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Publication numberUS1030910 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 2, 1912
Filing dateJun 17, 1911
Priority dateJun 17, 1911
Publication numberUS 1030910 A, US 1030910A, US-A-1030910, US1030910 A, US1030910A
InventorsJulius Meyer
Original AssigneeGeorge Frink Spencer
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Ventilated reflector.
US 1030910 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

J. MEYER.

VENTILATED REFLECTOR.

APPLICATION FILED JUNE 17, 1911.

1,030,910, 3 Patented July 2, 1912.

2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.

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ATTORNEYS J. MEYER.

VENTILATED REFLECTOR.

APPLIOATION FILED mm 17, 1911.

1 ,030,9 1 O. Patented July 2, 1912.

2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.

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WITNESSES' d. 1 t M J'Uylfiifi Hagar:

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

JULIUS MEYER. or NEW YORK. N. Y.. ASSIGNOB. TO GEORGE YRINK SPENCER, or

NEWARK, NEW JERSEY.

VENTILATEB REFLECTOR.

Application filed; June 1-7, 1911. Serial No. 633,791

ing to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invent-ion, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertaius to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, audio char actors of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.

The present invention has reference, generally, to improvements in reflectors; and the invention relates, more particularly, to a novel construction of ventilated reflectorbody.

The present invention has for its principal object to provide a simple and etficien! construction of reflector holly adapted to he used to illuminateoperating tables, the said reflector body being provided with ventilating means whereby the heat generated by the illuminant is prevented from being concentrated upon the patient, the operating surgeon and attendants. Of course, it will he understood that the use of-such a novel reflector body is not. confined to operating tables. but that the same may he applied to many other The invention has for a further object to provide a inc-ans for carrying away from the interior of the refleetor-hmly the heatv gen.- erated'by the illiuninating units arranged therein, and at the same time providing a means for maintaining an insulating layer of cool air between the source of illumination and the locus to be illumii ed.

Other objects of the present invention, not at this time more particularly enumerated, will be clearly understood from the follow i mg detailed description of the present in vention. I

\Vtth the various olnects ()fllllS invention in view, the same consists. primarily, in the novel ventilated refieetonbody hereinafter set forth; and, furthern'iote, this invention consists in the novel arrangements and combinations of, theivarious mechanisms and. their parts, as well as in the details of th construction thereof. of which will hereinafter more fully described in the lowing specification, and then finally Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented J uly 2, 1912.

' reference-character flector members bodied in the clauses of the claim which are appended to and which form an essential part ofthis specification.

The invention is clearly illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which V Figure 1 is a lon itudinalv vertical cross section of the nove construction of ventilated reflector-body made according to and embodying the principles of the present in vent-ion; Fi 2 is a bottom view of the same; and, ig. 3 is a transverse crosssection of the same takenxon line 33 in said'* Fig. 1. Fig. 4 is a longitudinal vertical cross-section of a slightly modified construction of ventilated reflect-or body embodying,- however, the principles of the present invention, there being illustrated in connec tion therewith, a means for creatinga forced circulation of air there/through,

Similar characters of reference .are employed in all of the hercinabove described views to indicate corresponding parts;

Referring now to the said drawings the 1 indiuitcs the complete reflector made according to and embodying the principles of the present invention, the same con'iprisiug a dome 2 from which (lcpendsa reflector-shell 3 terminating at its lower portion in a downwardly depending surrounding apron 4. Said 11ci'lector-shellfl is preferably formed to pro vide angularly disposed faces. Supported. in any suitable manner, upon the inner faces of said reflector-shell are a s ries of re- 5. the same being made. preferably. of either plain or corrugated silver-ed glass. Secured. in any desirable manner. to said dome .3 is u suspending: hanger 6, which may be made in vllrious styles both as to construction and design. and one or more of which may be secured to said dome. The reference-elmracter 7 indicates a horizontally extendingpartition member supported within the interior of said dome 2. Secured to said partition member are a series oflzimp sockets 8 from which depend, downwardly beneath said partitionmen'iher'and within said reliech'ir-shell. a series of illuminating units 9. l'Vh'ile the illuminating units shown in the rawinus are of ca: cent electric lamp type. it and and that an desirable of illuminating unit or units may be used wi" the novel reflector body, either of electric. g S. generating source.

