US 1033094 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
TARGET AIR GUN.
APPLICATION FILED DEC. 21, 1911. 1,033,094. Patented July 23, 1912.
7* 5 as 2 1- I 33- I a y I J J/ mm runner rionronx, vmcmm 'rs-nidn'r AIR-GUN,
1h all ivlwm it may concern:
Be' it known that I, Ram-u Fens, a citizen of the UnitedStatcs, residing at Norfolk, in the count-y'of Norfolk andState'of Virginia, have invented new and useful Tm rovements in Target Air-Guns, of which t io fol.- lowing is a. specification.
' This invention relates to toy target aircertain -.amount of Skill, to provide means guns, andihas; among its objects to provide ag i the-dlschargmg of winch requires a for compressing air end-introducing it into the berg-ck ofthe-gun to discharge the ball, and torovide improved means for feeding thebal to;the breach of the gun and for sealing-the breach ofthe gunwhen the ball lsinpois ition; I Anotherobject' area invention is to produceh, nu requiring .skill not only in ad ust ng t e position of the ball with respect to the-target, hut-also in compressing 0 airagainst the ball to discharge it with I'sufiicient impetus to carry the ball to the target-audio, strike the targetavith the force desired,
Astill-further object of this invention is fhPl'OVidG a gun which is cpmparatigely .sl mple in construction, ofrelatively small.
pjro ortions, and a device which, maybe 'at'a nunimum cost so asto ropract-ical not only in its operation, but also In its production and distribution to the public. The invention comprises, broadly, a barrel mounted upon a support for adjustment to swing both in a vertical plane and in a horizontal plane to give the "gun or cannon a relatively wide range. The barrel of the cannon isprovided 'with means for holding it rigid when adjusted in the vertical plane, so that certain skill will be required to hold -it in the desired horizontal position, with a ball-feeding device through which the balls are'iutmduced into 'the barrel and which seals the breach or inner end of the barrel, and to provide means for compressing air and-directing it into the rear end of the barrel against the ball to discharge the same, the air-compressing menus haviiig'a' handoperable pluug'er-compressiugIa bulbto exluiust-air therefrom into the barrel, and admitt-mg of the quick or slow collapsing of the bulb to give the desired impetus to the ball mean-y it tlu-ough the desired distance and with t e desired force, thereby rquir- Specification of Letters mm. Application filed December 21, 1511, Serial No. 667,251.
rate'nteu July 1912-.
.iuga certain amount of skill in discharging -the device.
To said ends my invention consists in novel features of construction, arrangement, and combination of parts hereinafter. described and claimed, reference being made to the accompanying drawings, in which,
Figure 1 is a longitudinal vertical section, taken centrally through the improved toy- Fig. 1, disclosing a ball in positionin the barrel;'and Fig. 3 is a section on the line 3-3 of Fig. 1, disclosing the plunger slightly cmnpressed.
Referring to the drawing, in which like of reference throughout the several views,
are mounted the several parts of the improved'device. The base 10 is provided in recess 11, into .which is fitted for rotation the lower rounded end of a-standard 12. The standard 12 is reduced and flattened at its upper extremity to form :1 lug 13, which ed for a purpose hereinafter set forth. A collar or washer 14-is secured about the lbwer end of the standard 12 midway of its extremities and rests upon'the upper face ,of the base 1() to su )port the standard in upright position an provide a relat vely large base or supporting surface for the gun.
As disclosed in the drawings, the main port-ion of the gun is formed integral, or in one piece, to. provide the necessary parts for-introducing and holding the ball and for conducting compressed air against the ball. This integral member is in the form of an elongated barrel 15 'providedwnh depending spaced ears 16 which register and the opposite fiat sides of the lug 13 of the through adapted to register with the opening in thc'lug 13. A binding screw 17 is the same are brought into registration, the
ing a s mulder'ltl fitting against the adjacent car 16, and carrying upon its opposite end a binding nut 19 adapted to cngu'geaguinst the opposite car 16 to contract the fork and hold the barrel 15 rigid in the desired adjustment upon the standard 12. The screw gun; Fig. 2 is a section on the line 2-2 of the numeral 10 designates a base upon whichits upper side with a circular depression or provide a fork, the cars 16 engaging against parts are designated by similar characters v is centrally apegtured. and preferahl y round v -standard and haviugccntral openings thcrepassed through the fork and the lug when bindin screw haviugan enlarged end form- 17 is provided with a preferably knurled thumb nut 20 upon its enlarged end whereby the screw may be readily turned to release or bind the fork u on the lug. A
The supporting ork of the barrel 15 depends therefrom at a point adjacent to its rear extremity, and 'immediately above the .slightly greater than that of the ball 22 so as to snugly receive the ball and convey it into the barrel which is also of a diameter but sli htly greater than the ball. The rear end oi the barrel 15 is provided with a lower thickened wall 25 terminating in a rounded shoulder 26 immediately beneath the hopper 21 to receive the'balls 22 thereagainst to hold the same from movement outwardly through the innerend of the barrel 15.
