US 1017756 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
R. HEAD. COMBINED CLOSURE AND FAUCET. APPLICATION FILED AUG. 3, 1910.
1,017,756. S Patented Feb. 1912.
WITNESSES INVE/V T01? M. WN ZC u I RobertHead A TTOHNEYS UNITED STATES PATENT ouuion.
ROBERT HEAD, OF NEW YORK, N. Y., ASSIGNOR TO PIN E HILL CRYSTAL SPRING WATER 00., OF NEW YORK, N. Y., A CORPORATION OF NEW YORK. s
comm-NED CLOSURE AND FAUCET.
Specification of Letters Patent.
' Patented Feb. 20, 1912.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, ROBERT HEAD, a citizen of the United States, residing in the city of New York, borough of Manhattan, county and State of New York, have invented a certain new and useful Combined Closure and Faucet, of which the following is .a specification.
This invention is a faucet adapted especially for. use in drawing potable liqu1ds such as water, directly from a container, although it will be apparent that it is capable of general application.
The faucets heretofore used, or suggested, for drawing liquids direct from the container are not only complicated in structure, but necessarily involve the introduction of air inlet tubes, or other devices, within the The invention comprises an imp, ovement in faucets wherein the liquid outlet and the Y air inlet to the container are locatedat the mouth of the container. a
A further feature of the invention is a device cooperating with the faucet whereby the latter may be secured in place on the mouth 'of the container A further feature of 'the invention consists of a"'st-opper and a faucet as a unitary structure adapted to be applied to the mouth portion of acontainer for the purpose of closing the mouth and providing means for elevation of the combined faucet and closure illustrating one embodiment of meansv for attaching the faucet to a container exteriorly to the latter. Fig. 4 is a plan view of the combined faucet and closure in the 'An aperture, d is formed in the flange, d .zfor the purpose of admitting air to chamcharge passage, B, and an air passage, C, a
both of said passages being producedin the material composing the body.
The-body is made, preferably, of metal cast in a single piece, although other materials may be employed, and at one end said body is exteriorly threaded at a .for the receptionof a female threaded portion of a member, D, whereby the member, D, may be screwed upon, or unscrewed from, body, A. The liquid discharge passage through the body. The air passage, C, is produced in body, A, at one s ide of liquid passage, B, the cross sectional area of the air passage being considerably smaller than the corresponding area of the liquid passage. One end .of the air passage, C,
extends terminates in a right angular extension, 0.
Body, A, of the faucet is provided at its inner end with a flange, a, and at its outer end said bodyis adapted to receive a plate, E,.to be hereinafter described. A stopper, F, is fitted upon the body exterio rly thereto, and is positioned between plate, E, and flange, a, whereby the stopper is retained in position upon the body. The stopper, F, may be composed of rubber, or any other material adapted to secure good frictional contact with the wall forming the mouth portion of a container.
Member, D, which is screwed upon the threaded part, a, is provided with a flange, (1, adapted to engage with plate, E, for the purpose of confining the plate in operative position between said flange of member, D, and stopper, The flange of member, D, incloses the angular end portion, 0, of air inlet passage, C, and said flange produces a chamber, d, between itself and plate, E.
her, d, the air beingfree to flow throughv said chamber and to enter the angular end,
T0, of passage, G. The flange, d, thus incases the. air inlet to passage, C, for the purpose of precluding the admission of dust, etc.
into the air passage, and by providing holes,
(2 in the underside of flange, d, the admission of dustto chamber, (1, is minimized.
i and to the outer end Member, D, is provided with a depending tube, e, and with a tubular neck portion, 6,
constituting a liquid outlet from the faucet, which liquid outlet is adapted for communication with liquid discharge passage, B, when a liquid controlling valve, G, is opened. Member, 1), is provided, furthermore, with a shoulder, g, between tube, e, and liquid passage, B, said shoulder, g, constituting the seat for liquid controlling valve, G From this valve projects a stem, g, .which passes through tubular neck, 6, of said stem is secured a push piece, G, positioned exteriorly with reference to the-tubular neck, e. A spring, G loosely encircles valve stem, 9, and acts said tube, e,
against the push piece for holding the valve thus cutting off the flow.
normally on seat, 9, of liquid through thefaucet. The inner ehd of spring, G is seated against across piece, 9 positioned within neck, 6, .through which cross piece passes the valve stem, 9, said cross piece thus serving as a; guide for the valve stem, and as a seat for the valve spring.
