US 1039605 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. E. SMITH &: W. F. SULT.
APPLIOATION FILE/D NOV. 13, 1911.
Patented Sept. 24, 1912.
COLUMBIA PLANOGRAPH COUWASHINGTDN. D. c.
UNITED STATES PATENT FFICE.
JOHN E. SMITH, OF LAUREL, AND WILLIAM F. SULT, OF GILMAN, IOWA.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that we, JOHN E. SMITH and WILLIAM F. SUL'r, citizens of the United States, residing, respectively, at Laurel and Gilman, in the county of Marshall and State of Iowa, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Ventilated I-Iats, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to head gear or coverings and comprises essentially certain improvements in that class of hats, caps, and the like, having ventilating means in the crown portion thereof to facilitate a free circulation of air above the head.
An especial feature of the present invention has been to provide a head covering in which practically the entire crown portion or top is made up of reticulated or foraminous material, not only permitting of free circulation of air above the head of the wearer as above mentioned, but exposing the top of the head to light when the headgear is being worn.
A further object of the 1nvent1on has been to produce ventilating means for hats of the type above described comprising an attachment that may be applied to various shapes of hats at present in common use by simply removing the crown port-ion of the hat and substituting therefor, and for the usual sweat band, the attachment hereinafter to be set forth.
For a full understanding of the present invention, reference is to be had to the following description and to the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is a side elevation of a hat having the invention applied thereto. Fig. 2 is vertical longitudinal sectional view. Fig. 3 is a section on the line 3 3 of Fig. 2. Fig. & is a section on the line 4t of Fig. 3.
Throughout the following detail description and on the several figures of the drawings, similar parts are referred to by like reference characters.
Specifically describing the invention, in the drawings, 1 denotes a hat of the ordinary derby type provided with the usual brim 2, and of any conventional general shape.
The ventilating device comprising this invention may be applied to an ordinary derby or other style of hat or cap already in use, or it may be attached to a new hat. Said device comprises essentially a sweat band 3, to which is secured a crimped ven- Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed November 18, 1911.
Patented Sept. 24, 1912.
Serial No. 661,108.
tilating member 4:, which may be made of leather, light metal, or any suitable sub stance adapted for the purpose. At intervals, the parts 8 and 4 carry a plurality of standards 5 which preferably pass at their lower ends between crimped portions of the member 4, and-the band 3.
The arrangement of the parts 8 and 4 is such that a plurality of vertical air spaces will be provided between said parts, permit-ting a circulation of air between the head of the wearer and surrounding wall of the hat, said circulation being, of course, promoted by the provision of a reticulated crown piece 6, which is supported by the upper ends of the standards 5 so as to extend over an opening 7 at the crown aforesaic.
The reticulated crown piece 6 is preferably made of screening or similar material and will be of the same color as the color of the body of the hat so that the appearance of the headgear will not be detracted from to any perceptible extent.
Preferably the standards 5 have their upper ends passing through openings in edges of the crown piece 6 and bent over to detachably connect said parts together, as at 8. By reason of the connection 8, it will be obvious that the ventilating device is susceptible of attachment to hats wherein the crown portions are at different elevations because a slight adjustment of the connection 8 in relation to the point of bending the upper ends of the standards may be readily effected. The edges of the opening 7 of the hat 1, of course, overlap the edge portions of the crown piece 6. A convenient manner of attaching the standards 5 to the hat is by forming at the lower ends of said standards pointed projections 5' bent outwardly through the wall of the hat adjacent to the brim 2 and clenched so as to firmly connect the standards with the. material from which the hat is made. In a derby, the clenched portions 5 would not be noticeable because of the usual ribbon hat band 9 overlapping the same and a similar narrow band i usually applied to all hats and would perform the same function in reference to other styles of head gear. The crimped member 4 and sweat band 3 may be stitched together, or otherwise secured, and preferably, about 4 to 6 of the standards 5 are located at intervals on the band 3.
From the foregoing, it will be apparent that the ventilating device above described is a complete device in itself, susceptible of adjustment, however, and which may be conveniently applied to a hat by the removal of the sweat band and the larger portion of the crown. The reticulated crown piece 6 permits of penetration of light rays through the crown portion of the headgear, and thorough ventilation of the interior portion of the hat above the head is permitted and the healthfulness Off the hair promoted.
The parts 3 and]: are preferably stretched or otherwise attached by vertical lines of stitching a, and may be partly or wholly supported by the standards 5 when the latter are engaged with the hat, as shown. Horizontal stitching, as at .7), may be used to connect the parts 3, t and 5.
Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new is:
1. In combination with a hat having an opening in the crown at the top portion thereof, a reticulated crown piece of larger size than the opening aforesaid, and a plurality of standards deachably connected to the crown piece at their upper ends and formed with projections at their lower ends for attachment to the crown, said standards constituting the sole means for supporting the crown piece tightly against the edges of and across the opening aforesaid.
2. In combination, a hat provided with a crown opening at the upper portion thereof, a reticulated crown piece of larger size than said opening and arranged with its edges overlapped by the edge portions of the hat plurality of @nected at their upper ends with the edge a sweat band, a ventilating member connected to the sweat band and interposed between the latter and the adjacent wall portions of the hat, and a standards detachably consurrounding the openir portions of the crown piece and comprising means at their lower ends adapted to pass through the ventilating member and the wall portions of the hat to thereby support the crown piece against the crown of the hat at the opening aforesaid.
3. In combination, a hat having an opening in the crown at the upper portion thereof, a reticulated crown piece of larger size than said opening and arranged with its edges overlapped by the edge portions of the hat surrounding the opening, a sweat band, a crimped ventilating member connected with the sweat band, and a plurality of standards having their upper ends interlocked with the edge portions of the crown piece and having their lower ends passing between the sweat band and ven tilating member, and formed with projections extending outwardly through the crimped member and the material of the hat to connect the standards with said hat and support the crown piece tightly against the edges of the hat surrounding the opening aforesaid.
In testimony whereof we atlix our sig natures in the presence of two witnesses.
JOHN E. SMITH. VVILLlAh-i F. SULT. lVitnesses:
G. W. KIRKLEY, H. C. Roms.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, 1). G.