Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS1017167 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 13, 1912
Publication numberUS 1017167 A, US 1017167A, US-A-1017167, US1017167 A, US1017167A
InventorsLeo H. Pleins
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Receptor for shower-baths.
US 1017167 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


Patented Feb. 13, 1912.

" ill" To all whom it may concern 1 D STATES PATENT oFFIoE.




Specification of Letters Patent. Applicatidn filed May 11, 1907. Serial No. 373,188.

Be it known that .I, LEO I-I. PLEINS, a.

f citizen of the United States, residing at Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and use-; ful Improvements in Receptors for Shower-z Baths, of which the following is a spec1fication. Q

The object of the presentinvention is to provide a device for use as a substltute for the floor-slabs heretofore used in the conproved receptor.

struction of shower-bath stalls, with a'view to avoiding many of the objections to which former constructions are open, and to this end the invention consists in the features of novelty that are hereinafter described.

In the accompanying drawing whic is made a part of this specification; Figure 1 is a perspective view of the lower portion of a shower-bath stall having a receptor embodying the invention, the upper portions of the walls of the stall being broken away. Figs. 2 and 3 are, respectively, a transverse and a longitudinal section thereof in vertical planes passing centrally through the drain opening. Fig. 4 is a plan view of the im- The improved receptor comprises a footslab, A, and a part, B, hereinafter called a wall-base, by which the foot-slab is bounded. The foot-slab is imperforated, saye for a drain opening, a, formed through it and preferably located near the back thereof, and its top side slopes from the four sides, respectively, toward said opening. The wall-base extends above the margins of the foot-slab and has in its top side a groove, 6, resulting in parallel flanges, b, which extend above the foot-slab and are ada ted to receive between them the lower e ges of the slabs, G, which form the walls of the stall. The groove or space between the flanges, is slightly greater in width than the thickness of the slabs, C, so 'as to leave a space which is filled with a suitable cement made, 'say, of litharge and glycerin,

- also extends below the margins of the inwardly 'sloplng foot-slab and the top and,

bottom sides of the foot-slab are preferably parallel, resulting in a dead-air space D. In order to support and strengthen the foot-slab it is provided on its under side with ribs, a, the bottoms of which lie in the u plane of the bottom of the wall-base and divide the dead-air space into a number of separate cells. v

The entire receptor is water tight, save for the drain opening, and is preferably made in a single, integral piece of porcelain glazed on its exposed surfaces, so that every integrant part of the integral structure braces and strengthens every other part and absolutely prevents their relative move,-

' ment or displacement.

The improved receptor affords means for making an absolutely water tight stall which may set directly on top of the floor as shown in Fig. 1, or completely below the floor as shown in Fig. 2, or partly in the floor as Patented Feb. 13, 1912.

shown in Fig. 3. One of its chief advantages over a floor-slab as heretofore used lies in the fact that being water tight enables it to be used in any of the wa s above described and on any floor of. a uildihg without danger of wetting the floor with consequent injury thereto and to the ceiling below.

It has been attempted to preventthe leakage which has inevitably taken place between the floor-slab and Walls of the stall, as heretofore arranged, by using a sheet of lead extending beneath the entire floor-slab and having its edges bent upward at the edges of the floor-slab, but this has been 'found in practice to be inadequate because,

in time, the floor-slab inevitably ruptures the sheet lead and permits the water to escape. It has been found also that more or less sweating takes place between the sheet lead and the floor upon which it rests because of the condensation of the moisture carried by the air in the space between the sheet lead-and the floor, this space, al.-

'though slight, being open to atmosphere.

The space referred to is due to the inevitable irregularities in the surface of the sheet lead and in the surface upon which it rests,

it being impossible to make their extensive surfaces absolutely flat. This objection is obviated by the improved receptor because of the limited area of the surfaces of contact between the wall-base of the receptor and the floor, With such limited surfaces of contact a more perfect seating of the re- .ce tor is possible than where the surfaces of contact are co'-extensive with the fioorslab. Furthermore, dead-air being a poor conductor of caloric the changes in tem erature to which the foot-slab is subjecte are not so freely transmitted to the floor as they would be if the slab contacted with it throughout its entire extent, and therefore expansion' and contraction of the floor is materially lessened. But one of the most important advantages which the improved receptor has over a floor slab as heretofore used, is the absolute rigidity, relative immovability and wa er tight union of the time.

