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Publication numberUS1029894 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 18, 1912
Filing dateNov 14, 1910
Priority dateNov 14, 1910
Publication numberUS 1029894 A, US 1029894A, US-A-1029894, US1029894 A, US1029894A
InventorsElmer E Schellenger
Original AssigneeElmer E Schellenger
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Distributer for dumping wagons and cars.
US 1029894 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


m awn Patented Jun 18, 1912.



. 1,029,894 Patented June 18,1912.


E uuentoz E Z, 30% Fierga ELMER SGHELLENGER, or

mvnns'i'pn; eAnIronnims'rmsurnn m DUMPING WAGONS nn cans.-

' T outshone it may concern Be it'known that I, ELMER SCHELLEN- can, citizen of the United States, residing at Riverside, in the county .of Riverside and 'State' of California, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Distribu- 'ters for Dumping wagons and Cars, of

which the following is a specification. In building highways and railroad roadloeds, sand, gravel, crushed stone, broken rock orballast-are usually carried to the place selected for dumping the wagons or cars and the load then dumped at successive .points,*the load after it is dumped being distributed to a proper and uniform depth along the'road by manuallabororby means of scrapers afterward driven along the line of the road. The load may be distributed to some degree by driving the dumping wagon at acertainrate of speed over the' surface to be filled and allowing the load tobe continuously discharged from the wagon as it moves.

While this secures a certain distribution for the load, it does not secure a uniform d stribution thereof and does not provide any means forl-e-veling the surfaceof the broken stone, sand, gravel, etc., so as to secure a uniform depth, of the road-mak ing material. v

The primary ObJQfJl) ofv my invention 1s to provide means for gradually discharging undercontrol the contents of a dumping- 1 wagon or car, and particularly to provide a means used in connection with. dumping wagons or dumping vehicles of any charac-- terwli'ere by.the load carried by such vehicle may be continuously discharged therefrom and distributed to a uniform depth alongthe bed of a highway, railroador like situation and to provide in connectionlthere with means whereby the surface of the load a so distributed may be evened olfand given.

any desired lateral inclination or crown as the dumping wagon moves forward, and

without the necessity of employing manual ing wagon and, which then, as the dumping wagon moves forward along the line of the r'oa'dbed, will act todistribute the load be{ ing discharged from said wagon to 11111 form depth, and-will act ,to level the sur-' Specification of Letters Patent. Patentetliln 1912- v Application filed November '14, 1910. Serial No. I


charged may be easily, detached fromtjhex dumplng wagon in position ready for 'attachrnent to the next filling wagon, thus providing means whereby each wagon ma move forward along the line of the roadbed I I discharging and distributing its load.

MyQinvention contemplates the use of a dumping wagon having atra'nsversely ex tending discharge opening, andtheprovision beneath said discharge opening of-a detachable distributer. which upon runners "or wheels moving over the roa'dbed itself'andwhich properly distributes the load discharged from the wagon,

and which levels said load and prevents the wagon, this distributer having the general form of a hopper supported upon runners or wheels and detachably engaged with the is supported I too rapid discharge of the contents of the dumping vehicle, and provided with 'an adjustable scraper or leveler.

My invention is shown in the accompany ing drawings ,wherein:

Figure is a side elevation of a dumping wagon showing my attachment applied thereto. Fig. 2 is a rear view thereof showing one manner of distributing the load, the

deposited material :beingshown in section. Fig.1 3 is a planview of the "distributing attachment connected to the shackle on the wagon axle.

Corresponding and likeparts are referred to in the following description and indicated in. all the views of the accompanying drawings by the same reference characters.

Referrin'g to these figures 2 designates a wagon box of a dumping'vehicle of any desired'character which as shown is mounted upon vwheels. I do not wish to be limited to' any particular forinof this vehicle save that opening extending transversely across the bottom of the vehicle. As .shown. in the drawings, the vehicle is providedwit-h a it-"should beprovided-with a .discharge i roe hopper 3 located beneath the wagon'bod'y,

this hopper at its lower end being provided with atransverse discharge opening. @This opening is closed by a door or gets l of any desired character. Preferably, however, the doors as illustrated is pivoted at its for ward end on oppositely disposed links 5 connected to eyes 6, an eye' and a link, 5' and v6, being placed upon each side of the hopper .be rotated. in either direction.

