US 1022818 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
' A. BOGDANPFY. AUTOMATIC FEEDER FOR THE METALLIC GAPS OF GROWN GORKS.
APPLICATION FILED APR. 20, 1911.
Patented Apr. 9, 1912.
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A. BOGDKNFFY. AUTOMATIC FEEDER FOR THE METALLIC CAPS 0F GROWN GORKS.
.EPPLIUATION FILED APR.20, 1911. y I 1,022,818. Patented Apr. 9, 1912.
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WITNESSES INVENTOR W W a 1110mm A. BOGDANPPY. AUTOMATIC FEEDER FOR THE METALLIC CAPS OF GROWN GORKS.
APPLIOATION IEIL'ED APR. 20, 1911.
Patented Apr. 9, 1912.
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WITNESSES I 1M 7 7MafL.
UNITED STATES. PATENT OFFICE.
ALEXANDER iaoenANrrY, on NEW 'Yoax, N. Y., nssreNon. 'ro INTERNATIONAL CORK COMPANY. or BROOKLYN, NEW YORK, A CORPORATION or NEW onx.
AUTOMATIC FEEDER FOR THE METALLIC CAPS OF CROWN GOBKS.
' Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Apr. 9, 1912'.
Application filed April 20, 1911. Serial No. 622,386.
To all whom it may concern.
Be it known that I, ALEXANDER Boe- DANFFY, a subject of the King of Hungary, and resident of the city of New York, in the county of Kings and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Automatic Feeders for the MetallicCaps of Crown Corks, of which the following is a specification.
.The present invention relates to anautomatic feeder for metallic capsto apparatus for making closures of the fCrown cork type for bottles. These Crown corks comprise usually three'parts, that is a metallic cap, having a head and a corrugated flange, a sealing disk, preferably made of cork, and
an interposedimpervious paper c'ollet. The
apparatus for assembling and uniting these parts comprises usually a rotary carrier on which the metallic cap is either placed b caps to the Crown corkmaking machines by. means of such devices is irregular, and not continuous, so that usually two feeders must beprovided' fofi each machine in order to insure the roper operations of the same.
' Another de ect of these rotary distributers is that they are apt; and, in fact do very often injure or deform the caps.
The object of the present invention is to generally-simplify the feeding devices of this type, and to obviate the defects. of these Q devices, which have been mentioned hereinbefore, and others.
1 out interruption.
Another object of the invention'is to con-.
struot a feeder for metallic caps which willpresent them in their inverted positions to two assembling an uniting machines with- With these and other objects in View,
The automatic feeders for which will appear as the nature of the invention is better understood, the. same con-r 's'ists in the combination, arrangement and construction of parts hereinafter fully described, pointed out in the appended claim and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, 1t being understood that many changes may be made in the size and proportion of the several parts and details of constructidn without departing from the spirit or sacrificing any of the advantages of the in- 'vention.
One of the many possible embodiments of the invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, 'in which Figure 1 is a plan view ofthe feeder constructed in accordance with thepresent invent-ion; Fig&
22 of Fig Fig. 3 is a section taken on line 33 of Fig. 1 Fig. 4 is an enlarged sectional detail of the chute of the feeder with its distributer; Fig. 5 is a section taken on line 55 of Fig. 4; and Fig. 5 is a section In the drawings, the numeral (i indicates" a vessel with a slanting bottom 7 inwhich an opening 8 is provided, communicating with a tubular extension 9 of said bottom. This vessel is placed upon a suitable sup- 2 is a section taken on line i port 10. The metallic caps are dumped into the vessel, and transferred to the chute supplying means by an elevator mechanism 11. This elevator mechanism'is in the case illustrated in the drawin s of the bucket type,
and consists mainly o .a plurality of buckets or cups 12, connected by links 13 to form an endless chain. This chain runs through the tubular extension 9 of the vessel 6 in the di-, recti onflofjhe arrow shown in- Fig. 3 overga sprocket wheel 14, mounted'upon-a shaft 15, which is journaled; inanysuit-able manner and rotated by any, suitablesource of power.
