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Publication numberUS1042337 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 22, 1912
Filing dateAug 10, 1912
Priority dateAug 10, 1912
Publication numberUS 1042337 A, US 1042337A, US-A-1042337, US1042337 A, US1042337A
InventorsFred P Gorin
Original AssigneeFred P Gorin
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Calendar.
US 1042337 A
Images(3)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

F. P. GORIN. CALENDAR.

' APPLICATION FILED 00T,4, 1906. EENEWED AUG. 10, 1912. 1.642333?. Patented 0@t.22,1912.

3 SHEETS-SHEET l.

/ )SUNY MoN. TUE. WED. THU. f

F. P. GORIN.

CALENDAR.

APPLIGATION FILED 001.4, 1906. RBVNBWBD 111111.10, 1912.

l s @2s 3 37 u Patented Oct. 22, 1912.

3 SHEETS-SHEET 2.

F. P. GORIN.

CALENDAR.

APPLICATION FILED 001.4, 1906. -RENBWBD AUG.10, 1912,

LQQSS?, Patented Oct. 22, 1912.

3 SHEETS-SHEET 3.

@NTT

organen i FRED P. GORIN, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.

CALENDAR.

Specication of Letters Patent.

Patentedct. 22,1912.

Application led'ctober 4, 1906, Serial No. 337,365. Renewed August 10, 1912. Serial No. 714,473.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, .FRED P. Gouin, a citi- Zen of the United States, residing at Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of lllinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Calendars, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact specification.

This invention relates to improvements in calendars, and the primary object or the same is to provide an improved perpetual calendar in which the dates or the weeks may be shifted with relation toeach other to produce a correct calendar for the next succeeding month.

A further Objectis to provide an improved calendar in which the dates may be shifted from one position to another to produce a correct successive series.

A further object is to provide an improved device of this character containing a date web or ribbon, which may be shifted to a predetermined point to present a correct and complete calendar for the next month, and improved means for automatically arresting the web at the pre-determined point.

A further object is to provide improved mechanism for shifting the dates.

A further object is to provide an improved arrangement of dates on the web or ribbon; and a still further object is to provide an improved device of this character which will be simple and cheap in construction, and efficient and accurate in operation.

To the attainment of these ends and the accomplishment of other new and useful objects, as will appear, the invention con* sists in the features of novelty-in the construction, combination and arrangement of the several parts hereinafter more fully described and claimed, and shown in the accompanying drawings illustrating an exemplification of this invention, and inwhich- Figure 1 is a front elevation of an improved calendar constructed in accordance with the principles of this invention; Fig. 2 is a diagrammatic view of the date ribbon or web, arranged to display a complete calendar for one month; Fig. A3 =is a View similar to Fig. 2, illustrating the web or date 'ribbon shifted from the position shown in Fig: 2, to display a 'complete calendar for the next succeeding month; Fig. 4 is a rear elevation of Fig. 1 with the top of the casing removed; Fig. 5 is a sectional view on line 5 5 of Fig. 8; Fig. 6 is a sectional view on line 6-6 of Fig. 8; Fig. 7 is a detail view on line 7-7 of Fig. 4; Fig. 8 is a sectional view on lines 8 8 of Fig. 1. Fig. 9 is a detail perspective view of a portion of the guiding and spacing bar for the operating keys or members.

Referring more particularly to the drawings, andin which' the same reference characters designate similar parts throughout the several views, in this exempliication of the invention, the numeral 15 designates generally a framepreferably provided with an opaque glass front 16, provided with a.

