US 1038293 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
S. CHIGER. APPARATUS FOR SORTING ND TESTING CINS` APPLICATION FILED 1120.18, 1911.
1,638,29, fgtented Sept. m IMM.
o Zu l 257 23 56 22 23 WTN'ESSES INVENTOR.
Y @wvw www QNMQQU A*Kthe line A-A of Fig. 1, butshovvs certain SIEGMUND CHIGERI, F BERLIN, GERMANY.
To alitwlwm it may concern Be it known that I, SIEGMUND CHIGER, subject tof-y the Emperor of Austria-Hungary, residing at 65 Kurfurstendanun, Berlin, Germany, have invented new and useful Improvement-s in Apparatus for Sorting and Testing-Coins, of which the following 4 is, a specification.
This invention relates to a new or improved apparatus for sorting and testing coins and the object of the invention is to effect the sorting of the coins notV only according to their diameter, but also according to their thickness, to avoid the 'bloc-king up of the openings by thicker coins to enable rapid sorting to be efected.
The invention consists in guiding the comspositively and successlvely over tivo tracks or ways which lie one above the other and of which, the one has openings of different widths corresponding to the diameters of the coins, While the other has openings otdiiferent heights corresponding to the thickness of the coins. The coins are conveyed into those openings which they fit, as. Will be hereinafter particularly described and ascertained.
l A suitable construction of apparatus actrated in the accompanying drawings in which- Figure 1 is atransverse sec-tion of the apparatus Wthcertain parts omitted. Fig. 2 is principally a longitudinal section along parts in vertical section and elevation vvhich are not seen in Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a sectional plan of Fig. 2. Fig. 4 is a transverse sec- 40'.tion on the line IV-IV' Fig. 2 and 5 The hopper 1 serves for the recept-ion of shows a detail in plan.
the money or coins of any desired size and thickness. The bottom of this hopper is inclined and leads to a receptacle2. Above the'i receptacle the hopper 1 has an opening 3,-vvhich can beclosed and opened by means of a'slide 4 which can be raised and lowered. The `-movement of the slide.` 4 is derived from cams 5 on a cam shaft through. the aid of afspring-operated lever 6. The recep-l -tacle 2,!`4 Which receives the money Which falls out'of the hopper 1, has an opening 7.
Upon the bottom of the receptacle 2 is movably mounted la slide 8 which is pivotally connected to a pivoted leverjg-Whichlisf APPARATUS FOR SORTING AND TESTING COINS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed December 18, 1911.
Patented Sept. 10, 1912. serialA No. 666,574.
operated by the cams 5 against the action of a spring and can be moved to and fro thereby, the slide 8 being carried with it. The slide serves to convey the lowermost coin lying in the receptacle 2, ,Which it can. thrust out of the receptacle, the coin pass-v ing on to a plate 10 which is provided with openings 11 and 12 (see Figs. 1 and The openings 11 and 12 are of different diameters, the opening 12 being greater than the opening 11, so that the coins which have a greater diameter than, the opening '11 can be conveyed onward over the opening 1l by means of the slide 8 into the opening 12 While those coins of which the diameter is the saine as, or less than, the diameter of the opening 11 pass through the latter into a tube 13 or the-like wherein they form a pile.
Upon the bottenl of the receptacle 13 is movably mounted ai'lat slide-14, which is connected to a sui able device for recipro eating it. ln the constructional example shown, this device consists of a lever 16 pivoted at and adapterlto be operated by.. cams 17 for/'example against the action of a spring 16a.` The lever 1'6 is pivotally comiected to the slide 14. The tube 13 has an opening 18 through whichzthe coins are moved by means of the slide -out ot the receptacle and on to a plate 19, which is provided with extensions 20. These extensions 20 are reduced in steps at 21 and 22 so as to form shoulders and so that the distance of the t-Wo extensions from each other is increased by stages. To' the extensions are attached leaf springs 23 between which the coins can be moved on to the extensions or ledges, the Vcoins being guided at the side by the springs and always held central.
i Above the ledges is fixed a plate 24', which has a central longitudinal slot 25, (see Fig. 4). Above the plate 24 and on rollers 26 is mounted an endless chain orvband 27, which -in the direction of'the arrow these projections pass along the slot 25 so ythat their ends beneath the plate 24 strike against the coins lying on the plate19 andthe ledges 20 and' are thus enabled tof-convey them on-i Ward-along the ledgeslQQ-gand between thea',-
springs 23 in the direction ofthearrowesl llanamente coins ereaipparad Bytheleages...
