US 1021328 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
APPLICATION FILED MAR. 1s. 1911,
1,02 1 ,328, Patented Mar. 26, 1912.
'jans/z iii'arney UNITED sTATEs 'PATENT OFFICE. N
JOSEPH NOLL, 0F BUFFALO, N'EW YORK, ASSIGNOR TO CONRAD HAMMER, 0F BUFFALO,
NEW YORK. p
Specification of Letters Patent.
Application led March 13, 1911.
' Patented Mar. 26, 1912.
Serial No. 614,093.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOSEPH Noni., a citizen of the United States, and resident of Buffalo, in the county of Erie and State of New York, have invented new and useful Improvements in Bottle-Holders, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to bottle holders and more particularly to a holder used in connection with or embodied in a bottle washing apparatus.
In some Jforms of bottle washing apparatus the bottles to be washed are placed over a tube from which the water Hows to cleanse the interior of the bottle, and in some instances,these tubes during the operation of the apparatus assume various positions; for example, at times they assume an upright position, and at other times a depending position, and in moving from the upright to the depending position, they travel through an arc of a circle and consequently assume changing positions.
The primary obj ect of my invention there` fore is, to provide bottle holding means which will effectively hold a bottle in position on a water discharge tube regardless of the position said tube may be in and to prevent lateral movement of the bottles on the tube.
Another object of my invention is, to provide means for eectively holding the bottles on the water discharge tube and at the same time permit the neck labels, such asV are used on beer bottles and other forms of bottles, to be loosened from the neck of the bottle and washed away.
Another object is, to so construct the bottle holding device that bottles can be quickly placed over the water discharge tubes and removed therefrom without liability of becoming cracked or chipped, particularly at the edge of the bottle where the cork, cap or other closure iskapplied.
Further objects are, to provide improved means for limiting the extent to which the bottles can .be thrust into the holding device and to otherwise improve on devices of this character now in use.
With these and other objects in view, the invention consists in the arrangement of parts and in the construction and combinaporting and holding a bottle in position to' be washed. Fig. 2 is a similar view showing the bottle in a different position. Fig. 3 is a cross section taken on line :zz-a', Fig. 1. Fig. 4 is a cross section taken on line y-y,
Fig. 1. Fig. 5 is a vertical section taken on line ewa, Fig. 4.
Reference numeral 6 designates a part of a bottle washing apparatus having a water feed tube 7 from which projects the water discharge tube 8. It is to be understood that the tube 7 is of considerable length and has or may have a number of water discharge tubes, such as 8, connected therewith and that this water feed tube may be movable or stationary and that any other form of water supply may be substituted therefor.
My improved holder is adjustably and removably secured to the water discharge tube 8, so that bottles having necks of different lengths may be accommodated or so that holders of different size or shape may be substituted when washing bottles having a neck and body of different contour than that herein shown.
The holder comprises essentially a head 9, and a plurality of holding arms 10. Said head is constructed with a hub 11 fitting onto the water discharge tube and having a set screw 12 threaded therethrough and impinging against the said tube so as to permit of fastening the head at any point in the length of the tube and a plurality of lugs 13 corresponding in number to the number of holding arms used,each lug having a pair of upstanding ears 14 and a depression -15 in its upper face for a purpose to presends positioned between the several pairs of ears 14k and pivoted thereto by a pivot pin 16. Each arm has an angular toe or eXtension 17 at its lower end, between which and the cooperating lug 13, a spiral spring 18 is interposed, one of the ends of these springs being seated in the depressions 15 formed in said lugs and the other bearing againstthe under or inner sides of said toes or extensions and acting thereagainst to yieldingly hold the bottle holding arms .a clearance space 21 between the arms and the neck of the bottles when thrust between said arms. This permits the label on the neck of the bottle to be thoroughly soaked i stiff radially movable pivoted arms adapted and in passing through the washing apparatus or by treatment otherwise, it will be Washed from the neck. These contact points 20 offer resistance to the introduction of a bottle between the holding arms so that with the springS acting to yieldingly hold the arms inward, it will be impossible to force the open end of a bott-le against the abutments 19 with sufficient force to crack or chip the same; and as the free ends of the holding arms are curved outward to provide flaring inner edges at such ends, it is clear that the operator needs only to grasp the bottle, place the open end thereof over the end of the water discharge tube and against the inner edges of the holding arms,
then force the bottle down until the openl end contacts with the abutments. When forcing the bottle down the upper or outer contact or resistance points lirst impinge against the neck of the bottle and offer resistance to the'same, and when the lower or innerl set of contact or resistance points are engaged by the open endl of the bottle, the holding arms are caused to'move outward farther and in some instances, depending on the shape of the bottle neck, the V upper or outer set of contacts or resistance points are momentarily forced outof Contact with the neck of the bottle. The necessary resistance, however, is applied toV the bottle by the lower set of contacts so that after passing the last named contacts, the bottle is gradually moved down against the abutments 19 and when in this posi-tion, both the upper or outer and the lower or inner sets of contact points impinge against the bottle and effectively hold the same centrally over the tube 8. Y
It is to be understood that the resistance offered to the introduction of the bottle neck between the holding arms is not suiiicient vto render it difficult to position the bottle,
but merely prevents sudden and forcible contact of the open end of the bottle against the abutment.'v It isiapparent also that for bottles of different shapes or contour, the
l holding arms herein shown may not serve to j properly hold the bottle in position and in such cases a holder is applied to the water out-let tube 8 which will be formed in shape, or length/to properly grasp the neck o-f the bottle, or if desired', both the neck and body,
as this would be merely a matter of design so long as the features of my invention are retained and it is furthermore apparent that .changes in the construction'and arrangement of parts may be resorted to without departing from the spirit of my invention or sacrificing any of the advantages thereof.
Having thus described my invention, what e 1 I claim is,-
1. A bottle'holder having a plurality of to grasp the neck of a bottle and provided with two sets of inwardly projecting con- `tact points offering resistance to the introduction of the bottle between said arms and adjacent its pivotal point, and springs interposed between said toes and said lugs to force said arms inward.
3. A bottle holder comprising a head having a plurality of outstanding lugs, each provided with a depression in its upper face and with a pair of spaced ears, a bottle holding arm having one end pivotally se' cured between each pair'of said ears and provided with an angular toe projecting from the outer edge thereof, and springs held at oney of their ends in the depressions of said lugs and bearing at their other ends againstv said angular toes to force the bottle holding arms inward.
4. A bottle holder having al support and a plurality of radially movable arms pivotally secured to said support, each of said arms having prominences and an abutment at its inner edge, as and for the purpose set forth. v
5. A bottle holder comprising` a head a` secured to said head and having their inner In testimony whereof, I have aiiixed my edges iared at their outer ends, each arm signature in the presence of two subscribing 10 having two spaced inwardly projecting conwitnesses.
tact points between its extremities and an abutment between the inner contact point JOSEPH NOLL and the pivot of said arm, corresponding lViitnesses:
A contact points on said arms acting in unison CONRAD HAMMER,
to grasp a bottle. ELLA C. PLUEGKHAHN.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for ve cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of lPatents, Washington, D. C.