US 1014475 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
v oLL. HOLLOWAY.
APPLICATION FILED IIIB.20, 1911.
1,0145475, Patented Jan. 9, 1912.
UNITED STAS CHESTER L. HOLLOWAY, or PAs'sAIo, NEW JERSEY, AssIeivonroRICHARDSON-SC LE GOMPANY, or :ATHENIA, NEW'JERSEY, A coBPoRATIoN OF NEW JERSEY. f
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented'Ja-n. 9, 1912.
Application filed February 20, 1911; Serial'No. 609,703.
for rendering it readily portable and also to so construct and arrange the several parts that the can or receptacle will be maintained in stable position during use as a repository means.
' With this and other objects and advantages in view the invention consists in the construction and arrangement of parts which will be more fully hereinafter described and claimed in preferred form.
In the drawing: Figure'l is a transverse vertical section through a receptacle or can embodying the features'of the invention and.
shown in a position of rest. Fig. 2 is a 'perspective view of the receptacle or can looking toward-the'bottom of the latter. Fig. 3 is'a transverse section through the receptacl'e or can showing the latter tilted to bring *0 the truck means in transporting position and to elevate the receptacle or can bottom clear of .the supporting surface. I v
The numeral 5 designates a receptacle or "can for receiving ashes, garbage, refuse or other material and preferably constructed of non-corrosivesheet metal.
In accordance with the present invention a portion of the lower extremity of the can is off-set as at 6 at an upward and outward angle of inclination to provide'a r cess or clearance for the application of movable transporting means to the lower extremity of the can within the confines of the body of the latter. Suitably secured to the upper end or rim of the can is a bantl 7 and around the bottom of the can body is also fixed a band 8 which is passed partially therearound and provided with upwa'rdlydirected or bent extremities 9 to form bracket arms extending about midway upwardly over the central portion of the clearance or space provided by the offset 6 of the receptacle or can bottom. Secured to the upper terminals of the arm 9 and to the band 7 are vertically dis' posed connecting straps or braces 10 and at different points around. the'body of the receptacle or can similar longer connecting straps or braces 11' are applied and between the straps Or braces 10 a shorter strap or brace 12 is arranged and has its opposite extremities respectively connected or secured to the band 7 and the upper central portion of the offset 6 as at- 13. Extending from one arm 9 to the-other and following closely the upper curved edge 14: of the offset 6 is a curved cross-tie or brace 15 over the central portion of which the lower extremity of the strap or brace 12 extends, as clearly shown, by Figs. 1 and 3. The hands 7 and 8, together with the straps or braces 10', 11 and 12 and the cross tie 15 provide a frame of light structure in which the can is disposed, the said frame serving to reinforce the can and to provide a skeleton receiving means for the receptacle or can.
It will be observed that the receptacle or can 5 extends fully from the band 7 to the band 8 and the several parts of the frame are so connected to the can and to each other as to provide effective means for withstanding the weight strain of the receptacle or can when filled with ashes, garbage, refuse or other material during the transportation of the same through the medium of a truck consistingof an axle 16 having bearing at its opposite extremities in the arms 9 and provided with rollers or wheels 17 located inside of but close to the said arms. The axle 16 engages the arms 9 at such elevation that when the can' is in vertical position or a state of rest, the rollers or wheels 17 will be in contact with the supporting surface so that when it is desired to move the can from-one place to another it is tilted rearwardly 011 the axle extremities as the fulcrum means and in clearing the bottom edge, including the band 8 from the supporting surface, the weight of the can will be instantly imposed upon the truck through the rollers or wheels 17 and the receptacle will be in immediate condition for transportation or may be rolled from'one point to another. This disposition of the truck with its rollers or wheels is an essential feature. of the improvement in that the receptacle or can may be quicklydisposed for transportation without resistance, and, further,
without bringing the weight strain. with j arring effect on the wheels or rollers 17 and axle 16. The arms 9 are prevented from spreading by the cross-tie l5, and it will be seen that the band 8 not only serves to reinforce and' strengthen the bottom of the receptacle for: can but also providessimple 3 means for applying the axle 16 and wheels or rollers 17 in a position best adapted to perform the function desired and to produce a. simplified readily portable'receptacle or can. To assist in tilting and transporting the receptacle or can through the means just explained, a handle 18 is applied tothe front portion of the top or rim.
