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Publication numberUS1020973 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 26, 1912
Filing dateApr 3, 1911
Priority dateApr 3, 1911
Publication numberUS 1020973 A, US 1020973A, US-A-1020973, US1020973 A, US1020973A
InventorsWilliam W Frisholm
Original AssigneeWilliam W Frisholm
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Concrete railway cross-tie.
US 1020973 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



Patented Mar. 26, 1912.

-Jfiwewo VMZM -of my invention are:



Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Mar. 26, 1912.

Application filed April 3, 1911. Serial No.- 618,667.

To all whom it may concern:

13o it known that 1', 'WILLIAM WV. Fins- JIOLM, a citizen of the United States of America, residing at Leadville, county of Lake, State of Colorado, have invented a new and useful Concrete Railway Gross- Tie, of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates to improvements in concrete railway cross ties, and the objects First-to produce a substantially reinforced concrete railway cross tie adapted to be laid close up against each other at the track supporting ends,

each tie being provided with a concaved recess on its opposite sides so arranged as to form a large open space between each two adjacent ties. Second-to provide a reinforced concrete railway cross tie provided with a reinforced truss member consisting of a plurality of interlaced and interwoven twisted bars and provided with channels in whichthc rails sit that are adapted to receive a cushioning medium between the rails and the bottom of the channel, and provided with wedging and locking spikes and with sleeve portions adapted to receive said wedging and locking spikes; and third-to rovide a reinforced concrete tie having tu ular apertures arranged transversely through its ends and adapted to form openings through the tie for electric light, signal and other wires. 1 attain these objects by the mechanism illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1 is a perspective View of my completed concrete railway cross tie. Fig. 2 is a perspective View of one of the cross ties. Fig. 3 is a plan view of the same. Fi l is a cross section of one end of the concrete ties showing lhe spike holding sockets in posltltfl in the tie. Fig. 5 is a perspective view of one of the spike holding sockets. Fig- (i is a perspective 'view of one of the truss s. Fig. 7 is a plan view of a portion of one of the trusses. Fig. 8 is a view of a piece of rod from which the trusses are constructed.

Similar letters of reference refer to similar parts throughout the several views. I

Referring to the drawings, the numeral 1 designates a concrete tie embodying my invention. This concrete tie comprises a re- 9 made Ofinterlaced and inforeing truss The trues interwoven twisted bars 92.

comprises a central member w'th a wing at each end. The inner end of e: ch wing comprises a rectangular frame 3, around the corners of which rods 4 and 5 are bent. Each pair of these rods extend out beyond the frames and are bent at right angles and cross each other to form diamonds 7, as shown, at the extremities of the brace. From the corners of the fraine the pairs of rods 4 and 5 are bent to converge toward the centers of the frame, as shown, whence the rods of each pair are then bent to form a diamond, and the two diamonds .thus formed extend in parallel order and connect the wings, the construction of the wings being similar. The wings are connected by diagonally arranged rods (3, which extend from the outer, upper and lower corners of the wings and cross at the center. At the points where the rods i and 5 cross to form the diamonds 7 at the ends of the brace, are connected rods 8 which diverge in such a manner as to form a horizontally arranged diamond, as clearly shown in Fig. 7, thus making of the ends of the truss a skeleton form of a rectangular box, which box portion'extcnds for an equal distance on each side of the center of the truss in a horizontal plane wit-h the corner tie bars extending diagonally from the fourcorners of one end to the four corners of the opposite end. This truss is adapted to form the reinforcing core of my concrete tie and is adapted to be laid in a mold, which 1 do not illustrate, of the form of the tie shown in Fig. 2, and the concrete is poured around it.

In order to provide means for securing the rails to the tie, 1 cast channel portions 9 transversely across the cross tie and at the center portion of these channels I mold in the concrete tie spike holding sleeves 10, which preferably form part of a plate 11. These sleeves and their connecting plate are positioned between the bars of the end portions of the truss in such a manner that when they are cast in the concrete top surface of the tie they will be flush with the bottom of the channels 2) of the said tie. The sleeves 10 contain square apertures 12 through them, one side of which is provided with downwardly extending ratchet teeth 13 on the side of the aperture facing the rail 14-, the opposite side of the aperture being smooth. These apertures are adapted to re ceive Wedge shapedspikes 15 that are provided with upwardly extending ratchet teeth on their edges that lie below their rail engaging heads 16, which are arranged to -thickness of the spikes to receive in addition to the spike a wedge key 17, one side of which fits against the opposite side of the recess from the ratchet teeth, and the opposite side of which is tapered to register with the taper of the spike. This wedge key is provided with a head portion 18,

which projects from it in opposite direction from the rail spike and enables a pinch bar to be inserted under it to raise it out oi' the apertures of the sleeves, which. locks the' spikes in the ratchet teeth after they have been set down against the side flanges or the rail. The lower ends of thesockets are provided with flange portions '19, which when embedded in the concrete prevent them from being drawn up out of it. The rails are placed in the channels 9 and a cushioning material 20 is placed, under them along the full length of the channels. This cushion ing material may be of wood or any other suitable material. These sockets are positioned to extend down through the rods of the ends of the truss. I