several integrant parts, there being no joints between them that can open and cause leakage, wh1ch is bound to occur in course of What I cla1m as new and desire to secure Q by Letters Patent is,-

As a new article of manufacture, a receptor for shower baths having an-imperforated foot-slab rovided with a drain 0 ening, and a wali base bounding the foot-s ab and extending both above the u per and below the lower surfaces of the slah, the wall-base being provided in its top side with a groove resulting in parallel flanges extendin above the upper surface of the foot-slab an adapted to receive between them and confine the lower edges of wall slabs, the foot-slab being LEO H. PL'EINsr Witnesses CHAS. W. BELDEN, H, T. -GARKEEK.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2467074 *May 9, 1945Apr 12, 1949Porcelain Metals CorpShower bath receptor
US3462771 *Nov 3, 1966Aug 26, 1969Moretti GiuseppeShower bath system applicable both in bathrooms and outdoors,with basin provided with seats for protective,rigid and watertight walls
US3800335 *Apr 21, 1972Apr 2, 1974Formica CorpShower receptor
US4765360 *Aug 14, 1987Aug 23, 1988Baird Willard JWater heater leak collector
US4903723 *Apr 3, 1989Feb 27, 1990Sublett Tommy JCollection basin and drain for dishwasher leakage
US4975992 *Oct 30, 1989Dec 11, 1990James PattersonPortable shower stall
US6058659 *Jan 4, 1996May 9, 2000Astrom; DanSanitary floor
US6155015 *Sep 9, 1999Dec 5, 2000Kirby; Mark E.Method for making a sloped floor
US6848229Apr 17, 2002Feb 1, 2005Steve RossiTile laying tool and method of using same
US7269862 *Sep 7, 2004Sep 18, 2007Sculptured Homes, LlcConfigurable shower system
US7490371 *Aug 3, 2004Feb 17, 2009Lasco Bathware, Inc.Shower receptor
US7849531Sep 17, 2007Dec 14, 2010Sculptured Homes, LlcConfigurable shower system
US8112831May 11, 2009Feb 14, 2012Cook Joseph RMethods of manufacturing and installation of prefabricated shower benches and associated shower benches
US8141182Mar 17, 2007Mar 27, 2012Cook Joseph RMethod of manufacturing and installation of prefabricated shower bench and associated shower bench
US8141183Mar 17, 2007Mar 27, 2012Cook Joseph RMethod for manufacturing a prefabricated modular shower curb and associated modular shower curb
US8181286Mar 17, 2007May 22, 2012Cook Joseph RDrain wall for a prefabricated shower module
US8201287 *Apr 23, 2010Jun 19, 2012Bill OettingMoisture barrier
US8307582Feb 17, 2010Nov 13, 2012Tile Redi, LlcShower enclosure design and assembly methods using prefabricated shower benches
US8375480Mar 17, 2007Feb 19, 2013Tile Redi, LlcMethod for manufacturing a prefabricated shower module
US8474068Jan 5, 2010Jul 2, 2013Noble CompanyTrench shower drain
US8528466 *Feb 7, 2011Sep 10, 2013Bobbi J SweetLiquid overflow platform and container for small appliances
US8561224Feb 17, 2010Oct 22, 2013Joseph B. CookHandicapped accessible shower enclosure with ramp and/or floor pan
US8789217Jan 17, 2012Jul 29, 2014Joseph R. CookMethods of manufacturing and installation of prefabricated shower benches and associated shower benches
US8789316May 5, 2009Jul 29, 2014Joseph R. CookWaterproof juncture
US20110258954 *Apr 23, 2010Oct 27, 2011Bill OettingMoisture barrier
US20120031278 *Feb 7, 2011Feb 9, 2012Sweet Bobbi JLiquid overflow platform and container for small appliances
WO1999043248A1 *Feb 26, 1999Sep 2, 1999Vassallo Precast ManufacturingPrecast shower base
U.S. Classification4/613, D23/283
International ClassificationA47K3/40
Cooperative ClassificationA47K3/40
European ClassificationA47K3/40