, cutting, stamping or similar machines.
A. further objectI is to provide suitable means for operating a spacing table or machine of the character indicated whereb)1 templets and plates or other articles may' be.antomaticalljr moved to a predetermined positionor positions while in parallel relation to each other, .by means of a suitable power. Other and further objects of the invention l will appear from an examination of the dra-wings and the following description andV claims, said drawings being made a partof this specification. The invention consists in the features, Y combinations, and details of construction herein described and claimed'.
In the accompanying .drawings Figure 1 -is a plan viewA of a machine constructed in 40 plied to or constituting an improved punc ing machine, the upper port-ion of the unch 'being omitted Fig. 2, a front elevation of' the same; lj'igl '3, an end elevation of the machine shown in Figs. lfand 2;l Fig. 4, an
enlarged detail view in elevation of.. the" mechanism or power device, for operatin the movable frame and tlzereb automatically moving the templet and p ate. or other to the. desired predetermined position or positionszfFig. 5, a. Qvien7 in central sectional -elevation of the power device or piston and cylinder mechanism and the means for 'v rotatably supporting the same shown in Fig. 4; Fig. 6, a view 1n side elevation of the accordance with my improvements as provided when articles in parallel relation to each other and.
power device or cylinder shown in Figs. 4 and 5, and also in Figs. 1, 2 and 3, and showing the mechanism for operating,l the Huid-inlet valve; Fie. 7,11 central sectional e0 view inl elevation o the [luid inlet valve A and casing shown on a smaller scale inA Figs. 3, 4, 5, and 6; Fig.A 8, an enlarged detail view in central vertical section of the end of the piston rod, showing the finder or '65 mechanism for operatively connectin the piston with the movable frame or wit the templet or similar device carried by the frame; Fig. 9, a perspective view of my improved mechanism without the power device; Fig. 10.` a bottom plan view of amovable frame: Fig. 11,a detail view in elevation of a clamping device for holding templets, plates, patterns or the like in position upon the movable frame; Fig. 12, a detail ,view in side elevation, of one of the journal `bearmgns for the rollers or revolving racks of 'the movable frame, showing the stationary rack tooth on the bottomportion ofthe hearing; Fig.` 13. a detail view in end ele- 80 vation of the journal bear'ng and rack tooth shown in Fig. 12; and 4i 14, aV View in side elevation of a.moditied iinm of rack and journal bearing showing a' plurality of rack teeth secured in fixed relation to the movable 'fame.
In constructing a machine in accordance with my improvements I provide a plurality of elongated pinions or rollers a which are arranged in parallel relation to each other and all in the same plane, and journaled in suitable fixed supports or stationary bearings'b. These stationary journal bearings may be of any desired ordinary and livell known form and are mounted on suitable rigid or stationary supports such as I-beamsc which are adapted to form a strong supportin frame. Le s d may be es'ired, and tlie transverse frame members c may be connected by longit-udinal 4frame members of any desired form.
The rollers a are each provided with longitudinallj' extending gear teeth or ribs e, andin lar e machines where great strength is require supporting idler rollers f, journaled in suitable stationary journal bear-v ings g are mounted in su porti enga' ment with the central po ions o the ro ers a. The journal bearings for the rollers f are, preferabl nfpairs 'adapted to hold a 110 1ers f inftoothed engagement wlth catch of therollers a oir-opposite sides of the latter and in osition to form both a support and brace tierefor.
