|Publication number||US1017935 A|
|Publication date||Feb 20, 1912|
|Filing date||Aug 30, 1911|
|Priority date||Aug 30, 1911|
|Publication number||US 1017935 A, US 1017935A, US-A-1017935, US1017935 A, US1017935A|
|Inventors||Lewis S Watres|
|Original Assignee||Clarence D Simpson, Lewis S Watres|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (3), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
L. S. WATRES.
APPLICATION FILED AUG. so. 1911.
Patented Feb.20, 1912.
2 sums-sum 1.
7 L18. WATRES.
LUBRIO'ATING APPARATUS. I APPLICATION FILED AUG. 30, 1911. A 1 17,935, Patented Feb. 20, 1912,
UNITED STATES "PATENT-OFFICE.
LEWIS -s. warns, on soaan'ron, PENNSYLVANIA, ASSIGNOB onrI 'rY-onE ounnunnnnnrns 'ro cnnnnncn n. srmrson, or SCRANTON, PENNSYLVANIA.
Specification of Letters l atent. v Patnted Feb. 20, 1912.
Application filed August 30, 191 1. Serial No. 646,887.
' pistons of steam and Other engines and-of air and other pumps and compressors.
The graphite is in the form of a stickor coherent body 'andby means of-apparatus operated by the engine or other apparatus it is subjected to a grinding, cutting or abrading' operation, the resulting. graphite powder being distributed to the contact surfaces of the moving parts. Y
Aniembodiment of the invention that is practical and eifioient is that disclosed in the drawing forming part of this application, in which the invention is shownapplied to a steam or other fluid pressure engine and the graphite in the form of a bar or stick is intermittently subjected to a grinding n or abrading operation brought about by the operation of the engine, the resulting pow-, der being taken up by the fluid medium operating the engine and by it distributed to the moving surfaces in contact.
In the illustrated embodiments of the invention the grinding operation is effected by variation of pressure of the engine operating fluid medium, and by the action of a moving part of the engine. In the drawing: Figure 1 is a view part1 in elevation and section: Fig. 2 is a deta l sectional plan of the construction shown in Fig. 1: Fig. 3, a side elevation showing a reciprocating engine equipped with the invention: Fig. 4 is a detail sectional plan showing a modification: Fig. 5, a sectional elevation showing a further modification: Fig. 6 is a section on the line VI, VI of Fig. 5 and Fig. 7 is a detail section showing another modification. a
An ordinary double acting steam engine cylinder 1 has associated'wit-h it a usual steam chest 2. In a tapped aperture in the top of the steam chest is screwed the tubular threaded reduced end 3 of a hollow body4.
Within this body is rotatably mounted a cutting or grinding wheel 5 upon the periphery of which bears a stick or bar of graphite 6 seated in a vertical tubular extension 7'ofthe body and urged, if desired, against-the wheel by a spring 8 The wheel 5 may turn upon or .with its shaft 9 and has op'eratively associated with it a feed ratchet wheel 10.
.At the end ofa lateral tubular extension 11 of the hollow body is a motor diaphragm l2 confined at its periphery and having applied centrally to its outer face a coiled compression spring 13 whose reaction tends to force the diaphragm inward. Attached centrally to the inner face of the diaphragm is a plunger 14 guided in a bearing 15 'and carrying at its inner end a drive pawlv 16 that engages the ratchet wheel 10. The pawl has applied to it aspring 17 that maintains it in engagement with the ratchet wheel. The confined space at the outer surface of the diaphragm is connected by a pipe 18 with the steam space of the cylinder adjacent one end thereof. When this latter end of the cylinder receives steam, the pressure thereof .supplementing the reaction of spring 13 causes'the diaphragm to move inward and when that end of the cylinder is exhausting and the other end is receivin steam the diaphragm will be forced outwari In this way, during the operation of the engine, there is imparted intermittent rotation to the grinding wheel. The resulting graphite powderis taken up by the steam and by it carried to the various interipr surfaces of the engine such as those of the cylinder and piston, and the controlling valve and its sea It is not intended to confine the invention to a rotary grinder, nor to actuation of the grinder by variation of pressure in the interior spaces of the engine.
