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Publication numberUS1012574 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 26, 1911
Filing dateDec 13, 1910
Priority dateDec 13, 1910
Publication numberUS 1012574 A, US 1012574A, US-A-1012574, US1012574 A, US1012574A
InventorsEmma F Adams
Original AssigneeEmma F Adams
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1012574 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



7 APPLICATION FILED 1120.13, 1910 1,012,574. Patented Dec. 26, 1911.


d! :2 4144 43am T'TORNEY.



Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Dec. 26, 1911.

Application filed December 18, 1910. Serial No. 587,133.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, EMMA F. ADAMS, a citizen of the United States, residing at Springfield, in the county of Greene and State of Missouri, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Playing- Cards, of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates to improvements in playing cards.

The object of my invention is to rovide a pack of playing cards with which instructive and amusing games may be played.

In the accompanying drawings illustrative of the preferred form of my invention Figures 1 to 6 inclusive represent respectively some of the cards of the pack.

Similar reference characters denote similar parts.

In the preferred form of my invention 'fifty three cards are employed to form a pack. Fifty two of the cards have inscribed thereon characters which represent the usual four suits of thirteen cards each, each suit comprising a king, a queen, a knavc or jack and ten s )ot cards. The value of each oi these car s and the suit to which it belongs may be designated in the usual manner by characters placed near the upper left and lower right hand corners of each card. Thus Figs. 1 to 5 inclusive re n'esent respectivel the jack of clubs, the jack of spades, t 0 seven of clubs, the ace of hearts and the jack of diamonds, the value and suit characters being denoted respectively by 1 and 2. The other card of the pack, shown in Fig. 6 is the joker card. This may be a blank card, as shown, or it may have inscribed on it any suitable character for denoting the value of the card. Each card, excepting the joker card, bears upon it, in addition to the characters 1 and 2 which denote the value and suit of the card a letter of the alphabet. Preferably all of the letters of the alphabet are represented on twenty six of the cards res ectlvely the letters of the remaining car s provided with letters having letters which are duplicates of some of the twenty six cards 111st referred to. The duplicate letters are preferably vowels and consonants which are most used. The letters preferably occu y the centers of the cards and are denoted m the drawings by 3. Preferably some of the letters are of one color and the other letters are of another color. For example the lettcrs 3 of the cards shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3 are black, while those shown in Figs. 4 and 5 are red. In playing a game the person having the greatest number of cards with black letters may count for himself one point, or this may be reversed and the person having taken the greatest number of red letters may count 1 point, or more, as the rules may determine.

In playin with the cards various rules for playing iifi'erent ames may be adopted. For example the car s may be played as in the game of casino. Any player may take one or more cards from t e pool by playing to the pool a card bearing a letter which with the letter or letters of a card .or cards in the pool will spell a word. Or a player may build, as in casino, by playing upon a card which is in the pool a card from his hand which with the card in the pool and with the letter of another card which he must hold in his hand will spell a word. Thus, say that C is in the pool, or on the board, and a player holds A and T, and it is his time to play, he can build the card A on the card C which is in the pool, and then, when his turn to play comes again he can play the T card and take the three cards C, A and T, because these three letters as played spell the word cat. Another player, however, following the play of the card A upon the card C and holding the card having the letter P could take the cards C and A, which have been built by the previous play, by playing thereon the card P. The joker card, shown in Fig. 6, can represent any letter, so that the player holding it may employ it in connection with any letter or letters on the board to complete any word which can be completed with any letter combined with those on the board. Or the letters denoted by 3 may be employed in connection with the characters 1 an 2 in an desired manner. Thus in counting points after the game has been played as above described, the holder of the most spades may count a point, as may the holder of little casino, and the holder of big casino, the ten 0i diamonds, may count two points. The aces may each count one for game. Thus in laying and building the careful pla er W11 endeavor to make plays which wil score him the most dpoints, and, therefore, when playing car s to make words, will try to take cards such as big and httle casino and the aces. For example, assuming that the cards C, A and T are on the board, a player holding the ace of hearts, bearing the letter O and the ten of diamonds, bearing say the letter S, should play the ten of diamonds with the letter S making with the letters C A and '1 on the board, the word cats. He would thus secure big casino in addition to the trick, thereby counting one more than he would have counted if he had played the ace of hearts with the letter O to complete the word Cato From the above description it will be obvious that with an ordinary pack ofplaying cards provided with the letters of the alphabet as above described, many instructive and amusing games may be played in accordance with any desired set of rules.

Modifications of my invention, within the scope of the appended claims, may be made without departing from its spirit.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patcut, is

1. In a pack of playing cards, cards having characters representing four suits of thirteen cards each, each suit comprising a king, a queen, a jack, and ten spot cards, each of said cards having inscribed thereon, in addition to the character or characters representing the suit, a letter of the alphabet, said letters including vowels and consonants.

2. In a pack of playing cards, card and cards having characters representing four suits of thirteen cards each, each suit comprising a king, a queen, a jack and ten spot cards, each of the suit cards having inscribed thereon, in addition to the character or characters representing the suit, a letter of the alphabet, said letters including vowels and consonants, and the joker card being adapted to represent any letter or suit character.

In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this s ecification in presence of two subscribing witnesses.


a joker Witnesses:


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2607595 *Jul 14, 1947Aug 19, 1952Mathes Charles HEducational card game
US4192513 *Apr 24, 1978Mar 11, 1980Feeley John MDiamond alphabet playing cards
US4333656 *Feb 27, 1981Jun 8, 1982Steven SommerDeck of playing cards
US4801149 *Oct 21, 1987Jan 31, 1989Alnafissa Fahad AEducational playing cards
US4826175 *May 18, 1987May 2, 1989Quatrino Janet WWord card game
US5199714 *Apr 22, 1991Apr 6, 1993Harper Dorothy DMethod of playing a word solitaire card game
US5409237 *Nov 15, 1993Apr 25, 1995Marcley; Fredrick R.Word forming card game
US5417432 *Mar 24, 1994May 23, 1995Dwyer; Priscilla J.Alphabet playing card deck
US5727788 *Dec 6, 1996Mar 17, 1998Davis; Frank R.Deck of playing cards
US5788503 *Feb 27, 1996Aug 4, 1998Alphagram Learning Materials Inc.Educational device for learning to read and pronounce
US6655688 *Jul 15, 2002Dec 2, 2003Joseph O. BoatengWord game
US6910893Feb 20, 2003Jun 28, 2005Funway Games, LlcCard game for learning
US7404763Feb 3, 2006Jul 29, 2008Malone Peter TModified playing cards and method of use
US20120098200 *Apr 22, 2010Apr 26, 2012Concept Ideas Pty Ltd.Deck of playing cards and methods of playing card games
US20130078599 *Sep 27, 2011Mar 28, 2013Joseph BongiornoDeck of greek alphabet with corresponding english letters and celestial cards for playing educational word game
WO2003072209A2 *Feb 21, 2003Sep 4, 2003Richard DillhoffSubsoiling excavator bucket
U.S. Classification273/299, 273/304, 434/172
Cooperative ClassificationA63F1/02