Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS1036038 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 20, 1912
Filing dateMar 14, 1911
Priority dateMar 14, 1911
Publication numberUS 1036038 A, US 1036038A, US-A-1036038, US1036038 A, US1036038A
InventorsNewton G Vosler
Original AssigneeNewton G Vosler
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1036038 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)




1,036,038, Patented Aug. 20, 1912.



APPLICATION FILED 311113.14, 1911.

Patented Aug". 20, 1912.



I RAILWAY GAR. APPLIQATIOH FILED MAR. 14, 1911 Patented Aug. 20, 1912.




9*. M 1 $3 0H 2A wa m A m t H 6 t a P msmm i drill-limit.


Epecificatt cn of Letters Patent.

Patented 21%,

Application filed. lfiereh 14, 1311. Serial Ito. Glitll).

To all whom it may concern:

Be it. known that I, Nov/Ton C. Vosmcia, of Minneapolis, Hennepin county, Minnc sets, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Railway-Gare, of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates to a combination sleeping and parlor car and the primary objectof the invention is to provide :1. car having roomy, accessible berths which, during the day, can be easily made up into comfortable seats and lounges.

A "further object is to provide a car in which each berth. when made up will be cut oil or screened fIOHl'iZl'lG other berths so that absolute rivacy insured.

A further object is to provide a cor having upper berths which are readily blewithout the use of steps or ladders.

Qther objects of the invention will appear from the following detailed description.

The invention consists generally in various constructions and combinations, all as hereinafter described and particularly pointed out in the claims. m

In the accompanying drawings forming part of this specification, Figure 1 is a plan view of a combined chair and sleeping car embodying my invention, Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the same, Fig. 3 is a detail perspective view illustrating the berths made up for use as seats or lounges during the day, Fig. 4: is a sectional view showing the berths made up for sleeping purposes, Figs. 5 and. 8' are detail views of the hinged or pivoted back of the seat which, when the berth is made up, forms floorot the upper berth, Fig. 7 is a detail viewillustrashing the arrangement of the chairs and the manner of separating one chair from another, Figs. 8 and 9 are detail views of an improved arrangement of the-window in the, car, Fig. 10 is a detail view showing" an improved ventilating device, Fig. 1.1 a plan view showing the berths made up, Fig. 12 is v a transverse sectional view of the berths, looking toward the aisle of the car.

In the drawing, 2 represents the body of the cor, having a side entrance 3 at one end and also preferably provided with a middle entrance l on each side leading to a t'ansverse vestibule 5 which divides the car centrally into two rooms or Qscctions. The transverse vestibule allows convenient access to the'middle of the "car, allowing passengers to enter or leave the car conveniently from seats or berths near the middle of it, and in case of accident the side entrances will be found particularly convenient. This transverse vestibule feature of the car forms the subject mzitter of e. companion application herewith and 1 make no claim to the same herein. (in each side of the transverse vestibule longitudinal aisles or passage-ways 6 and are provided, communicating with the vestibule 5 through door-ways 8. When these doors are closed. the vestibule will be entirely cut oil" from each end of the car and one end or the car may be chartered for private use while the other end may be open to the public. Each end of the car is pro vided with the usual toilet rooms 9 and 10 and one of the co is preferably provided with a sn'iolring room ll. The seats in this car which form the berths at night are preferably arranged transversely of'the czar and, as shown in F l, are diagonal, or obliquely arranged with respect to the cor permit the use of a berth of greater length then would be ordinarily possible if they were arranged at right angles to the longitudinal axle of the can This arrange ment of the berths also sheets a considerable saving in'floor space, allowing room for a row of chairs and the aisle, which could hardly bepermitted it berths of this length were arranged straight across the car.

