|Publication number||US1015265 A|
|Publication date||Jan 16, 1912|
|Filing date||Sep 8, 1911|
|Priority date||Sep 8, 1911|
|Publication number||US 1015265 A, US 1015265A, US-A-1015265, US1015265 A, US1015265A|
|Inventors||Robert W Hardie|
|Original Assignee||Robert W Hardie|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (2), Classifications (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
R. W. HARDIE.
SCARY PIN GUARD. APPLICATION I'ILBD SEPT. 11, 1911.
m "1255mm WITNESSAS ROBERT w. Haunts, or ronirnns, -=NEW .YQRK.
VSCARE-PIN Guam Specification of Iiletter sjlatnt.
Patented J n; 16,1912;
' Application filed September 8, 1911. seriarno. 648,372.
To all whom it may concern: Be it known that I, ROBERT W. HARDIE, a
citizen of the United States, and a resident.
of the city of Yonkers, in the county of W'estchester and State ,of New York-, have invented certain new and useful Improve I ments in Scarf-Pin Guards, of which the following is a full,clear, and exact description.- My invention relates to means for securely holding a scarf pin in a scarf of the wearer, so as to prevent the pin from working loose, or from being removedfrom the scarf without the wearers knowledge.
' Other objects connected with the construc-. tion and mode 'of operation of the several parts constituting myiinvention are hereinafter set forth. j I
These objects I accomplish by the means hereinafter described, and illu'stratedin the accompanying drawings, wherein I have shown my invention in the form preferred by me, and wherein .sirnilar characters of reference indicate corresponding partsthroughout the several views.
In the drawings,Figure 1, is a side eleva tion of a scarf pin guard embodying my invention. Fig. 2 is a vertical transverse section taken on the axial line of Fig. 1.
As illustrated in the drawings, 1 represents the main bodyof the guard, preferably cylindrical in outline, and provided with an insertion aperture 2. The end of the body opposite the insertion opening is provided with an inclined wall 3, flaring outwardly, and that end of the body is also provided with an exterior shoulder 45. A head 5, having an inclined wall'6, is arranged within the recess formed by the wall 3 of the body, and is provided with a central aperture? in line with the aperture 2 of the body-of the guard, to receive a scarfpin. The head- 5 is also provided with apertures 8 extending laterally through said head and adapted to receive balls or gripping devices 9, to grip and hold a scarf pin. A coiled spring 10' bears against the shoulder 4; of the body, and preferably encircles the, body of the guard. The head 5 is provided with a sleeve 11 which may be formed integral with the head, or it may be formed separately from said head and connected therewith by turning the edge of the sleeve over the lat: eral edge of the head 5, so as to form a shoulder 12 on said sleeve. The opposite edge 13 of said sleeve is turned inward so as to overlap and inclose the spring 10. By
the head' 5.
When the guard is'in-use, the point of the scarf pin 14: is inserted within the opening 2,
user, andwhen the pin ispressed downward it comes; in contact with the. balls 9, of the head 5, which are of a size sufiicientto project somewhat into the-aperture 7 vof the I head 5., when notin use on'a scarf pin. The
inward pressure of the pin against the balls 9 forces the head outward slightly from'the bodyfand permits the .balls 9 to move lat- I means of said construction the movements of the sleeve 11', control the movements of a fwhile the body of thev guard is held'by the erally in the aperture 8, and the pin is then I pressedthrough the'head 5 until it projects pressure on the pin is removed,fthe spring 10.
. bearing against the shoulder 1 of the body and against the inner edge 13 of the sleeve the desired dis'tancelthrough theicentral aperture 7.of said head. When the .inward 15 r 11 pressesinward the sleeve lland the head 5 connected therewith. The inward movelnen't of the head 5 causes the balls. 9 to come in contactwith the inclined wall 3 of the body of the guard, and forces said balls inward so as to grip thejscarf pin held with-- J in the central agertureT of said head. If
an effortfbe ma e to remove the scarf pin farther inward into the more contracted portion ofthe recess formed by the inclined wall 3 of the body of the guard, thereby inscarf pin, and preventingthe pin from being withdrawn from the guard. I And .as the guard is arranged on the pin atthe back of 7 s 5 surreptitiously from the scarf .of the wearer, .the pull on the pin tendsto draw the head. 5 w
9.0 I creasing the pressure of the balls 9 on the 1 11 is drawn outward from the bodyl by the user, thereby bringing the gripping balls 11 into ajwider portion oftherecess inv the'end of the. body formed by the inclined wall i3,
and when the head is in such position, the
balls 8 are free to move laterallyin their bearings, and the scarf pinxmay be readily removed from the guard.
7 Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desireto secure Let ters Patent, is
1. A scarf pin guard, comprising a body having an insertion opening, and provided at the end of the body "opposite the insertion end with an, inclined wafll flaring outwardly and with a shoulder extending outwardly from said body, a head having a central aperture to receive a scarf pin and with lateral apertures, friction balls arranged with in said lateral apertures and adapted to extend into the central aperture of said head and to bear against said inclined wall of said body, a coiled spring encircling said body and bearing against said shoulder, and a sleeve overlapping and inclosing said spring and provided with a shoulder connected with said head.
2. A scarf pin guard, comprising a body having an insertion aperture at one end, and at the opposite end an interior inclined wall flaring outwardly, a head provided with a sleeve inclosing the adjacent end of said body, and with a gripping device adapted to bear against said inclined wall, and means arranged between said sleeve and body adapted to press said head toward said inclined wall by spring tension.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my signature in the presence of two attesting witnesses.
ROBERT W. HARDIE.
lVitnesses FULTON McMAHoN, J OSEPH HALL.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. G.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US3947930 *||Apr 14, 1975||Apr 6, 1976||I. D. Engineering, Inc.||Anti-theft fastening device and tool for releasing same|