transparent portion through which a sufficient portion of the date ribbon or web 17 iS displayed.' This date ribbon or web comprises a flexible strip of suitably sized material and is adapted to be wound upon two drums 18, 19, which are arranged within a casing 20 secured in any suitable manner to the back of the frame 15. Secured to and supported preferably by the lower ends of the drums 18, 19, are pinions 21, 22 and these drums are rotatably supported within the casing by means of the axles 18a, one end of each of which is supported4 in the casing 20, as shown in Fig. 6, and the other end thereof is free and extends into and terminats short of the length of the drum, as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 5 of the drawings. Slidingly mounted in the base of the frame 2O is a bary or Imember 23 which is adapted to control the movement of the ribbon or web 17 in a mannerv as will be set forth. lThe ends of this bar or member are Vpreferably reduced as at 24, 25, and the reduced portions are provided respectively with rack teeth 26, 27 which engage and mesh respectively with the pinions 21. 22, so that when the bar or member 28 is shifted, the racks will simultaneously `rotate the drums 18, '19, through the medium of their pinions 21, 22. This bar or member 23 is held from displacement in any desired or suitable manner, preferably by respective means of lugs or pins 28, 29, projecting from the base of the frame 20, and extending into slots 30,' 31, preferably located in the reduced portions thereof. This bar or member 23 is also provided-intermediate the reduced portions 24, 25, v

'th a plurality of 110 notches 32 to produce series of inclined faces 33, 34. Secured across the front of which is the casing 20, preferably at the base thereof, is a strip or bar 35 which maybe held in position in any desired manner, preferably by means of screws or nails 36 passing through the strip or bar and into the casing 20, and said strip or bar 35 serves also as a means for holding the bar 23 in position and the teet-h 26, 27 in engagementwith the respective pinions 21, 22. The upper face of this strip or bar 35 is provided with a series of cut-away or reduced portions 37, and the base of the reduced or cut-awayfportions is further lprovided with a communicating notch or recesses 38 for a purpose to be hereinafter set forth.

Journaled in and extending across the frame 20 is a shaft- 39 to which is secured a 'month-indicating drum 40 which latter is preferably located so as to extend adjacent and between the upper ends of the drums 18, 19, and in such a position that the months will be successively exposed above the dateweb or rib-bon and through the glass front 16 of the frame 15. Secured to one end of the shaft 39 is a rack or pinion Wheel 41, preferably located adjacent one side of thecasing 20. A yoke comprising a body portion 42- andy side arms 43, 44, is pivotally supported Within the casing by means of the side arms, as at 45, and in such position that the body 42 thereof will stand adjacent to and parallel with the bar 'or member 23. The arm 43 preferably extends above the arm 44, and secured to or supported bythe extension is a pawl or dog 46 spring; and said preferably in the form of a engage the teeth pawl or dog is adapted to of the ratchet or pinion-wheel 41 for rotat.

ing the shaft 39, and the month-indicating drum 40, when the arm 43 is moved about its point of pivotal-support.

A retainin pawl 47 is preferably secured tothe side o casing 20 and adapted to engage the ratchet or pinion wheel 41 to prevent a retrograde movement of the monthindicating drum 40, as the yoke assumes its normal position after having advanced or moved the month-indicating drum one step of rotation. A flexible member 48, preferably in the shape of a spring,-is secured by 'one end 49 to the fra-me 15, and by its other end 50 to the body portion 42 of the yoke, so as to hold the yoke in its normal position.

In operation the yoke may be moved about its pivot in any desired operate the month-indicating drum 40. A suitable means for accomplishing this purpose comprises a series of operating keys or members 51,l which constitute the movers and as these members are dupllcates g of each other, aspecific description of one of them will'apply equally well to each. IThese members comprise a body portion provided manner, so as toadjacent their rear ends with an elongated slot 52, and at their forward ends With an operating handle or button 53. Depending from the body portion thereof, preferably at a point intermediate the ends and adjacent to the forward end of the slot 52 is a depending lug or pin 54. These o-f a size and shape to fit and move through the recessed or cut-away portions 37 in the strip or bar 35 with their rear portion projecting over in close proximity to the face of the bar or member 23, beyond the rear 'edge thereof, and terminating adjacent and 1n contact with the front edge ofthe body 42 of t-he yoke when the latter is in its normal position.