A, Inova le frame or table lar-formed lpreferably of metal side-frame members z' aving a space therebetween and rigidly connected by means of transverse frame members j, which are also preferably of brackets or'lournal bearings o whiehare infixed relation to the movable' frame, so that the rollers m are immovable longitudinally' with respect to eachother and`with respect to the movable frame. The teeth of the respective rollers or rotary raclcs'm eredirectly opposite each other or in, alinement and extend in parallel relation to the teeth or longitudinal ribs of the rollers a. The
brackets o are each provided with a lower rack portion yp each having one or more rack` teeth q in rigid relation to the movable frame and adapted to mesh with the toothed rollers a. side-frame members i is provided with an inwardly extending supporting flange r and the end-frame members arecacli provided with a similar in\vardly extending flange s for supportin in proper position in the spaces Il: and g, a templet t and a plate u lrrspectively, or adaptedto support a pattern and tool, or other article or articles to be operated or operated iipoi. Clamps u `which may be of any desiredordinary or well known form, are arranger] at suitable intervals along the edges of the movableframc or the spaces l: and l, respectively, in
position to engage and securely hold in place the templet and the plate to be punched,A
or other article or articles.
'Ihe supporting flanges, for supporting,
the edges of the templet and plate respec tively, are parallel, and the-inner edges of the rame members i and jrespcctivcly are provided with upwardly and downwardly extending inner surface portions adjacent to the flanges r and s respectively and form' ing shoulders o which extend above and parallel with said flanges. These shoulders .o on the transverse frame members j are paralleland should -be the saine distance apart as the finderand punch or other tool .when the finder is in normal position. The flanges 1- withtheir Vshoulders o adjacent to the spaces c and Z respectively, should he in alinement, so that the plate and tcmplet as foil as the supporting flanges and guiding ment, revolve.
The inner edge of Veach' of the shoulders of the respective spaces l.: and l of the movable frame will be at all times in correspondin positions witli'relation to the normal position of the nder and the punch templet and a plate respectively have a par-V allel movement, or are moved and guided iii` parallel paths.Y lfVhen the movable frame is moved longitudinally of the rollers a the rollers or revolving racks m on the movable frame revolve. lVhen the frame is moved transversely of the rollersl a the latter revolve, 'and when the movement is lohl ique in any direction both sets of rollers, in so far as 'the are in operative engageriction is thus reduced to a minimum and it is ossble to move the frame in any desired direction in a horizontal plane with great facility4 and in such a manner that the parallel movements and relation of corresponding parts of a tempiet4 and of a plate to be punched, or other articles to`be operated or operated upon,
`may bemaintuined with accuracy and with 9 a single movable table or fur'nig. The tahle may be operated manually when desired, but I haveV provided a simple -and efectivc 4-mechanisin whereby 4it may he operated hy the application of power such as hydraulic power, compressed air, or other [luid pressure,-or power. My improved device or mechanism for securing parallel motion of templet and plate, or thc like, including the power device for4 operating the inovahle fraaie, is particularly adapted for use Vin shifting, supporting and punching duplicates or metal parts for heavy work, and for punching 9imaking articles from or in accordance with a pattern or teinplet.
A plinchor other tool '2 is mounted in a suitable support such as the upper jaw 3 of a punch press having.'l alowcr jaw 4 and a punch plate 5 supported by thel latter hclow the movable frame above described and in a position which will permit thc frame und the plate or other article u which is to he opcratedupon t'o be moved in any desired direction in a horizontal plane to any posit tion which may-he necessary in ordcr to present any desired part ofthe plate or similar article in iosition to he operated upon by the punch vor tool. Mounted upon a. suitable stationary support 6--Whirh may be in the forni of a. rigid how formed of an I-bcam'and extending across and over the movable fralne-is a stop 7. rThis stop, in this instance, consists of the end of the pistbn cylinder 8 which is rotatably supported in a position which will permit the movable the stop.y 7A formed an outlet :opening 2O which A portion er the piston r shoulders,
' the va ve bv frame and thereby the templet or pattern or any desired part thereof to be moved .to a
