US 1036812 A
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A. fr. BDMoNsoN. sBPARAToR ANDKVOLATIL'IZER. APPLIUATION FILED NOV. 24, 1911.
` Y 2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.l
IIIHIU nmmumunj l i f Patented Aug. 27, 1912.
A. T. EDMONSON. SEPARATOR AND VOLATILIZER. APPLICATION FILED N-ov. 24, 1911.
Pannted Aug. 27, 1912.
returned to the manifold where they will sEPAnA'roR ANnvoLATILIzER.
LVA T. EDMoNsoN, or CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
Speoication of Letters Patent.
Patented Aug. 27, 1912.
Application .led November 24, 1911. Serial No. 662,083.
To all whom' t may concern:
Be it known that I, ALVA T. EnMoNsoN, a
. 'l citizen of the United States, residing at Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Separatorsand Volatilizers, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to a combined separator and volatilizer adapted to be used in conjunction with an explosive engine, preferably of the liquid hydrocarbon type.
The device is particularly designed to be connected to the manifold pipe of an engine at any suitable point between the carburetor and the engine itself.
The ',principalobject of any carbureter is to break up and volatilize the liquid hydrocarbon or other gaseous fluid so that it enters the cylinderof an engine in a volatilized state. Liquid hydro-carbon, however, is not always successfully broken up or volatilized in passing through avcarbureter.
The principal object of my invention. therefore, is to break up and volatilize such portions ofthe gaseous fluid as pass throw lli the carbureter and are not volatilized. T is `I accomplish by causing the Huid to flow in such adirection asfto set up centrifugal action; the heavier particles not volatilized being thrown against the device and such particles as aref'not,v broken up by the centrifugal action will be diverted from the course of the lighter or volatilized fluid and again be subjected to centrifugal action.
Eurtherobjects of my invention reside in means for heating the conduit through whichv the'fluid asses, whereby volatilization willftake'z pace more readily, and in 4 means for introducing air into the manifold.
Still vafurthe'r object. of thejdeviceis tov trap any foreign material in the liquidhydro-carbon, so that Ait will notv enter .the cylinder;
, In `the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a vertical section, of my device 'attached to a ;,carbiireter.A 2 vis a sectontak'en at right'angles to `Fig. 1. Y,
Referring now more particularly to the drawing, the carbureter 3 is ofthe ordinary type having a gasolene or fluid intake pipe- "4, air intake pipe 5anda throttleidfor con-A trolling the amount vof fluid entering the manifold pipe 7. y
-end 10 and its discharge end 11 adapted to communicate with the cylinder of an engine. The conduit may be of any desired form whereby centrifugal action is set up upon the fluid passing therethrough, but in the particular structure herein shown it is in the form of an involute curve. A jacket 12 is formed on the exterior of the device, preferably integral therewith, leaving a chamber 13 for the circulation of water or any other suitable medium for heating the conduit; the heating medium bein admitted or discharged through either o the pipes 14 communicating with the chamber 13. At a suitable point within the conduit and formin a part of the conduit itself, I place afbailfv plate 15, which is preferably curved, and is provided with a series of openings or perforations 16; said openingsv or perforations preferably arranged' at an angle to the flow of the liquid through the conduit. A trap 17 is thus formed between .the outer wall of' the conduit and the plate 15, thereby inclosing the openings 16 for the purpose of catching the heavier particles inthe fluid that are thrown against the plate 15 byv centrifugal force and which pass through the perforations 16. A communicating passageway 18 is formed through the wall ofthe conduit leading into the-trap 17, and beneath said communicating passageway, where it l,opens into the conduit, I forni a 11p 19 projecting l between the side wallsof -the conduit, thereby forming a cup intol which the heavier particles in the tluidwillffall from th'et-rap 17. A stud QO'is preferablyformedi integral with the wall of theconduit which is yaki-ally :bored forming an air intake opening 21`controlled by a valve 22 having perforations 23 therein for admitting air into the conduit when desired. Y In the preferred form of construction the `side wall 24 ofthefdeyiceisformed separate from the remaining" integral' portion and secured thereto by screws 25, oryany other suitable means. r I so construct thevdevi'ce 'for the convenience of 'manufacture with the plate 15 as a separate element, although it is obvious that the plate 15 might be formed integral if desired. `I also wish it to be understood that the conduitI is shown in the form of an inrolute curve merely for the reason that my device as designed is adapted for attachment to a particular type of engine, it being necessary to make 4the device as small in cross-section as possible, but
the conduit might be formed either helical,
. through the conduit by the suction in the manifold produced by the cylinder of the engine. In passing through the curved conduit centrifugal action is set up so that the heavier particles of the liquid hydrocarbon, as well as any foreign material, will be thrown against the perforated portion of the conduit herein shownV as plate 15, and if such particles of the liquid hydro-carbon are not broken in striking the plate or perforated wall of the conduit, they will pass through the openings 16 into the'trap 17 while the volatilized gases will pass out through the discharge end 11 into the engine cylinder. Such material as enters the t-rap 17 will fall through the communicating passage 18 into the cup formed by the lip 19. It will be noted that the lip 19 partially obstructs the passage of the fluid through the conduit so that a partial vacuum Will be formed within the cup, but the suction in the conduit will be sufficient. to draw the fluid from within the cup back into the conduit, and if not volat-ilized in passing through the conduit the' second time, such particles will again be caught and the action repeated until volatilization takes place. To aid in volatilizing the` fluid, the chamber 13 is formed in which a heated fluid may be circulated, thereby heating the wall of the conduit and assisting in the volatilization of the fluid passing through the conduit. y
lVhile it is not necessary it is advisable, however, to afford some means for introducing a sufficient amount of air into the manifold to compensate for the additional fluid entering the manifold through the passage 18, and to'this end I provide the valve 22 for admitting air into the conduit which may be automatically or manually controlled as desired.
Having now described my invention, and without limiting myself to the particular details of construction showin-- I claim:
1. A separator` and volatilizer consisting of a conduit having an unobstructed and continuously curved inner wall formed to set up a centrifugal action on a fluid passing therethrough, said conduit having an opening inthe Wall thereof where centrifugal action occurs, a trap adjacent said opening and a passageway communicating with said trap for returning the fluid caught therein to said separator.
2. A separator and volatilizer consisting of aconduit having a continuously curved inner Wall formed to set up centrifugal action on the fluid passing therethrough, said conduit having openings where centrifugal action occurs, a trap adjacent said openings and a communicating passageway between said trap and conduit.
3. A separator and volatilizer consisting of a conduit having a continuously curved inner wall vformed to set up centrifugal action on the fluid passing therethrough, said conduit. having openings Where centrifugal action occurs, a trapv adjacent said openings, a communicating passageway between said trap and conduit andy an air passageway opening into said conduit.
4. A separator and volatilizer consisting of a continuously curved conduit through which a fluid is adapted to'pass, a perforated plate therein arranged at an angle to the flow, of the liquid through said conduit, a trap communicating with said conduit and av communicating passageway between said trap and conduit.
5. A separator and volatilizer consisting of a continuously curved conduit through which a fluid is adapted to pass, a perforated plate therein arranged at an angle to the flow of the liquid through said conduit, atrap in said conduit, a communicating passageway between said trap and conduit and a water-jacket partially inclosing said conduit.
ALVA T. EnMoNsoN.
Witnesses SADIE M. RYAN, JAMES R. OFFIELD.