lAny suitable means may be provided for preventing displacement of these keys or members 51, but, preferably, a screw or bolt 55 which passes through the slot 52 and into the base of the casin 20 is used. These vscrews or bolts are pre erably provided with enlarged heads which face of the keys. depending lug' or pin 54 will stand within the recessed portion 38 of this strip or bar 35, and the keys or members 51 may be further prevented from displacement by means of the lower edge of the glass 16 in the caslng which preferably rests upon the top edge of the strip or bar 35. In their1 normal positions, the inclined faces 33, 34 will stand in the path of movement of the depending lug or projection 54 on the keys -or members 51, so that if either one of the keys or members is pushed inward to rock the yoke 42 to set the m outh-indicating drum 40, the pinbr lug 54 on the operated key will engage its respective inclined face 33, 34, of the bar or member 23, and move the same laterally until the lug 54 reaches the apex of the angle formed by the inclined faces 33-34, which will limit the movement of t-he key or member 51, and also the bar or member 23. The keys or members 51, the bar or member 23 and the 'pins or lugs 54 on the keys coperating with the respective rest upon the upper members are In its normal position the inclined faces 33 and 34 constitute selective mechanism of which the member 23 consti, tutes the controlling member and the keys 51 the prime mover and cooperate to predeterminedly establish a proper correlation of the day of the month indicating member and the day ofthe week indicating symbols with; out the necessity of computing the move ment necessary to set them into proper relative positions for the successive months so that when t-he prime mover or key 5l`is operated the action of the controlling member 23 will be automatic with respect thereto by means of the pin 54 engaging the respec- Ytive inclined faces- 33, 34, on said member. The movement of this bar or member 23 Awill cause the datewebor ribbon to be wound upon one of the drums 18,19, and pay out from the other drum, according to the direction of movement of the bar or member Q3. After the date Web or ribbon has been thus set the same key or member Which was used to set the Web or ribbon may be then operated yany desired number of times to rock the yoke to cause the proper month to be exposed upon the month-indicating" drum 40, Without further moving the Web or ribbon 17.

The arrangement of the dates upon the date web or ribbon is one of the essential features of this invention, and comprises a series of columns of gures Which, for Want of a more proper name, Will hereinafter be designated'as an indicating column or seriesy 56 and in this exemplilication of the invention comprises the numeral 7 and all multiples thereof occurring in the regular calendar, such as 14, 21, yand 28. This column or series is preferably arranged at the middle of the Web or ribbon, and on each side thereof are arranged a series of dates 57, 58, which combine With this indicating column or series to present a successive series of figures from 1 to 31. This indicating series or column -being thus arranged will always be exposed through the face of the frame 15 of the calendar, Whereas, none of the remaining columns or series will always be visible.

Arranged above the opening in the casing 15 in theusual manner, are indicating days of the Week 59, Which may be either printed upon the face of the glass or upon a strip of paper secured in position over the opening, so as to be immovable. Adjacent each of the months on the month-indicating drum 40 is the numeral or figure designating the proper number of days for that month, and these numerals are adapted to be simultaneously exposed with the month through a suitable aperture 60.

The extremities of the Web or ribbon 17 being secured to the drums 18 and 19, and in such position that the Web Will extend across the opening of the frame 15, With the figures or dates exposed therethrough, the operation follows 1-Assuming the Web or ribbon 17 to be arranged in the position as shown inv Figs. 1 and 2, andthat the month Vof' January is exposed through its proper opening, and it is desired to 'set the calendar for the next succeeding month, all thatis necessary is to press the button 53 on the 4proper operating key or member 51. rThis operation will rock the yoke and start the rotation of the month-indicating drum 40 Which latter Will continue to moveuntil the depending lug or pin 54 on the key or member engages the respective incline 33, 34 on the bar or member 23. l A' further pressure upon the button W-ill cause the bar or memthe symbols of this improved calendar is asA ber 23 to be shifted laterally, thereby simultaneously moving the month-indicating drum 40 and the date ribbon or yveb drums 18 and 19. These drums Will continue to move until the lug 54 reaches the apex of the angle formed by the inclined faces 33-34 Which Will act as a stop for the key-or member to automatically arrest the movement of the date ribbon or'web, and the further operation of the respective parts. WVhen the key or member is released, the tension of the spring 48 will draw the yoke together Jvvith the key or member 51, back to its normal position. The date Web or ribbon, having now been set, the same key or member 51 may be pushed any desired number of times to cause the proper month to bel exposed in connection With the date web or ribbon should the month-indicating drum have become displaced With relation'to the vvebv or ribbon through improper manipulation of the keys or members 51. e

By arranging the members upon the date Web or ribbon in the manner herein set forth, all that is necessary in order to set the calendar for the next succeeding month is to press the key directly under the day of the last date of the exposed month. This operation will cause the indicating column or series of numbers 56 to assume the lposition occupied by the column or series of numbers in Which the last date of the month occurs. Thus, for instance, in the example illustrated, if it is desired to set the calendar from the month of January to the month of February, the key occurring under the column in which occurs the number 31 (the last day of January) is pressed and the indicating column or series of figures 56 Will assume the position previously occupied by the column containing the date 31, as clearly shown in Fig. 3.