Eositon directly beneath or to be determined the stop 7. The position of the stop 7 isconstant' with respect tothe position of the punch or tool 2, and the cylinder 84 is slip-V ported by and. in fixed relation to a rotary disk or turn-table t) which is rotatably supported bya ring 10 whichfis in tuin su J- p orted by the stationary bow 6 to which tie any desired ordinary manner.. The rotary diskthus forms a pivotal support for the piston cylinder 8 the pivotal center of which corresponds with or is directly over by the inner end of the piston ciylinder. An upright lflu'id'-su ply ipe 12 ocated at the nvotal center o the isk and piston cylin e'r extends upward throu htlie center of the disk and is connectet with a suitable source of fluid supply or source of power,A the l pipe communicating witlrt ie interior of the 'iston cylinder with which it is connected y means of the Jipe 13. The fluid supply passage formed y the pipes 12 and 13'is controlled by a three-way cock or valve 14 having converging passages 15, 16 .an d 17, 'as .shown in Fig. 7. The valve casing or elbow 18 is provided with a port. 19 leading into the pipe 113 and. thereby eoiiiiiiunicnting with` the interior of the piston cylinder, and has is adapted to cemmunnicate-ivithvthe passageV 1.7 when the inlet passage 15 is closed, thus forming an outlet from'the piston eflinder through the ipel, port 19, passages 16 and 17 and outet port 2O whic is adapted to permit the escape of pressure fluid 'sin'iultaneoi-isly with the closing'of the inlet passage but prevent the escape of fluid when the inlet passage is open. v
A lever 21 is operatively connected with l means of the valve stem 22, as shown in Fi ..4 and 6. A piston 23 is mounted in t piston cyliiideiand is provided with apiston rod 24 having a depending 'end portion 25 in which is mounted a vertical and" vertically movable finder or positioning bolt 26 having 'a handle 27. A'ca 28 in the' lower end of the piston is rovide with a central the finder exten' 4 and an inner collar 29; 0n olt," serves to limit the downward or outward movement ofthe latter and engi'tges a spiral springr 30 in'tln hollow "depending u. This springen'- circles the boltl or finder 'and serves to yieldgingly hold 'it in extended er-lowered 'position' and in engagement with or with the movable 'frame farms rod are adapted to engage the lever 21 as ,the piston approaches `the: end of its stroke, and thereby. t-urn the'valve 14 Transverse ring is secured by means of bolts 11, lor in the fluid inlet wer end of said `\vith the position of a lio by the finder perforation throng which' tli'ei'tinder to A. ranged that it is .in
the teinplet' or bosses 31 on' the-piston Agiven position to with from the peer,
let is open is shown in full lines in said figure. .t stop 32 liiiiitsthe moieiuent of the lever 2l when the latter reaches the position shown in Fig. 6. 'lhe valve lever 2l isA shown in dotted lines iii Fig. G in the position which it occupies when the inlet talve 14 is in the position shown iii Fig. 7 with assage open und the fluid outlet passage e osed.
In operation, the iis-ton rod, with the finder or positioning liolt, isdifiiwn out to extended position, the into a4 hole in the -teui ilet corresponding e to be punched iii the plate, or correspondingwith a part of the plate which is to be brou rht under the punch or tool.4 'Phe valve turned by thel operator to the position necessary to -admit pressure ,fluid to the pist-oil cylinder. T lieuid forces the piston to the position shown in Figs. 5 'and 6, with the linde-r directly beneath the center of the rotary disk or turn table, or in other words, to
finder being insertedever is then the pivotal center around which 'thepistoii The niova'bleframe is' thus position, forins iown V1n dotted cylinder rota tes.` moved to a corresponding stance, from the position ,liiics'in Fig. 1 to the position shown in full The operation of the lin'es in said 'figure piston by the fluid under pressure causes the transversely extendi'ngarms of the piston rod to operate title inlet-valve lever so-as to close the inlet passage and open the outlet passage. The operation -may then be repeated as often as desired until the movable frame is hrouvlit to44 the 'Idesired osition either with caer o )eration or step y step. The cylinder may etui-ned to any desired position or in any desired direction andI will always 'move Athe frame Vor fthe partengaged to -a determined bythe stop. y
The manner 4 .f pivotallymounting the cylinder. permits it to be moved 'in any 4direction in a horizontal plane,`and ermits be moved in any direction ina respect to 'the-stop. die orothei` toolis so arthe same-relation to the plate or other article to be operated ones horizontal 'plane' with The punch, stamp,
given position5 which isl the stop with relatlon'f-to. thefteml'ilet, and
the temf'letandplateiire held -and moved in Vpara el4 relation to each other, as the lframe is -moved fr om one positionfor -anv anotherI respect to the` ismoved. The para pt isition` parallel osition from lwhich it4 relation of the tern piet and plate, and of theinovable frame with respect to the stationariv supports or an stationary object is thus maintained.