3. The lower end of each of the links 5 is proided with an eye to which is attached a flexible connection or cord 7 which passes over suitable rollers or pulleys around an actuating device and is connected at its other extremity with an eye 8 formed upon the end of a link 9. "This link 9 extends beneath the middle of the door a and is pivotally connected therewith in any suitable manner. 1

In detail, each of the cords 7 passes from the extremity of the link 5 over a pulley 10 attached to the side of the wagon box; and from thence passes over a capstan 11 mounted upon the forward end of the wagon. From the capstan the cord 7 passes rearward and over a pulley 12 and from thence down to the eye of the link 9 as previously described. The capstan may be of any suitable character but as shown is provided with a ratchet wheel and pawl 13 and with a toothed wheel l i with which a spring-actuated bolt 15 mounted upon a handle 16 engages. The bolt 15 is connected to a hand-grip 17 whereby it may be lifted to permit the lever 16 to be shifted.

It will be obvious that by reciprocating the lever 16 that the toothed wheel 1-1: may 7 It will also be seen that the cord 7 is attached at both ends to the door and that as a consequence a rotation of the capstan 11 will cause the door 4: to slide forward from beneath the bottom of the hopper and in the position shown-in dotted lines in Fig. 1, thus disclosing the mouth of the hopper and allowing the contents of the wagon to be discharged.

My distributer and leveling attachment comprises a hopper 18, the sides of which are straight. The front of the hopper is formed by a plate 19 which extends down below the open bottom of the hopper, as shown in Fig. 1, while the rear end of the hopper is formed by a plate '20 which extends downward and inward at an inclination and. then vertically downward to the lower edges of the sides of the hopper. I I

Attached to the front plate 19-are the downwardly extending parallel bars 21- which atthcir lower. ends are bent as at 22 and extended forward and attached each to a flat runner 23. A brace 2 f extends downward and forward from the upper end of each of the bars 21 and is attached at its lower end to the runner 23 at. about its middle.

Attached to the sides of the hopper 18 are the draft;- bars which extend forward to any desired point and are connected at their forward. ends by a tran verse bar it which is provide-dab opposite points of its lwgth with the bends or loops Attached to the forward end of the wagon in any desired manner and preferably to the n rl\|\t\]7]lt lmn' 9Q 'lhig nn .icJA .r.

with eyes 29 whereby it ispivotally attached to the wagon axle. .Itwill be seen that this shackle COHStItJUtGS-tt double hook which may be eas ly connected to the cross bar 26 or as easily CliSCOnnected therefrom. The shackle 28 is raised or lowered byany suitable connection on the wagon and preferably as shown by connecting the shackle to a link or links 30 which in turn are connected to a bifurcated elevating rod 31 which is held in a raised or lowered position in any suitable manner.

It will be particularly noted from Fig. 1 that the rear lower edge of the hopper 18 is considerably higher than the forward lower edge of the hopper which extends downward nearly to the runners 23. to the vertically extending portion of the rear end of the hopper 18 is the adjustable leveling plate 32. This plate as will be seen in Fig. 2 has'a plurality of vertical slots through which pass stud bolts extending outward from-the vertical portion of the rear end 20 of the hopper. It will be obvious that the leveling plate may be thereby adjusted vertically and that it may be adjusted so as to have a slight angularity with relation to the face of the, roadbed, if desired.

In order to provide for clearing stones or very small obstructions from or in front of the runners 23 so that the hopper may be kept at a proper elevation, I provide .each

of the runners with an angular scraper 341 which is mounted upon the outs de edge of each runner in any suitable manner as by the angle irons 35 and which extends to the forward end of the runner and is then bent inward and forward as at 37, the front for ward end of the scraper 36 being practically in line with the inner edge of the runner. 1 thus eliminate any chance of the runners being lifted upon passing over small stones or other obstructions and thus prevent the hopper from getting out of a parallel relationto the level of thciroad upon which the load. is being dumped.

Hingedly mounted upon the sides of the hopper are the side boards 38, these side boards beingso constructed as to turn up into a vertical position extending above the upper edge of the hopper 18. This is necessary where the wheels of the wagon, car or other vehicle are trayeling upon a surface raised above the level of the surf'ztceiipon which the runners 23 are travelin' these circumstances the mouth 0 charging hopper 3 would be at such above. the distributing hopper 18 thatthe he dis- Attached s under iateriaLwould not be discharged into the hopper 18 but some of it would escape around the sides of the hopper 18.