In setting the calendar to expose the month of March after the month of February has been exposed, the key occurring under the column containing the date 28 (the last day of February) Will be pressed,

but as the first date of March will showv upon the same Week day as the first day of February, and as the indicating column already occupies the position in which the last day of February occurs, the pressure of the key Will not operate the Web or ribbon, but Will vsimply rock the yoke to move the month-indicating drum 40 one step in its rotation to expose the month of March. Af-

ter March has passed, and it is desired to vset the calendar for April, the key under day of.

the column in which occurs the last March (the 31st) is pressed in the same manner, and the indicating column or series 56 will be shifted to assume the position previously occupied by the column containing thefnumber 31. Should it happen that February contains 29 days instead of 23,- all that is necessary to do in order to set the calendar from February to March is to press 'the key under the column containing 29.

It', tor any reason, thel month-indicating drum 40 and the ribbon 17 should be displaced With relation to each other, such as, ior instance, either accidentally or by displaying the merits of the calendar to an interested spectator, and it. is desired to properly set the calendar for the ensuing month, the latter may be accomplished in the -f'ollowing manner: The operator must be acquainted with the date and present day of the Weck, which, for exalnple, and for the sake of illustration, We will say, is Wednesday the ninth. Calculating froml this date to the date of the nearest multiple of 7, We will find that if IVdnesday -is the ninth, 7 is the nearest multiple. Therefore 7 wouldoccur on Monday. By pressing the button under the column of Monday, the indicating column or series 56 Will assume the position in the column Monday which will give the proper calendar for the month of January, as shown in F ig. l. But this operation may at the same time display any other month, such, for instance, as February or April. In order to properly set the month-indicating drum to'correspond with the calendar, the same hey under -the Monday column may be. pushed any desired number of times until the month of January is exposed through its proper opening; after which the calendar may be set to successive months in the manner already set forth.

As an additional indicator, and a safeguard to recall to the mind of the operator the number of days in the present month, the figure which is exposed through the opening 60, and indicating the proper number of days in each month, may be arranged on the month-indicating drum IO'adjacent the respective month.

In order that the invention might. be fully understood, the details of an embodiment thereofhave been thus specifically described, but

What I claim is l 1. In a calendar, the combination of a daybf the month indicating member com- `prismg an indicating series of figures, a

plurality of series of figures adapted to combine with the first series, means for shifting the indicating series and means for arresting themovement of the indicating series when said series occupies the position occupied by thei series containing' the last day of the expiring month` to present a complete and correct succeeding series.

2. In a calendar, the combination of a day of the month indicating member, comprising an indicating series of figures, a plurality of series of' figures adapted to combine With the first serios, means for shifting the indicating series to the position occupied by the series containing the last day of the expiring mont-h to present a complete and correct succeeding series, a month indicating member, and means controlled by one of the elements of the shifting means for moving the last said member. V

3. In a calendar, the eonibinationofI a day of the month indicating member, comprising an indicating series of figures, a plurality of series of figures adapted to combine with the first series, means for shifting the indicating series to the position occupied by the series containing the last day of the expiring month lo present a complete and correct succeeding series, a month indieating member, and means controlled by 011e of the elements of the first said means for simultaneously shifting the last said member.

4. In a calendar, the combination of a day of the mouth indicating member comrising an indicatinfr series of figures a )luc zn a rality of series of figures adapted to combine With the first series, means for shifting the indicating' series to the position occupied by the series containing the last day of the expiring month to present a complete and correct succeeding series, and a month indicating member operatively connected to the first said means and adapted to be operated When the day of the month indicating series is shifted.

