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Publication numberUS1023756 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 16, 1912
Filing dateFeb 20, 1911
Priority dateFeb 20, 1911
Publication numberUS 1023756 A, US 1023756A, US-A-1023756, US1023756 A, US1023756A
InventorsArthur Aubriot Pons
Original AssigneeArthur Aubriot Pons
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Exercising apparatus.
US 1023756 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



1,028,756. Patented Apr. 16, 1912 2 SHEETSSHEBT 12 A. A. FONS.



Patented Apr. 16, 1912.





Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Apr. 16, 1912.

To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, ARTHUR AUBRIOT PONS, a citizen of the United States of America, residing at Brooklyn, New York,

in the State of New York, one of the United States of America, designer, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Exercising Apparatus; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the same.

The invention relates to improvements in exercising apparatus as described in the present specification and illustrated in the accompanying drawings that form part of the same.

The invention consists essentially in the novel construction and arrangement of parts whereby spring controlled telescopic members are embodied in an exercising apparatus in a special manner more particularly described hereinafter.

The objects of the invention are to devise a portable exercising apparatus particularly for the development of the chest and arm muscles,ysuitable for both old and young persons by reason of the interchangeability of the resilient member and generally to provide an exercising apparatus to be operated by the hands and arms, simple in construction, cheap to manufacture, durable and interchangeable as to its parts.

In the accompanying drawings Figure 1 is a view of the apparatus in use. Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section through the apparatus showing one handle in elevation. Fig. 3 is an enlarged perspective view of one half the apparatus, a portion thereof being shown in section. Fig. 4 is a perspective detail of a tube end. Fig. 5 is a perspective view of one half of a modified form of the invention, a portion thereof being shown in sect-ion. Fig. 6 is an elevation, part section of another modified form of the invention. Fig. 7 is an enlarged sectional elevation of a handle end of the apparatus shown in Fig. 6. Fig. 8 is a perspective detail of a grip handle arrangement.

' Like numerals of reference indicate c0rresponding parts in each figure.

Referring to the drawings and more particularly to the arrangement shown in Figs. 1 to 4, 1 1s a tube having the slots 2 longitudinally arranged therein toward each end thereof.

3 and 4 are inner tubes of a diameter to nicely fit the inside of the outer tube 1 and having a portion of their inner ends' at all times within said outer tube.

5 are ears formed on the inner ends of the inner tubes 3 and 4 and bent outwardly therefrom into the slots 2 thereby prevent-- ing the said tubes 3 and 4 from rotating in the tube 1 but permitting them to slide therein.

6 are suitable handles rigidly secured to the outer ends of the tubes 3 and 4.

7 is a coiled spring snugly fitting within the outer tube 1 and connected at each end to a rivet 8 extending across the inner ends of the tubes 3 and 4. The said spring in the normal position of the parts as shown in Figs. 2 and 3 may be neutral or in a state of slight compression, but it will be seen that the outward movement of the inner tubes 3 and 4 is limited by the lugs 5 in the slots 2.

9 is a cross rivet extending transversely through the tube 1 and spring 7 midway of the length thereof and connecting said tube to said spring at this point. i

10 are suitable graduations on the exterior of the inner tubes 3 and 4. The preferable arrangement of these graduations or markings is that shown in the drawings, commencing with zero at the terminations of the tube 1 and mounting up to, say 30 to ward the handle ends of the inner tubes, the extremities of the outer tube 1 serving as pointers to said graduations, during the sliding of the tubes 3 and 4 within said outer tube.

In Fig. 5 a modified arrangement of the invention is shown and in this arrangement the handle tubes 11 slide over the middle tube 12, this being just the reverse arrangement to that shown in Figs. 1 to 4. spring 13 extends the full length of the apparatus inside the tubes 11 and 12 and abuts at each of its ends a plug 14 secured in the outer end of each tube 11 said outer ends being rigidly secured to the handles 15. The slots 2 in this arrangement are longitudinally arranged in the handle tubes 11 and the middle tube '12 has an outwardly turned lug 5 at each end thereof engaging said slots 2. The graduations in this ar rangement of the invention are on the ex-' terior of the middle tube 12 and commence with zero at the inner extremities of the handle tubes 11 and mount up to say 30 at the center of said middle tube 12. The

plugs 14 may be detachable so that the .thereon inwardly but in Figs. 6 and 7 anspring 13 can be removed and a stronger or weaker one inserted as occasion may require.

