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Publication numberUS1023247 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 16, 1912
Filing dateMay 8, 1911
Priority dateMay 8, 1911
Publication numberUS 1023247 A, US 1023247A, US-A-1023247, US1023247 A, US1023247A
InventorsChancy A Frees
Original AssigneeChancy A Frees
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Artificial leg.
US 1023247 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



Patented Apr. 16, 1 912.



specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Apr. fZ.

Application ined May 3,1911. serial No. 625,703.

Artificial Leg, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to an lartificial leg and more particularly tolan improved construction of the ankle joint, which combines great freedom of movement with a mini-` mum amount of friction. Briefly stated the ankle joint is formed of a `ball and l socket, the lball member of which is anchored in a novel manner to the foot, so that while the leg is free to rock universally or in all directions upon the ball, the latter cannot rotate to assume an improper angle to the foot.

In the accompanying drawing: Figure 1 is a longitudinal section partly in side view of an artificial leg embodying' my invention; Fig.2 a section on line 2-2, Fig. 1; Fig. 3 a plan of the foot, and Fig. 4 a bottom view of the'leg.

The lower leg proper 10 is yieldingly connected to ythe foot 11, by the heel cord 12 and foot spring 13 as usual. Within the lower end of leg 10 is formed a socket 14 adapted for the reception of a lower cooperating ball 15. This ball is so anchored tothe leg as well as to the foot, that while permitting a free swaying movement any objectionable rotatingdefiection of the foot is prevented. In order. to effect this result, there is pivoted to the center of ball 15, an arm 17 by a' diametrically extending pin 16. This arm is movable within a slot 18 of the ball, so that there is ample play between ball and arm within one' zone of the former. The arm isof a length to'extend outwardly beyond the ball, and its pro-v truding end is rounded and accommodated within a. suitable bearing of the leg shown to consist of a trough-shaped glitter 19, but

this bearing may be differently formed if desired. It will thus be seen that the play of arm 17 within slot 18 permitsa rocking movement of the leg upon the ball anteriorly and posteriorly, while a rocking or lateral movement in the other `direction is permitted by the turning of the rounded end of arm 17 in its bearing 19. During this universal movement however the leg is locked to the ball against rotation owing to 19. In order to also lock ball 15 to foot 11`, there is securely tapped into the4 ball, -ascrew bolt 20, passing loosely through a corresponding perforation of the foot, and carrying at its lower end a nut 21, by which the bolt is secured to the foot. Bolt 20 carries a fixed collar 22 which is provided with prongs 23 orother suitable means, by which the collar andl consequently bolt 20 is rigidly secured to the foot. Thus as the bolt cannot turn in the foot, and as the ball cannot turn in the leg, any rotating deflection of the foot relatively to the leg is prevented, while a vfreeor universal rocklng movement of the leg on the foot can readily take place.

Below ball 15 there is arranged a lower socketed plate 24 resting on cushions 25 which control the lateral movement of the foot, said plate being apertured as at 26 for the passage of bolt 20. Plate 24 is secured to leg 10 by screws 27 engaging nuts 27a and adapted to be'tightened up from time to time to compensate for wear.

It will be seen that by the construction described, a very desirable ball and socket ankle connection is formed which permits great freedom of natural movement, minimizes friction and prevents rotative deflection of the foot.

The toe joint of the foot is formed by a pliable leather strip 28, set into a groove 29 of the foot and extending into a recess 30 -of the toe 31. The foot is provided with a lower flange 32 that extends forwardly beyond the slot 33 formed between foot and toe and containing a rubber spring 34. This flange thus partly underlies that section of leather strip 28 which is attached to the toe,

and where the toe is pivoted to the foot and consequently prevents any extra strain of the latter, while permitting a free normal movement at the joint.

I claim:

1. An artificial leg provided with a leg portion, a foot, a socket arranged in proximity to the ankle joint between leg and foot, a slotted ball engaging said socket,`an

arm pivoted withinv the ball and extending outwardly through the slotathereof, and a' bearing for the protruding'end of saidarm.

2. An arti'iicial leg provided with a leg portion, a foot, a socket on the leg portion, a ball engaging thev socket, means for nonrotatively securing' the ball to the leg por tion, a bolt secured to the ball, a collar fast I on the bolt, and means for locking the collar to the foot. v l

3. An artilicial leg provided with a leg portion, a foot, a socket on the leg portion, a slotted ball engaging the socket, an arm pivoted within the ball, a bearing on the leg portion for said arm, a bolt depending from the ball, a collar faston the bolt, means for locking the collar to the foot, and a nut earriedby the bolt; 'v v 4. An artificial leg provided with a leg portion, a foot, an' upper socket formed o n the leg portion, a slotted ball engaging said socket, an arm pivoted within the ball, a bearing on the leg' portion for said arm, a lower perforated socket beneath the ball, a bolt secured to the ball and passing through said lower socket, means for securing the vlower socket to the leg, and means for locking the bolt to the foot..

5. An artificial leg provided'V with a grooved foot having a lower forwardly eX- tending flange, a recessed toe, a flexible strip that is fitted within' the foot-groove, and the `toe-recess, and a spring within the joint between foot and toe, the lower flange of the foot extending across the 'toe joint and beneath the strip forwardly ofsaid joint. y

In witness whereof I have hereunto signed my naine inthe presence of two subscribing witnesses. f


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5314499 *Apr 4, 1991May 24, 1994Collier Jr Milo SArtificial limb including a shin, ankle and foot
US5545234 *Nov 1, 1994Aug 13, 1996Collier, Jr.; Milo S.Lower extremity prosthetic device
US6306178Oct 21, 1999Oct 23, 2001FountainheadProsthetic device using a cam-shaped wheel
US8574313Feb 22, 2011Nov 5, 2013össur hfMetatarsal joint shape for prosthetic foot and control mechanism and system for same
US9427338Oct 30, 2013Aug 30, 2016össur hfMetatarsal joint shape for prosthetic foot and control mechanism and system for same
US9439786Jul 31, 2013Sep 13, 2016össur hfProsthetic ankle module
US20110208323 *Feb 22, 2011Aug 25, 2011Ossur HfMetatarsal joint shape for prosthetic foot and control mechanism and system for same
WO2000023017A1 *Oct 21, 1999Apr 27, 2000FountainheadProsthetic device using a cam-shaped wheel
U.S. Classification623/49, 623/51, 623/54
Cooperative ClassificationA61F2/6607