partition-iuvinher.7- is przwided with a phirality of suitably disposed holes or openings tornnng coninninicating ges l'xetween the air-chamber 11 formed passa id dome 2 shove. said partitioibmemher and the interior space I) 011' said reflector-- w, a '2': number l3 dzspos s'rd escape-holes or i '-"h th heated air provided furthermore with a plurality of air escape holes or openings let located beneath said part1tioirn'iemher '7, and adapted to 1 permit the escape of a large portion of the ing air space or chamber 23.

heated air collecting in the interior space 12 of said reflector-sliell 3. Extending transersely acros the bottom portion or month of said reflector-shell 3 is api eonnec iraineineinher 15 adapt to support a glass partition member 16. Send partition nemher or screen .16 is constructed slightly shorter than the length of said reflectorshell, so as to provide air passages or open spaces 17 at each end thereof. The lookscrews 18 areadapted to support said partition member or screen 3.6 in its operative or normal position. The said downwardly depending apron 4 is provided with an outwardly extending head 19 adapted to provide a guide-Way 20 in which is slidably arranged a frame-member 21 adapted to support a glass partition memher or screen 22, which registers below said. partitionmember or screen "16 forming on interven- One end of said apron t is provided with an opening admitting said partition member or screen .22 to its guide-way 20 the outer end of said lf'rame-memher 21 being provided with a handle-member 24 for manipulating said frame-member or screen 22. whenit is so desired. Opposite portions ofthe walls of said apron 1 are provided with a plurality 'of holes or'open-mgs 25 forn'ung air passages communicating with the said intervening air-space, r chamber 23 located between said ISP6CUYG phrtition members or screens 16 and 22. Supported by said partition memher 7 and extending downwardly through said interi r space 12 of said reflector shetl 12 are tu ular members 26, the lower ends of which project through properly disposed openings 27 in said partition-member or screen 16 so as to communicate with said intervening air-space or chamber 23. Said tubular members 26 communicate at their upper ends ivith said air-chamber 11 formed in the upper portion of said dome 2.

The ventilation of the reflector constructed as ahove described is accomplished as follows; The cool air from the exterior of the reflector p 'zsses through tlie air passagesfio into the intervening air space 23,121 portion the openings 17. i in said s'o reflected ilhtmina rise th pa s in capes Luv tioii ms:

cool e i leetini: 'wlCi'l acts scent of he nanner a n the hoies or opemngs and thence escaping th openings 13, th y than of cool. air drsmn tins openings and into inter Way or openings 17 at the ends of said partition member or screen J v 1 h it It will thus be mp s .Yit that the lnte" nor of sa reflector-shell reli-itively cool, Wli i not only minim zes the strength of the descending heat waves, but by carryaway the heat from about the lighting units tends to lengthen the lite. of the same, when the some are of the in 4 trio type. I

Referring now more particularly to Fig. 4 of the accompanying drawings, there is illustrated therein a slightly modified construction of reflector enrnodying however. the general principles of the present inven tion. in this construction the reference character 28 indicates adorne. 29 the reflector shell. 3t th downwardly depending apron.

he reflector shell is provided with the ret ctor-niembers 31. Arranged within dome isuie horizontal partition-member from which depend the illuminating unis Arranged transversely beneath said refiectorshcll is the transparent partition member or screen 34. which, being shorter than the length of said reflector shell, provides an air passage 35kt each end thereof. The reference-character 36 indicatas aslidaioly disposed transparent partition member or screen. adapted to be registcred beneath said partition member or screen 34 to provide the intervening air-space The reference character 37 indicates the l'iandle-member of said partition member or screen 36.