. from the shell.
erationof the grinding devices may be substantially the same as already described.
drive pawl 16 operated as shown by a moving part 20 of the engine. That is to say, the reciprocating part 20 carries a projection 28 that intermittently strikes the end of an endwise moving rod 24: surrounded by a spring 25 that normally retracts it. The other end of the rod is operatively connected with one end of a rocking lever 26 whose otherend has pivoted in it the drive pawl 16 that engages the ratchet wheel 10, the latter in this construction being located, Fig. 4;, outside the shell In Fig. 7 a reciprocating grinder is shown. It may be in the form of a segment 21 intermittently actuated as shown in Fi 1 through the medium of rod 14 and a lin 22.
In Figs. 5 and 6 the shaft 9 asses out of shell and carries (as in Fig. 4? the driving ratchet wheel 10. Within the shell is a frame 27 that reciprocates at right angles to shaft 9 and is formed with a slot through which the shaft passes. The frame slides back and forth on a dovetail way 28 on the side wall of the shell and carries at,each end a rod 29 that slides in tubular extensions abrading surface 30 is in the form ofan inverted V at the top of the frame. The frame is reciprocated by a cam 31 on shaft 9 working between rollers 32 the frame.
In the various forms 1n which the invention may be embodied the grinding chamber may be connected with one end, or both ends, of the cylinder;
In time invention the graphite supplied to the reservoir or'holder to be acted upon by the cutting, abrading or grinding means is in the form of a solid-that is a mass or body that. retainsits form under all conditions of use when unconfined and has such physical characteristics as that the cutting, abrading or grinding devices act to remove finely divided lubricating particles there-- om. I claim: 1. Lubricating apparatus, comprising the combination of a receptacle adapted to old a mass of lubricant in the form of a solid, automatically operated means for removing from said solid finely divided lubricating particles, and means whereby the lubricating particles may be transferred to the surfaces to be lubricated.
Lubricating apparatus, comprising. the combination of a receptacle adapted to hold The cutting, grinding or' on stud projections on body and within said body means for holding a mass of lubricant in the form of a solid, and means for cutting from said mass lubricating particles, means whereby said lubricating particles are conveyed to the in terior sur ces to be lubricated, and means for operating said cutting means during the operation of the engine.
.4. Lubricating apparatus for an engine driven by a fluid medium under pressure, comprising ahollow body adapted for communication with the surfaces to be lubricatedand within said body means for holding a mass of graphite in the form of a solid and means for removing from said mass finely divided lubricating particles, and means adapted to be automatically operated for actuating said means for removing particles from said mass.
5. Lubricating apparatus'for an engine driven by a fluid medium under pressure, comprising a hollow body adapted-for communication with the surfaces to be lubricated and within said body means for holding a mass of graphite in the form of a solid and means for removing from said mass finely divided lubricating particles, and means adapted to be automatically operated by variation of pressure in the cylinder for ac tuating said means for r moving particles from said mass.
6. The-combination with the steam chest of an engine of a hollow body communicating with the interior of the chest, means within said body for holding a solid mass of graphite in the form of a solid, means also within said body for removing from the mass of gra hite finely divided lubricating particles an means automatically operated to actuate said means for removing particles from said mass.
7. The combination with the steam chest of an engine of a hollow body communicating with the interior of the chest, means within said bod for holdin a mass of 'graphitein the 01m of a soli means also wlthin said body for removing from the mass of graphite finely divided lubricating particles and meansautomatically operated by cylinder to acvariation of pressure in the tuate said means for removing particles.
from said mass.
'8. The combination with the steam chest of an engine of a hollow body communicating with the interior of the chest, means withln said body for holding a mass of graphite in the form of a s lid, means also In testimony whereof, I have hereunto within said body for removing from the subscribed my name. mass of graphite finely divided lubricating particles and means comprising a motor dia- LEWIS S. VVATRES. phragm automatically operated by variation Witnesses: of pressure in the cylinder to aetuate'said LOUIS LORENOE,
means for removing particles from said mass. HARTLEY C. DAVIDSON.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Ilatents,
Washington, I). Q.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4381824 *||Oct 3, 1980||May 3, 1983||Reed Rock Bit Company||Drill bit lubrication system|
|US5336063 *||Apr 29, 1993||Aug 9, 1994||Graco Inc.||Electric drive pump|
|US6405811 *||Sep 18, 2000||Jun 18, 2002||Baker Hughes Corporation||Solid lubricant for air cooled drill bit and method of drilling|
|U.S. Classification||184/60, 184/99, 451/446, 138/97|