The operation of this invention in the maklng of roads is as follows. The distributer 18, mounted-upon runners or wheels as may be desired, is placed at any desired point, as for instance the point of commencement of the work. A wagon load of material is then brought to this point and the passes I p 7 The wagon is drawn ahead until the shackle 28 is in proper relation to the bar 26.. The vehicle' may be then stopped and the shackle engaged with the bends 27 on the bar 26. It

. is possible, however, to lower the shackle 20. 'vehicle. After this engagementhas' been and engage the bar 26 without stopping the made, the gate to the'hopper 3' is opened by reciprocating the lever 16, as before described. The team moves forward at a slow ,rate of speed, \drawing with "it the wagon and the distribtiter 18.

-while, is discharged through the mouth of The load, meanthe hopper 3 and into" the hopper of the distributer. and is distributed onto the roadbedte a uniform depth and with a uniform width, as shown by the cross section in Fig.

As soon as theload has been fully discharged and the level of. the broken stones,

gravel, etc., has fallen slightly below the mouth of the hopper 3, and before the broken stones, gravel etc. have sunk below the upper edge of the distributing hopper 'l8,'the driver stops the team and disengages the shackles 28 from the draft bars 25. He then drives ahead-and then, by means of the lever 16, reversely operates theflexible connection 7 to close the gate 4. This process is repeated by successive wagons untilthe material has been. distributed for any desired distance in a continuous and unbroken mass of uniform Width and of uniform depth.

If it is desired to increase the'strip of roadbed thus distributed, it may be done in either of two ways. A parallel strip of road-making material may be distributed upon the road close against thetop edge 'of' either or both sides of the stripof material already distributed. Second, by repeating the first process and distributing a parallel strip or strips of material with an interval bet-ween the strips, this interval to have about the same width but being a little nar rower than each parallel strip previously distributedf These intervals between the first named strips ofroadbed may-be afterward filled to it uniformdepth by' drivingthe wagon. upon-the parallel strips of roadmaking material first distributed and by tnrnin up the side-boards 38,'a's =prev 1ously lescri d. Fig. 2 shows acrose 'seotionof a roadbed with two parallel strips of roadmaking material so placed as to leave an 111- terval between the strips, which interval:

may be afterward filled as above described. It will be obvious that my device permits dumping vehicles containing roadanaking material to be discharged over any area of any desired width or length, and provides fer a continuous and uniform distribution of material having a uniform depth and a level. surface. It will also be seen that my attach- .inent permits broken stone, gravel, ballast or other road-making material to be distribper 18 as being mounted upon runners 23, I

do not wish tobe limited to the use of runners for this purpose as it is obvious'that wheels or any other supporting means which is able to travel over the ground might be used. Neitherdo I wishto limit myself to any particular form of dumping wagon and gate therefor as it is obvious that other forms of dumping vehicle than that shown,

provided with otherforms of discharge gate might be used without departing from the spirit of the invention.

It will be seen that the depth of the material to be distributed dependsentirely upon the adjustment of the leveling plate 32. If this plate is forced downward to its full ex- -tent, the depth of the material discharged, will be relatively slight. If, however, the plate is drawn up to its full height, it will be relatively deep; As the machine advances along the road this scraper plate, together with the rear end of the hopper, will forcethe crowded material forward so as to distribute the material to any depth desired. It will be seen that the sides of the distributing hopper 18 will prevent the material from being crowded laterally by the from being discharged in front of the hopp'er but is guided rearward, thus causing the maternal to pack in a much better-manner than 'ifthe plate orgfront 1 9 of the hopper only; extended as'far down as the bottom edge of the mouth'of' the hopper-18. Further'more, it is to be notedthat the sides of.

the hopper 18 {are not extended downward for the reason that this would prevent the proper lateral discharge of the material, and

for the same reason the runners, wheels or ,other supporting anembers upon which the distributing hopper is mounted, and by which it is supported at a predetermined distance above the 'surface of the road upon which the material is being placed, are located forward of the body of the hopper 18 so as not to present any obstruction to the lateral and rearward discharge of the material from the distributing hopper 18. The distributor, as above described, is so connected .to the Wagon that it will rise and fall independently of any vertical movement of the wagon body itself. Thus while the wheels of the wagon or othervehicle are traveling upon one elevation, the runners, wheels or other supporting members of the distrib-- uting hopper may travel upon a lower or different elevation, and it will also be seen.

in this connection that any irregularity of motion communicated to the Wagon itself by passing over the surface for instance of the broken stone will not be transmitted to the distributor which travels upon the surface of the roadbed itself, which surface has been cleared in front of the runners, wheels or other supportingmembers by means of the clcarers or scrapers '37.

