|Publication number||US1027626 A|
|Publication date||May 28, 1912|
|Filing date||Oct 21, 1911|
|Priority date||Oct 21, 1911|
|Publication number||US 1027626 A, US 1027626A, US-A-1027626, US1027626 A, US1027626A|
|Inventors||Myron S Pelton|
|Original Assignee||Myron S Pelton|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (3), Classifications (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
M. S. PELTON.
PHOTOGRAPHIG PROCESS BASKET. APPLIOATION rum) 00u21, 1911.
1,027,626. Patented May 28, 1912.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
M. S. PELTON.
PHOTOGRAPHIC PROCESS BASKET.
APPLIOATION FILED 001221, 1911.
Patented May 28, 1912.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
COLUMBIA PLANDGRAPH cowAsHlNGToN. n. C
UNITED sTATEs yPATENT oEEroE.
MYRON* S. PELTON, OF FOLSOM, CALIFORNIA.
To all whom t may concern:
Be it known that I, MYRoN S. PELTON, a citizen of the United States, residing at Folsom, in the county of Sacramento and State of California, have invented new and useful Improvements in Photographic- Process Baskets, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to photographic apparatus.
The object of the present invention is to provide a simple, substantial and inexpensive device for the reception of sensitized media, such as photographic plates, films or cards; to provide a receptacle for said media or photographic plates whereby they may be substantially separated, equally spaced and easily adjusted in position; to provide a receptacle or basket for photographic apparatus, which is made of a material not readily susceptible to the action of various acids and chemicals in which they may be immersed; and to provide a photographic plate or card basket capable of being readily disassembled and closely packed for shipment or storage, and the parts of which basket are so designed asl to cause the structure to readily interlock and be selfsupporting without the addition of any extraneous fastening appliances or devices.
The invention consists of the parts and the construction and combination of parts, as hereinafter more fully described and claimed, having reference to the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure l is a perspective view of the basket assembled. Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the basket parts in position for assembling. Fig. 3 is a plan section.
It is a desideratum to devise and provide a light but substantial and portable receptacle or basket, wherein may be arranged in suitable style a plurality of photographic plates, cards or films, and by which basket the cards may be immersed in a developing solution and permitted to remain a suiiicient length of time to produce the desired state of development of the plates or cards. After this the basket may be bodily removed with its contained cards and placed in another solution, for instance, a fixing bath, and after a suiiicient period of immersion in the fixing bath, the basket with its photographic media can be bodily lifted and Specification of Letters Patent.
Application led October 21, 1911.
Patented May 28,1912.
serial No. 655,895.
placed in the wash, there to remain a desired length of time.
In providing a vdevice of this character, it is essential to provide means rendering the article capable of use, either with glass negatives, flexible films, or ordinary postcards. Particularly in designing the article is it necessary to provide means for supporting the postcards and films in vertical position, spaced sufliciently from each other to allow a free flow of fluid between the plates; the design of the parts of the basket being intended to prevent lateral buckling, bending or curling of t-he card or film after it has been inserted in the basket.
To accomplish the several ends of the present invention, I have shown the device as comprising two parallel spaced panels 2 and 3, having suitable cross-sectional areas, permitting them to be made of vonly the topmost and lowermost horizontal row of pins or supports would be necessary but a particular use to which the present invention is adapted is the development and other photographic processing of films and cards, which, being flexible, when vertically disposed on an edge, would not have sufficient inherent stability to stand erect without bending laterally into contact with the other cards in the basket. It is for this reason that I have provided av series of horizontal rows of the projections 4L; these rows being designed to support each independent card or film against lateral bending movement.
The upper and lower corners of the side panels 2 and 3 are each provided with suit-- able ears or bearings 5, having perforations 6 through which may be inserted transverse removable spacing rods or bars 7 and 8;
the uppermost bars 7 being reduced at their extremities, as at 9, to project through the ears or bearings 5.y rllhe lowermost spacing bars 8 are shown inthe present instance as connected by a pair of cross braces S, each of which has a pluralit-y of upwardly projecting cones 10, the pins of which aline in the planes of certain vertical rows of the projections 4 on the sides 2 and 3.
