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Publication numberUS1021189 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 26, 1912
Filing dateNov 18, 1909
Priority dateNov 18, 1909
Publication numberUS 1021189 A, US 1021189A, US-A-1021189, US1021189 A, US1021189A
InventorsIrving Hill
Original AssigneeIrving Hill
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Alphabetical symbols.
US 1021189 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



APPLIOATIOH mum NOV. 19, 1909.

. 1,021, 1 89, Patented Mar. 26, 1912.

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Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Mar. 26, 1912.

Application filed November 18, 1909. Serial No. 528,656.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, IRVING HILL, a citizen of the United States, residing at Wallace, in the county of Calaveras, State of California, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Alphabetical Symbols; and I do declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the same, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the characters of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this application.

This invention relates to improvements in alphabetical symbols for code cipher purposes, the object of the present invention being to produce symbols for the letters of the alphabet in which each and every character will be drawn from a common base and which can be readily traced from such base, also to produce symbols for an alphabet having a separate designation for each sound, such designations being traceable from said common base. Also symbols for an alphabet in which all the signs and marks and symbols are likewise taken from a common base, the whole scheme of the invention being to have a systematic and uniform means for producing symbols representing letters and all of which are taken from a common and standard basic designation whereby each and every symbol for each letter can be readily traced and deduced from said common base. These objects I accomplish by such structure and relative arrangement of lines as will fully appear by a perusal of the following specification and claim.

In the drawings similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in the several views.

Figure 1 is a plan of the basic structure used for taking the symbols of the alphabet showing the designating points by numbers. Fig. 2 is a similar view showing the desig nating points lined to show the symbolic letter structure hereinafter set forth. Figs. 3, 4 and 5 show symbols for letters deduced from the common base shown in Figs. 1 and 2 all which will be described hereinafter.

As shown in Fig. 1 the base of my improved symbols for an alphabet consists in a square plate having a plurality of indicating points as shown by the numerals on Said Fig. 1. In Fig. 2 these several points any arrangement could be adopted, but after one had been chosen, it should thereafter be made standard to avoid confusion. As will be seen innumerable designations can be drawn from this common base, and in the specification following I will merely give an example of each class of letter so as to illustrate the matter, but I do not desire to be understood as limiting myself to such. Fig. 3 gives in large size a few of the designations obtainable with the points from which they are deduced shown by corresponding numerals. These numerals, however, would not be used in general practice, but merely for study purposes.

In the general scheme for the symbols of the alphabet the square is taken as the common and universal designation, and the point lines drawn thereon. Thus the first letter shown in Fig. 3 the same is taken on the line 311 and designates e as in met men and sell The second one is taken on the lines 3-11 and 1517 and designates e as in her herd and fern and so on for any designations desired.

Fig. 4 shows designations for all the vowels and the different sounds of each vowel. Thus the first one is taken on the line 157 and designates a as in fate, aid and lace and so on the remaining ones designate the remaining vowels and sounds for each, each one being deducible from the common base.

Fig. 5 shows the consonants drawn from the common base for example, the first one being on line 1-9 and standing for b From the foregoing description it will be readily seen that by taking the common base shown in Figs. 1 and 2, any set of designations for alphabetical letters desired can be drawn and used for any cipher purposes desired. If words are to be symbolized, I would simply set the letter symbols side by side to spell the word.

While this specification sets forth in detail the present and preferred construction of the device, still in practice such deviations from such detail may be resorted to as do not form a departure from the spirit of the invention.

Having thus described my invention what I claim as new and useful and desire to se- In testimony whereof I my signature cuXe by Letters Pagent is f In in presence of twogzvitnesses. V designating asic orm or ma 'n V; I 7

symbols for numerals or letters, comprising? if IRVING HILL 5 a square divided into a plurality of points Witnesses:

and lines prejected to all alined points, as '7 PERCY J. WEBSTER, n described. V J. B. WEBSTER.

Copies oi this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents,

' 7 Washington, D. 0. 2i

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3709525 *Nov 10, 1969Jan 9, 1973Scan Data CorpCharacter recognition
US4008793 *Sep 7, 1972Feb 22, 1977Vittorino TerracinaTypewriting machine
US5031215 *May 29, 1990Jul 9, 1991Jose PastorUnambiguous alphabet for data compression
US5707081 *May 13, 1996Jan 13, 1998Luna; Roberto F.Alphanumeric quick symbol guide
US8021157 *May 8, 2009Sep 20, 2011Prevalent Devices LlcIntuitively ordered tactile characters readable by visually impaired persons
US20050106537 *Apr 17, 2003May 19, 2005Andrew ChepaitisDynamic tactile and low vision fonts
US20060035199 *Oct 12, 2005Feb 16, 2006Chepaitis Andrew JAlphanumeric font for the blind and visually impaired
US20070143170 *Dec 16, 2005Jun 21, 2007Mattel, Inc.Materials including coded writing
US20090305199 *Aug 18, 2009Dec 10, 2009Andrew ChepaitisDynamic tactile and low vision fonts
US20100099061 *Dec 22, 2009Apr 22, 2010Chepaitis Andrew JAlphanumeric font for the blind and visually impaired
US20100285432 *May 8, 2009Nov 11, 2010Prevalent Devices LlcIntuitively ordered tactile characters readable by visually impaired persons
U.S. Classification283/17, 434/163, 178/30, 380/54
Cooperative ClassificationB42D15/0013