l claim Lln a device of the class described, the combination of a movable frame, and guiding mechanism compi-isili a toothed roller in toothed engagement with and extending at `an :ingle with relation to an adjacent relatively movable guiding member, and adapted to permit the movement of the frame from a given position to'another position parallel to the position from which it is moved and hold it in such relatively parallel positions. 2. ln a device of the class described, the combination of a movable frame, rotary guides extending at an `angle with relation to and in engagement with cach other and comprising a .roller having peripheral teeth in meshing engagement with an adjacent Guiding member, and means for supporting 'telic rotary guides.
3.' ln a device of the class described. the combination of a movable frame, rotary guides having peripheral teeth in meshing Iengagement; with each other and having their-axial ccnteis at right angles with respcct .to each other, said guides being adapted to -'permit the movement of thcirame to and hold it in dill'ereiit parallel positions. and means for support ing tlie guides.
4. ln a-devicegif the class described, the combination ot' a movable traine, guides extending at right' fingles to eaeb other amt having teeth extending transversely and longitudinally of the respective guides and in meshing enga'geniei'it., and nieaiis for supporting tbc guides.
5. ln a` device of the.elass` lese|'ibed, the minibination of a movable frame, upper and lower guides extending at an` angle with relation to each other and comprising a roller having peripheral teeth in meshing engagement with an adjacent guiding member.
Said lower guides'being in contact. with and forniinga support f`or the upper guides,
means for animating-the upper guides with the movable frame. and means for supporting the lower e'uides.
t. ln a device of the class described, the' combination of a movable fraaie, parallel guides movable with the movable frame, and guiding mechanism comprising a roller having peripheral teeth in meshing engagement with said parallel guides and forming a snpport therefor, and having its axis at right angles` to said parallel guides. 3 7. Tn a device of he class described, the
combination of a movable, frame, parallel rollers movable. with thc movable framerand parallel guiding members mounted independentlyv of the movable -lraine and provided with guiding teeth in engagementwitli said parallel rollers.
8. In a Adevice of the class described, the combination of a movable frame, parallel rollers connected to and movable with the movable frame, arallel rollers mounted in-A dependently of t', e movable frame and havinfr peripheral teeth in engagement with the ro ters of the movable frame and forming a support for the latter, and means for securing a' plate and templet oisiniilar articles to the movable frame.
9. In a device of the class described, the combination of a movable frame, iarallel rollers supported independently of tllie mov- K able frame andr provided with peripheral teeth, and arallel rollers connected and movable wit 1 the movable frame and having peripheral teeth arallel and in meshing engagement with tie 'peripheral teeth of the irst mentioned rollers.
10. In. a device of the class described, the combination of a movable fraaie, toothed parallel rollers connected and movable with the movable frame, and parallel rollers slipported independently of the movable frame and extending at right angles to the iarallel rollers of the movable frame and having peripheral teeth in meshing engagement; with the latter.
Il. ln a device of the class described, the combination of a movable frame, a set of parallel guiding rollers connected and movable with the movable fraaie, and a set of parallel guiding rollers extending atright angles with relation to the first mentioned set of rollers, one set. of said rollers having 100 annubir peripheral teeth, and the other set of said rollers having longitudinal peripheral teeth in meshing engagement with said annular peripheralteeth.