20. Upon the undersidey of the plate 24 are placed leaf springs 29, which tend to press the coins downward on to the ledges 2O so that a coin which fits any graduated vare so arranged that they project through e the slot 31 and into the space abovet plate 30 as shownvin Fig. 4.
In the space bounded on the sides by the ledges 20 and at one side thereof is fixed a blade spring 36. The lower edge of-each of these springs 36 is placed a certain distance above the plate 30 as is shown 'in Fig. 4, so that a Afree s ace vis left under the springs throughv which the right coin can pass, without coming into contact with the spring 36 and without being acted upon thereby. In the ledge op oslte the s ring 36 are provided recesses 3 and 38 0 different 'heights but the diameters of which are equal to the distance apart of the ledges 20 at the places where' the recesses are sit uated. The height of the recess 37 is somewhat greater than the distance of the upper edge of the spring 36 from the u per surfaceof the plate 30, and the heig t of the recess 38 is somewhat greater than the heightof the recess 37.I Instead of the sprlng 36 oblique cross bars 40 may alsobe arranged between' theA ribs '20. These cross bars are arranged at' a ixed distance fn'oin the plate 30, so that -a coin of inferior thickness .can be conve ed -throu h the space 5 left between a cross arv and t enplate 30 without striking against the bar, while 'coins of greaterthickness than these strike against the cross .bar and are conveyedby means of i tappet 35 aloli 4the'bar to a lateralopening 4 1 through w ich `they are.V ejected. Vcoins pass,through the openings 37,l 38 "and 41 into'separate receptacles :from which they are ta en. In .the late 30 are made openings 42, which are intended for those coins which are conveyed by means of the tappet 35 on to the. plate 30, without being deflected out of their path by the spring 36 or the cross bar 40.- v
The present invention enables a multiple sortin and testing of the coins to be carrled out. he arran ement and formation of the ledges 2O al ow the coins to be sorted according to their diameters, while with the aid of the spring 36, the cross bar 40 and the Alateral .recesses 37, 38 'and 41 in the ledges the coins can be sorted according to their thickness.
In front of the opening 7 of the recep-l The Iimproved a paratus may be employed partly or entirely in tills, automatic cash registers and similar apparatus. Instead of being used for money it may also be used for other checkin purposes such as for sorting and counting checks andy counters for example.
The apparatus maybe driven by any suitable power medium or may be operated mechanically or electrically.
1. In coin-sorting apparatus the combination of a track having a recess of different diameters at different portions thereof; and
another track having openings of differenty heights with means for forcing the coins lthrough the openings which they iit, substantially as described.
2. In coin-sorting a parat-us ofthe character described, a trac c consisting of ledges, the distance separating the ledges belng stepped to admit coins of different diameters between such ledges, and springs for guiding the coins centrally on the ledges, `sub-I stantially as described.
3. In coin-sorting apparatus of the character described, a track consisting of ledges on which the coin is openings of different heights in `one of'said ledges and a springso arranged that the coins are forced into the opening throu h which their size permits them to pass, su stantially as described.
4. In coin-sorting apparatus of the character described a track formed by ledges the distance separating such led es being stepped so as to receive coins o. varying diameter, there bein openings of varying height in one ofvsai ledges, blade springs for guidin `the coins centrally on said ledges and a bla e spring for forcing the coins into the openin in lone of said ledges, substantially as escribed.
5. In coin-sorting apparatus a track formed by ledges, transporting device for forcing t e coins. along the surface, and means for guiding the coins centrally on saidtrack. l
G. In coin-sorting apparatus of the, chars acter described, a, track formed by ledges,
guided, there bemg4 -a transportin device I for forcing coins along the trac c, blade .springs forguidinlr sald coin centrally on said track, one of said g ledges liavinggopenings Aoat-varying height tof-receive coins of different thickness, and
means for forcing the coins into said openings; substantially as described.` 1
7. VIn coin-sorting apparatus of the chal'- acter described, a track having e recess of different# diameters at different portions along its length, vthere being openings in one side of said track, and means for guiding `the coin through the openings which they fit; Asubstantiall27 as described.
In coin-sorting-ap'paratus the combination of a track having openings of diierent diameters7 means for positively moving the coins along the said track, a second track arranged underneath the first track and adapted to rece/ive the coins sorted by the openings of the first track, means for positively moving the coins along the second track, there being openings of different height along the side of the second track, and means for pressing the coins toward the last named openings.
name to this specification in lwo subscribing witnesses.
O. J. l/VORTH, H. C. ELLIOT,
In. testimony whereof I have signed my the presence oit f