|Publication number||US1032472 A|
|Publication date||Jul 16, 1912|
|Filing date||May 27, 1911|
|Priority date||May 27, 1911|
|Publication number||US 1032472 A, US 1032472A, US-A-1032472, US1032472 A, US1032472A|
|Original Assignee||William Downie|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (1), Classifications (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
W. DGWNIE. REGBPTAOLE.
APPLIUATION PILED MAY 27, 1911.
Patented July 16, 1912.
- bottles which are tightly closed to the body o WILLIAM DOWNIE, OF DETROIT, MICHIGAN.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented July 16, 1912.
Application led Hay 27, 1911. Serial No. 629,916.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, lViLLiAM DowNrE, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of the city of Detroit, count of Vayne, and State of Michigan, have invented new and useful Improvements in Receptacles, of which the following is the specification.
My invention relates to boxes and bottles, and it has particular reference to boxes and revent the contents thereof from escaping y reason of evaporation.
lVhen boxes are to contain a volatile substance, it is absolutely necessary that there be a very ti ht closure between the cover` and the box. It is usual to make such a box so that the cover partially telescopes over the box, or vice versa, so that there will be a considerable surface of contact between t-lie body and the cover of the box. The surfaces of the two being tightl compressed together, it is exceedingly di fcult to separate them by reason of riction, and by reason of the sticking of the surfaces, which may be due to enamel or other nishin material used for covering one of the sur aces.
In my invention I provide a means whereby the cover may be easily wedged or pried from the body of the box wit out in any way injuring or altering the Contact surfaces, or destroying the shapeA of the box, and which may be as tightly closed after opening the same as before opening.
The invention consists, first, in providing a bead which has a ood top bearing surface, thus allowing tiaie top of the bead to act as a fulcrum. Second, in providing an outward lip on the cover, whereby a key can be placed under said, lip to pry up the cover, usin the bead as a fulcrum. Third, in providing means to limit the position of the cover downwardly on the body of the box, and yet leave suflicient space between the top of the bead andthooutward lip for the key to enter. Fourth in providing a key to open the box and also means for removably attaching the key tothe box so that any time the box is to be o cned the key may be detached and used an then re attached 'to the box whenthe 'box is again closed. In this way the key is always at hand when wanted.
The invention consists in other features described in the following description, shown in the drawings and claimed in the claims.
Referrin to the drawings: Figure 1, is a perspective view of the complete box, showing the key removably attached to the box. Fig. 2, is a cross section of the box. Fig. 3, is a front view of a part of the box. Fig. 4, shows how the covers of the receptacle are stamped out. Fig. 5, is a special tyle of beading. Fig. G, is a view of the rey.
HavinA thus described my invention in general, will describe its details by using reference numbers, which in each of the figures refer to the same parts.
1, indicates the cover of the receptacle; 2, represents the body of the receptacle; 3, represents a vertical leg on three sides of the cover; 4, is a circumferential bead extending around the body of the rece tacle; 5, is the vertical le on each side of txhe lip, 6, of the cover. T iis lip is substantially in the same Plane as the circle described by the bottom o the rim or fiange. g
7, is a slender extension of the lip, 6; 8, is the key, having an aperture through which the strip, 7, passes, and is then bent as shown in Fig. l; 9, is the point of the key which ries up the cover; 10, is a special form of `wading; 11, is the vertical rim or the flange of the cover, which tightly fits the top of the body portion.
Now it will be seen that when the box is closed, the vertical legs, 3 and 5, strike the bead, necessitating the lip, 6, of the cover being a distance above the top of the bead. The key, 8, can be detached from the box by simply bending the stri 7, then placing the point, 9, of the key un er the lip, 6, and over the bead, 4, using the latter as a fulcrum, the cover can be easily pried up. When the box is again closed, the key can be placed in its proper posit-ion. Attaching the key to the box in this manner insures the purchaser of a package getting his key, which otherwise a salesman might forget to give him. Also this method of retaining 1latter follows niinutell the key insures the latter always being on hand when it is desired to use the material in the receptacle. If not attached to the box, it is liable to be lost. It will further be seen that no rivet holes are made in the receptacle to either dry out the contents or start a rust inside by the admission of air` The vertical legs, 3 and 5, which are used to limit the cover downwardly on the receptacle are economical in construction, being made out of the waste corners, as shown in Fig. 4. They are better than a continuous flange all the way around the box, because the latter obscures the entire view of the bottom of flange 11; and to quickly and conveniently close a tightly fitting box, it is necessary that the entire bottom of flange, 11, be evenly placed on top of the body portion, 2, before applying pressure. This cannot be done quickly and conveniently unless the bottom of flange, 11, is pretty much in sight all the way around the box, which is the ease in my construction. It will be seen that when ressure is applied to the cover forcing it own over the bod portion the cover ex ands slightl outwar l and owing to the e asticity of tie tin in tie cover the the circumference of the body rim in all o its multitudinous infinitesimal changes in direction. But it is evident that if a continuous flange were used all the way around the box instead of the plurality of legs, the flange l1 would be stiff eing resisted m its outward expansion and consequently the' contact between cover and body would not be as tight.