For the sion of liquid into air passage, C, I employ a valve adapted to control said air passage. Various forms of valves for the air passage may be em loyed, and in Figs. 2 and 3 the valve is shown as consisting of a piece of flexible material; H, positioned at the inner ,end portion of body, A, and extending across that end of passage, OJ Valve, H, may be composed of leather, rubber, rubber fabric, or any other suitable flexible material, and in Fig. 3 the valve is represented as a curved piece of material secured in position by a suitable fastening device, such as h. a The valve is fastened at one end securely to the faucet, while the other end of said valve is positioned over the end of air passage, C.
. For'the purpose of keeping the valve in a closed position valve is, mainly,
the air passage,
I employ aspring, I, the
same being shown in Fig. 3 as a leaf spring secured at one end firmly to the faucet by a screw, 2', the other end of said leaf spring being free and overlapping that part of valve, H, which covers the extremity of air passage, C, whereby. the spring operates to close the air valve. The function of the air escape of liquid from the container through drawn" from the container by liquidcontrolling valve, G, .air valve, H,
.should be free to open for the purpose of admitting air to the container at the same time that liquid flows out ofthe container. In the construction shown, there is employed 'means operable by the liquid controlling removing tension exerted by air valve, H, said means valve for extending loosely through the purpose 'of precluding the admisshoulder, is, on the faucet applied thereto may to preclude the leakage or but when liquid iswith-' opening the' end of stem, I, is attached to, or contacts with, spring, I, as-shown by dotted lines in Fig. 3, the other end of said stem, I, being spaced with reference to valve, G, and positioned in the path of said valve, whereby the opening of'valve, G, causes valve, G, to engage with stem,.I, and press said stem and the spring inwardly.
provided with short arms, j,
Plate, E, is extending from diametrically opposite sides of the faucet, as shown in Fig. 3,. 'and these arms are provided with angular ends, 7'. Through the end portions of the arms pass the short shafts, J, which carry cams, J, said shafts havingthe thumb nuts, 1' for the purpose of clamping the cams firmly in their adjusted positions.
The operation of the invention as thus far described is 'as follows: For applying the combined faucet and closure to a container, such as a bottle, K, shown in Fig. 1, the body portion, A, and plug, F, are inserted into the mouth port-ion, is, of the container shown in dotted lines in Fig. 4. The arms, 7', of plate, E, are positioned exteriorly to the container, and cams, J, are turned for engagement with the mouth of the container, after which thumb the cams firmly in position. The stopper and faucet are held against displacement on the container andthey close the mouth of said container. The container, K, with the. stopper and now be placed 1n the inclined position shown in Fig. 1, said container resting upon a cooler L, supported on a stand, 1. to draw a quantity of water from the container it is only necessary to press the push plece, G, inwardly, thus unseating valve, G, and permitting liquid to flow from the container through passage, B, and liquid outlet tube, 6. The continued inward movement of valve, G, acts against stem, I, and presses it inwardly so as to remove spring, I, from valve, H. When a certain quantity of liquid shall have been withdrawn from the container, the level of the liquid in thecontainer is lowered and the area of an air space or chamber in the container is increased so that air will pass through the passage, C, and open valve, H, sufliciently forthe air to bubble through the liquid present in the container. As liquid continues to be drawn from the container by keeping the valve,
en it is desired G, in an open position, the an Wlll continue to flow through nuts, j are tightened 1 for the purpose of securing passage, (l, and bubble through the liquid contents of the container,
but when the pres-' sure is removed from push piece, G, spring a G returns valve, G, to aclosedposition, and 'spring,;I, acts to press valve, H, to a closed position across'the inner end of passage, C,-whereby valves, G and H, are closed so that no further liquid can flow through passage, B, from the container, nor can air be admitted to the container through the passage, C. The stopper and faucet may to be positioned within the-container and below the level of the liquid in said container, and a single valve for controlling the flow of air through said passage, said valve being spring pressed and positioned at the delivery end of the air passage.
2. A faucet provided with a liquid-passage, a valve for controlling the flow of liquid through said passage, an air passage for admitting air to a container to replace the liquid -which flows from the container through the faucet, the delivery end of said air passage bein adapted to be positioned Within the container and below the level of the liquid in said container, a valve at the delivery end of said air passage, a spring for placing tension on said valve, and means for positively operating said spring so as to relieve the valve from tension.