The berths consist of. ends 12' and a flat seat bed 13 supported by panels 1% an 15 and by the end panel 12, the opposite en of the seat bed fit-ting snugly againstv the wall of the car. A back 16, which extends verticolly from the sect bed 13, preferably at one side of the longitudinal center thereof, forms the back rest for one side of the seat. This back has a suitable cushion 17 or it may be upholstered in a suitable manner, and u scat cushion 18 is provided to rest upon the seat bed 13. This back rest 16 is stationary. An arm rest 16' is provided that is adapted to swing back against the stationary back rest .or it drop down to a horizontal position, if preferred, when the berths are made up When the berth is made up, another cushion corresponding to the-cushion 18 is placed on the seat bed beside the cushion on the right hand side of the stationary back swung on the pivots 20 to f can be moved inw door of the upper A movable back rest 19 is provided for each section, adapted to rest upon the seat plate 13 during the day, when the berth is used as a seat, and provided with loops 20 at their upper edges which are adapted to receive and slide on pins 20 inserted in the wall of the car and the end panel 12. (See Figs. 3, 11, and 4.) The loops and the pin form a sliding co section "to allow the back rest to drop do upon the seat bed and when it is raised a horizontal position it lly so that one edge will overhang the stat; iary back rest.

A. cushion 21 is provided for the back rest 19 which has a flap 22 adapted to cover the joint between the upper edges of the movable and stationary back rests. This movable backrest is composed, preferably, of longitudinal and end rails 23 and 2 pivotally connected and adapted to swing on their pivots from a rectangular form, as sh own by full linesiii Fig. 6', to the position indicated by dotted lines in Fig. 6. This! is to allow the movable back rest to adapt itself for use as a back rest during the day and as the berth at night.

When the movable back is raised it is a horizontal pos'- tion and then pushed inwardly until one edge is flush substantially with the edge of the seat bed, as shown plainl in Figs. 4: and 12. Sockets 25 are provide in the wall of the car and the end panel 12 to receive bolts 25' mounted on the movable back rest. The pivotal connection between the longitudinal and transverse rails of thisback rest allows the rest to be readily adapted for its di iierent positions. During the day when it is in use as a back rest it will assume a substantially rectangular form, swung to a'horizontal position bottom of the upper berththe cross bars will swing on their I pivots to conform to the diagonal arrangement of the berth, as shown plainly in Fig. 11. Iregard thisconstruc- -tion of the movable back restas an impor- I taut feature of my invention,

A flexible curtain 26 is provided extending from one edge of the back rest-19 to the ,top of the car and eiiectually screening the upper berth from the lower one, an a similar curtain or wall 27 is provided-be tween the seat bed 13 on the side contiguous to theicushion 18, also extending to the to of the car and screening the upper berth from the lower berth of the adjoining section, as plainly shown in Fig. 4. Suitable curtains also Will be provided, as usual, for

screening each section from the aisle of the car. In place of this curtain suitable partitions of any kind may be employed and still e of my invention. In case wooden partitions are provided to separate the sections from one another, the usual heavy curtains will be hung between each be within the scop but when it is toform the! which may be power ing one by a partition 31. t the chair may be adjusted to form a bed with. the interior of the device, with the window tor, forms the subject-matter applications and are not claimed in detail back rest being adapted section and the aisle of the car. This arrangement allows the occupant of "the lower berth to dress or undress on the floor ofthe car with the same privacyas in an ordinary compartment car, and the occupant of the upper berth may stand on the cushion 18 of the seat bed and have convenient access to the upper berth without the use of steps or ladders, and this berth will also be ctlec tually screened from the side and will provide the same privacy as a section in a compartment car.

vl. prefer to provide suitable wash-stands 98 in connection with each lower berth at the side of the car and other toilet conveniences, such as mirrprs, and racks of various kinds fastened to or concealed in the wall of the car, may be provided. I have not thought it necessary, however, to illustrate this herein. The curtains 26 and 27 may be mounted on the movable back rest and the seat bed or they may be detachable therefrom and folded up during the day and placed in the space beneath the seat bed with the pillows and other bedding, it preferred.