' It will be observed in considering Fig.
3 that when the receptacle or can is tilted r rearwardly the load weight will be greater in rear of a line drawn throughthe central planesof the rollers or'wh'eels 17 and the axleifithan in advance of said line, but the weightiresistance in advance of this line is sufiicientto set up a balancing efiect and obviate forceful tendency of the receptacle or can when tilted to assume a 'horizontal position, and by this means theoper'a'tor or user of the receptacle .or can in transporting the latter is relieved of a considerable amount of theweightl strain of the contents of the receptacle or can Then the receptacle for can is tilted rearwardly the load orthe contents. of the latter supported by the olfset. or inclined portion 6 of the-bottom, as the latter is then.
more nearly disposed" in a horizontal. position and the. loador contents of the can'isl given a stable support at all times and the 'weight is properly centered over the .aXle'16 and rollers or wheels 17. Moreover,-' the tiltingfof the canor receptacle is rendered very easy in view of the fact that-"the'bota tom of the can when in normal position rests upon the support'therefor or the floor surface with the rollersor -wheelstouching the said support or surface, and during. the
time that the can or receptacle is in normal position the axle and rollers are entirely v relieve of weight strain.
When the receptacle or can in in a state of rest, as shown by Fig. 1, it wlll also be seen that the wheels or rollers 17 are disposed under the bottom portion-of the can so as to be out of the way and thus avoid forming any projections exterior of the plane of the side of the can.
The improved can is particularly adapted fortransportation up and down stairs in view of the wheels applied thereto in the manner heretofore described.
WVhat is claimed as new is: I
1. The combination of a can having a por' tion of the bottom from an intermediate .point disposed upwardly at an angle of in-' clination and extending-fully across the.di-'
ameter of the can body, and an axle and rollers associated with'the can under the lower inclined portion and located nearer the point in the bottom of the'can from which the said inclined'portion emanates to dispose the rollers fully under the can bot- .tom, the rollers and bottom portion of the can in advance thereof bearing upon the support for the can when the latter is in upright position to remove weight strain from the rollers, the load weight of the can when tilted rearwardly being greater in rear of the vertical plane of the rollers vance of the latter.
than in 'ad-' 2. The combination of a can havinga bottom formed with an angular offset extending upwardly at an angle from an intermediate portion of said bottom and also fully across the latter, a frame within which the can, is
permanently secured, the lower portion of the frame and of the bottom of the can be ing coincident sothat the flat portion of of the rollers and axle than in advance of said rollers and axle,
3. The combination of a can having a flat bottom'with' an angular offset portion extending upwardly therefrom and fully-- across the body of the can, a frame within which the can is permanently secured and extending fully to the fiat can bottom and comprising a bottom band engaging the lower end of the can, the said bottom band having upwardly projecting arms adjacent to oppogsiteportions of the angular offset, a cross-tie following the upper portion of the offset and connected to the said arms, and an axle "terminally bearingiin said arms and having rollers thereon disposedgcompletely under the said angular ofiset, the-rollers touching the supporting surface of the can when the latter is in'upright position and relieved of I weight strain, the load weight being greater in rear of the vertical plane through the axle and rollers when the can is tilted rearwardly than in advance of said plane.
In testimonywhereof I have hereunto set my hand in presence of two subscribing witnesses.
CHESTER L. HOLLOWAY. [n 8. Witnesses: I
JAMES O. HAMILTON, IRA- J. Boenn'r.