US 1036697 A
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11. E. PEROIVAL. MOLD FOR CEMENT OR GONGRBTE TIES,
.APIELIGATION TILED NOV. 30, 1910.
Paterited Aug. 27, 1912.
2 SHEETS-SHEET l.
H. E.'PERGIVAL. MOLD FOR UEMENT OR CONCRETE TIES.
APPLIOATLOH FILED NOV. 30. 1910.
Patented Aug. 27, 1912.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2 p the 'oint where the sockets are to be formed in tie tie .is a yoke B. In fact'there are two yokes arranged upon the mold, one at either end thereof, to provide sockets for receivin' the fastenings for the two rails. Description will,- however, only be made of one. The yoke B, as said before, rests upon the top ed es of the mold and is made sufliciently'wi e to rest thereon with a relatively wide bearin It is attached tothe mold by means 0 thumb screws 12 which fasten through the lugs 6 dependent from the yoke on either side of the mold, the fastenings being threaded in and extending through these lugs and bearing against butts 1) dependent from the outwardly flaring" edge of the angular reinforcement a extenda ing along the top edges of the sides of the mold, as before described. It is to be observed, also, that the butts b are inwardly inclined so that as'the thumb screws 1) are ,tightened against them the tendencywill be for the screws to slide along the inclined surface of the butts and, accordingly to draw the yoke tightly against the top of the mold ftliereby holding it securel in place. A release of the yoke may be 0 tained simply by releasin the thumb screws.
' Attac ied to the head of the yoke B are brackets Z). There are two of these brackets separately arranged onthe head of each yoke and they extend laterally from it in opposite directions; Each of the brackets comprises an arm I) which adjustably connects with the head of the yoke as will here inafter be explained and a clamping portion I) for receivin and holdin a rod 6. These rods carrysoc ets C which are the sockets to be molded into the tie for receiving the rail fastenings, the rods 1) being arranged to extend down into the cavity of the mold and rigidly hold the sockets therein during the placing of the plastic material or cement in t e mold and during its setting or hardening.
The sockets must, of course, be very accurately located. In their vertical disposition the sockets should be so held that the open mouth of each socket will be flush with the top surface of the tie when formed. The lateral pdsitioning of the sockets should also be such that the sockets will lie at points just adjacent to the flanges of the respective rails in order the rail fastenings may enter the sockets and properly engage with the flanges of the rails. The vertical positioning of the sockets is arrangedfor by adjustably securing the rods to the brackets. In Fig. 7 the portion bf of the brackets into which the rods fit is made vertically grooved or channeled with an arm 7) extending from the vertical grooved portion of the bracket,
Jbcing held}-t-herein by a .thumb screw b which passes through'.the arm b of the bracket and bears against the side of the rod binding it to the bracket. Upon loosening the thu'mb screw avertical adjustment of the rod may be obtained and consequently a vertical positioning of the socket carried by the rod. Other means for adjustably re- 'ta'inin the rodsmay be employed, as for example, in Figs. 8 and 9 the bracket to which the socket-bearing rod is secured-comprises a slotted arm 6? the same-as shown in Fig. 6, which adjustably conn cts with" the head of the yoke. The outer end portion of this am, or in other words, that portion thereof in which the rod fits comprises a-slit head 6 having in it an opening for vertically receiving the rod .and in which the rod may be moved adjustably, the head being tightened around the rod for maintaining it at any point of adjusted'position by means of a screw b passing through ears I)" extending from therespective sidesjof the split head.