19. ln a device ot the class described,;the 105 combination ot .a movable frame, guiding mcclianisnrcomprising a toothed roller. in
fuicsbinv engagement. with and extending at,
an ang e .with relation to an adjacent relativelyr movable lraiding member, and adapt- 11,0 ed to permit tie movement of the frame from a given position toA another parallel position, and means for operating the frame.
13. ln a device of the class described, the
Vcombination of a movable frame, toothed 11b guiding mechanism connected and movable with the. movable frame, toothed rotar guiding mechanism supported indepeii ently. of the movable frame and extending at right angles to and in toothed supporting engagement with the first mentioned movable guidin'g mechanism, incans for securing a templet to the4 movable frame. means for securing a plate or similar aitiele to be o erated upon to the movable'frame and in 125 parallel relation to the templet, and means for moving the movable frame.
14. In a device of the class described, the combination of a movable frame, a set of 'parallel guiding rollers connected and mov- 130 toothed engafement with and extending at relation to an Vadjacent' relaable with the movable frame' a set of parallel guiding rollersA extend angles with relation to the first mentioned set of rollers, one set'of said rollers having annular peripheralteeth, and the other set of said rollers hvinglongitu'dinal periph-i eral teeth in meshing engagement with said annular peripheral teeth, means f or secur- 'ing a temcpletor patternl to the movable frame, an xneans for securini a plate or similar article to said-movable iame in' parallel relation to the templetor atterri.
' I5. In a'device of the 'class escribcrhthe.
combination of a movable hframe,ja-set of parallel guiding rollers cnnectcd and. in'ov able with the movable frame. a' set of parallel 'guiding `1ollers extending 'at right angles with relation to the firstl mentioned set of rollers andsupported independently to the pattern or tcinplet, and means flori moving the fianie.` l
16. ln a device of the class described, the
combination-of a movable frame, guiding mechanism comprising a toothed rollcrin an angle witli tively movable guiding member, a iston cylinder, apiston mounted in the c v inder and provided with a piston rod, and means for operatively connecting the movable frame with the piston rod.
17. ln a device of the classl deseribedrthe combination of a. movable frame, rotary guides extending'at an angle to and in toothed engagement with each other and forming a support for the movable frame, means for connecting a tcniplct, pattern or similar article to the movable frame, means for securing a plate or other article to the movable frame in position to bcpiiiovcdin parallel' relation to the templet or pattern,
a piston cylinder, means for connecting the piston cylinder with a source of lluid pressure, a iston mounted in the piston cylindcr ami provided witlia piston rod, and means for ooiniecting-the piston with the tcm let or pattern.
I ln a device of the classdeacribed, the combination of -amovable frame, rotary guides extending at an angle to and having. their ieripherics in contact with each other.
and ormiiig a support for the movable frame, means .for securing a teu'iplet or similar article to the movable frame, means for securing a plate or other article to be opcviited upon to' the iuovableframe in position ing at rightplet, a piston cylinder, means for rotatably supporting the-piston. cylinder, apiston mounted in the piston cylinder, and means for operatively connecting the pistonwith the movable frame.