The hereinbefore described arrangements of the invention are for an exercising apparatus in which the handles are grasped as shown in Fig. 1 and pressed inwardly, thereby sliding the tubes having the handles other arrangement is shown whereby the handles may be pressed inwardly or pulled outwardly as the user, desires. figures 16 is an outer tube having a handle 17 rigidly secured thereto at the outer end thereof as hereinafter described. 18 is a tube sliding within said tube 16 and having approximately half its length normally contained within said tube 16. 19 is a handle rigidly secured to the outer end of the tube t 18. The handles 17 and 19 are provided with annular recesses 20 into which are fitted the outer ends of the tubes 16 and 18 respectively, said tubes having an abutment at the ends of said recesses. 21 are orifices centrally arranged through said handles. 22 are screws extending radially into said handles and through orifices in the tube ends, thereby rigidly but detachably securing said handles to said tubes. 23 is a coiled spring extending from handle to handle within the tubes 16 and 18 and having ends 2-1. 25 are bolts each comprising a conical head 26 and a shank 27 said conical head engaging the converging end 24 of the spring 23, and said shank extending through the orifice 21 in the handle. 28 are nuts threaded onto the outer ends of the shanks 27 and detachably securing said bolts 25 and thereby the spring ends to the handles. If necessary to replace the spring 23 with a stronger or a weaker spring, this can readily be done by removing the screws 22 and the nuts 28 when the handles may be removed, the spring withdrawn and a new one carrying bolts 25 at its ends inserted in its place, the handles being then replaced exactlyas before. In this form of the invention the graduations are on the tube 18 and connnence with zero at the inner ter-I: mination of the tube 16 in the normal posi- 't tion of the apparatus, and mount up on' either side of said zero point to, say 30 as clearly shown in Fig. 6.

In Fig. 8, a grip handle is shown as'a detachable feature to the handles of the appar'atus. In this figure 29 is a limb spring securedto the handle by screws 30, said spring curving upwardly and outwfardly each side the center and having slots 31 at its outer ends. 32 is av grip handle. 33 are pins inserted through the slots 31 and threaded into thegnp handle 32. 34 are In these mg to which form of the apparatus is being washers between the spring 29 and the heads. of the pins 33. It will thus be seen that the f grip handle is resiliently and detachably mounted onto the handle and maybe uti lized to further develop the muscles by gripin tightlv said handleea ainst the resist- P s e n .ance of the spring 29, while exercising with the apparatus. 4 In the use of tlns invention, the handles aregrasped, one in each hand and a set of exercises ma be performed by pressing inwardly on the Handles against the compression resistance of the spring member or by pulling outwardly on said handles against the resistance of the spring member. accordused, but in any-case the-amount of compression or pull 'is visually indicated by a tube end in conjunction with the graduations' on one of the tubes forming part of the apparatus. p 4 An apparatus-such as hereinbefore described is extremely interesting as a strength tester apart from its usefulnessas an exer cising apparatus.

It is obvious that the form of detachable handle shown in F ig. 7. and also the spring grip device shown in Fig. 8 are equally well applicable to the forms of the invention shown in Figs. 2 to l and in Fig. 5.

What I claim as my invention is:

1. In a device of the class described. a middle tube member, a pair of tubes telescopically arranged in relation thereto one at each end thereof, graduations suitably arranged on the exterior of certain of said tubes. handles on the outer ends of said pair of tubes and a coiled compression spring arranged within said tubes.

2. In a device of the class described, a hollow telescopic member. a pair of handles secured one at each extremity of said member. a helical compression spring within said member and means for detachably connecting each end of said spring to said' handles.

3. In ,a'device of the class descr ibed, a

hollow telescopic member, means within said member for resiliently resisting the telescoping of said member, a pair of handles secured one at each extremity of said member and-a spring grip device detachably secured to each of said handles.