In Fig. Ll have shown a form of chair which I prefer to in this car, adapb ed for sitting up, or reclining, as desired consisting of seat portion 28 having an adjustable back 29 and a pivoted toot rest 36, each chair being separated from the adjoin- As shown in lounge at night, being separated from the car aisle by a suitable curtain depei'iding between the chair or section and the i I also prefer to provide an improved form window in the Wall of the car, consisting a sash 32 pivoted at 33 and adapted swing outwardly to an open contacting with stops 3% and when closed. The arrangement of this sash will serve to deflect dust and cinders and prevent them from. entering the car. I also provide a ventilating-device in the top of the car, consisting of a :tan 36 geared to a shaft- 37, driven or operated by means of propellers 38 mounted in the root of the The fan 36 is preferably arranged in'a chamber having trunks tfi which communicate through gratings ll car. This and the ventilw of separate of of herein.

I claim as my invention 1. A sleeping car berth comprising a seat bed having a stationary back rest mounted between the longitudinal edges of said bed and a movable back rest, said movable to swing to a hori zontal position to form the floor of the up per berth, said seat bed and stationary back rest being arranged diagonally in the car position and and extending transversely thereof, anti seitl. movable back rest being composed pivotally connected side and. eml rails to allow it to accommodate itself to the single of the stetionary back rest and. the side wall of the ear, means supporting said movable back rest in its horizontal position, and partitions separating the upper and lower berths of a section from the adjoining sections.

2. A sleeping car having a berth comprising a seat be disposed transversely of the car and (flit nally therein, e stationary back rest mounted thereon, an end. panel, a movable back rest having pivotal connections it its upg-er edge with the car Welland with said pan l and composed of sitle and end rails capabl of oscillation on their pivots to adapts :l movable back east to the :1 gle at said itionai'y back respect to the ca? "all, said nlcshle hem: Le

mi t

over and lows heel and a stationary back mounted thereon near the 'midclle poi'tion 0 said heal, a movable back rest normal resting upon seat bed. and adaptecl to moved to a horiz ntal position. one lon itudi- :-a 1 ing on sea .l. ies, mo supporting the opposite iongitedinel edge of said movable rest to form the ho om of the upper berth, said one side of said stationary back rest fox-mi the ion/e1 berth and the opposite of 1 )Stl forming a raised siiopoirt for onvcnient access to said upper h rth, and; suitable eni'tains separating upper and lower berths.

The con'ibination, with a can, of a comnetl seat and berth disposed transversely c not diagonally with respect to the hereof and comprising fist seat A an ens panel therefor, a stationary back mo. ted on said-seat bed, movable hack -oi'v'otally oonnectetl its ends i end panel and with the Wall of the ct adapted to to a. horizontal n with one etlgeoverhanging the up per Ctfl e of said stationary back rest, means supporting the other edge oi saicl movable heel; i'est, said movable back rest foi'mi the hottoni or floor of the upper hezth, saiil stat heel on one side of said stationary back .t'm'niing a step for convenient access to upper berth, said seat btiil on the other SnlG of said bfiCli rest forming the floor of the lower berth, and flexible partitions or eui'tai'ns separating said berths from the ad.- joining sections.

:3. The combination, with a car, of a combined seat; and berth disposed transversely llHi'Clii and diagonally arranged with respe i, to the Wells of cm and comprising '1 stationary seetbed, hack rests provided near the middle of seat bed, one of saicl back rests being movable and composed of pivotally connected sections adapted to assume rhoinhoiclal form. and swing to a boilzontal position parallel substantially with bottom the upper berth, the seat bed he heath sani. movable back section When raised forming the lower berth, and suitable curment of said berths in the car permitting seats and berths of greater length.

6. A railway csr having transversely arranged berths composed of seat beds and stationery heck rests centrally arranged with. to heels, movable heel: rests side each stationary back rllv to a I. iespect heel. ole noriz' zo tally, in supetige snicl movable back heel; forming the j. upper berths and sail back of said svtionm Y7 "t having a slit L ts upper entl adapted to upweicly to a horizontal pop on to i of the up e1 berth, the seat q form the botto n bed beneath said on vable bani: st i'orming suitable l' v i one non those of the in; Secllgng car berth comprising i zincl a shimmery w en, a movable bsel; to horizontal posi at the upper berth, the seat e rest mounts adapted to in {OVER the bottom hel one do lltl statio ery heel: ionizing tl botte. 1 oi the LO berth anti the SPFLC lJL on opposite side of said stetionsnv xii-ch rest forming a raised lie-or or the up om the combination, with a can", of? eel transversely thereof and having lanai-y back rest in'teimecliete to its longitudinal edges, a movable b ch" rest having one adapted to on saicl seat bed and capable of swinging to a ho "ontsl 130-- sition and resting upon seitl stationary heel; rest to form the floor of upper berth, the seat heel beneath saitl movable back rest when raise-cl forming the lower berth, anti saitt scat heel on the opposite side of saitl saitl seat bed and above the same to form the tains for said berths, the diagonal arrange.