The operation of assembling the various parts of myconcrete tie is as follows: The truss is positioned in a mold, which I do not illustrate, but whichis arranged to cast a concrete tie like that shown in Fig. 2. The sockets are also placed in the ends of the truss so that spike apertures stand in offset positions on opposite sides of the rail re ceiving channels in the top of the tie, Elec-' tric wire conduit tubes 21 are also placed in the ends of the mold, and the mold 1s then poured with concrete, and when it has hardened a cross tie like that shown in Fig.

n is produced, the tubes 21 extending through opposite ends of the same, as shown in Figs. 2 and 4:.

My invention forms a trussed and reinforced cross tie of great strength and durability; and, while I have illustrated and described the preferred embodiment of my improved railway cross tie, I do not wish to be limited to the construction and arrange ment shown, as many changes might be made without departing from the scope of the appended claims Loa ers Having described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. In concrete railway ties, a truss comprising a group of interlaced, longitudinally arranged bars, so arranged as to have an enlarged central portion by bending the center portions of their length outwardly "to form with oppositely and similarly bent bars diamond shaped forms and having. their ends converging to end portions smaller than their central portion and having rectangular shaped box portions extending from ,said smaller end portions, said central group of bars being extended to and connected to some portion or" said end box. shaped members. i v

2. In concrete railway ties, a truss comprising a group of interlaced, longitudinally arranged bars', so arranged as to have an enfrom said smaller end portions, said central group of bars being extended to and connected to some portion of said end box shaped members, said concrete railway tie being provided with a rail receiving plate arranged to secure rails in operative positions to said. concrete tie. v

3. In concrete railway ties,,the combination of the interlaced truss composed oftwisted concrete reinforcing bars connected together, said truss comprising 'a plurality of bars adapted to forn the longitudinal core of the central body portion of the concrete tie and arranged to comprise a central group of bars that are bent to form a center portion of larger size than its portions that are at equal distances from its central portion, said small portions of this central longitudinal body portion being bent at right angles to their lengths and extending in Op positely diverging lines to the corners of cross barsto which they are secured, sa d cross bars being arranged to storm'rectangw lar box shaped ends at the ends of said truss, said box shaped ends'being provided with diagonally arranged bars extending from each outward corner of said box form of ends to the opposite outer ends of the opposite box torni of end portion of said truss, and means for securing rails to said concrete tie, the said ends of said concrete ties being arranged to be placed in abutting side edge relation on the road bed of a railway so as to form a continuous concrete road bed at their box shaped ends with apertures between the central longitudinal portions,

said tie being provided with channels extendingtransversely across the-box portions of said tie adapted to receive said rail securing means, and said concrete ties being provided with tubular apertures transversely through the ends of said concrete ties adapted to receive electric current wires.

In testimony whereof I afiix my signature in presence of two witnesses.



Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4141499 *May 10, 1977Feb 27, 1979Ramer James LConcrete railroad bed
US4216904 *Jul 20, 1977Aug 12, 1980Robert VivionDevice for fastening a railway track on sleepers disposed end to end
US6717288 *Mar 26, 2001Apr 6, 2004Peugeot Citroen Automobiles SaMultiple-voltage power supply circuitry for motor vehicles
US7841543Feb 14, 2005Nov 30, 2010Ssl-Schwellenwerk Und Steuerungstechnik Linz GmbhTie for a ballasted track
US20020149954 *Mar 26, 2001Oct 17, 2002Pascal BesnierMultiple-voltage power supply circuitry for motor vehicles
US20080099571 *Feb 14, 2005May 1, 2008Ssl Stahlbetonschwellenwerk Linz Hollitzer BaustofTie for a Ballasted Track
DE10023389A1 *May 12, 2000Nov 29, 2001Pfleiderer Infrastrukturt GmbhReinforced concrete rail sleeper surmounts cross arms both sides reinforced parallel to rail with summated arm lengths less than sleeper interval.
WO2005078195A3 *Feb 14, 2005May 11, 2006Hermann GruberTie for a ballasted track
U.S. Classification238/42, 238/374, 238/92, 238/265, 238/227
Cooperative ClassificationE01B3/32