0 19. In a; device` of the class described, the combination of a m'ovab erframe, rotary .guides extending at righ "angles to and in toothed engagemenfi'with each other and .forming a support .for the movable frame, a
teinplet mounted upon the' movable frame 4and movable therewith, means'for securing a plate or other art-icle to be operated upon to the inovablefrinncvin parallel -relation/to tlietenipjlet, a finder inovablefiuto'andl out 'of engagement with the templet` and means n to,be ricivcd in parallel relation to the temfor operatively connecting thelinder with a 20. .In a device olf-thc class described, the combinationlofa movable frame, guides eX# tending at iin anglo to and in meshing engagement with eachother and adapted` to guide the frame from ii-given position to another position,parallel Ato the position from which it is4 moved, ateniplet iiiountcd -npon the movable frame and movable therewith, means for securing thegtemplet tinthe frame, means for securing ln plateo'iother article to bo operati-il uponto the movable frame iii parallel relation to the-teinplct, a liiider movable in toand'out of`engagementl with the tcmplet, a ,stop lforl limiting'the inovenieiit of the lindcr, anil nians-foropcrf '-atively connecting tlieliniler with a source of power. 21. ,I n a tending at right angles. to and in meshing engagement wlthcach other and adapted lo guide the frame from. a given posilionto another position parallel to the position from which it is moved, a tcmplct mounted iipon and movable with the movable frame,
`means for scouring a plato or similar article to the movable frame in parallel relation to the tcmpleha liioler movable into and out of engagement with the templet, means Itor operatively connecting the liuder with a source ol power, a stop for limiting the, iiiovc'meiit ol the limler, and :i punch mounted in a position with relation to the plate eoriesponding willi the position of said stop with relation to the 'lcinpleta 22. l'n'a device of the class described, the combination of a movable frame, guidts'extending at right, an'flis lo and in meshing ciigagcmentwilh eaieli other and adapted to gulde the fialne from a givi-npositiim to another position parallel to. the position from which it is inoved, :i tcinplct, mounted upon the liiovable frame anilfmovable therewith, mcans for swan-ing the louiplct to the frame, moans for'sccuilng a plate or other 'article to be oi'wrated upon to the movable y device of.t|ie clase' describeihthe i. vcombination of a movable,lramef guides ex- 1 los ril
.source of power, an
frame in position to be moved and suplported by the frame in arallel relation to t e temp et, a piston cy inder, means for rotatably supportln r the cylinder, a piston' mounted in the cylin er, a finder connected with and adapted to be operated by tlie'i piston, a stop for limitingthe 'movement of the finder, means for connectin th'e cylinder with a a tool mounted in a position with relation to the plate corresponding with the posit-ion ofqsald stop with relation to the templet.
23. In a dev-ice of the class described, the
combination of a movable frame, guiding mechanism adapted to permit the movement of the frame from' given position to another positionparallel to the position' from which it is moved, a piston cylinder, a piston mountedin the cylinder, a supply pipeleading to source of fluid supply, and a finder connected with the piston and adapted to be operatively connected with and disconnected from the movable frame.
24. In' a device of the class described, the combination of a movable frame, guiding mechanism for guidin the frame, means fdr supporting the rame and guiding mechanism, means for securing a templet or atterri to the movable frame,a' piston cylinlder, means vfor rotatably supporting the piston cylinder, means for connecting the piston cylinder with a source of liuid sup ly, a
piston mounted in the piston cylin er, .a
piston rod connected w1th.the piston, a.
nder connected with the piston rod and movable into and out of operative engagement' with the movable frame, means for securing a plate or other article to be operated upon to' the movable frame, and a stop for limitin the movement of the finder.
25. n a device of the vchiens:1.1esc1ibed, the combination' of a movable frame, guiding mechanism 'for guidin the frame, means for supporting the g'ui mg mechanism and thereby the frame, means for securing a tempiet to the movable frame, apistoh cylinder,l
means for pvotally supporting the piston cylinder, a pipe adapte .to be connected with a source of fluid supply and provided with a fluid supply passage leading to the piston cylinder, a valve for said supply as` sage, apiston mounted in the iston cy inder, a piston rod connected wit the piston and movable into and out of o erative engagement with said valve, a fin Ier mounted on the piston'rod and movable into and out of operative engagement with the movable frame, means for securing a plate or other article to beo erated upon to the movable frame in para lel relationto the templet, a
punch or similar tool mounted ad a/cent to the plate, ment of the finder. 4
l y EINAR MOLMARK. vii itnesses F..L.'SHAFFE1,
and a stop for limiting t 1e move-
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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