The opposite end walls ,of said apron 30 are provided with suitably disposed series of holes r openings 39 com- :2.ndescentelec I by said partition member 32. Said ,partition-member 32 furthermore pro vided with suitably located holes or openings 43 providing air passages leading from the interior of said reflector shell into said air chamber 42 in said dome 28. The upper wall of said dome 2-8 is provided with an outlet passage or opening 44-. A hollow tubular hanger 4-3 is secured to said dome, and serves not only as a means for suspending the reflector, but, also, as a means for carrying away the heated air irom the interior thereof. Said hollow hanger 43 being provided with a T fitting, or other suitable device, it for connecting with said hollow tubular hanger 45 a pipe or duct 47 for corn \cying away the heated air. It will be understood that said tubular hanger 45 may be connected with a flue or chimney ot thc building in which the reflector is used whereby the circulation or draft is secured;

or, a suction fan or pump 48 may be connected therewith for drawing oil the heated air and establishing a forced draft through .--a id reflector. It will be apparent that the circulation of the air within this modified construction of reflector will take place as follows:-The outside cool air will flow' through said holes or openings 39 into said intervening air-space 38 and will be drawn upwardly through said tubular-members 40 nto said air chamber 42 and thence through said tubular hanger A portion of the cool air passing through said holes or openings 39 will find its way through said passages 35 into the interior of said reflectorshell 29, thence passing through saidholes (\I openings 43 of said partition member into said air chamber 42, and will pass thence thuough said-tubular hanger 45, thus establishing a circulation of cool air within said reflector-shell 29;

It will he clearly evident from the above description of the present invention that the same provides a novel ventilated reflector which will permit the desired character and quality of illumination. without the accomaniment of undesirable heat at the locus' 0' be illuminated. -be apparent, that the said reflector 1s partic- 'For thisfreason, it will ulgrly adapt-ed forthe purpose of illuminating operating tables in hospitals,.and'for the illumination of laboratory and other work benches. thereby preventing the heat from descending upon the persons working at such pla es, and '"liminating considcr able discomfort. and providing better working environment and conditions.

I am fully aware that some changes may be made in the general arrangements and combinations of the various devices and parts, as well as in the details of the construction thereof, without departing from the scope of the present invention as set forth in the foregoing specification, and as defined in the clauses of the claim which are appended to the same. Hence, I do not limit the present invention to the exact arrangements and combinations of the devices and parts described in the said specification, nor do I confine myself to the exact details of the construction of the said devices and parts as illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

1- claim 1. A reflector provided with illuminating units, means for providing an inclosed air space in the mouth of said reflector and beneath said illuminating units. and means admitting cool air into said inclosed air space.

A reflector provided with illuminating units. a pair of transparent partition members arranged in the mouth of said rellector to provide an intervening air space beneath said illuminating units, means admitting cool air into said air-space, and means permitting the escape of air from said air space.

3. A reflector provided with illuminating units, a pair of transparent partition mem hers arranged in the m outh of said reflector to provide an intervening air-space beneath said illuminating units. and means permitting cool air to enter said intervening air space comprising the provision of openings in the walls of said reflector communicatiup with said intervening air space. tubular members communicating with said intervening air space to provide air passages for conducting the air to the upper portion of said rellectoizand means for permitting the escape of the air from the upper portion of said reflector.

l. A reflector provided with illuminating units, a pair of transparent partition mom-- bers arranged in the mouth of said-reflector to provide an intervening air space heneath said illuminating units, said partition-members being arranged to move from their normal inclosing position so as to permit access to the interior of said reflector, means pern'iitting air to enter said air space, and means permitting the escape of air from said air space.

5. A reflector provided with illuminating units, a pair of transparent partition memhers arranged in the mouth of said reflecto'r' to provide an intervening air space heneath said illuminating units, said partition xirenilgers arranged to more from their 1 permitting air to enter said ai1"-space;'comprising the provision of openings in the W'alls of said reflector communicating with said intervening air space, tubular members communicating with said intervening air space to provide air passages for conducting the air to the upperpor ion of said re Hector, and means permitting the escape of the air from the upper portion oi'naid reflectorv 1 6. A reflector con'iprisi "g a'reflector-shell, a dome at the upper portion of said reflector shell and a surrounding apron at the mouth of said reflector-shell, illuminating units, means within said dome for supporting said illuminating units within said reflector shell, means for providing an air space in the mouth of said reflector-shell and beneath said illuminating units. means permitting air toenter said air space, and means mitting the escape of air from said air-space.

