US 1014460 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
LI E. GIROUX.
TRANSPARENCY; APPLICATION FILED 1211.21, 1911.
1,014,460. Patented 13119, 1912.' 1
A T T ORNE Y5.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
LOUIS F. GIROUX, OF SPRINGFIELD, MASSACHUSETTS.-
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, LoUIs F. GIRoUX, a citizen of the United States of America, residing at Springfield, in the county of Hampden and State of Massachusetts, have invented a new and useful Transparency, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to improvements in coverings, screens, shades and the like, which may be classed generally as transparencies and which are adapted particularly for lamps or lanterns, but may be applied to other uses, and resides in the peculiar construction of the transparency, as hereinafter set forth.
The object of my invention is to produce a highly serviceable transparency especially designed for surrounding, screening, or inclosing a flame used for illuminating purposes, and which at the same time presents an artistic efiect, such transparency being made in a simple manner of comparatively inexpensive materials, which are readily combined in an almost endless variety of shapes and designs, and which can be easily repaired or replaced in the event of breakage or other injury.
Although the transparency is especially applicable as a lamp or lantern shade, the same as already intimated might be employed in other capacities, particularly where ornamentation and the passage of natural or artificial light are desired factors.
The light enhances the ornamental effect of the transparency, and largely on this account the transparency is useful for screens at windows and for other more or less analogous purposes.
Other objects will appear in the course of the following description.
A preferred form or embodiment of the invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, and I will proceed to describe the invention in relation to such drawings, although it is to be understood that the parts may be varied, modified and changed to a greater or less extent in matters of form or shape, size, construction and arrangement, some or all of these, without departure from the spirit of the invention.
More or less changes will be necessarily involved in lamp-shade construction alone,
also when the invention is applied to other uses.
In the drawings, in which similar figures refer to similar parts throughout the several Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed April 21, 1911.
Patented Jan. 9,1912.
Serial No. 622,623.
views, Figure 1 is a side elevation of a sus-' pended gas lamp wit-h which my invention is embodied; Fig. 2, a detail in partial section of that portion of said lamp which includes my invention; Fig. 3, an enlarged detail in section showing more clearly the manner in which the bead ornaments are at tached to the foraminous groundwork; Fig.
4, a similar detail showing how the large ornaments are attached, and, Fig. 5, still another detail illustrating the manner of construction.
As a cheap, simple and convenient means for producing this transparency I prefer to employ a foraminous groundwork, background or backing of woven-wire or netting,
made'of glass and are translucent if not transparent.
In the drawings, a siding or backing of netting or woven-wire is represented at 1, glass ornaments at 2 and 3, and a suitable supporting frame comprising an annular band 4 at the top and a ring 5 at the bottom, both secured to and connected by a plurality of side pieces 6. The ornaments 2 are beads and they are attached to the foraminous backing 1 either by headed fasteners or wires, as clearly shown in Figs. 3 and 5, one of such fasteners appearing at 7 in the former view, and one of such wires at 8 in the latter view. The fasteners 7 pass through the beads and the backing and have their inner terminals bent into engagement with the back side of such backing. The wires 8, which are fasteners as well as the members 7, have the beads strung thereon, and said wires have their terminals inserted in the backing and bent into engagement therewith in very much the same manner as do said members 7. Each of the orna-- ments 3 has a fastener 9 securely attached to the back thereof and arranged and adapted to have its protruding portion or portions passed through the backing 1 and turned at right-angles against such backing, as best shown in Fig. 3. Thus it is seen that the backing 1 constitutes a skeleton or groundwork for the ornaments 2 and 3,
and that the latter can be attached to such groundwork at any and all points, wherefore it is possible to cover practically the entire surface of the same and also to delineate thereon any desired design. The possibilities thus inferentially brought to view and suggested are obviously very great indeed.
The upper edge of the siding or backing 1, above the ornaments 2 and 3, is bent-over the band 4, as shown at 10, in Fig. 2, and from said band said backing hangs down with its bottom edge on the ring 5. Owing to'the weight of the backing when studded with ornaments it is not necessary as a usual thing to fasten it at the bottom, nor to secure-said backing at the top otherwise than by suspending it on the band 3, in the manner just explained. Any suitable fastening means may, however, be employed for the backing or for the backing sections described below, that are deemed necessary or desirable in order to insure stableness on the part of the backing relative to the frame supporting the same.
Sections such as those above alluded to appear at 11 in the first view, there being four of such sections in the present case. Each of these sections consists merely of a piece of the ornament-studded backing of a size suit-able to be received between two adjacent side pieces 6 at the 'top and to meet the adjoining sectlons, as on lines 12, behind or inside of those portions of said side pieces that are curved outwardly. A complete hollow cylinder is thus formed of the sections 11 and the side pieces 6, the latter, however, forming but inconsequential portions of said cylinder. By thus dividing the ornamentstudded backing into sections, provision is made for conveniently constructing and readily assembling the several elements that enter into the ensemble of the shade or transparency, also for dismantling to make repairs should occasion require, hence the importance and value of this feature of my invention. In a word, the section-a1 construction greatly enhances the ease and facility with which the transparency can be handled.
As illustrated in connect-ion herewith, the
side pieces 6 are supported by brackets 13 from a collar lt on a vertical gas pipe 15, the latter carrying a burner (not shown) within the shade made up of the sections 11 and the frame therefor. The light from the gas burned at the aforesaid burner radiates through and around the ornaments 2 and 3 and gives a very pleasing effect.
The fasteners for the ornaments in all cases should be of a nature which will enable them to be easily and quickly engaged with or attached to the foraminous groundwork.
It will be seen that by the employment of woven-wire I am enabled to change the shape of the backing to suit a great variety of frames, as the woven-wire backing may be bent in various directions and may be distorted from its normal shape, both longitudinally and laterally, without in any manner destroying its utility or afiecting its strength, so that lanterns, shades and transparencies of various shapes and styles may be made carrying elaborate ornamentation, the whole, however, being at a trifling cost.
It will readily be seen that I am enabled to accomplish the desired result by the employment of woven-wire for the purpose herein explained as a backing to carry the ornamentation.
What I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. A suitable supporting frame, a wovenwire groundwork secured thereto and bent to conform to the frame, a plurality of ornaments mounted on the wovenwire groundwork and fastening means in engagement with the groundwork and the ornaments, substantially as shown.
2. The combination of a suitable supporting frame, a network backing comprised of woven-wire secured to the frame by folding over the top portion thereof and bent to conform to the shape of the frame, and a plurality of transparent ornaments secured to the woven-wire backing, substantially as shown.
LOUIS F. GIROUX. Witnesses:
ALLEN WEBSTER, A. C. FAIRBANKS.
Copies of this patent may be obtainedfor five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents,
Washington, D. G.