US 1013947 A
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APPLIGATION FILED APR. 3, 1911.
Patented Jan. 19153.
To aLl whom 'it may concern: i
Be it known that I, Gnoiton E. NEIL, a citi zen of the United States, resid-ing at Cleveland, in the county of Cuyahoga and State of (lhio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Linups, of which the following is a specification.
invention relates to improvements in lainpsaiid the improvement consists in a lainpgiiaving a cluster of lights for signal and ydisplay purposes, all as hereinafter shown and described and more particularly pointed out in the claims.
'adapted or use on automobiles to signal app-oaching vehicles when a stop or turn is to made, and also to display the` usual ,tailv light and number plate carried by automoaccording to differentl laws and regir.
lations now in force.;
n In the accompanying dravving, Fi ure 1 is a perspective view of my improve lamp i' Vmeiinted one bracket supporting a number plate. Fig. 2 is a central vertical section of the lamp. Fig. 3is a perspectivevieiv of the removable interior of the lamp. Fig. 4 is a ers ective view of the number-plate and rac etadapted to carry the lamp. Fig. 5,
isa front view of the lamp opened to disclose the interior construction.
In detail, the lamp comprises a s unor drawn casing 2 of thin sheet brass ormed with a concave-convex back 3 and provided with annular bead 4 about flared portion 5 of its cylindrical body 6. A flanged capor cover 7 is hinged at the front of portion 5 to sleeve ther'cover and abut against bead 4 Ywhen shut, and a thumbnut 8 or other device may be used to keep the cover tightly locked. Cover 'i' has four openings in its face which contain round glass lenses, designated by 9,y
progect tlierebetiveen,-aii overlapping ar- 10, 11 and 12, respectively. lenses 9 and l0 are in horizontal alinement and lenses 1]. and 12 in vertical alinement, all four lenses being grouped or clustered abouta common center-the axial center of' the lamp including cover 7. Lenses 9 and 10' are preferably clear to'shed a White light,
, Wliereaslenses 11Y and 12eme of diiieireiit colors, say green and red, respectively. A
iifth light is also given off by the lampy vthrough anI elongated Window comprising a i strip of glass or celliiloid 14 conforming to circular body 6 and fastened thereto in any preferred mechanical way. This window is at the bottom of body 6 to light up a num roved lamp is more particularly Speoieation'of Letters 'Patent Application tiled April 3, 1911. Serial No. 818,858.
Patented Jan. 9, 1912.
bracket also rigidly su f ports the lamp in tixed relation centraliy above number plate 15 and for this purpose Ihas two vertical rigid stems 17 'adapted to sleeve within side lugs l8`of body 6.` The `face of the lamp and the number )late stand in parallel vertical planes but witi the number p late to the rear of bottom light 14 so that it may be illuminated to the bestadber plate 15 which is rigidly secured to vbracket 16. This vantage by the downward rays of electriclam' 19, )vliicli also illuminates red lens 12, see ig. 2. The remaining three lenses are `'independently illuminated bysimilar elec` tric,
v amps 19 arranged in focal alinement at the rear thereof, all being Vremovably 'mounted in suitable electric sockets Q0 carried bya diskshaped diaphragm 21 removably mounted in body (i. through openings gage with studs or `projections 24 on the ,inf
side of back il and fasten the diaphragm in' place. Each socket and its electric lamp occupies asiingie com artment obtained by division plates 25 rigi ly aiiixed to the front `Screws 9'2 passing 23 in diaphragm 2l cii- A face ofthe dia hragm and siibdviding it into guai-ters., tie sockets and lamps being equiistantoii radial lines and said-plates also radiating midway between the same. Furthermore, said division plates 25 project forwardly the full depth of form at their side edges 26 with flaring pori tion 5 lto snugly engage the same when seated therein, and the front edges of plates 25 either abut or come relatively close to the i s inner vface of cover when it is'closed or` shut. To further guard against the leakage of'light 'from one lamp compartment into another, each lens is surrounded by a ring or flange 30 afiixed to thev inside oi's cover 7, and siifiieient space is left bctweeii the Vadjacent rings,` to permit division plates 25 to rangement permittinga reriiovable cover to body 6 and'cohbe used without admitting light behind any y but the selected lenses ii'heii Ythe cover is.`
`Diapliragrii 21 which supports the separate sockets and lamps is preferably7 remov`1 able to permit wiring of the electrical connectioiis 27 with the sockets, and to permit repairs, and a central outlet 28 is provided in back 3 for the ditierent wires leading to the several sockets. T he division walls may?" be silvered to give a brigli refiecting aur- 'face, particularly in the compartment ben iii ' above the red light to signal,
hind red lens 12 and above bottom window 14.
To. operate the lamp, suitable electriccurrent and switch connections .are made with the electric lamps Wherewith the operator may at his election flash the green light above the red. to signal stop illuminate the Whitelight at the right of the red and Without the green to signal fa turn to the right Hash vthe White light at the left of the red to signal a turn :to the left, or illuminate both White lights and the green light v back up.` The red light is eonstantr 's the white light shed through the both I, @Window upon the number plate, and in al signalling operations'` with either the White or green lights the constant red light assumes anfimportant part in indicating to anobserver the intent of the operator,-the red lightin effect becomingthe focusing point for each and every signal.
What Iclaim is:
l. A. lamp body having a front door pro? vided with a cluster of lenses differing in light-transmitting properties, and a removable light support within said body comprising a base plate, divison plates at the front thereof, and electric lamp sockets between said plates.
2. A lamp body of cylindrical form having a Window in its cylindrical Vwalhafront door for said body having a cluster of lenses mounted therein, and a light support Within said body subdivided into compartments corresponding in number and position to said lenses, one of said compartments being open to said window.
In Atestimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two Witnesses.
GEORGE E.' NEIL. l Witnesses:
E. M. FISHER, F. C. MUSSUN.