7. A. reiiector comprising 'a reflectorshell, a dome at'the upper portion of 5: id reflector shell and a surrounding apron at the mouth of said reflector-shell, illuminating units, means within said dome {or supporting said illuminating units within said reflector-shell, a pair of transparent partition-members arranged in the mouth of said reflector-shell to provide an intervening air space beneath said illuminating units, means permitting air to enter said intervening air space, and means permitting the escape of air from said air space.

8. A- reflector comprising areflector shell, a dome at the upper portion of said reflector shell and a surrounding apron at the mouth of said reflector-shell, illuminating unit-s, means Within said dome for supporting said illuminating units Within said reflector-shell, a pair of transparent partition-members arranged .in the mouth .of said reflector-shell to provide an intervening air space beneath said illuminating units, means permitting air to enter said in tervening air space comprising the provision of openings in said apron communicating with said intervening air space, tubular inelnhers supported within said reflectorshell, thelower ends of said tubular members communicating 'vvith said intervening air space and the upper endscommunicating with the interior of said dome, and means for, permitting the escape of the air from the. interior of said dome.

9. A reflector comprising a refiector shell, a-dome at the upper portion of said reflector-shell, and a surrounding apron at the mouth of said reflector-shell, afioriprovided with suitably disposed openings forming airpas.sagesl connecting the interior of said reflector-sheli with the upper space of said dome, illuminating units su I ported within said 'reflectonshellby said partitionmember, a pair of transparentof said rellcctor-sheil to provide, an intervening airspacebeneath said illuminating units, the upper of said partition-members being of less length than the length of said reflector ell so as to provide air-passages eonnnu ing with the interior of said reflector shed, means permitting air to enter said intervening sir-space, means permitting the escape of air from said intervening airspace, and means permitting air to enter said reflector-shell.

10, A reflector provided with illuminating units, means for providing an incloserl air space in the mouth of said reflector and beneath said illuminating units, and means adapted to force air to flow through said inclosed air space.

1.1. A reflector provided with illuminating units, a pair of transparent partition members arranged in the mouth of said rcflector to provide an intervening air-space beneath said illuminating units, means per-l mitting the passage of air through said intervening air-space, and means connected with said reflector for compelling air to How, through said intervening air space.

12. A reflector provided with illuminate ing units, a pair of transparent partition members arranged in the mouth of said to fleotor to providean intervening air space heneath saidilluminating units, means permitting cool air to enter said intervening air space, means for conducting the air from said intervening air space to the upperportion of said reflector, and means provi ing an air passage communicating with the upper portion off-said reflector, and means connected with said air passage for compel ling a circulation of air through said redoctor and said intervening air space.

13. A reflector provided with illuminatin units, means-for providing an inclosed air space in the mouth of said reflector and beneath said illuminating units, an air pump, and means connecting said reflector and said intervening air space with sa d a r pump whereby a forced circulation of a r taine zontal partition-member within said dome ,h linivrn runt-nan. I v

partition-members arranged in the mouth throu h said intervening air space is ob- In testimony that claim the invention Copies of this patent may be. obtainedfor five cents each, by addressing: the Commissioner of Patents.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2447498 *Mar 23, 1944Aug 24, 1948Ellner George GElectrical fixture or the like
US3433941 *Dec 30, 1966Mar 18, 1969Crouse Hinds CoLighting unit
US5355290 *Jun 25, 1993Oct 11, 1994Sportlite, Inc.Lighting apparatus
Classifications
U.S. Classification362/345
International ClassificationF21V29/02, F21S8/00, F21S8/06
Cooperative ClassificationF21V29/02, F21W2131/205, F21S8/06
European ClassificationF21S8/06, F21V29/02