In Figs. 10 and 11 I have shown chucks I b, 6 arranged upon" the ends of the slotted arms 6- for receiving and holding the socketbearing rodsbh With respect now to the means for' obtaining an adjustable lateral positioning of the rods and-sockets. "Each of the slotted arms 'b, on the end of which the socket-bearin rods are'borne, connects, as said before, with the heads of the respective'yokes, the arms being attached to the yokes by means of bolts 1) which pass "through the slots inthear'ms'and through also nuts or bearings'b on which the arms rest and then fasten into the headsof the vokes. Thus retained, when any one of the bolts b is loosened the arm 6 retained by 4- it may be moved longitudinally or turned laterally around the shank oftlie bolt whereupon the socket-bearing arm and socket carried by it may be moved to any desired position of lateral adjustment and maintained in such position upon again tightening the bolt. I prefer that the nut or bearin bf upon which the arm rests may turn wit the arm as it is turned around the shank of the bolt. Accordin 'ly there extend upwardly from the nut or caring I)? flanges ,b". which embrace the arm on either side thereof. I
prefer also that a washer'b may be inter posed between the head of the bolt and the top surface of the arm. In order that this washer may not turn on thebolt inde' end cntly of the arm it is made square and arranged between ribs b extending from the top surface of the arm at points just adjacent to opposite side edges of the washer.
In Figs. 10 and 11 no washer is shown, the head of the bolt bearing directly against the top surface of the arm on either side of.
the slot formed in it, the head being wider than the slot-,ifi the arm. a
Again referring to Fig. 8, reference will U the now bs lo this means n showoby which ilac soc-lasts C may be sccunsd is the socket-beaming rods In obs sockets sits shown Qbchlby the m9; cg *los simple ibrssiisg; of il s inbo- :ckct; in other words, the rocl made slightly lcrgor chm the inmrioi' oif lilac soo m; yct so cm the rod ma: be 'fiorcccl into (tbs socket when a: frictioiml cogngcmcnc is scoured Tho clisscl'vza of such so cngu gemcor'; is that ill, :somocmies bowl. to withdraw the rods from time sockets after the :aie has lion-o form-led. .Kmcoz'diogly; the means shown in Fig. 8 is-cs coisilly designed. fo' mlord av moons by which tbs ckets may GUN-Kl in the rods mid cos rod-s be easily (1 mchobio therefrom ill-i181! "shc mold-. ing of he. iio. Z1 yrs-presents ve1 rod of Iii size to extend. into the inicsior cl-"1c socket and have a normal easy fit Witi it Wis-=- out binding zigjgsinst the interior Wall 01 the socket. The cool of the POCl or that portion thereof lOCllllWl Within the soclzci is .made splitand it is my object to cxoaml this split and of the rod to bind against the interior of the socket. For this purpose the split cod of the ZUll is made climnbcrstl for i ecci'vmg the enlarged end or head o of an:
auxiliary rod which extends tliifoitlgh the hollow interim: of the main rod and. is sliclable longitudinally Within it. Now the passage through the main rod in which the mmiliary roci if is located is smaller than the chamber containing the bowl of the auxiliary rod, the charm contracting into the pas'igo through the main rm an inclined or beyolsd edge Z is engage which the head 2) of; the auxiliary rod is corgly bowls-cl by on edge 0. New cod of the main rod extends for sonic .oiilo distance above the chambered portion tlfs'cotf contain: 1 \lxo hood so film; upon d cpyliccl LC lilac auxiliary z'o L be head will be drawn against the inclined or i; fled portion of the main ro l forming conti'sctmg sod of the chamber wlieicupon the split 2* of: the rod WlllwlJQ cxpnmlcd. lira-fl. m be applied to the auxiliary" rod by cilicmiiog thc some above mid of the main r051, threading this extended portion and locating thereon a thumb screw 5 which bears against: ihe hop ondi of the main soul Upon turning the thumb screw the auxiliary rod ivili be drawn ihroogh the main rod, expanding it as above described, 07:, by iurning toc "fllumb screw in a; reverse direction, it will be burned away from the cm! of the main rod when the auxiliary 20d may be movcci in a reverse direction and His rocl forced. m from its engagement with foe main iz'oil, allowing lac cxgmndecl pUI lUfl tlicz-eo' to resume its normal. position, when ihc rod. can be easily drown out of (he soclcsb in referring: 30 the opcrution of molding insnmce the cross pieces-c are app-liar? o ilac tie and also to irks yokcs B sod. con
shooting parts for suppovbng socl-zcfs,
the sock-Ms being locsizcd in gwopcrly scljuszted positions. filled with comers or concrete up to s po'lni flmsh wit-1:1 the top edges of the side- :mcl onci portions of the mold :ilfitl the mass left to b-aurclcov Alf-her it has bardsn'cil tho yolzcs are loosened from the mold and the sock-oi carrying sods oaq'ricd by she yokcs released. and drawn ouc of the sockets. The pa s :mrc :tbcm removed when the harden. V cooc-r'cic moss or tie may be iornccl out nply by inverting lbs mold. in o-rcisr blasttbs mold easily be inverted those pro vidocl handles: a at either end which con-- noel; with the siclcs of the mold.