Different forms of beading may but a style with a flat surface on to is referable. The ordinary semi-circo ar ead pressed together, as shown by 10, ives a good fulcrum surface, but other sty es will answer. While I prefer to increase the width of the strip, 7, into a wider lip, (l, near the flange 11, still it is not absolutely necessary, as the key can pry up the cover by engaging the narrow strip, 7, if the latter continues all the way to flange, 11. However, the construction that the drawings sliow of the lip, 6, is the st-ronger. Said lip, 6, may or may not be exactly horizontal.
Now I believe my be used,
drawings show the most economical and the best methods for making m device. Still the above mentioned variations may be made, and perhaps still others without departing from4 the true spirit of my invention.
What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is as follows:
l. In a sheet metal box the combination of a cover and the body of the box, the body of the box provided with a circumferential bead, the cover provided with a flange adapted to tightly fit around the outside of the ody of t ie bex, part of said flange continuing downwardly and forming a plurality of legs which strike the bead and also part of said flange continuing outwardly and forming a lip some distance above the bead thereby forminga slot between the bead and the lip, the lip terminating in a 'slender extension adapted to pass through an aperture in a key and a key as heretofore 'described'.
2. In a receptacle the combination of a body portion and a sheet metal cover, the body portion provided with a circumferential bead, the cover provided with a flange which tightly fits around the body of the receptacle, the bottom of said flange continuing outwardly and forming a lip a distance above the bead, the bot-tom of said flange continuing and forming also a leg on both sides of said lip and a leg at substantially the opposite extremity of the diaineter of the cover of which the lip is the other extremity', said flange continuing and forming also a leg at each extremity of a diametei of the cover which is substantially percndicular to the first named diameter, and all of the above mentioned legs extending down to the bead thereby forming a slot between the lip and the bead.
3. In a receptacle the combination of a body portion and a sheet metal cover, the body portion rovided with a circumferential bead tie cover provided with a flange which tightly fits around the body of ttl-ie receptacle, the bottom of said flange continuing outwardly and forming a lip a distance above the bead, the bottom of said flange continu-in also and forming a leg on one side of sai lip, and a le at substantially the opposite extremity o the diameter of the cover of which the lip is the other extremity, the flange continuing also and forming a leg at each extremity of a diameter of the cover which is substantially peiclpendicular to the first named diameter, an
all of the above mentioned legs extending down to the bead thereby forming a slot between the bead and the lip.
4. In a receptacle the combination of a body portion and a sheet metal cover, the body ortion provided with a circumferential ead, the cover. provided with three portions as follows, one portion being a flan e which tightly fits around the body of t ie receptacle, a second portion being a plurality o le s which are a continuation of the above fange and extend from the bottom of the flange to the bead, abutting the latter, thereby holding the bottom of said flange a distance above the bead, said flange continuing outwardly and forming a third lip portion a distance above the bead, one of the above named three ortions continuing and forming a slenter extension adapted to pase through an aperture in a key and a key as heretofore described.
5. In a receptacle the combination of e body portion and a sheet metal oo ver, the body portion provided wit-l1 a'eirrulnlerential bead, the 'cover provided with L [lange which tightly fits around the top part of the body of the receptacle: Suid Menge con` finding and forming two portions :is tollows, one of ,Seid portions being a lip extending outwardlyv n distance above the bead thereby forming :L slot between the bead and said lip, e second portion being e base extending downwardly und dbntting the bend thereby holding said `lip n. dintenee above the bend, the. body of the receptacle having portions on both sides of die lip ey and retainer,
downward@ @flle @weer I [SEAL] ,It is hereby eertifiedjxliet in as follows'. Page 2., after line 5i? ineert 'the following pererepii: IVM/1;
means employed to @grigia im cfa-oer -wliieli' are free from Contact with Seid buse for the entire depth between tbe bead and the `bottoni of the above mentioned iiunge, one or the :lbove mentioned two portions rmiilnmng and 'forming a slender exteneion adapted to pesS through un aperture in e,
ilVtnesses Nn'r'rin M. VAN (RIESEN, 'Cime VAN Grinsent Patent No. 11,039,472, granted July 165 1912,
u .on the u lieetion of William ownie of Detroit lvieliieen for an im movement.
l) pp e v 2; y
in Receptacles error appears in the printed epeeirieation xeqniring correction in using'A my said Letters Patent ellouid witli eorreeton therein that the Seme may AL .s e o erroneos.,
@widens '.feeeomele.; and that the ,It is hereby cortiiedjhat in Lettrfes Patent No. 1,032,472, granted July 16, 1912,
dpon the application of William Downe, of Detroit, Michigan, for an improvement retainer, [do 'noi lyzaiV emplbyed to mgage ee l 'oonform`to Signed and sealed this 17th day n [Brian] the record of the case,`
in Reoeptaoles an errorappeal@l in the pi'nednpciicaton requiring correction V44:f'nll-ow'3:",Page. 2, atervliuel, iuorhhho following -paragph in using my .i i l. l V `za-@fzl/L;fL-'vhflv lgis wlniwh pomim downwardly Qf the cover ofthe r han lifngtmyself i Letters Patent should he headwith `iblli-:issrcormotion herein that 4the sains in thefPatent Oice. i 'of september, A. D'., 1312.
V o. C. lLniNGs,
Aotz'njlommz'simer of Patents.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5975346 *||Jun 30, 1997||Nov 2, 1999||The Sherwin-Williams Company||Container for paints and similar materials|