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Publication numberUS1022501 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 9, 1912
Filing dateMar 13, 1906
Priority dateMar 13, 1906
Publication numberUS 1022501 A, US 1022501A, US-A-1022501, US1022501 A, US1022501A
InventorsHenry D Perky, Laban Sparks
Original AssigneeShredded Wheat Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Machine for manufacturing grain into form for food.
US 1022501 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

H. D. PERKY, DEOD.

L. SPARKS, ADMINISTRATOR.

MACHINE FOR MANUFACTURING GRAIN INTO FORM FOR FOOD.

APPLICATION IILED MAB..13, 1906.

1,022,501 Patented Apr. 9, 1912.

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Y My. 67 621%? i ATTORNEK COLUMBIA PLANOGRAPH co., WASHINGTON. u. c.

H. D. PERKY, DECD.

L. SPARKS, ADMINISTRATOR.

.MAGHINE FOR MANUFACTURING GRAIN INTO FORM FOR FOOD.

APPLICATION FILED MAR.13, 1906.

1,022,501, Patented Apr.9,1912.

2 SHBETS-SHBET 2.

E ATTORNEK COLUMBIA PLANOGRAPH C0,, WASHINGTON. u. C.

UNITED %TATE% PATENT OFFIOE.

HENRY D. PERKY, OF GLENCOE, MARYLAND; LABAN SPARKS, ADMINISTRATOR OF SAID HENRY D. PERKY, DECEASED, ASSIGNOR, BY MESNE ASSIGNIVIENTS, TO THE- SHREDDED WHEAT COMPANY, OF NIAGARA FALLS, NEW YORK.

MACHINE FOR MANUFACTURING GRAIN INTO FORM FOR FOOD.

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Application filed March 13, 1906.

To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, HENRY D. PERRY, a citizen of the United States, and resident of Glencoe, in the county of Baltimore and State of Maryland, have made a certain new and useful Invention in Machines for Mannfacturing Grain into Form for Food; and I declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the same, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the invention, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to letters or figures of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.

Figure 1 is a longitudinal vertical section. Fig. 2 is a transverse vertical section. Figs. 3, 4 and 5 are detail views. Fig. 6 is a vertical sectional view of a modification, showing a speed regulating device.

The invention has relation to machines for the reduction of cereals to filamentous form for food, and it consists in the novel construction and combination of parts, as hereinafter set forth.

The object of the invention is to provide a convenient and economical machine for the purpose, wherein the forming cylinder is designed to serve as a vehicle for drying the product.

In the accompanying drawings, illustrating the invention, the letter a, designates framework, supporting the parts of the machine, and provided at (Z, with bearings for a hollow cylinder 0, having a perforated cylindrical wall. This cylinder is provided with end flanges t, usually of circular form, the flanges being on the outside of the cylinder. The cylinder is designed to be driven by means of a rotary head 6, provided with a bearing f, on which it may rotate and suitable gear teeth o, for power connection. Or, it may be geared for operation by hand. The cylinder is designed to be removable from its bearings in the frame, and may be rolled from place to place if desired. It is removably attached to the head 6, by means of a lug g, in order to engage said head for rotation.

The machine is designed to be provided with a press chamber or receptacle h, for the reception of the cereal material which is to be fed to the cylinder. Or, the ma- Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Apr. 9, 1912.

Serial No. 305,888.

terial may be inclosed in a charge cylinder 1", open at both ends. The material is designed to be fed to the inside of the perforated wall of the rotary cylinder 0, whereby it is molded or formed into filaments which adhere to said cylinder on its outside surface between the flanges t.

The material which is preferred for use in connection with this machine consists of grain, deprived of the outer coat or hull, ground, and cooked in a vessel closed in water-tight manner, in boiling water or steam. The material, if corn, in the vessel, is mixed with about its bulk of water, which is designed to be all absorbed in the cooking so that the cooked product will be set in solid form, but will have sutlicient plasticity for movement under pressure. The vessel in which it is cooked may be a cylinder having removable caps or ends, and such cylinder should be of proper diameter to fit, neatly, the follower m, which is designed to force the material in the cylinder through a throat portion 79, of the press, which may be located centrally with reference to the driving head 6, and extend in a direction at right angles thereto. In this case, the throat portion 2 is of cylindrical exterior, and'forms the journal around which the cylinder 0 moves. Or, the throat portion p, of the press casing may be located eccentrically, and suitable bearings provided to hold the cylinder 0, in proper relation thereto, so that the inside surface of its perforated wall will move over the slot-mouth s, of the throat in close relation to the marginal bearing a, of said mouth.

The follower m, is provided with a follower screw n, designed to be actuated by means of a gear nut, which may be in adjustable connection with the gearing of the rotary head 6, which is in engagement with the forming cylinder 0.

The material being pressed through the mouth or slot 8, against the perforated wall of the cylinder 0. while the latter is in r0- tation, passes through its perforations, forming elongated accretions of filament or tendril form, which accumulate on and around the cylinder between its end flanges until the cylinder is charged, when it may be taken off from the throat portion of the press and transferred to an oven or hot air chamber for drying the elongated forms, Which can then be removed from the cylinder for packing in cartons.

Having thus described the invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is- 1. In a machine of the class described, a removable rolling receiver consisting of a perforated metal cylinder having an open end and provided at its ends with exterior annular rolling flanges of equal diameter adapted to protect the product adhering to the exterior of the cylinder between the flanges.

2. In a machine of the class described, the combination with a feed press, and a perforated hollow open-end cylinder, of a feed mouth extension within said cylinder, a drive head for the cylinder, and means for simultaneously operating said drive head and said press.

3. In a machine of the class described,

the combination with a removable perforated cylinder provided with exterior end flanges, a feed press having a throat portion extending within and forming a bearing for said cylinder, a follower device for pressing the material into said throat portion, and means for simultaneously rotating said cylinder and moving said follower, substantially as specified.

4. In a machine of the class described, the combination with a perforated hollow cylinder and a press having a feed mouth forming an inside bearing for said cylinder, of means for simultaneously operating said press and said cylinder.

In testimony whereof I aflix my signature, in presence of two witnesses.

HENRY D. PERKY. \Vitnessos L. S. BURBANK, WM. 0. BREED.

Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents.

Washington, D. C.

Classifications
U.S. Classification425/382.00R
Cooperative ClassificationB29C47/30