In connect-ion Wit-l1 the delivery oi? tho tie from the molci the bio-has been formed, 1 have shown in F G a slightly modified construction oi mo. in tho fact that it is mad-s in two halves, a a? long-6:3. together by a bingo a running along the center of the base of the vmold, the to halves of the mold being held iogoibox? by the yokcs B beforc described, supplcmc led by clamps a attached to the coils of the mold. After the tie has been iormcil ivl'acse clamps are removed as are also the yolzcs when the mold may be broken com-t along the line of its hinge, releasing the tic.
In connection. with the molding of the tic, I would further explain filial, it is desirable that the holes formed in the tie by tho interfere with a proper entry of the fusion ings into the sockets. Accordingly when tho mold formed plugs (3 are plscccl. in the ends of the sockets which extend clown. (co the bottom the mold, After the tie has ben fomiml and tho rods bearing the sockets hale becn removed these 391' s may be driven out of the bio leaving the soclzci openings tocxientl clear through the Having thus fully described my invca' Hon, 1 claim and. clesirs to secui'e by Lctisicf Patent of the United States L A mold of the obs-motes spccificd ills boily of which is shaped is form Bic when filled with a plastic mass, and m combinstion with the body of said. mold socketbearing members extending into the csvilsy of the mold and. supporting sockets in tho plastic when filled into the mold whoreby said sockets may become set upon she hardening of said mass, bmcltcis in which. said morn bsrs arc vertically mljostsli-ls, and onions for supporting said brackets 'WlW-l6- by they may be laterally ml'xistcbl 2. A mold of tho character spa 1 the body of wliichds shaparl c. foam 2;. 0 when,
filled with a plastic mass, and in combination with said body of the mold a yoke, means for detachably securing said yoke to the body of the mold whereby itniay extend'over the cavity therein, brackets adjustably secured to said yoke whereby they may be laterally adjustable, and rods vertically adjustable in said brackets and adapted to extend down into the cavity of the mold for supporting therein sockets to be molded in said plastic mass.
3. A mold of the character specified the body of which is shaped to form a tie when filled with a plastic mass, and in combination with said body socket-bearing members extending into the cavity of said mold for supporting socketsin said plastic mass when filled into the body of the mold whereby said sockets may become set upon the hardening of said mass, said socket-bearing members comprising rods adapted to be expanded into said sockets for firmly holding the same or from which sockets said rods may be withdrawn upon the contraction thereof, and means whereby said rods may be expanded or contracted.
4:. A mold of the character specified shaped to form a tie when the body oi said mold is filled with a plastic mass left to set or harden therein, and in combination therer with means whereby sockets may be molded in said tie said means-comprising in part sockets, rods bearing said sockets for holding the same in said plastic mass during the filling of the same into the mold and the hardening of said mass, each of said rods having a split end by which it may be expanded into said socket or be allowed to contract when said rod may be easily withdrawn from said socket and means Within said rod operatable from the outside thereof for expanding the split end thereof or al lowing the same to contract as occasion may require.
HERBERT ELMER PERUIVAL.
Witnesses W. ED. ALEXANDER, ALEX. KELLER.