4. In an exercising apparatus, an'outer tube, a pair of tubes slidable one in each end of said outer tube and having graduations thereon, handles rigidly moimted on the outer ends'of said pair of tubes, a coiled spring within said outer tube andconnected at eaolieiidawith the inner ends of said pair of tubes and a'crosspin transversely through said outer tube and said spring intermediate the latter, handles each having an annular recess therein and a central orifice therethrough. the outer ends of said tubes being securedin said recesses, a resilient member Within said tube members carrying a bolt at each end thereof said bolts being secured in said central orifices. V

6. In an exercising apparatus, a plurality of slidable tube members, handles mounted one at each outer end thereof, resilient resisting means within said tube members,

spring secured to grip handle devices detachably mounted on said handles and each comprisi a limb said handle at 1 s middle and upwardly and outwardly curved from said middle and having longitudinal slots at its outer ends and a plate bridging said outer ends andsecured thereto by pins slidablain said slots.

Signed at 1840 Bath ave. Brooklyn N. Y.

this 18th day of Feb. 1911.


\Vitnesses: I


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3268225 *Jul 22, 1963Aug 23, 1966Gert F KolbelSpring type physical exerciser
US3312466 *Jan 24, 1964Apr 4, 1967James V MelchionaManually operated elastic exerciser with protective shell
US3343837 *Dec 14, 1964Sep 26, 1967Grzybowski WalterSpring-biased exercising device
US3516661 *Mar 15, 1968Jun 23, 1970Hansen BenCranking action exercising bar
US3738651 *Dec 6, 1971Jun 12, 1973S CherbaFinger, hand and forearm developer
US3811672 *Apr 12, 1973May 21, 1974C SimmonsFrictional exercising apparatus
US3834696 *May 16, 1973Sep 10, 1974Sam RubinDouble-acting hydraulic exerciser
US4026548 *Jul 2, 1975May 31, 1977Daniel Lee BirdwellSpring type exercise device
US4211404 *May 12, 1978Jul 8, 1980Blowsky Frank CTelescoping physical exercising device
US4211405 *May 12, 1978Jul 8, 1980Blowsky Frank CPhysical exercising device
US4214382 *Aug 4, 1978Jul 29, 1980Shin MatsutaniTraining bar
US4257591 *Jul 3, 1978Mar 24, 1981Evans Sr KenzellElongated exercising device of variable length
US4290600 *Feb 21, 1978Sep 22, 1981Compret N.V.Push-pull physical exercising device
US4863162 *Mar 17, 1986Sep 5, 1989Tmc CorporationGymnastics apparatus
US5046726 *Feb 14, 1990Sep 10, 1991Verimark Close CorporationExerciser
US5154685 *Dec 4, 1991Oct 13, 1992Ping ChenSpring-type body exerciser
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US5300002 *Jun 18, 1992Apr 5, 1994Freye Allen EUpper and lower body frictional resistant-type exercising device
US5328433 *Jul 29, 1993Jul 12, 1994Berman Jerald AProgressive abdominal exercise device
US5411460 *Dec 1, 1993May 2, 1995Karlson; RickyModular exercise device with selectable resistance
US5643158 *Jun 12, 1995Jul 1, 1997Clementi; DavidUpper body shaping exercise device
US5913756 *Jul 19, 1996Jun 22, 1999Glaser; Roland DieterMuscle enhancement exerciser
US5941799 *Dec 11, 1997Aug 24, 1999Bergdorf; Nelson G.Hand, wrist and forearm exercise device
US5954622 *Jan 26, 1998Sep 21, 1999Olschansky; ScottGluteal exercise system
US6179749 *Mar 18, 1998Jan 30, 2001Lord CorporationResistance device
US7361126May 20, 2003Apr 22, 2008Bruce Gregory MExercise device
US7674209 *Jul 30, 2004Mar 9, 2010Toni GreeneExercise apparatus and method of operating the same
US7850582 *Dec 10, 2007Dec 14, 2010Smith Francis JFlexible exercise device and related systems
US8021284Jun 21, 2007Sep 20, 2011Edison Nation, LlcExercise device
US8747286 *Mar 16, 2011Jun 10, 2014Mark H. SimonExercise apparatus
US20040235624 *May 20, 2003Nov 25, 2004Bruce Gregory M.Exercise device
US20050026755 *Jul 30, 2004Feb 3, 2005Tony GreeneExercise apparatus and method of operating the same
US20050113219 *Nov 20, 2003May 26, 2005Mr. Warren PierreCompression Exercise Bar
US20110269607 *Sep 28, 2009Nov 3, 2011Hyung Yong ChoiShoulder exercise equipment
U.S. Classification482/128, 482/126, 73/379.8
Cooperative ClassificationA63B21/00043, A63B21/05
European ClassificationA63B21/00D2