The base 10 is provided with a suitable bulb support 27 spaced rearwardly from the standard 12 and being in the form of a sub stantially solid body having a longitudinal opening throu h its upper end, the upper and lower wal s of the opening being concaved to receive, somewhat snugly, the opposite faces'of a flexible bulb 28 which is suitably secured by an elastic neck 29 to the rear .xtremity of the barrel 15. The support "7 is provided in its upper end and within the longitudinal opening with a reeess 30 receiving snugly therein a concaveconvex plun er ada ted to rest upon the upper side 0 the bu b 28 and to be.rnoved down thereagainst for compressing the bulb by a stem 32 extending through the top of the support 27 and being provided with a handle 33.
From the foregoing description, the operation of the im roved device will be understood, since w hen it is desired to fire the improved gun, a ball 22 is forced down into the hopper 21 against the leaf 23, the spring 24 being compressed to admit of the swinging of the leaf 23 down into the hopper 21, until the ball 22 passes the leaf 23. The ball 22 drops down into'the barrel 15 against the shoulder 26 and the springpressed leaf 23 moves upwardly toseal the hopper 21. The operator now loosens the screw 17 to release the fork-ears 16 from the sides of the lug 13 whereupon the barrel 15 is adjusted ir a vertical plane to the desired positionwhen the screw is again tightened to hold the barrel rigidly in such position. The operator now grasps the rear end of the barrel 15, or adjacent parts of the gun, and swings the same in a horizontal plane into the desired position for directing the ball 22 toward the target. The operator now places the palm of the handupon the handle 33 and forces the same down to compress the bulb 28. The compressed air in the bulb 28 passes through the neck 29 into the breech of the barrel 1!) when it is conducted against the ball 22 and, since the leaf- 23 closes the hopper 21 is expelled from the outer end of the barrel'15 carrying with it the ball 22. It is readily seen that if the plunger 31 is forced downward quickly that the air will be placed under greater pressure and will project the ball 22 from the-barrel with greater force and velocity than if the plunger 31 were removed downward slowl There are thus two adjustments to be ma. 6 by hand in the discharging of the ball'22. One of these adjustments .18 in holding the ball in the desired position in a horizontal plane, while the second adjustment is in the movement of the plunger 31, to compress the bulb with the re uired rapidity to eject the ball 22 with the orce necessary to carry the ball to the targets a It will be understood that this invention contemplates various changes in the minor details of the invention within the scope of the appended claims.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as newand desire to secure by Letv fork, a binding screw carried by the fork and engaging through the lug to bind the fork upon the standard; an upwardly opening hopper carried by the barrel .for the reception of a ball, a leaf normally closing the upper end of ,the hopper, a bulb communicating with the rear end of the barrel, and a lunger operable against one side of the bul to compress the same.
' 3. A toy-gun comprising a base, a stand ard rotatable upon the base, a barrel mounted for vertical adjustment upon the standard, a feed-hopper opening upwardly from the barrel, a spring-pressed hinged leaf carried in the upper end of the hopper for normally closing the same, and air-compressing means communicating with the rear end of the barrel.
i shoulder, sai
4. A, un comprising a barrel the inner diameter of which is reduced at the rear end of the barrel roviding an outwardly facing barrel having a hollow projection at one side in registration with the shoulder providing a ball-feed hopper, a
flexible tube communicating at one end with the rear end of the barrel, a collapsible bulb connected to the opposite end of the tube,
a support for the bulb arranged adjacent to the barrel and adapted to nearly inclose the RALPH FUDA.
Witnesses REGINALD J. B. PAGE, Ivon A. PAGE.