US 1027764 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
F. RILLEAU. AVIATOR PROTECTOR. AmfLIaATIoN FILED JAN. 12. 1911.
1,027,764. Patented Mays, 1912.
FRANQOIS RLLEA'U, GF LQS ANGELES, CALFBJUIA.;v
Specification of Letters :Patent Application filed January 12, 1911. SerialNc. 802,346.
Patentet Mey T6 all whom imag concern.'
Be 1t known that l, Fmmois RiLLnAU, o citizen of France, residing at Los Angeles,
'in the county of Los Angeles and State of California-5 have invented a new and useful Av1ator-Protector, of which the followingv is a .specicatiom y i This invention is designed to afford protection in case of accident to aviators und other riders that are liable to fall from considernble heights or from high speed ma# chimes. l
The` protector is' a hollow walled body havingjt cavity for the perso-n to be proteetedand'may have a, door in t'ront that covers the body and legs. ln some instances the door will extend down in front of the occupants legs sind in other instances will terminate abovethe seat a sutllcient distance to accommodate the legs of the occupent.
`The accompanying drawings illust-rate the invention.
Figure 1 is a 'front elevation of :t protector embodying the invention and in use with an ziviator in riding position in e. flying;
machine, portions of the steering geur of which are shown. The floor extends 1n nir, enit-lie wells front of the rders body end terminlites above the level of the seat. Fig. 2 is e side elevation from the right side oi? Fig. 1; the aviator and the frame ot the 'protector b eing indicated in otteil lines. Fig. c vertical ntid-section on line Q23, Figs. l, zmtl Vf Fig. lis ou plain section 'trom' line al, 1? 2, cnil 8. l Fig. 5 is a top. Fig. is e. diagrammatic perspective 'fm' y of the frame uncovered,
The protector comprises o hollow double Walled hotly l 'having cavity 2 in one eide. to sooornnoolaleV the person of' the winter. The floor 3 of the cavity is formed. by conA volntion ot seid double wall mtl specetl above the onse Well t to form e sect for the aviator. The roof? 5 of the c '-fi'ty is e con volution ot' the hollow `well forms the head protector. Y
The hollow side walls S have forward ezt tensions 7 et their bottoms to form eg prov tet-tors and s, double 'Well ntermedicte protector 8 projects fermier-cl mirlwcy be tween the sirle leg;l iroectors "he We tericl of which 'the Walls are matie is 'flexible pretend-fly' being `escotchotic-coverefl con of several ply so to he 'linpervions to are inflated 'by air which may be pumped in through the vowed en.
nozzle 1G. Seid flexible material is lielf in@ normal shape by a frame 11, mede of strongl light, metal rods; throughout.
The cavity 2 is closed et haelt, sides, top and bottom, and open at front. Buttresses12, 13, project inwardly .from the seid treme being integral side Walls' part Way across the cavity. To Y one of these buttresses is hinged a door 14 having a latch which may be in the form ot' a strap 15A buttoned on a, button 16 on the inner side of the other buttress.
'Straps 17 may be provided at the ctunersK 'of the onse for the purpose of fastening the 'protector to the frame of the vehicle to which it is to he applied.
The .@loo'z` and the buttress are preferably provided with. notches 18 'through which the arios of the user may be extended 'to enable him to take hold of the steering gear 19 of the flying machine or he is riding.
ln practice the 'pneumatic shield formeel by the'hollov: wallecl hotly having 'the eavity in front will break :t fell; the hotly of the aviator being sustained by the cushion like sent, back, or sidesin cese either strikes the ground tits@ mid in cese the front er;- tensions nml roof strike 'the ground lirst the hotly will be sustained by the door cmi Mio buttresses; the Seme serving to hold me arms sind thighs ot the :wiener to @merel against throw ng tlieyliocly ngel' the root T @telles et the frontetl es of 'the side inst below the 'roofA 'e es lateral t openings te allow the aviator to look lf clniiirz- .Jn aviator protector comprising a double wol-led. hotly having e. cavity to a@ coinmotlnte a person and :t loti'blewalled roo-l n-fclm'.
' f Ain aviator protecto comprising on ,in-
other Yeliicle in which 'having n, traine and forming n, heed.'
4. An aviator protector comprising an iniated double walled body having a cavity formed with a fioor and roof to accommodate a person; the ioor of said cavity forming a seat and the roof of said cavity form? ing a head protector. l
5. An aviator protector comprising a double walled body having a cavityin one side to accommodate a person; said cavity being formed with a floor; said floor being adapted to form a seat for a person and a roof above Said seat; said roof being proy, vided with a frame and forming a head properson, and there being forward extensions of the side walls-ofy the body project-ing above t-he level of the seat.
7. An f aviator protector comprising a double walled body having a cavity in one side to accommodate a person; said cavity being formed with a roof, a Hoor and side Walls; the Hoor of said cavity being adapted to form a seat for the person; and a door in front of they cavity; there being open spaces formed between the door and the floor andwalls of the cavity to accommodate the `legs and arms of a person.
8. An aviator protector comprising a double walled body provided with a cavity to accommodate a person and form a seat, and also provided with three forward eX- tensions spaced apart to accommodate the aviators legs,
9. An aviator protector comprising an iniated double walled body provided with a cavity to accommodate a person and form a seat, and alsoprovided with three hollow forward extensions spaced apart to accommodate the aviators legs. ,y
10. An aviator protector comprising a hollow pneumatic shield provided with a seat and with a cavity above the seat to accommodate the body of the aviator; said hollow .pneumatic shield being provided with a frame extending into the portion of said shield above said cavity to form a head protector for the aviator.
11. An aviator protector comprising a hollow pneumatic shield provided with a seat and with a cavity above the seat to accommodate the body of the aviator and providedA with buttresses, and a door above the seat to support the thighs of the aviator against movement from the seat.
12. An aviator protector comprising a hollow pneumatic shield provided with a seat and a cavity above the seat to accommodate t-he body of the aviator and provided with a roof and lwith forward extensions, and with a door in front of the cavity.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto setmy hand at Los Angeles, Californiaythis 24th day of December, 1910.
FRANQOIS RILLEAU. Inpresence of- JAMES R. TowNsEND,
L. BELLE RICE.