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Publication numberUS1040506 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 8, 1912
Filing dateJun 21, 1912
Priority dateJun 21, 1912
Publication numberUS 1040506 A, US 1040506A, US-A-1040506, US1040506 A, US1040506A
InventorsJames A Byron
Original AssigneeJames A Byron
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1040506 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



APPLIGATLON 11.11!) JUNE 21, 1012.

1 40,506. Patented Oct. 8, 1912.

' amvewtoz explained in the following description and to indicatethe same parts UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.



Specification of Letters P nt. Patented Oct. 8, 1912.

Application filed June 21, 1912. Serial No. 705,005.

of malleable metal and tongues l2 are cutt'rom the body and bent up out of the way of the studs 7. After the tongues 12 are cut and bent up, the recesses ll are formed. The recesses it are just large enough to receive the reduced portions of the studs T, as shown in Fig. 5. The upper shoulders ll of the notches S are deep enough to engage the clamp t) and hold the same in place for temporary binding purpose The notche.-; are cut deeper at the lower edges, as shown in Fig. 5, for the purpose o't uiahing the studs weaker at points in. line with the lower shoulders 15. The object of this is to break oil that part' of a stud which is not needed for permanent binding purposcs.

In use for temporary binding purposes, the board 2 is removable by turning the clamp 9 on its pivot so'that' the board 2 can be lifted otl' entirely. Sheets. of paper are perforated at the upper edges or near the upper edges to receive the studs 7. Any number of sheets it may be perforated and placed on the studs 7 and the cover board 2 can be removed as often as desirable for placing more papers on the studs 7. When the desired number of papers, or when the papers for certain predetcruiined periods, have been placed on the studs 7, a permanent binding iseasily etl'ected. The clamp t) is brought into engagement with the studs 7, as heretofore described. The tongues 12 are then bent down, as shown in thus closing the clamp on the studs 7 and the chord ders l4 will prevent removal of the clamp upwardly. The parts oi? the studs 7 which are not needed [or binding purposes are broken oil. The break will be in the next notch above the clamp J and will'be in line with the lower shoulders 15, as shown in Fig. 2, thus leaving heads 17 .on the studs to secure the clamp 9 in place. When used a temporary binder, the board 2 can be swung upwardly as an ordinary book back for inspecting the papers.

Various changes in the sizes and proportions of the ditl'erent parts and changes in material may be made without departing from my invention.

Ii preferred, the frame piece 3 may be provided with a projecting tip 3 which can be perforated for hanging the file.

What l claim, is,-

1. A binder comprising upper and lower frame pieces and boards hingedly connected To all whom it may concern.

Be it known that I, JAMES A. llvnox, a citizen of the United States, residing at- Fort Worth, in the county of Tart-ant and i State of Texas, have invented certain new and useful Im roveinents in Paper-Binders, of which the ollowing is a specification.

invention relates to binders for paoers, bills, and

the like and the object 15 to provide a simple device which will serve both as a tem orary binder and a permanent binder. The a vantage of such binder is that at the end of a determined period, the papers are already filed and it is not necessary to retile the apers. The permanent binding can be edected instantly and without expense.

Other objects and advantages will be fully the invention will be more particularly ointed out in the claims.

teference is had to the accompanying drawings which form a part of this application.

Figure 1 is a plan view of the file binder. Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the binder after it lb converted into a permanentbinder. Fig. 3 is an end elevation of a binder in use as a temporary binder. Fig. i i a broken sectional view, showingthe manner of riveting the binding studs to the frame piece. Fig. 5 is an enlarged detail view, illustrating the construction and use oi the binding studs. Fig. (3 is a detail vie\v,illustrating the construction of the clamp.

Similar characters of reference are used throughout the several views.

The binder is provided with two boards 1 and 2,-card-board answering the purpose. The board 1 is connected to a frame piece 3 by some flexible material *l which makes a flexible connection between the board and the frame piece. The board 2 is also connected to a frame piece 5 by some flexible material,--such as cloth, torming a hinge like connection at 6. Notched studs 7 are riveted to the frame piece 3 and project upwardly through perforations in the frame-plate 5. The studs 7 have oppositely disposed notches 8 which are engaged by a clamp 9 which is pivotally connected to the board 5 by a rivet 10. The clamp 9 has recesses 11 cut in opposite sides thereofto receive the reduced portions of the studs 7. The clamp 9 is preferably constructed to said frame pieces notched studs riveted. in the lower frame piece and projected up through the upper frame piece, and a clamp pivotaily connected to said upper piece and having a tongue struck up from each end thereof adjacent to each stud and on'opposite sides or" the clamp and recesses formed in: the cutouts for engaging the notches in said studs, the upper edges of said notches forming shoulders for engaging said clamp and the lower edges of the notches being cut deeper for causing the studs to be broken flush with the lower wall of the notches when the binder is formed into a permanent binder.

2. A binder for papers comprising upper and lower boards, notched studs riveted in the lower board and projecting upwardly through the upper board, and a clamp pivotally connected to upper board and having a tongue struck from opposite sides thereof near, each end to form a cut-out or an entrance for each stud and having a recess in each cut-out for receiving each stud, the upper shoulders in said notches engaging the upper surface of said clamp, said tongues standing out of the path ofsaid studs when used. as a temporary binder but adapted to be bent down to close said cutouts and lock the clamp on said studs when a permanent binder is to he formed.

3. A binder for papers-comprising upper and lower boards, notched studs rive-ted to said lower board and projecting upwardly through the upper board, and a clamp pivotally connected to said upper board and having tongues struck from opposite sides thereof and having recesses for en 'aging said studs in the notches thereo said tongues standing out of the paths of said ;of June, 1912 eas es .by said upper board is held in plaoewhile the binder is used as a temporary binder, and means locking said clamp on saidstuds when a permanent binder is to be formed, said studs being adapted to be broken off in the notches next above the clamp when the permanent binder is formed.

50 A binder for papers comprising upper and lower hoards studs secured to the lower hoard and projecting loosely through the upper board a clamp pivotally connected to the upper board and having recesses inop posite sides for receiving said studs, and said studs; having notches in each sideoppositely disposed to engage said clamp in said recesses and having shoulders at the up per edges of the notches to engage the upper surface of said clamp and having the notches cut deeper at the lower ledges there-by adapting the-studs to he'brokenoft" in line with the lower shoulders of the notches to 01111 heads for a permanent hinder.

In testimony whereof, E set my hand in the presence of two WiUIQSSQS, this 13th day JAMES A. BYRQN. Witnesses:

A. J'AcKsoN, E. H. FABIAN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3706502 *Jun 15, 1970Dec 19, 1972Hector La FleurLoose leaf binding mechanism
US3970331 *May 12, 1975Jul 20, 1976Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyBinder element
US4369013 *Apr 21, 1980Jan 18, 1983Velo-Bind, Inc.Bookbinding strips
US5234232 *Dec 30, 1991Aug 10, 1993Stripbind, Inc.Bookbinding apparatus and method of binding sheets
U.S. Classification402/63, 402/22
Cooperative ClassificationB42F13/12