The lower ends of the panels 2 and 3 are projected downwardly suiliciently to form feet 11, which are perforated as at 12 to receive upwardly curved hooks 13 on the end of the bottom frame or bars S.
In order to form an automatic interlock in the basket when the hooks 13 at the ends of the frame bars 8 are inserted through the perforations 12 in the side panels 2 and 3, small inwardly projecting bosses 14 ,will engage downwardly projecting nibs 15 formed on the lower surface of the cross bars 8.
As before stated, it is desirable to manufacture the baskets of some material which will have inherent stability and rigidity, and will be able to withstand the action of the chemicals in which it may be immersed. The interlock of the parts of the basket, when assembled, is caused by the slight spring of the feet 11 when their bosses 14 engage with the nibs 15 as the upper ends of the side panels 2 and 3 are spread, so as to permit the insertion of the transverse spreading or spacing bars 7. This interlock is diagrammatically illustrated in Fig. 2.
In order to prevent the accidental dislocation or withdrawal of any of the plates or cards, after they are placed in the basket, I have provided a strap or locking frame 16, which is hinged, as at 17, upon one of the transverse spreader bars 7, and which is adapted to be swung open or swung downward to extend across the upper edge of the plates or cards; the opposite ends of the strap frame 1G, or lock, beingdownwardly turned and formed with snap hooks 19, which may spring from the opposite transverse spreader bar, thus preventing the accidental movement ot any of the plates or cards in the basket.
The lower edge of the strap frame 16 is provided with a plurality of inverted cones 18, the points of which aline with the points of the cones in the vertical rows on the sides 2 3.
The device here disclosed is light, durable, acid proof and may be disassembled or knocked down for packing or storage, and can be readily assembled by any person without requiring skill. It may also be made in such sizes as will enable the processing of a large number of photograph or other sensitized devices.
The devices forming guides and supports for the cards may be shaped or arranged as conditions to be met may require.
Having thus described my invention, what l claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is- 1. A photographic process basket, comprising spaced, parallel, readily detachable panels and transverse spacing bars extending therebetween, and readily detachable, said panels and bars being provided with a plurality of spaced, inwardly directed conical points.
2. A photographic process basket comprising spaced, parallel side panels, having vertical and horizontal rows of inwardly directed conical points, between which may be inserted and evenly spaced sensitized photographic media, spreading bars at the upper ends of the side panels, and a bottom frame having upwardly turned, conical points in the planes of the points on the side panels.
3. A photographic process basket comprising spaced, parallel side panels, having vertical and horizontal rows, of inwardly directed conical points, between which may be inserted and evenly spaced sensitized photographic media, spreading bars at the upper ends oit' the side panels, and a bottom frame having upwardly turned, conical points in the planes of the points on the side panels, said bottom .trame having upwardly turned hooks on its extremities engaging and interlocking with the side panels.
4. A basket adapted to receive photographic media, and carry the same through photographic processes, said basket being` composed of a flexible, chemical resisting material, said basket having vertical spaced side walls, the inner surfaces of which are provided with inwardly directed, conical points arranged. in horizontal and vertical rows, a bottom frame separating the lower ends of the panels and having hooks engaging the same and tending to throw the upper ends of t-he panels toward each other, and spreading bars transversely supported in and separating the inwardly pressed ends oit the panels.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
MYRON S. PELTON.
Witnesses Gr. A. BAUER, J. T. Braces, Jr.
Copies of lthis patent may ce obtained for ve cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. C.
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|US2526366 *||May 4, 1948||Oct 17, 1950||Kallio Richard K||Adjustable daylight film developing tank|
|US4523826 *||Nov 19, 1982||Jun 18, 1985||University Of Pittsburgh||Autoradiography apparatus including a slide rack|