5. In a calendar', the combination of a day of the month indicating' member, comprising an ind icating serios of figures, a plurality of series of figures adapted to cornbine With the first series, a day of the Week indicating' series, a month indicating series. means for shifting the first said indicating series with relation to the day of the Week indicating series and for automatically arresting the series to cause the firstv said indicating series to assume a position under the specific week-day designated by the last day of the expiring month, to present a correct seriesin the next month, and means controlled by one of the elements of the first said means for-shifting the month indicating series With relation to the day of' the month indicating series.

6. In a device of the class described, the combination of a frame through Which the dates are exposed, a day of the Week indi.- cating series arranged adjacent the frame, a movable month indicating series, a day of the month indicating member comprising an indicating series of numbers, a series of numbers on each side of the indicating series adapted to combine with the indicating series, an operating key arranged below each of' the Week-days, and mechanism whereby the movement of' the key located under the specific day of the Week designated by the last day of' the expiring month, will cause the indicating series to assume apositlon key,

directly over the operated key and shift the month series, to present a correct arrangement and series in the next succeeding month.

7 In a calendar, the combination of a frame through which the dates are exposed, a day of the week indicating series, a movable month indicating series, a day of the month indicating member comprising an indicating series of numbers, a series of numbers on each side of the indicating series and adapted to combine therewith, a plurality of operating keys, means controlled by each of the keys whereby the operation of the speciic key designated by the last date of the expiring mont-h will shift the indicating column to a position directly over the said and mechanism controlled by the key for shifting the month indicating series, said operated key being adapted to be repeatedly operated after the day of the month indicating member has been shifted, to shift the month indicating series until the desired month is exposed.

8. In a calendar, the combination of a frame provided with an opening through which the dates are exposed, a drum 'journaled in the frame on each side of the opening, a day of the month indicating web, the ends of which are secured to the drums, a month-indicating drum journaled in the frame adjacent the web, mechanism for operating the drums to shift the dates and change the month, and a plurality of keys for operating said mechanism.

9. In a calendar, the combination of a frame provided with an opening through which the dates are exposed, a drum journaled to the frame on each side of the opening, a day of the month indicating web,the ends of. which are secured to the drums, a slide, rack and pinion connections between the slide and each of the drums for simultaneously rotating the same when the slide is moved, means for moving the slide, a month indicating drum, and mechanism controlled by an element of the slide moving means for rotating the month indicat ing drum.

10. In a calendar, the-combination of a frame provided with an opening through which the dates are exposed, a drum journaled to the frame on each side of the opening, a day of the month indicating web, the ends of which are secured to the drums, a slide, rack and pinion connections between the slide and each of the drums for simultaneously rotating the same when the slide is moved, said slide being provided with a plurality of inclined faces, operating keys, means on the keys adapted to engage one of the faces for shifting the slide to simultaneously operate the drums, a month-indicating drum, and mechanism cont-rolled by th keys for shifting the/month drum. y

11. In a calendar, the combination of a i frame provided with an opening through which the dates are exposed, a drum journaled to the frame on each side of the opening, a day of the month indicating web, the ends of which are connected to the drums, a slide, operative connections between the slide and drum, said slide being provided with a plurality of cam faces, operating members, means onv said members adapted to engage the cam faces to move the slide, a month drum, a yoke adapted to be engaged by the operating members to rock the same, and means for imparting a step of rotation to the month drum when the voke is moved.

12. In a calendar, the combination of a frame provided with an opening through which the dates-are exposed, a drum journaled to the frame on each side of the opening, a day of the month indicating web, the

.ends of which are connected to the drums,

connections between the said slide being provided of cam faces, operating members, means for preventing displacement of said members, means on said members adapted to engage the cam faces to move the slide, a month indicating drum, a yoke adapted to be engaged by the operating members to be moved thereby, and means for impart-ing a step of rotation to the month indicating drum when the yoke is moved.

13. In a calendar, the combination of a ,frame through which the dates are exposed, a day of the month indicating member, an operating member for the last said member, said operatin member being provided with a plurality o cam faces, a plurality of operating keys, means on said keys for engaging the cam faces'to move the operating member to shift the day of the month indicating member, a month indicating member and means controlled by the operating keys for simultaneously shifting said month and day ofthe month indicating members and by means of which the month indicating member may be independently shifted by the same key after the operating member has been moved.

