US 1032326 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
A. G. E. ERICHSEN.
APPLICATION FILED JULY 10.1911.
1,032,326. rammed July 9,1912;
UNTTED STATF PATENT @FFTCE.
ADOLPH C. E. ERICI-ISEN, OF PROVIDENCE, RHODE ISLAND, ASSIGNOR TO GORHAM .MANUFACTURING COMPANY, OF PROVIDENCE, RHODE ISLAND, A CORPORATION OF RHODE ISLAND.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented July9, 1912.
Application filed July 10, 1911. Serial No. 637,619.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, ADoLPn O. E. Enron- SEN, a citizen of the United States, residing at rovidence, in the county of Providence and State of Rhode Island, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Pocket- Receptacles, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to certain new and useful improvements in pocket receptacles, and relates more particularly to a receptacle adapted to be carried in the pocket for con taining matches, cigarettes or the like.
The object of the invention is to provide a novel receptacle of this character which is composed of two parts which parts are secured together by a hinge connection, which latter, when the parts are moved to closed position, automatically locks the same in such closed position.
In the drawings: Figure 1 is a perspective view of the receptacle in an open position. Fig. 2 is a similar view of the same in closed position. Fig. 3 is a sectional view on the line 3-3 of Fig. 1. Fig. 1 is a detail perspective view of the cover in detached posit-ion. Fig. 5 is a detail perspective view of the split tube casing. Fig. 6 is a similar view of the spring structure, and Fig. 7 is a side elevation showing in dotted lines, the parts in closed position. i 1 designates the body and 2 the cover, th latter being formed at its rear end with ears 3 which latter have sickle-shaped openings 4. formed therein. The cover is formed with an end wall 5 which is provided with integral curved lugs 6 carried thereby in spaced relation to each other.
Referring to Fig. 6 of the drawings, it will be seen that a spring structure is employed which consists of two coils 7 and 8 arranged in spaced relation and formed from one piece of wire. The wire from which the coil is formed has a straight portion or bail 9 and right angular arms 10, the latter being continued to form the coils 7 and 8, and the inner ends of the coils 7 and 8 are extended to form L-shaped arms 11. The spring is supported on a rod 12 which passes through the coils 7 and 8 and has its ends secured to the side walls of the body 1, it being understood that the ends of the rod 12 are also passed through the slots 4 of the ears 3 of cover 2. The arms 11 are engaged with the lugs 6 of the cover 2 and are held stationary thereby, while the ends of the arms 10 adjacent the straight portion 9 of the spring structure abut the bottom of the body 1, as seen in-Figs. 1 and 3. A split tube 13 s pl ed ver the coils 7 and 8 of the spring structure and acts as a protecting casing therefor.
It will be noted that due to the shape of the slots 40f the ears 8, the cover in addition to its pivotal movement with respect to the body is possessed of a sliding action, and when the cover and body are relatively slid, the end wall 5 of the cover 2 will be forced by the spring to enter the bodyl in the position depicted in Fig. 3 of the drawings. The cover is automatically locked with respect to the body by merely moving the parts from the position shown in Fig. 3 to that shown in Fig. 7, the spring acting to impart a sliding movement to the cover in a direction toward the rear of the body, so as to bring the edge of the rear wall 5 of the cover into engagement with the edge of the rear wall of the body, whereby the cover is locked in position and is incapable of be ing opened until the body and cover are given a relative sliding movement which latter will cause the end wall 5 of the cover 2 to enter the body as shown in Fig. 3, whereupon the cover may have a pivotal movement.
As clearly shown in Fig. 7, of the drawings, the cover, when in closed position as represented by dotted lines, is incapable of any pivotal movement whatsoever until the end 5 thereof is slid to the position illustrated by full lines in Fig. 7, at which time the spring will enter into action to rotate the cover about its pivotal point constituted by the rod 12. The bail 9 also acts to e11- gage and retain the base end of a package of paper matches, the base end of the package being slipped beneath the bail in an obvious manner.
The present invention, it will be observed, does not employ any catch or other locking means other than so far as the spring structure can be said to constitute the lock. The entire locking means is confined at the pivotal point of the cover, leavin the free end of the cover and that of the body free of any catch, or look of any character.
Having thus described my invention, I
claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent 1. In combination with a body, a cover having lugs at its rear end formed with engaged with the body to hold the cover open when in open position and to hold same closed when in closed position.
2. In combination with a body, a cover having ears atits rear end formed with irregular shaped slots, a rod passed through said slots and secured to the body, a spring structure including a bail, arms extending therefrom, coils connected to the arms, and second arms extending from the inner ends of the coils, said coils being received over the rod, and the first named arms being engaged with the body and the second named arms being engaged with the cover, and a split tube inclosing the coils to protect same.
3. In combination with a body, a cover movably connected to the body at one end and being capable of entering the body at said end, and means to automatically lock the cover by sliding the same to cause the edge of the rear end wall thereof toicontact with the edge of the adjacent wall of the body when the coveris closed.
4. In a receptacle, a body and a cover having the inner adjacent faces of their end walls in abutting engagement when the parts are in locked position, means to pivotally connect said cover to one end of the body and to also permit the cover to be slid with respect to the body to cause said end walls to be moved out of engagement with one another, and means to move the cover about its pivotal point when the end walls are disengaged and to also automatically and positively slide the cover to cause the end walls thereof to engage the end walls of the body when the cover is shut.
5. In combination, with a body, a cover having lugs formed with slots, means car ried by the body and extending in said slots to connect the cover thereto, said slots being shaped so as to permit the cover to have a pivotal and sliding action with respect to the body, and a spring connected to the body and cover for effecting sliding movement of the cover when the latter is moved to engage the body and to also open the cover when the latter is slid relatively to the body.
6. In combination with a body and a cover, means to connect the body and cover at one end thereof to permit same to have a pivotal and relatively sliding action, the body and cover at said ends thereof being receivable one within the other when in open position, and when in closed position being in engagement, and means to automatically move the parts about their pivots when said ends are slid out. of engagement and to positively slide the same to cause the ends to engage when the parts are moved to closed posit-ion.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
ADOLPH G. E. ERICHSEN.
ADA E. HAGERTY, J. A. MILLER.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents,
7 Washington, D. C.