As the buckets arrive at their-uppermost positions and start their downward movement, they empty theincontents into an inclined trough 16, on whichthe caps slide intotheehute supplying mechanism. 1
The chute supplying mechanism comprises a, preferably, cylindrical receptacle 17, which is supported by astandard 18, attached to the floor,for instance. The bottom of this receptacle consists of a disk 19, fixedly attachedto a shaft 20, which isjournaled in the standard 18, and rotated by any a 17 for a purpose hereinafter to be described. This block is provided in its bottom portion with an arc-shaped recess 23, which runs along the cylindrical wall 17. The disk 19 contact-s with the block 21, forming thereby with the same a passage 24, the inlet 24' of which is always open. The outlet 24 of the passage 24 communicates with a slot 25 in the cylindrical wall of the receptacle 17, which .slot, in turn, communicates with a, chute 26, which directs the metallic caps to the surface of the rotary carrier plates, or to other places. The cross sections of the passage 24, the slot 25 and the chute 26 are, preferably, oblong and of the same size, and of such dimensions that metallic caps can freely 'pass through the same whether they rest with their concave faces upwardly or downwardly, or in other words whether they rest on their heads or on their flange portions.
The chute 26 branches out at 27 into two sections. The section 28 leads to a carrier 29 of a Crown cork assembling or uniting machine, while the section 30 leads to a carrier 31 of another machine. At thepoint of junction of the sections 28 and 30 inverted V-shaped lugs 32 and33 are attached to, or made integral with, the inner surfaces of thewalls 34 and 35, respectively, of the chutes. The pointed ends 36, 36 of the V-shaped lugs are arranged above the points of junction of the chute sections 28 and 30, while the legs of the V-shaped lugs extend down into said sections at a distance from their outer walls 37 and 38, respectively, which is somewhat greater than the height of the flanges 39 of the caps 40. The lugs 32 and 33 project toward each other and decreases the cross sec- The operation of this device is as follows: The metallic caps are dumped into the vessel 6, and, when a rotary motion is imparted to the sprocket wheel 14, the caps will be fed intermittently into the receptacle 17, and more particularly onto the rotary plate 19.
Those caps which fall on the block 21 will slide down, owing to the inclination. of the upper surface of this block, onto the plate 19. The. caps are thrown by the centrifugal force outward toward the periphery of the disk 19 some with their concave faces upward and some downward, and pass through the inlet 24 of the passage 24 into the same,
and are conveyed toward and through the slot 25 into the chute 26. In sliding down the same, they will be distributed by the coacting lugs 32 and 33 in the following mannner: Those caps which rest with their heads 41 upon the wall 44 of the chute 26' can pass with their heads between the lefthand legs of the lugs 30 and 33 only, and will thus be guided into the section 28 of the chute, and those caps which rest with their flanges 39 on the wall 44 of the chute will be guided by the right-hand legs of the lugs 32 and 33 into the section 30 of the chute. The distribution of the caps is aided by the tapering form of the same, by reason of which they will slide down the points 36,36 of the lugs in one or the other direction, as they are presented to the said points with their heads or flanges downward. From an inspection of Figs. 2 and 4 of the drawings it will be observed that the caps will always be presented to the carriers 29 and 31 in portation takes place by the carrying devices 29 and 31.
While herein a particular type of elevator mechanism has been shown, it is obvious .that any other elevator mechanism could be made use of which, preferably, intermittently carries the caps into the chute supplying mechanism.
Itwill be observed that, while the device has been described as particularly useful for the feeding of metalliccaps of Crown corks, the same can be used wherever bodies are to be fed to a machine, the cross sections of which are reduced somewherein size.
What I claim is:
In an apparatus for feeding metallic caps, I
thecombination with a cylindrical receptacle having a slot to which a peripheral passage in said receptacle leads,.the cover of said passage slanting toward the bottom of said receptacle, a rotary disk in said recepcle for feeding said caps by centrifugal force into said passage and through said slot, a
chute leading from said slot branching into New York, and State of New York, this 14th two sections, and lugs in said chute projectday of April, A. D. 1911.
in" into said two sections for 'uiding the ca fis into one or the other of t he same as BOGDANFFY' 5 they slide down said, chute on their heads or Witnesses:
on them flanges, respectively. I SIGMUND HERZOG,
Signed at- New York, in the county of BIRNBAUM.