14. In a calendar, a base bearing the days of the week, a strip bearing a group of numbers so arranged that by shifting said strip a consecutive series will result, and means for shifting the said strip embodying a prime mover and means for controlling the action of .said strip with respect to which prime mover the action ofthe controlling means is automatic.

15. In a calendar, a base bearing the days of the week, a strip bearing the numbers l to 31 with all of the numbers duplicated except the number 7 and itsvmultiples and so arranged that by shifting said strip, a cona slide, operative slide and drums, with a plurality of the Week,

secutive series Will result, and means for shifting said strip and for arrestingv the movement of the strip, the number 7 and its multiples always remaining visible.

16. A basebearing'tlie days of the week, a strip bearingy a group of numbers so arrangedithat by shifting said-stripa` consecutive series Will result, one of Which constitutes a key number, apluralityv of keys, and means whereby When any one of said keys is operated the predetermined key number will be shifted and automatically arrested in line with the actuated key..

17. In a calendar, a base bearing the Weekdays,a strip bearing a group of numbers so arranged that by changing the relation of one to the other a calendar for successive months will result, and means for changing said relation and for automatically arresting the last saidmeans. i

18. In a calendar, a support bearing the days of the Week, astrip bearing a group of numbers adapted to coperate with the'days and means for moving and for automatically arresting the strip at a predetermined point. I

19. In a calendar, the combination of a day of the month indicatingnumber, comprising an indicating series of figures, a plurality of series of figures adapted to combine with the first series, means for shifting the indicating series to the position occupied by the series containing the last day of the expiring month to present a complete and correct succeeding series, a month indicating',

member, means for shifting the last said member, and a common means for controlling both of said shifting means.

20. In a calendar, the combination of day of the Week symbols, a day of the month indicating series, and select-ive mechanism for bringing and series into different predetermined correlativ'e positions.

21. In acalendar the combination of day of the Week symbols, a day of the month indicating series, operating devices for the columns of said series corresponding to the day of the Week symbols, and means whereby the operation of the device for the column www arresting said symbolsv and of the last day of one of the indicated months will cause thesymbols and, series to bebrought into correlativo positions to. indicate thefollowing month.

22. In a calendar'the combination of day of thefweek symbols, a day ot the month indicating series, selective mechanism for bringing said symbols and said series into different predeterminedcorrelativo positions, and a month indicator .operatively connected to said mechanism and being operable independently of the day of the Week symbols and the day of the month indicating series. x

23. In a calendar, of the Week symbols, dicating series, selective mechanism for bringing said symbols and said'series into different predetermined correlativo positions, and a month indicator operatively connected to said mechanism and being operable independently of the day of the Week symbols, andthe day of the month indicating series, the said day of being also adapted to be simultaneously operated with the said day of the Week symbols and day of the month indicating series.

24. In a calendar, the combination of the day of the Week series, a series of numbers adapted to coperate with the days of the Week, and means for moving one ofthe series with respect to the other series and for automatically arresting the movement of said series at a predetermined point.

25. A base bearing the days of the Week, a strip bearing a group of numbers so arranged that by shifting said strip a consecutive series of numbers Will result, a plurality of keys and means whereby When one of said keys is operated a predetermined number Will be drawn into line With the actuated key.

In testimony whereof I have signed my the combination of day name to this specification, in the presence of two subscribing Witnesses, on this 1st day of October A. D. 1906.

FRED P. GORIN.

Witnesses:

J. H. JocHUM, Jr., CHAs. H. SEEM.

a day of the month inthe month indicator A

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2841900 *May 12, 1955Jul 8, 1958 Multi-year calendar
US5657561 *Oct 26, 1995Aug 19, 1997Zykov; ValeriMulti-year calendar device
US6877262Jul 10, 2003Apr 12, 2005Ronald BiancoPerpetual calendar
US8634277Mar 24, 2011Jan 21, 2014MEGA Brands International, SARLElectronic perpetual calendar with erasable and tackable surfaces
Classifications
U.S. Classification40/117, 40/111
Cooperative ClassificationG09D3/10