the o= .onis of the ing Jal'lll comprising :1 .nai ba el; rest th n, a mov 'otal. con:

support w en the berth is mecle up to perinit convenient access to said uppe berth, and

other side of said seat stationary back rest from said lower berth i forming a floor or standing room for. the oceupant of the upper berth, and means screening one berth from the other.

10. The combination, with a car, of a seei. bed having a back rest in'terniediaie to its longiindinal edges, one side or said seal; bed forming the bottom of the lower berih, the bed forming standing room for to the upper berth, and means overhanging the said one side Oi? said seat bed and forming the floor or boi'rioin of the upper berth.

11. A sleeping); ear having a berth coinprising a seat bed and a stationary back rest mounted thereon, a movable bacl: rest disposed on one side of said stationary back restand adapted lo swing up to a hojrizoi ital position to form the bottom of the upper berth, the seat bed on one side of said stationary back rest forming the bottom of the lower berth and the seat bed on El opposite side of said bani; rest being unobstructed and forming a raised floor or standing room i when. the berth made up to allow eonven ient access to the upper berth.

12. A sleeping ear having a berth comprising a seat bed, a stationary back rest extending lengthwise 075 said seat bed and near the middle portion thereof, a movable back rest, the inner longitudinal edge of said inevable back rest being pivotally and slidabl'y l supported, said movable back rest being cal pa-ble of swinging upwardly to a substanl tially horizontal position and having a slid 1 ing movement on its pivots transversely of l the berth above said staiionar v back rest, i said movable back rest forming, when 5 "raised, the floor ofjthe upper berth, andl means snpporl 'ng said back rest in its raised, i horizontal posi on.

13. a sleeping oer, a berth comprising i a transverse, stationary back rest and a seat bed on each side of said back rest, a mov-- able back rest provided on one side of said stationary back restv and having a sliding, pivotal connection at its upper edge and adapted to swing upwardly to a substantially horizontal position with its inner edge overhanging the upper edge of said stationary back rest, said movable back rest "forming the floor or the upper berth, the seat bed on one side of said stationary back rest formthe lower berth, and the seat bed on the other side of said stationary back rest forming a standing room or raised floor for convenient access to the uoper berth, end partitions separating npger and lower berths from the adjoining sections.

A sleeping ear having a berth comprising a, transverse, szationary back rest and a seat bed on each side thereof, and end panels for said seat beds, said panels having movable seecions, a movable baolr rest adapted to swing; upwardly to a substantially horizont-al position, means supporting said movable back rest in its horizontal positi the seat bed beneath said movable back rest forming the floor of the lower berth and said movable back rest forming when raised to horizontal position, the ceiling of "he lower berth, and the door of she upper berth, the sea bed on the other side of said stationery back rest forming a raised floor or slandin room for access to said upper berth and said movable section allowing convenient access i-o said standing room, and snii'able ourtains for berths.

In Witness whereof, l my hand this have hereunto setlt-h day of March 1911.


Witnesses 2 Genevieve E. Sonnnsnn, EDWARD A. PAUL.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3246347 *Jul 2, 1962Apr 19, 1966Mason Peter CCombination seat and bed
US4589612 *Aug 13, 1984May 20, 1986Wibara HalimHigh-density accommodations system utilizing convertibility from parallel bedding to vertically staggered seating
US7946532 *Mar 29, 2006May 24, 2011Eads Sogerma ServicesFurniture unit for a vehicle, especially an aircraft
U.S. Classification105/315, 297/62
Cooperative ClassificationB61D1/08