\Vhile I have illustrated my distril'mte' as used with a wagon having a discharge opening disposed about midway of the wagon body, it will be obvious that the distributormight be used with a wagon discharging in any other manner, as for instance from the rear, it only being necessary that the distributor shall be disposed immediately beneath the discharge opening of the wagon so that the load as it is discharged from the boards attached to the sides oithe hopper and movable into a vertical position in line with but above the hopper,

2. A distributing attachment for dump-' ing vehicles including a hopper open at the top and bottom and comprising opposed sides, .a rearwardly and downwardly inclinei'l-iront and a rear end, the front end o't said hopper extending downward and reareas es? ward below the'sides and rear end of the hopper, runners disposed beneath the forward end of the hopper, angular supports extending down against the'front side of the front end of the hopper and extending along and attached to said runners, and draftbars attached to the sides of the hopper and to said runners and extending forward and adapted to be connected o a wagon to permit free vertical movement oi the distributing attachment independent of the wagon.

3. A distributing attachment for dumping vehicles, including a hopper open at top and bottom, supporting members attached to the forward ends of the hopper extending below the bottom of the same and adapted to support the hopper with its mouth above the ground, means whereby said supporting members and hopper may be piyotally connected to a vehicle for tree vertical movement-and clearing scrapers carried by and disposed in front of said supporting members.

t. The combination with a dumping wagon havinga discharge opening extending transversely across it and opposed members extending longitudinally of the wagon and having rearwardly extending hooked terminal ends formed each with,- an open hook opening toward the front of the wagon,

of a distributor disposed beneath the discharge end of the wagon and including a supporting frame, a transyersely extending distributing member, upwardly and forwardly extending members on the frame, and a transverse bar attached to the for- :ard ends of said members and adapted to be loosely and detachably engaged by the hooks beneath the wagon.

5. T is combination with a dumping wagon havinga discharge opening extending transversely across it, opposed members extending longitudinally of the wagon and I having rearwardly extending hooked'terminal ends formed each with an open hook opening toward the front of the wagon, and means disposed upon the wagon whereby the said hooked members may be raised and lowered, of a distributor disposed beneath the discharge end of the wagon and including a supporting trame,a transversely extending distributing member, upwardly and it()1'\\tlltll)' extending draft members on the frame, and a transverse member adapted to be loosely and detaehably engaged by the hooked members beneath the wagon. y

In testimony whereof, I aIliX my signature in presence of two'witnesscs.

lll fllllilt .ll. SGliELliEilGllll. Witnesses ll". N. Cnanumn, l3. l iUlSUULD.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2499925 *May 21, 1947Mar 7, 1950John LockenvitzGrain wagon
US2716552 *Dec 18, 1952Aug 30, 1955Johnson Elmer WSump outlet valve for manure spreaders
US2794274 *Dec 28, 1953Jun 4, 1957Robinson Robert MPaving attachment for graders
US3362306 *May 31, 1966Jan 9, 1968Conodec IncDispenser
US4178995 *May 13, 1977Dec 18, 1979Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H.Self-propelled ballast cleaning machine for on- and off-track work
US6386792 *Jan 10, 2000May 14, 2002James E. StevensonImplement for filling wheel tracks
US6398454 *Jan 24, 2000Jun 4, 2002Romolo BitelliVibratory finishing machine for road asphalting
US6543961 *Aug 3, 2000Apr 8, 2003Torbjorn RenselDevice for sealing joints between concrete elements
US8888403 *May 2, 2012Nov 18, 2014Dwayne L. AthertonCombination gravel spreader/paver geo-textile fabric installer apparatus
US20120282026 *May 2, 2012Nov 8, 2012Atherton Dwayne LCombination gravel spreader/paver geo-textile fabric installer apparatus
U.S. Classification404/108, 298/4, 298/7, 298/24, 239/650
Cooperative ClassificationE01C19/48