3. A faucet provided with a liquid passage, an air passage in said faucet, the delivery end of said air passage being adapted to be positioned below the liquid in a con tainer, a single valve in said passage and positioned at the delivery end of the passage forprecluding the admission of liquid thereto, and means for placing tension on said valve.
4. faucet provided with a liquid passage, an air passage the delivery end of which is adapted to be positioned below the liquid in a container,"a valve at the delivery end of the air passage for precluding the admission of liquid to said air passage, means for placing tension on the valve, and a device for positively removing tension from the valve.
5. A faucet provided with a liquid passage, a valve for controlling the flowof liquid through said passage, an air passage in saidfaucet for admitting air to a containerto replace the liquid which flows from the container through the faucet, the delivery end of said air passage being posi- "tioned within the container and below the tension on said automatic valve, and means for removing tension from said automatic valve subsequent to the operation of opening the liquid outlet valve.
6. A faucet provided with a liquid passage, a valve for controlling the flow of liquid through said passage, an air passage .in said faucet for admitting air to a conand subsequent to the opening of said liquid out-let valve to establish the flow of air into the container at substantially the same time the liquid is permitted to flow out of the container.
7. In a liquid dispensing apparatus, a faucet provided with a stopper, said stopper being adapted to close the mouth of a container, a yoke positioned exteriorly with re-. spect tothe stopper, and separate securing devices carried by the yoke on the respective end portions thereof and positioned for engagement with the container, said stopper, yoke and securing devices being readily detachable from the container "so as to adapt them for use on different containers.
8. In a liquid dispensing apparatus, a faucet provided with a stopper, said stopper being adapted to close the mouth of a container, ayoke positioned exteriorly with respect to the stopper, and separate cams pivoted on the respective end portions of said yoke, said cams being positioned for engagement with a shoulder of the container, whereby the faucet and the stopper are detachably connected to the container.
9; In a liquid dispensing apparatus, a faucet provided'with a liquid passage, 'a vali e for controlling the flow of, liquid from a container through said passage, an air passage in the faucet for admitting air to the container to replace the liquid which flows through said liquid passage, the delivery end of said air passage being positioned below thelevel of'the liquid in said c'ontainer, a single valve for controlling the flow ofair through said passage, said valve being positioned at the delivery end of said air passage, means for placing tension on said valve, and means, operated by the liquid controllingvalve, for removing tension from said valve.
10. In a liquid dispensing apparatus, a faucet provided with a liquid assage, a valve for controlling the flow of llquid from valve opening inwardly to'the container and operating to preclude the admission of liquid to said air passage, means for placing tension on the automatic valve, and means,
, operated ,by the liquid controlling valve,
forremoving; tension from the automatic valve, wherebyfair is free to flow through the air passage and to enterthe container when liquid is drawn from said container.
' 11. In" a liquid dispensing-apparatus, a
'faucet provided with a liquid passage, a
valve for controlling the flow of liquid from a container through said passage, an air passage in the faucet for admitting air to the container to replace the liquid which ,flows. through said liquid passage, the deliv- -ery end of said air passage being positioned below the level of the liquid in said cofi- 'tainer, an automatic valve positioned at the delivery end of 331d air passage, means for placing tension on said automatic valve, and
a-slidablestem operated by the liquid'controlling valve [and coiiperat-ing with said tension means for removing tension from the automatic valve, whereby alr is permitted to flow through said air passage and to enter the container when liquidis drawn .from said container. q
12. In a liquid dispensing apparatus, a .faucet provided with a liquid passage, a valve for controlling the flow of liquid from a container through said passage, an air passage in the faucet for admitting air to "the container to replace .the liquid which flows through said liquid passage, the delivery end of said air passage being positioned below the level of the liquid insaid con-t tainer, an automatic valve positioned'at the delivery end of said air passage; acting on the valve to retain the-latter normally in a: closed-position, thus precluding the flow of liquid 'from the container into the air passage, by.the-movement of said liquid cont-rolling valve, said slidable rod cooperating directly with said spring for removing tension from the automatic valve when the liquid controlling valve is'movedto open the liquid passage. v
In a testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
- ROBER l HEADQ Witnesses; v I
JAs'. H. GRIFFIN,
H. I. BERNHARD.
a spring and a slidable rod operated